Do People Who Commit Suicide Go To Hell Forever?

Question:

Assalamu alaikum,
If an extremely depressed person commits suicide, will he stay in hell forever,
or is there a chance of him being forgiven?

What can the relatives of the dead person do to help him?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

Only Disbelief Leads To Hell Forever

No, suicide does not mean that a person will go to Hell forever. The only way to go to Hell forever is to commit an act of disbelief. One such act of disbelief would reject the ruling of impermissibility and claim that suicide is permissible in Islam. This is the narrations indicating permanence in the Hellfire for those who commit suicide are understood.

The Meaning of ‘Khulud’

Many narrations state that a person will abide in Hell, repeating the process of his suicide. The word “khalidan“ is used to indicate this. However, this word, on its own, only means a long time and not permanence. So, it does not mean that anyone who commits suicide will be in Hell forever. (Raghib, Mufradat Alfaz al Qur’an)

Suicide Can Be Forgiven

As for a believer, who believes it is impermissible, but due to mental health issues or being overwhelmed by pain and difficulties – such a person, we hope, will be forgiven. Two men from the same tribe as Abu Hurayra moved to Medina to be with the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace). Upon reaching there, they both got ill. One of them could not bear the agony, so he slit his forearms and killed himself.

His friend prayed for a year to see him in a dream, which he did. He was in a good state – in Paradise, it seems – but he had bandages on his arms. The friend asked him what Allah did with him, and he replied that Allah forgave him because he emigrated to Medina. However, he was told, “We won’t fix what you damaged,“ hence the bandages.

The companion mentioned this to the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), and he said, “O Allah, forgive his arms too.“ (Muslim) This is a moving hadith, and it brings hope for those whose loved ones died in such a way.

The relatives can do any good deed and ask Allah to give it to the deceased. Charity, dhikr, and the recitation of the Qur’an are all easy deeds one can benefit them with.

May Allah grant us all the best of ends.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History, he moved to Damascus in 2007, where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital. He was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Do I Have To Check If Meat Is Halal If I’m  A Guest?

Question:

Assalamu ‘alaykum.
If I get invited by a Muslim family which is not very religious, and I get served meat (not pork), do I have to avoid it or make investigations till I am sure the meat is halal? And what is the matter what would the matter be if I get the invitation from non-muslim families – should I be concerned every time?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

Yes, it would be best if you were cautious about this. The classical works state that one does not need to ask when at someone’s house. (Birgivi, al Tariqa al Muhamadiyya) However, we find ourselves in non-Muslims countries where there have been multiple cases of people passing off haram meat as halal. Precaution should be the basis here.

The way around it is to call the people who have invited you to ask them that if they plan on preparing meat or chicken for you, you have a practice of only eating meat from whichever particular butcher that you know to be certified by a sound authority.

Make it clear that you are not trying to be difficult and that you’re not suspicious. You make a conscious choice to support these authorities that give peace of mind to Muslims.

Supporting A Reliable Authority To Support The Muslims At Large

I feel this is something one has to be careful about depending on where one lives. There have been many scandals about meat in the UK, and more keep appearing in the news. The safest thing to do is to consume meat approved by a reliable authority.

In the UK, HMC is the most reliable. They have a representative – usually a scholar – present at the abattoir who witnesses the slaughter. The meat is stamped at various points of the process until it reaches the butcher or fast food outlet. Also, they disapprove of stunning the animals. This leads to the premature death of chickens in many cases.

With a non-Muslim host, you can request fish or a vegetarian option; it’s easy. Many people have dietary requirements, so it wouldn’t be burdening anyone to mention a preference.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History, he moved to Damascus in 2007, where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital. He was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Is Loving Others Shirk?

       

Question:

Assalamu ‘alaykum.
Can you please explain to me the topic of shirk in love in detail? Please explain to me what Allah means in these two ayahs: Qur’an 2:165 and Qur’an 9:24. If loving anything or anyone more than Allah is shirk, then doesn’t that mean the vast majority of Muslims will go to hell for eternity? If I love an anime character more than Allah, would it be shirk?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

Loving others is not a sin, and it is not shirk. The former verse is explained in detail here. Love in this verse refers to the idolaters treating their idols as Allah should be treated with worship, veneration, and slavehood. (Abu al Su’ud, Irshad al ‘Aql al Salim)

The verse in Sura al Tawba refers to the willing choice someone makes based on love for something. It does not mean that having affection for those mentioned in the verse is wrong, as this is natural. (Ibid)

Loving and being loved are blessings which one should thank Allah for. It is not shirk.

Having a fondness for a fictional character is fine, and the strength of one’s feelings doesn’t necessarily mean that it is shirk. However, if you do feel that you do not love Allah as much, then you should make some time in your life to think about Allah’s favors.

Think about the things you hold dearest in your life. If you woke up tomorrow with them gone, you’d be devastated. Who gave you them? Reflect on this. Thank Allah. Gratitude is a pathway to love. Take this seriously.

May Allah fill our hearts with His love.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History, he moved to Damascus in 2007, where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital. He was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Is Hunting Permissible?

Question:

Assalamu ‘Alaykum.

Are hunting and falconry permissible? Some cows are subjected to awful animal cruelty. Can we buy the leather from non-halal, non-tayyib, abused cows?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

Hunting Is Permissible With Conditions

Yes, hunting is permissible if it is for food or as a means of income. Such as if someone hunted to earn a living from selling the materials gained from the animals hunted.

Hunting for sport, however, is not permissible. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Don’t treat anything that has a soul as a target.“ (Muslim) (Ibn ‘Abidn, Radd al Muhtar, al Mawsu’a al Kuwaitiyya)

Animal Cruelty Is Impermissible

Treating animals with cruelty is impermissible and a form of wrongdoing. This applies more so in the cases where people make animals fight and get injured. The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) passed by a donkey that had been branded on its face, and he said, “Allah has cursed whoever branded it.“ (Muslim)

Therefore, these practices are clearly impermissible. It would, however, be permissible to purchase the hide of the cows you mentioned in the sense that it is a valid transaction. However, it is more ethical to avoid it, not to support the industry.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History, he moved to Damascus in 2007, where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital. He was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Can I Give My Zakat To My Brother’s Needy Sister In Law?

Question:

Assalamu ‘alaykum.

I wanted to know if it is permissible to give zakat to my husband’s brother’s wife. She has 3 children and is separated from her husband. He no longer supports her financially. She works as a teacher at a special needs school run by a charity in Pakistan and gets by. My husband is also helping in rebuilding her home as it was in bad condition. Can we give her zakat without her knowing because she has refused it?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.
I pray you are well.

This depends on whether her needs fulfill the condition of accepting zakat. Many people have gold and silver jewelry, which they don’t see as finances. Rather, it is treated as an heirloom. If the value of that gold is above nisab, then they cannot accept Zakat.

You can discreetly ask one of her family members if she has gold or anything else of value that has been put away for a rainy day. If not, you can give her your zakat. You do not need to tell her it’s zakat, nor do you have to tell her it’s from you.  (Maydani, al Lubab)

Her being in your life is a gift and an opportunity to get closer to Allah. Help her as best you can, and it will be as though you are in constant worship.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History, he moved to Damascus in 2007, where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital. He was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Is Terrorism A Sign Of The Day Of Judgement?

Question:

Assalamu ‘Alaykum.

Is terrorism one of the signs of the Hour? If yes, then why has God made it such a difficult trial? 

Also, is it 100% true that terrorists are the worst of creations and will abide in the deepest level of Hellfire? Also, are terrorists already cursed by God Almighty?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

I have not come across any narrations that state terrorism is one of the signs of the Day of Judgement. Some narrations do mention that there will be much killing.

The punishment for anyone who strikes fear in non-combatants is severe in the Shari’a. The Fuqaha recommended that the Janaza pray should not be performed over them as a warning to others. (Shurunbulali, Maraqi al Falah) Suffice it to say it is a form of oppression, no matter who it stems from, and Allah hates oppression.

May Allah protect us from wronging others.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History, he moved to Damascus in 2007, where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital. He was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Where Do Thoughts Come From?

 

Question:

Assalamu ‘Alaykum

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

Thoughts have many sources. Some are your conscious thoughts; others come from the subconscious mind, others from one’s ego. The Devil can also whisper thoughts into us, as angels can.

Thoughts can’t be completely controlled, usually, but striving to remove our baser traits can help refine the thoughts the come from us. Following the sunna of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) also weakens the devil we each have with us, and consequently, his whispers are not as strong. I recommend reading Imam Nawawi’s Riyad al Salihin to learn how to do the above.

 

Please see:

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/prayer-shafii-fiqh/how-do-i-dispel-sinful-thoughts/

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/general-counsel/how-can-i-overcome-my-negative-thoughts/

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History, he moved to Damascus in 2007, where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital. He was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Is Greeting Someone With Just The Word “Salam” Correct?

Is Greeting Someone With Just The Word “Salam” Correct?

Question:

Assalamu ‘alaykum.

In verse 69 of Surah Hud, I see that Allah only uses the term salam instead of assalamu ‘alaykum. Therefore, I wonder if just greeting with salam instead of assalamu ‘alaykum is also correct in Islam.

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

The uses the Arabic rhetorical device ijaz, which means brevity. Therefore, details which are understood are omitted. The Prophet Ibrahim (peace and blessings be upon him) said the full greeting.

The sunna is that we say the full greeting, so that is what we should strive to do. Whoever says the greeting first gets ninety good deeds, and whoever responds get ten. The one who greets first is superior. (Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al Muhtar)

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Should A Openly-Sinful Father Get Custody Of His Children?

Question:

Assalam alaikum. 

What is the Islamic ruling for custody of children in a divorce when the father is a Muslim who has left Islam’s practices? He does not pray, fast, drinks alcohol, and had affairs during the marriage. The children are being raised to practice Islam’s tenets by the mother, and the father has provided verbal support. At this time, the children do not know that their father drinks alcohol.

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

Inshaa Allah, you are well.

Usually, the father has the right to take custody of his children when they reach certain ages: seven and nine lunar years, for boys and girls, respectively. However, this would be in a situation where his presence will not be actively harmful to them. (Maydani, al Lubab)

If he is indeed committing such acts openly, which is likely to harm the children on a religious level or otherwise, then his right would be forfeited until he gets to a stage where this would not be the case. It would be best to speak to a reliable, local scholar to discuss the matter with both sides. It might be necessary to appeal to the courts too.

Please do your best to facilitate a relationship between your children and their father as much as possible. If it is hindered or poisoned in any way, it is only the children who will truly be harmed.

Given the considerations in such cases, we urge you to please consult reliable local scholars or counselors about the situation’s specifics. Jazakum Allah khayr. May Allah facilitate all ease and good for you.

May Allah facilitate what is best for you all.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History, he moved to Damascus in 2007, where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital. He was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Is It mandatory To Marry More Than One Wife If One Can Be Just?

Question:

Assalamu ‘alaykum.

In Sura al Nisa verse four, Allah says that males can marry women of their choice, two, three, or four, but only one if they fear being unjust. Is it mandatory to marry two women if one does not fear being unjust?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

No, marrying more than one lady is not an obligation if one is fair. The verse permits this, but it does not make it an obligation. A Muslim man may marry just one wife, and that is perfectly fine.

The bigger issue we see today is people who wrong their first within various ways, and then they marry another. The second marriage, in this case, is haram. It’s better to fix the first marriage or end it. Continuing in zulm is far from the more beneficial scenario.

Please see:

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/i-no-longer-love-my-husband-after-he-married-a-second-wife/

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/marriage/can-a-man-marry-a-second-wife-if-he-cannot-fulfil-her-rights/

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History, he moved to Damascus in 2007, where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital. He was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.