Introduction

Allah Most High says, “I have not created jinn-kind nor mankind for any purpose other than to worship Me.” (Qur’an, 51:56) Take this course to get comprehensive and knowledge-based answers to all of the questions that you are likely to face in your worship Allah Most High, all in light of a formal textbook of in Shafi‘i law that students like you have used for centuries. This course focuses on the detailed Rules of Purification, Prayer, Rules of Funeral rites, Zakat, Fasting, Spiritual retreat (‘itikaf), Pilgrimage (Hajj), Trade, and Marriage. This course is taught according to the Shafi‘i school. If you would like to learn it according to the Hanafi school, take this course instead.

Curricular Context

• Before taking this course, take The Absolute Essentials of Islam (Shafi‘i)

• Take this course (or its Hanafi equivalent) before all courses in Level Two

Course Outline

INTRODUCTORY LESSON

• Biography of Imam Shafi’i

Lesson 1 –   Introduction

• Biography of Imam Abdullah Ba Fadl

• The Text: Al Mukhtasar al Saghir

• Author’s Introduction

• Wudu – Integrals

• Wudu – Sunnas

• Wudu – Nullifiers

• Wiping over the Khuffs

• What is prohibited in ritual impurity

Lesson 2 – Purification

• Etiquettes of relieving oneself

• Cleaning oneself – al Istinja’

• Ghusl – Reasons

• Ghusl – Integrals

• Ghusl – Sunan

• Conditions of purification from ritual impurity

Lesson 3 – Impurities

• Water and Impurities

• Impurities

• That which can be purified and that which cannot be purified

Lesson 4 – Tayammum

• Tayammum – Integrals

• Tayammum – Conditions

• Tayammum – Wounds and bandages

Lesson 5 – Women’s Purification

• Menstruation

• Lochia

• Istihada

• Prohibitions during Menstruation and Lochia

Lesson 6 – Prayer Times

• Prayer – Times of prayer

• Prayer – Prohibited times

Lesson 7 – Prayers, Rules and Conditions

• Prayer – Obligation to pray

• Prayer – Conditions

• Prayer – Excused Impurities

Lesson 8 – Prayers Sunnan

• Prayer – Integrals

• Prayer – Sunan

Lesson 9 – Prayer Nullifiers

• Prayer – Nullifiers

Lesson 10 – The Prostration of Forgetfulness & Recitation

• The Prostration of Forgetfulness

• The Prostration of Recitation

Lesson 11 – Prayers

• Those whom it is invalid to pray behind (The Imam)

• Conditions of the congregational prayer

• The Traveller’s prayer

Lesson 12 – Jumuah prayer

• The Friday Prayer – The Obligation to Attend

• The Friday Prayer – Conditions

• The Friday Prayer – Integrals of the Sermons

• The Friday Prayer – Conditions of the Sermons

Lesson 13 – Funeral Rites:

• Washing

• Shrouding

• The Funeral Prayer

• Burial

Lesson 14 – Zakat:

• Conditions

• Types of Wealth that Zakat is due upon

• Zakat on Livestock, Agriculture, Gold and Silver, Mines, Buried Treasure, Trade Goods

Lesson 15 – Zakat al Fitr:

• Conditions

• Times

• Amount

• Deserving Recipients

Lesson 16 – Fasting:

• Sighting the Moon

• Integrals

• Prohibited Days

• Conditions for fasting to be obligatory

Lesson 17 – Fasting:

• Nullifiers

• Exemptions

Lesson 18 – I’tikaf

• Conditions

• Integrals

• Nullifiers

Lesson 19 – Hajj and Umrah:

• Those whom it is obligatory upon

• Integrals of Hajj

• Necessary acts of Hajj

• Departing from Mina

• Integrals of Umrah

• Conditions and Integrals of the Tawaf

• Conditions and Integrals of the Sa’i

• Exiting from Ihram

Lesson 20 – Hajj and Umrah:

• Prohibitions during Ihram

Lesson 21 – Buying and Selling:

• Conditions and Integrals

Lesson 22 – Riba (interest):

• Interest factors and Conditions

Lesson 23 – Cancellation of sales transactions:

• Types of Cancellations

• Defective Goods

• Prohibited Sales

Lesson 24 – Marriage and Divorce:

• Marriage: Conditions, Integrals, Sunnas

• Divorce: Integrals and Types

• Waiting Periods (‘Idda): Types, Duration, Prohibitions

What You’ll Learn

• Understand slavehood to Allah Most High and why it is important

• Learn the rules of purification and prayer that you are likely to encounter in your daily life

• Memorize the most important rules of wudu and ghusl

• Memorize the most important rules of prayer

• Memorize the most important rules of zakat

• Memorize the most important rules of fasting

• Memorize the most important rules of Hajj

• Memorize the most important rules of contracts

• Appreciate the rigor of the science of Sacred Law (fiqh)

About the Course Text

The course is a detailed explanation of al-Mukhtasar al-Saghir (“Short Abridgment”), a summary of the rules of purification, prayer, fasting, zakat, and hajj, according to the Shafi‘i school, along with a brief introduction to the rules of trade, marriage, and divorce.  The book was authored by the great Yemeni Shaykh Abdullah Ba Fadl (d. 918 A.H. / 1512 C.E.), whose works have been taught for centuries in traditional institutions of learning all over the world. A downloadable translation of the text is provided as part of the course materials.