Can an Illegitimate Son Lead Salat?

Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam Question : The notion amongst some communities that an illegitimate offspring can not lead in prayer (salat) or that prayer behind an Imam who is illegitimate is invalid or disliked is a notion that is erroneous and absurd. The fact is that if an illegitimate person is righteous and […]

Does a Latecomer Have to Follow the Order of the Imam When Reciting the Surahs?

Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam Question   : I know that it is important for one to follow the order of the Qur’an when reciting in prayer, but is this necessary for a latecomer as well. Is it necessary for a latecomer to follow the order of the Imam?   Answer : The renowned Hanafi jurist […]

Does One Have to Make up Missed Prayers in the Times of Similar Current Prayers?

Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam Question :   Does one have to perform the Qadha for Fajr at Fajr time, Zuhr at Zuhr time etc? So, if one has 5 years of prayers to make up, then does one have to perform all the Fajr prayers of the 5 years in Fajr time? Can one set […]

Fiqh of Adhan and Iqama when Praying Alone

Answerd by Mufti Muhammd ibn Adam Question : If I am praying an obligatory prayer alone at home, do I need to say the Adhan and Iqama?   Answer :  Sayyiduna Uqba ibn Amir (may Allah be pleased with him) relates that I heard the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) […]

Invocation (dhikr) and Supplication (dua) after Prayer

Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam Question:  In my mosque, the muezzin gives command after prayer when to say subhanallah, alhamdulillah and so on. And it is done after sunnah prayer. Is that practice OK?   Answer : It is permissible (and rewarding) to recite the various forms of Dhikr, Tasbih and Dua after prayers as mentioned […]

Merely Reciting Surat al-Fatiha in the Friday Sermon (Khutba)

Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam  Question :   Sometimes where we perform Jumu’ah Salat, we don’t have anyone who is able to give the Khutba in Arabic. However, there are people who have memorized parts of the Qur’an. In this case, if a person only recites Surat al-Fatiha, Surat al-Ikhlas or other similar Surahs from […]

Using Perfumes, Deodorants, After Shave With Alchohol

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani Question : What is your opinion on using perfumes/deodorants/after shave with alcohol content in it? Answer: In the Hanafi school: 1. Wine is filth (najis) and unconditionally impermissible to consume or use. 2. Other alcohol is impermissible if used for intoxication; or in an amount that intoxicates; or as intoxicants […]

Years of Missed Fasts and Expiation (kaffara)

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani Question: I have several years in which I did not fast Ramadan. I also have some years in which I did fast but I didn’t make up the days I did not fast because of menstruation. Should I make up the fasts from my menstruation first and then perform the […]

What Corrupts a Fast: Questions About Water Entering the Body

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani Question : (1) What should I do if I was making washing my mouth and nose during ghusl during Ramadan and water went into me? If I have to make an obligatory ghusl, how far should the water go down my throat during Ramadan? What about water going down the […]

Using Creams, Powders, or Topical Medications While Fasting

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani Question: [1] Does applying cream and powder on the body and face break one’s fast? [2] Can one apply topical medications such as Retin-A that are absorbed by the skin? Answer: [1] No, applying cream and powder to the body does not break one’s fast. The fast is invalidated by […]