Answered by Ustadh Sufyan Qufi
After urinating I use toilet paper and traces of toilet paper remain on my penis. Is my wudu valid? Should water reach the anus for fard ghusl?
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful
I pray this finds you in the best of states.
Your wudu and prayer are valid despite some traces of toilet paper remaining on your private parts because even if these traces were filthy they would be excused.
According to the Hanafi school, the extent of approximately 5cm, in diameter, is excused in liquid filth and 5gram in solid filth [Shurunbulali, Nur al-Idah]
It would be far more superior to remove these traces with water as the best way to clean oneself after relieving oneself is to use water in addition to something solid (such as toilet paper). [Shurunbulali, Nur al-Idah]
Yes, all the body must be washed in order to perform a valid ritual bath (ghusl), including the anus.
You don’t have to wash inside it though. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]
And Allah knows best.
[Ustadh] Sufyan Qufi
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Ustadh Sufyan Qufi is an advanced seeker of knowledge, originally from Algeria, who grew up in France. He began searching far and wide for answers to the fundamental questions of life and was disappointed at the answers he found. Then he connected with various traditional teachers and gradually connected with SeekersGuidance. He embarked on his journey of learning through the various teachers at SeekersGuidance, including his mentor Shaykh Faraz Rabbani. He studied numerous texts in Islamic Law, Theology, Hadith, and other areas with Shaykh Faraz Rabbani and other teachers, including Shaykh Abdurrahman al-Sha‘ar, Shaykh Ali Hani, and others. He is an active instructor at SeekersGuidance and answers questions through the SeekersGuidance Answers Service.