The Infinitude of Allah

Question: What does it mean to say that Allah is infinite? Is his size of height limitless?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Allah is finite in His essence in that He is only one. He is limitless in His attributes in that there is no limit to what He can do and how much He can give etc.

Strictly speaking, Classical theologians do not use the term infinite/limitless to describe Allah. Limitlessness/Infinitude is part of the experience (marifa) of Allah’s greatness.

Please see:

http://www.masud.co.uk/ISLAM/nuh/hikam1.htm

I pray this helps.

[Shyakh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

The physical relationship between Allah and the universe

Question: Is the universe in Allah, or is Allah in the universe?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Allah is neither in the universe nor is the universe in Allah. The two are completely different categories of being.

Allah is the creator and exists through Himself. The universe exists because of Him, but not physically in Him. He is greater than having a physicality, because physicality itself implies dependence.

‘He is the First and the Last, and the Outward and the Inward; and He is Knower of all things.’ (Qur’an, 57: 3)

Please see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLmoZ4r12GI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5PE6scbWV4

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Women’s right to divorce

Question: Why is it that a man can independently and unilaterally divorce his wife, while a woman can only get a divorce with his agreement or through legal intervention?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

The reason why Allah has given different rights and responsibilities to men and women is that men and women are physically and emotionally different.

Allah has said in the Quran, ‘Men are in charge of women because We have given more to some than others.’ (Qur’an, 4: 34)

Please see:

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/general-counsel/can-muslim-women-be-imams-are-women-equal-to-men-in-islam/

Generally speaking, men can independently enter and exit a marriage, while generally speaking women cannot independently enter and exit a marriage. This is not to harm women, but to protect them. The need to protect women is something recognizable to many people who have lived life and is demonstrable by the differences between men and women.

In the case of genuine physical or emotional harm, she can exit the marriage. But in order to be fair, there has to be some kind of greater legal authority to judge whether or not there is genuine physical or emotional harm. (Hashiya al Dasuqi)

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

 

 

Remarrying after the death of a spouse

Question: Is it recommended to remain unmarried after one’s husband or wife has passed away?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Short Answer

Generally speaking, being married and having more children is better than being single.

General encouragement to get married

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, ‘O youth, whoever of you is able to marry, then let him get married.’ (Bukhari and Muslim) There are also many sound and weak hadiths that encourage getting married and having children.

Encouragement to remain a widow

That said, if one doesn’t feel that one could be married again and can’t physically have children, it is perfectly fine to remain unmarried.

In fact, in his book Matters Pertaining to Women, Ibn al Habib (d. 238 AH) mentions several reports from the Early Muslims encouraging women not to marry if their husbands pass away.

He even mentions a hadith saying, ‘A woman will be with her last husband.’ (Adab al Nisa, Ibn al Habib; Tabarani) This last hadith would suggest that if one wants to be with one’s first husband/wife in the next life, one should not get married.

Being with the best of one’s husbands

However, there is also another hadith that mentions that she will be with whichever husband was the best to her. (al Tadhkira, Qurtubi) Furthermore, what is known from Islamic history is that many of the female Prophetic Companions remarried, sometimes multiple times.

It worth noting that neither hadith is that strong.

Conclusion

In summary, it is generally better to be married than to be alone for the sake of having more children, being kept chaste, and not being alone.

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Food in the shape of animate life

Question: Is it permissible to make and sell food in the shape of human or animals?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

There are opinions that allow both the making and selling of food shaped in the form of animate life, such as bears and humans, etc. (Hashiyat al Jamal ala Manhaj al Talib; Hashiyat al Qalyubi)

Please see:
https://www.aliftaa.jo/Question2En.aspx?QuestionId=3523#.XwSVS2ozY1A

That said, there is serious opposition to this position too. (Hashiyat al Jamal ala Manhaj al Talib; Hashiyat al Umayra; Hashiyat al Sharwani) Based on this position, it would be sinful to make such food, and sinful and invalid to sell it.

Given the difference of opinion, and given the graveness of created three-dimensional objects that mimic animate life, it would be better to avoid selling such items wherever possible.

Please also see:

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/shafii-fiqh/is-it-permissible-to-paint-mini-figurines/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/maliki-fiqh/the-maliki-view-on-pictures-of-humans-and-animals/

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Naming a son Uzayr or Ezra

Question: Is there anything wrong with naming my son Uzayr or Ezra?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Uzayr was either a prophet or a righteous man of the Children of Israel. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir; Zad al Masir, Ibn Qayyim) Hence, his name is a good name to name one’s child.

Whether or not Ezra is actually Uzayr is somewhat unclear. Nevertheless, Ezra of the Old testament is also a righteous man who enforced the Torah.

I don’t see any need to change your son’s name.

Given the child’s age, if I were in your shoes I’d leave the legal name as is, and just start calling him Uzayr among family members. This is just a personal opinion.

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Guilty about engaging in oral sex

Question: I feel guilty about engaging in oral sex.

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Reliable scholars have allowed oral sex, so it permissible to follow such a position.

Please see: https://seekersguidance.org/answers/shafii-fiqh/is-it-permissible-to-perform-oral-sex-to-ones-wife-shafii-school/

The question here is not about halal and haram, the question is, ‘Is this the best thing you should do as a believer, and particularly as a husband?’

What you should think about is how important this is to your sex life, and what effect it has on your relationship with your wife. What physical or emotional loss are you trying to replace by resorting to oral sex?

I am not a sex therapist, but I hazard a guess that for men, receiving oral sex is some kind of way of compensating a level of superiority or respect that they do not receive from their spouse- perhaps even the inability to perform sexually as they would otherwise wish to. Is there any other way that this can be redressed? I am just posing the question. I don’t have an answer.

For women, receiving oral sex might often be a less stressful guarantee of achieving orgasm. But putting the immediate gratification aside, would she prefer to receive that same gratification in another way? Deep inside, does she view this as caring for her sexual needs and as an act of love, or does she just enjoy on a physical level? How does it make her view her husband in the greater scheme of things? Again, I am just asking the question as a thought exercise and I do not have the answer.

I think generally this issue is part of the bigger problem, the problem of men not being men and women not being women, and it often solved in quick-fix ways that leave both parties not as happy as they otherwise could have been.

Please see also:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3kDbqABvEN0

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

What is the punishment for apostasy in Islam?

Question:
Assalamu Alaikum

What is the punishment for apostasy in Islam? One set of scholars say apostates should be put to death and others say only apostates who commit treason/blasphemy should be put to death. Which is correct?

Allah says “There’s no compulsion in Religion” in Quran 2:256. In that case, can we compel someone to be in Islam when they can’t be true to it? We don’t put non-Muslims to death for not accepting Islam. So how can we punish those who have left Islam? Please, clarify.

Answer:

Wa alaykum al-Salam

Thank you for your question.

The Schools of Jurisprudence
Abdullah ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever changes their religion, kill them” (Bukhari).

The above narration and others form the basis for the ruling agreed upon by all four schools of jurisprudence that the apostate must be killed. However, they agree that such an order may only be passed by an Islamic ruler or a representative of his court. In addition, three of the four schools require that the apostate, after having been declared as such in court, be given an opportunity to repent. The Hanafi school considers the giving of this opportunity to be recommended and not required. It also takes the view that a female apostate may not be killed (al-Mawsuah al-Fiqhiyyah).

The fact that the execution of apostates is only permitted in an Islamic country where the ruler or his representative passes the judgment is of utmost importance. No human being, no matter how serious his crime, can ever be killed without the process of a valid Islamic court.  This effectively means that the death penalty will not be passed on an apostate in 99 percent of countries around the globe.

A wisdom
In the early Muslim communities, apostasy was often associated with revolt. A revolt meant that the rule of Islam might be eradicated, and that would spread injustice and oppression.

There is enough evidence to establish that, Islamic conquests spread peace, harmony, and understanding throughout the lands. This was clearly expressed in the words of Ribiy ibn Amir when he said addressing the Persian general, Rustam, “Allah has sent us to deliver you from the worship of creation to the worship of the Creator of creation; and to deliver you from the constriction of this world to the vastness of the afterlife, and from the oppression of the religions to the justice of Islam.” [al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya]

There is no compulsion in Religion.
As for the verse, “There is no compulsion in religion” (Qur’an, 2:256), the scholars advise that it refers specifically to compelling a non-Muslim to embrace Islam.

Non-Muslims always had a place in Muslim communities and countries. They had rights and were dealt with fairly. The incident where a Jew made a claim against the Caliph of the time, our master Ali bin Abi Talib, and the court passed judgment in his favor, serves as ample proof to establish this point.

And Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdurragmaan received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Inheritance of a Missing Person

Question: A member of our family has been lost for many years. How should we deal with his the inheritance that he is owed? Also, can we assume he has passed away and divide up his estate?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

When someone has been lost for a long time, he is assumed to be still alive until the court rules otherwise. This means that his estate is not divided up between her heirs.

If it has been a very long time, the family may raise the issue to an Islamic magistrate who may rule that the lost person is deemed legally deceased. Thereafter, his heirs may inherit his estate. (Al Fiqh al Islami wa Adillatuh, Zuhayli)

If there is no Islamic magistrate and it is not possible to agree to arbitration, one may resort to a conventional court. (Al Fiqh al Islami wa Adillatuh, Zuhayli)

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Dealing with Doubts about Islam

Question: How should I deal with genuine and grounded doubts about Islam?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Doubts about Islam are healthy and normal. But what we have to do is deal with these doubts in a healthy and normal way. What we should do is identify the key points that are making us doubt, and bring them to Muslim scholars in a mature and purposeful way.

I highly advise that you study a short course in Islamic creed, history, Qur’an studies, and Hadith studies.

In the meanwhile, you can also see:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bTdsWCg7so

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tpln7OZpc60

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/islamic-belief/did-i-commit-wrongful-takfir/

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/general-counsel/how-to-remove-doubts-about-my-disbelief/

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language