The physical relationship between Allah and the universe

Question: Is the universe in Allah, or is Allah in the universe?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Allah is neither in the universe nor is the universe in Allah. The two are completely different categories of being.

Allah is the creator and exists through Himself. The universe exists because of Him, but not physically in Him. He is greater than having a physicality, because physicality itself implies dependence.

‘He is the First and the Last, and the Outward and the Inward; and He is Knower of all things.’ (Qur’an, 57: 3)

Please see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLmoZ4r12GI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5PE6scbWV4

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

I Am a Convert and Live With My Adopted Parents. What Are My Obligations to Them?

Question: I am a convert and live with my adopted parents. What are my obligations to them, and can I take off my hijab at home?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

The Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘I and he who takes in an orphan are like this,’ and he held out his index and ring fingers with a little gap between them. (Bukhari) And he said, ‘He who is not thankful to people, is not thankful to God.’ (Ibn Hibban and others)

You should tell them these two hadiths and express your deep, deep love and gratitude towards them.

However, you still have to wear the hijab in front of your adopted “father”, and you cannot have skin contact with him.

So just be really, really nice, and don’t get angry if they criticize you or Islam. It is only natural because they love you so much and are concerned for you. But you still have to stick to the rules.

It is good that you are getting married and moving away. Usually, converts need a good few years away from non-Muslim family members to get themselves on their feet in Islam. May Allah give all the best.

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid Dingle

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

What is the punishment for apostasy in Islam?

Question:
Assalamu Alaikum

What is the punishment for apostasy in Islam? One set of scholars say apostates should be put to death and others say only apostates who commit treason/blasphemy should be put to death. Which is correct?

Allah says “There’s no compulsion in Religion” in Quran 2:256. In that case, can we compel someone to be in Islam when they can’t be true to it? We don’t put non-Muslims to death for not accepting Islam. So how can we punish those who have left Islam? Please, clarify.

Answer:

Wa alaykum al-Salam

Thank you for your question.

The Schools of Jurisprudence
Abdullah ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever changes their religion, kill them” (Bukhari).

The above narration and others form the basis for the ruling agreed upon by all four schools of jurisprudence that the apostate must be killed. However, they agree that such an order may only be passed by an Islamic ruler or a representative of his court. In addition, three of the four schools require that the apostate, after having been declared as such in court, be given an opportunity to repent. The Hanafi school considers the giving of this opportunity to be recommended and not required. It also takes the view that a female apostate may not be killed (al-Mawsuah al-Fiqhiyyah).

The fact that the execution of apostates is only permitted in an Islamic country where the ruler or his representative passes the judgment is of utmost importance. No human being, no matter how serious his crime, can ever be killed without the process of a valid Islamic court.  This effectively means that the death penalty will not be passed on an apostate in 99 percent of countries around the globe.

A wisdom
In the early Muslim communities, apostasy was often associated with revolt. A revolt meant that the rule of Islam might be eradicated, and that would spread injustice and oppression.

There is enough evidence to establish that, Islamic conquests spread peace, harmony, and understanding throughout the lands. This was clearly expressed in the words of Ribiy ibn Amir when he said addressing the Persian general, Rustam, “Allah has sent us to deliver you from the worship of creation to the worship of the Creator of creation; and to deliver you from the constriction of this world to the vastness of the afterlife, and from the oppression of the religions to the justice of Islam.” [al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya]

There is no compulsion in Religion.
As for the verse, “There is no compulsion in religion” (Qur’an, 2:256), the scholars advise that it refers specifically to compelling a non-Muslim to embrace Islam.

Non-Muslims always had a place in Muslim communities and countries. They had rights and were dealt with fairly. The incident where a Jew made a claim against the Caliph of the time, our master Ali bin Abi Talib, and the court passed judgment in his favor, serves as ample proof to establish this point.

And Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdurragmaan received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Forgetting to Give Zakat

Question:

Assalamu ‘alaykum.

1) What is the minimum amount of money to give zakat in pounds (£)?

2) Can a girl who has not reached (bulugh) give zakat even if she has enough wealth to make it obligatory as if she did reach it?

3) What if one forgot to give zakat when he was wealthy but is later in debt?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

What is the nisab amount that makes zakat obligatory?

This amount is roughly £3,407 at the moment. Please refer to our Zakat calculator for accurate, up to date information.

Can a Girl Who Has Not Reached Bulugh Give Zakat?

She can give money to charity, yes.  However, it will not be classified as zakat because it is not obligatory for her. She will be rewarded for it, however. ”Anything of the good you do Allah is well aware of it.“ (Qur’an, 2:215)

What Does Someone Who Forgot to Give Zakat and Then Falls into Debt Do?

The obligation of paying that amount which was owed remains. He would have to pay it when he has possession of the money.

(Mawsili, al Ikhtiyar)

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Abdul-Rahim

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Dealing with Doubts about Islam

Question: How should I deal with genuine and grounded doubts about Islam?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Doubts about Islam are healthy and normal. But what we have to do is deal with these doubts in a healthy and normal way. What we should do is identify the key points that are making us doubt, and bring them to Muslim scholars in a mature and purposeful way.

I highly advise that you study a short course in Islamic creed, history, Qur’an studies, and Hadith studies.

In the meanwhile, you can also see:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bTdsWCg7so

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tpln7OZpc60

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/islamic-belief/did-i-commit-wrongful-takfir/

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/general-counsel/how-to-remove-doubts-about-my-disbelief/

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Meeting with a potential suitor in public?

Question: I have a question regarding getting to know a potential spouse. Is it permissible to meet him in a public place without a third person? I want to do it correctly when meeting the potential spouse.

Answer:

Assalamu alaykum,

Thank you for your important question. There is a fine line between dating and meeting to get to know each other well enough to consider a proposal without overdoing it.

Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan mentions in this answer, that it is customary for a suitor to meet a girl three times strictly in the presence of her mahrams.
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/marriage-and-divorce-maliki-fiqh/proposal-for-marriage/

Also, please see this answer by Shaykh Rami Nsour; he mentions the limits of gender interaction while meeting a suitor:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/general-counsel/how-to-approach-getting-married/

In general, I don’t advise, as mentioned above, that a girl meets with a boy in a public space without a third person because the limits of gender interaction can easily be crossed without supervision. That’s a little too close for comfort. In order to maintain the honor and integrity of the girl, she should be spoken to in the presence of her family, close friends, or imam, if she has no family.

This doesn’t mean an elder has to be hovering over them. As long as the two individuals are in a visible vicinity, they can have some space to ask each other questions without feeling the pressure of being scrutinized over every word they say. I commend you for taking this seriously and for wanting to stay within the limits. May Allah reward you and help you find a suitable and pious spouse.

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/is-one-allowed-to-chat-with-a-potential-spouse-for-the-purpose-of-getting-to-know-each-other/

[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria for two years where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, tafseer, and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Masters in Arabic. Afterward, she moved to Amman, Jordan where she studied fiqh, Arabic, and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

Textbooks for teaching beginners

Question: Which textbooks are appropriate for teaching absolute beginners in purity and prayer?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Good textbooks for teaching absolute beginners in purity and prayer include al Maqasid (tr. Shaykh Nuh Keller) in Shafi’i Fiqh, Ascent to Felicity (tr. Shaykh Faraz Khan) in Hanafi fiqh, al Murshid al Muin (Diwan press) in Maliki fiqh, and Hanbali Acts of Worship by (tr. Shaykh Musa Furber) in Hanbali fiqh.

Before teaching any of these books to others, you should first study it yourself with a qualified teacher and be given permission to teach.

I pray this helps.

Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

 

Editor Notes: SeekersGuidance offers a complete curriculum of Islamic Studies, from the basics to advanced learning; taught by qualified scholars; completely free. See: https://seekersguidance.org/islamic-studies-curriculum/

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Is It Permissible to Celebrate Holidays That Have Not Been Established by Islam?

Answered by Ustadh Farid Dingle

Question: Is it permissible to celebrate holidays that have not been established by Islam?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

I really appreciate this worthy and important question.

In short, as Muslims, we cannot celebrate any religious occasions of other religions. So if the holiday is a purely religious holiday, we cannot celebrate it. (Not going to work because it is a public holiday does not constitute celebrating that day.)

If however, it is just a cultural or national event, such as Thanksgiving or Independence Day, then there is no harm in celebrating it. This is obvious on the proviso that you don’t believe it has any particular blessings or sanctity.

For more detail, please see: Context for the Hadith: Whoever Imitates a People Is of Them

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid Dingle

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Does Mistakes During Recitation Invalidate My Prayers?

Answered by Ustadha Shazia Ahmad

Question: I was on my way home from work during `Asr time. I got home after Maghrib so I prayed and made up `Asr with it. Then I realized I’ve been mispronouncing a letter in the Fatiha. Do I have to make up the `Asr and Maghrib prayers again? And the whole day’s prayers, too?

Answer: Assalamu alaykum, Sister,

The answer to your question is found in the link below. The short answer is that you don’t need to make up the prayers. Try to practice your tajweed when you are outside of the prayer. The more you practice, the better it will get, by the grace of Allah.

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and give him peace, said, “One who is skilled in the Qur’an is associated with the noble, upright recording angels, and he who falters when he recites the Qur’an and finds it difficult for him will have a double reward. [Abu Dawud]

Does a Mistake in the Recitation of the Fatiha Invalidate My Prayer?

May Allah enable us all to recite the Qur`an as the Prophet did, may Allah bless him and give him peace.

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria for two years where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, tafseer and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Masters in Arabic. Afterwards, she moved to Amman, Jordan where she studied fiqh, Arabic and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

Do Mistakes in Recitation Invalidate the Prayer?

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: Do mistakes in recitation invalidate the prayer?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Your mispronunciation or mistakes does not invalidate your prayer.

What Types of Mistakes Invalidate the Prayer

The scholars have discussed this issue in a great deal and have mentioned that any mistakes made in the pronunciation of the Arabic do not break the prayer unless the change of the meaning is drastic, such that the meaning is tantamount to disbelief. [Hashiyah Ibn Abidin]

Others have mentioned that no mistakes invalidate the prayer because many people are unlearned and would often make pronunciation mistakes.

There is expansiveness in the matter.

Allah, Most High has not placed any undue hardship in the religion. Sometimes we overburden ourselves with doubts that may lead to waswasa.

How To Deal With Waswasa

For the one who is constantly in doubt abandoning caution is sometimes the best cure.

“As for the one who is often inflicted with waswasa, it is necessary for them to sever the cause of the waswasa and not to give it any consideration. This is because it is the doing of Shaytan and we have been commanded to oppose him.” [Hashiyah Ibn Abidin]

Knowledge

The long-term cure for these constant doubts is to seek a deeper understanding of Islamic Knowledge. With knowledge, Shaytan can not deceive you with his whispers and plots. I would advise that you find authentic scholars in your area and study with them a basic text in Islamic Jurisprudence.

Please note that SeekersGuidance has classes available in Islamic Jurisprudence and many other subjects.

May Allah ease your affairs

Allahu A’alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.