What Happens to the Heart After Death?

Answered by Shaykh Salim Ahmad Mauladdawila

Question: Assalamu alaykum

What happens to the heart after death?

Answer: Bismillah al-Rahman al-Rahim.

Imam al-Ghazali in book 21 of his encyclopaedic ‘Revival of the Religious Sciences’ talks about the heart and some of its realities. To quote (from the Walter James Skelli translation):

[‘Heart’ (qalb)] is used with two meanings. One of them is the cone-shaped organ of flesh that is located at the left side of the chest. It is flesh of a particular sort within which there is a cavity, and in this cavity there is black blood that is the source (manba’) and seat (ma’dan) of the spirit (ruh). We do not now propose to explain its shape nor its mode of operation since religious ends have no connection therewith, but only the aim of physicians. Animals and even the dead have this heart of flesh. Whenever we use the term ‘heart’ in this book, we do not mean this sort of heart, for it is but an impotent bit of flesh, belonging to the visible material world (‘alam al-mulk wa-l-shahdda), and is perceived by the sense of sight, by animals as well as by mankind.

The second meaning of the ‘heart’ is a subtle tenuous substance of an ethereal spiritual sort (latifa rabbaniyya ruhiniyya), which is connected with the physical heart. This subtle tenuous substance is the real essence of man. The heart is the part of man that perceives and knows and experiences; it is addressed, punished, rebuked, and held responsible, and it has some connection with the physical heart. The majority of men have been become perplexed when they tried to perceive the nature of this connection. Its connection therewith resembles the connection of accidents with substances, of qualities with the things they qualify, of the user of a tool with the tool, or of that which occupies a place with the place. We will guard against trying to explain this for two reasons: first, because it deals with mystical sciences (‘ulum al-mukashafa), and our aim in this book includes only the knowledge of proper conduct (‘ilm al muamala); and second, because to ascertain it calls for a disclosing of the secret of the spirit (ruh), concerning which the Messenger of God did not speak, and therefore no one else should speak. Our aim then is this: whenever we use the term ‘heart’ (qalb) in this book we mean by it this subtle tenuous substance. And what we propose is to mention its characteristics (awsaf) and states (ahwal), not its real nature (haqiqa) in itself, for the science of practical religion does not require the mention of its real nature.

So regarding the heart, we can say that as a physical entity it dies with the body, as a “subtle tenuous substance” it is the reality of man and thus has a reality in the next life, and as a whole it “perceives and knows and experiences; it is addressed, punished, rebuked, and held responsible”.

Regards,
Warmest salams,
[Shaykh] Salim Ahmad Mauladdawila

Is There Any Evidence That Previous Scriptures Were Corrupted?

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Is there any evidence from the Quran that the Jews and Christians altered the actual text of their own scriptures or any Hadith in which Muhammad called upon Jews or Christians to reject their scriptures?

Answer:Assalam alaykum. Jazakum Allah khayr for your questions.

There are many instances where the Qur’an mentions directly or implicitly the alteration of former scriptures (tahrif), in speech and the written word, while a brief search in the hadith corpus does not show any statements of the Prophet mentioning it.

Qur’an

Among the references to tahrif in the Qur’an, we find:

‘And well ye knew those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath … although a group of them used to hear the word of Allah, and then, having understood it, used to distort it knowingly’ [2:65-75]

‘So, woe to those who write the Book with their hands and then say, “This is from Allah”, so that they may gain thereby a trifling price. Then, woe to them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for what they earn.’ [2:78]

‘Among them there is indeed a group who twist their tongues while (reading) the Book, so that you may deem it to be from the Book, while it is not from the Book. They say, “It is from Allah”, while it is not from Allah; and they tell lies about Allah knowingly.’ [3:78]

‘When Allah took a pledge from those who were given the Book: “You shall make it known to people, and you shall not conceal it,” they threw it away behind their backs, and acquired a small price for it. So, evil is what they acquire.’ [3:187]

‘They change words from their context and forget a part of that whereof they were admonished. Thou wilt not cease to discover treachery from all save a few of them. But bear with them and pardon them. Lo! Allah loveth the kindly.’ [5:12]

Hadith

In the hadith literature, we find the words of Abdullah bin `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them both) who said,

‘O the group of Muslims! How can you ask the people of the Scriptures about anything while your Book which Allah has revealed to your Prophet contains the most recent news from Allah and is pure and not distorted? Allah has told you that the people of the Scriptures have changed some of Allah’s Books and distorted it and wrote something with their own hands and said, ‘This is from Allah, so as to have a minor gain for it. Won’t the knowledge that has come to you stop you from asking them? No, by Allah, we have never seen a man from them asking you about that (the Qur’an ) which has been revealed to you.’ [al Bukhari]

Rejecting the validity of previous scriptures

In regards the Prophet ﷺ calling the People of the Book to reject previous scriptures and adopt the Qur’an, the following verses are explicit statements which affirm Islam as the final and only accepted religion for Mankind. The Qur’an invites the People of the Book to Islam by asking them to recognize the veracity of the Message which is a completion of their own texts. It does not however call to the universal validity of all faiths.
‘There are some who believe in Allah and in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down to them, and who are humble before Allah. They do not sell Allah’s Signs for a paltry price.
[3:199]

Those We gave the Book before this [the Qur’an] believe in it. And when it is recited to them they say, “We believe in it; it is the truth from our Lord. We were already Muslims before it came.’ [28:52-53]

But those of them [the Jews] who are firmly rooted in knowledge, and the believers, believe in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down before you. [4:162]

And whoso seeketh as religion other than the Surrender (to Allah) it will not be accepted from him, and he will be a loser in the Hereafter [3:85]

I hope the above examples have answered your questions.

Warmest salams,
[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

Why Are All the Companions the Most Virtuous After the Prophets?

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I often hear that, despite the very broad definition of a companion of the prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) , the lowest ranking person who falls under the definition of companion surpasses anyone until the day of judgement in piety vitrue and righteousness in the sight of Allah. Could you please shed some light on the this matter?

Answer:Wa alaykum al-Salam

JazakaLlah khayr for your question.

There are a large number of proofs establishing that the companions radiyaLlahu anhum are the most virtuous of Allah’s creation after the Prophets and Messengers. Before presenting these proofs however, it’s important to understand that the companions were not infallible. They were guiding stars and the best of Allah’s creation, but were not free from error. I mention this so that an objector may not quote an error of a companion and thus attempt to strip them of their virtue.

Another important clarification is that not all companions were equal. Those who embraced Islam after the treaty of Hudaybiyah were not equal to those who accepted prior to that. Similarly, those who immigrated from Makkah to Madinah were considered more virtuous than others. Thereafter, those who fought at the battle of Badr were more virtuous, then those who attended the bay’ah al-Ridwan, then the ten companions who were given the gladtidings of Jannah, then sayyidina Ali ibn Talib and sayyidina Uthman, then sayyidina Umar and finally sayyidina Abu Bakr al-Siddiq may Allah be well pleased with them all.

Here follows some verses of the Qur’an and traditions of the Prophet sallaLlahu alayhi wasallam establishing their precedence over others.

And why do you not spend in the cause of Allah while to Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth? Not equal among you are those who spent before the fath [treaty of Hudaybiyah or conquest of Makkah] and fought [and those who did so after it]. Those are greater in degree than they who spent afterwards and fought. But to all Allah has promised the best [reward]. And Allah, with what you do, is Acquainted. [57:10]

Allah has already forgiven the Prophet and the Muhajireen and the Ansar who followed him in the hour of difficulty after the hearts of a party of them had almost inclined [to doubt], and then He forgave them. Indeed, He was to them Kind and Merciful. [9:117]

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; and those with him are forceful against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating [in prayer], seeking bounty from Allah and [His] pleasure. Their mark is on their faces from the trace of prostration. That is their description in the Torah. And their description in the Gospel is as a plant which produces its offshoots and strengthens them so they grow firm and stand upon their stalks, delighting the sowers – so that Allah may enrage by them the disbelievers. Allah has promised those who believe and do righteous deeds among them forgiveness and a great reward. [48:29]

The Messenger sallaLlahu alayhi wasallam said,
“Do not swear my companions, for should any of you spend the weight of mount Uhud in gold, it will not equal their spending of a mudd (750 grams) or half thereof.” [Agreed upon]

“The best of generations is mine, then those who follow, then those who follow.”

“Whoever loves them (my companions), loves them because of his love for me; whoever dislikes them, dislikes them because of his dislike of me; whoever harms them (with his words or action), has harmed me, whoever harms me, harms (angers) Allah, and whoever harms Allah, it is near that Allah strikes him.” [al-Tirmidhi]

Statements from our pious predecessors:

Abu Zur’ah al-Razi said, “Whoever criticizes any of the companions is a zindiq (enemy of Islam). This is so, because the Messenger sallaLlahu alayhi wasallam and the Quran are true. The Quran and his Sunnah sallaLlahu alayhi wasallam was only conveyed to us via these companions. They (the enemies of Islam) only criticize the companions as they wish to find fault in the Quran and Sunnah.”

AbduLlah ibn Mubarak said when asked who is more righteous between the pious caliph, ‘Umar bin AbdulAziz and Mu‘awiyah radiyaLlahu anhu, “The dust that settled in the nose of the horse of Mu‘awiyah with the Prophet sallaLlahu alayhi wasallam, is better than several ‘Umar bin AbdulAziz. In another narration he said, “is better than all the good deeds of ‘Umar bin AbdulAziz.

This was his words regarding Mu‘awiyah radiyaLlahu anhu and he was from the companions that entered Islam after the treaty of Hudaybiyah.

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Does a Picture of a Deity on a Bag Invalidate One’s Faith?

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I bought my son a school bag. It has a drawing of a fictional superhero deity on comic books called Thor. If my son uses this bag would that invalidate our Islam?

Answer: Wa’alaykum assalam. Thank you for writing in. I pray this finds you in the best of states.

Merely buying or using a bag which has pictures of fictional gods does not invalidate one’s faith. However, buying or selling an item with prohibited images or text printed on it is impermissible, but the sales transaction remains valid [Mughni al Muhtaj].

Disbelief

A person’s faith is a tremendous matter, and for this reason, those things that take one out of Islam are usually grave matters too, such as believing in false deities or worshipping them, even in jest, or disdain or ridicule for any aspect of the religion, or being pleased with disbelief.

Making the right choices

As Muslims, and especially as parents, we have to be more particular about our consumer choices. This can be difficult when buying children’s items, though usually if we look hard enough, we can find suitable clothes and accessories with neutral yet lively and colourful images and texts that are still appealing to children. This way the parent has not done anything wrong and it teaches the child how to make conscious choices as a Muslim.

Practical steps

Given that you have already bought the bag, you can consider the following options:

1. If it’s not too late and you can return the bag and exchange it, then do so.

2. If you have to keep it, then mark out with a permanent marker pen the writing or any problematic images, or sew patches over it.

3. Mark out the writing and any problematic images, then place badges or the like over the area.

4. If you are able to, buy a new bag, and after marking out the problematic designs, use the bag for some other use in the house, such as storage.

I hope this helps. May Allah grant you and your family to God’s Pleasure always.

Warmest salams,
[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

Does Lying About Islam Make Me a Disbeliever?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

If someone gives false informations to someone who asked something about Islam, does that person become a disbeliever? Is my repentance valid?

Answer: wa alaykum assalam

No, this is not disbelief. You have realized that you did something incorrect and need to keep in mind the Quranic verse, “Despair not of the mercy of God for verily God forgives all sins.” (39:53) You should, therefore, seek God’s forgiveness for your error and clarify to the individual whom you provided incorrect information that you made a mistake.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

What Should I Know in Order to Enter Heaven If I Have Never Heard About Islam?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

What is absolutely necessary for a person to know before knowing about revelation in order to enter Heaven? Is there any knowledge that is obligatory to know even though one has never heard of Islam?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

Yes, there is a difference of opinion between the Ash`aris and Maturidis regarding whether there is any moral responsibility prior to revelation.

The Ash`aris opined that there is no moral responsibility prior to the receipt of revelation. An individual is, therefore, unaccountable in terms of his or her belief in God and submission to His laws in the absence of revelation.

As for the Maturidis, the majority of them stated that belief in God is obligated by one’s possessing a sound intellect even if one was not conveyed the contents of divine revelation. This is narrated directly from Abu Hanifa who stated, “Even if a messenger were not sent, it would be obligatory upon creation to know their Lord through their intellects.” Here, belief in God does not relate merely to His existence but also His oneness, knowledge, power, and will, as well as His being the creator of the cosmos.

As for religious law in general, such as prayer, fasting, charity, and so forth, both groups agree that morally responsibility in connection to it is subject to having received the message although there are some nuanced here that beyond the scope of this answer.

[al-Bajuri, Sharh al-Jawhara (81-82); Ibn al-Humam, al-Musayara (185); al-Bayadi, al-Isharat (75)]

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

The Compilation of the Quran: A Reader

“We, Ourselves, have sent down the Dhikr (the Qur’ān), and We are there to protect it.” [15:9]

How Was the Qur’an Preserved?

The Compilation of the Qur’an and Why `Uthman Ordered That Some Copies Be Burned

Was the Originally Compiled Qur’an During the Era of Abu Bakr Incomplete?

What is the Basis for the Ten Modes of Recitation of the Qur’an?

Lecture

How the Qur’an Was Revealed and Compiled – By Shaykh Hamza Yusuf

Recommended reading

The History of the Qur’anic Text from Revelation to Compilation : A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments (Muhammad Mustafa al-Azami)

Will a Person Have What He Prefers in Paradise?

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalam alaykum

“Hour al-ayn”, the wives given to men in heaven are white-skinned, with dark hair, and each man will have two of them. If someone prefers blonde or dark skinned women will he have what he prefers?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam.

Jazakum Allah khayran for your question.

The inhabitants of Paradise will have whatever they desire

Every person in Paradise, male or female, will have whatever they desire and not be wanting in the slightest. There will be no injustice, resentment, or disappointment whatsoever, only the pure and innocent happiness and bliss of every individual inhabitant.

This is affirmed by the words of Allah Most High, “If any do deeds of righteousness—be they male or female—and have faith, they will enter Heaven, and not the least injustice will be done to them.” [4:124].

The number of Hour al-‘ayn in Paradise

To answer your specific question about the number of Hours a male believer is stated to have in Paradise. The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, has said, “Each man will have two wives from among the Hour al-‘ayn, the marrow of whose calves can be seen from beneath the bone and flesh.” (al-Bukhari).

The descriptions of the women of Paradise often mention “fairness” or “lightness”. This could be referring to the actual tone of skin color, but also could be referring to the radiating brightness, clearness, and glowing light (noor) of the skin, which is not confined to white skin, even in this life.

However, the main point is, that regardless of the meaning of these descriptions, one will have whatever one delights in and desires, and will not feel in want of anything. “Therein is whatever the souls desire and [what] delights the eyes, and you will abide therein eternally.” (43: 71)

We should also note that our preference in this life will not necessarily be the same in the next life. Paradise is unimaginable. Therefore, our imagining of it is always going to be based on our own limited and subjective preconceptions and values of this world. In reality, nothing of this life can be compared to Paradise, including our likes and dislikes.

What will women get in Paradise?

We should not forget that the pleasures of Paradise are not restricted to or created for men alone. The believing women have their equal share of the pleasures of the Garden, no less than the men.

The female Companions were not shy to ask about such matters. An example is of Umm Umarah al-Ansariyyah, who went to the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, asking about the rewards mentioned in the Qur’an, saying:

“I see that everything is for the men, and I do not see anything being mentioned for the women.” So the Quranic verse (33:35) was revealed “For Muslim men and women—for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in Charity, for men and women who fast (and deny themselves), for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah’s praise, – for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward.”  (al-Tirmidhi)

Not only did Allah Most High address the equality of men and women in this life and the next in the verse, but He Most High, honored Umm Umarah by revealing a verse specifically in relation to her concern and question.

The import of this is tremendous. The Qur’an is the most comprehensive revelation and the final direct communication from God to man, so whatever is contained in it is the most valuable information that God has determined that humans need to succeed. The fact that Allah Most High responded to Umm Umarah’s concern in a verse from the Qur’an (as opposed to other means, such as through a hadith or scholarly inference) shows the weighty significance the matter of gender equality stands with Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

May Allah grant us all Paradise and eternal felicity.

Warmest salams,

[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

Why Worry About Children If We Know They Will Go to Paradise?

Answered by Ustadha Raidah Shah Idil

Question: Assalam aleykum,

If Abu Lahab, died when he was a child, then he would have gone to Paradise. Is that correct? Why should we help those children who are already suffering and dying, when if they die, they will go to Paradise and not be in risk of becoming disbelievers and going to Hell?

Answer:Assalamualaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray this finds you well. Please forgive me for the delay. May Allah reward you for your question.

Destiny

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah (upon him be blessings and peace) said: ‘The strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than the weak believer, although both are good. Strive for that which will benefit you, seek the help of Allah, and do not feel helpless. If anything befalls you, do not say, “if only I had done such and such” rather say “Qaddara Allahu wa ma sha’a fa’ala (Allah has decreed and whatever He wills, He does).” For (saying) ‘If’ opens (the door) to the deeds of Satan.'” [Sunan Ibn Majah]

I encourage you to study about the attributes of Allah, and to better understand the concept of Divine Predestination. When registration reopens, please enrol in and complete Essentials of Islamic Belief: Dardir’s Kharida Explained.

Please calm your heart. Allah Most High is Merciful, and Just. Nobody enters Hellfire by mistake. Please do not torment yourself with ‘what if’s. Abu Lahab was destined to Hellfire, and nothing can change that. And unlike him, the rest of us do not know our fate. I pray that Allah has mercy on the ummah of the Prophet (upon him be blessings and peace) and may He grant us Jannah.

I encourage you to read these answers:

Overwhelmed and Confused in Trying to Understand and Practice Islam: What Can I Do?
Are All Non-Muslims Deemed “Kafir”?
What is the Fate of Non-Muslims in the Afterlife?
Do Good Non-Muslims and Bad Muslims Both Go to Hell?
Truth, Other Religions, and Mysticism – Shaykh Nuh Keller

Help

Anas bin Malik narrated that: “An older man came to talk to the Prophet, and the people were hesitant to make room for him. The Prophet said: “He is not one of us who does not have mercy on our young and does not respect our elders.” [Tirmidhi]

Your question is valid, and sincere. Allah calls us to respond to children from all backgrounds with compassion. When you see or know of a child who is suffering, the Prophetic response is to assist in ways that will bring benefit.

Should you find yourself in a situation with a dying child, then please exert your utmost to help. You do not know what Allah has in store this child. Perhaps she will embrace Islam, and be a tremendous means of good in this world. Perhaps she will not receive a true, undistorted message of Islam, and when she dies, Allah may grant her Divine amnesty.

You are not held responsible for the beliefs and actions of another adult. However, you will be held accountable if you permit an innocent child to die, even with the best of intentions.

Reward

‘Abd Allah b. Umar reported the prophet (May peace be upon him) as saying: “A Muslim is a Muslim’s brother: he does not wrong him or abandon him. If anyone cares for his brother’s need, Allah will care for his need; if anyone removes a Muslim’s anxiety, Allah will remove from him, on account of it, one of the anxieties of the Day of Resurrection; and if anyone conceals a Muslim’s fault, Allah will conceal his fault on the Day of resurrection.” [Sunan Abi Dawud]

Allah alone knows the tremendous reward for helping a child. Trust in His Mercy and Generosity, and work on purifying your intentions behind your deeds. Know that helping a child not only soothes her pain, but it also allays the grief of her parents, and other family members. InshaAllah there is a manifold reward for you.

Counselling

I am wondering if your questions are pointing to a deeper pain which you carry about your own childhood. I encourage you to speak to a culturally-sensitive counsellor to unpack this, and to help you move past it.

Expiation

Abu Sa’id and Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (upon him be blessings and peace) said:

“Never a believer is stricken with a discomfort, an illness, an anxiety, a grief or mental worry or even the pricking of a thorn but Allah will expiate his sins on account of his patience”. [Bukhari and Muslim].

Living in the dunya can be unbearably painful. It is tempting to believe that death as a child and then automatic entry into Jannah is the easiest way to escape this pain. However, look at it from the perspective of the Afterlife. All the pain that you patiently endure in this Dunya will inshaAllah be a means of expiation and spiritual elevation for you.

Support

Please seek the help that you need to help you cope with life. I recommend you to look into the resources provided by Hakim Archuletta, who specialises in healing trauma through our spiritual tradition and the work of Peter Levine.

Try your best to wake up in the last third of the night, even if it’s 10-15 minutes before the entry of Fajr, and perform the Prayer of Need. Ask Allah to grant you a sound heart, tranquility, and a deeper understanding of the deen. Endeavor to learn your personally obligatory knowledge so that your acts of worship are valid. SeekersHub has a range of wonderful online courses for you to learn from.

Mercy

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah (upon him be blessings and peace) said: When Allah decreed the Creation He pledged Himself by writing in His book which is laid down with Him: “My mercy prevails over my wrath.” [Bukhari]

Whenever you are faced with any trial in this dunya, please don’t despair in Allah’s Mercy. When you see others being tested, know that there is a hidden mercy even in pain. We were created for Him, in the end, and difficulty is a reminder to seek comfort in Him.

Allah loves you, and knows the deepest contents of your heart. I pray that He grants you contentment, wisdom, and the ability to have a good opinion of Him.

Please see:

Selected Prophetic Prayers for Spiritual, Physical and Emotional Wellbeing by Chaplain Ibrahim Long

Wassalam,
[Ustadha] Raidah Shah Idil

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Raidah Shah Idil has spent almost two years in Amman, Jordan, where she learned Shafi’i’ fiqh, Arabic, Seerah, Aqeedah, Tasawwuf, Tafsir and Tajweed. She continues to study with her Teachers in Malaysia and online through SeekersHub Global. She graduated with a Psychology and English degree from University of New South Wales, was a volunteer hospital chaplain for 5 years and has completed a Diploma of Counselling from the Australian Institute of Professional Counsellors. She lives in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, with her husband, daughter, and mother-in-law.

Will Jesus (Isa) Come Back as a Prophet?

Answered by Shaykh Sulayman Van Ael

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I have heard that when Jesus (Peace be upon him) comes to this world he will come as a prophet. But I am confused because we know that Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) is the Final Prophet and Messenger. Could you clarify?

Answer: Assalamualaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

Dear muslim asking about the coming of Isa (Peace be upon him) in the end of times,

We firmly believe that Isa (Peace be upon him) will come back to earth. b. Kathir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “There are a lot of authentic narrations that show that Jesus (Peace be upon him) will come back to earth before the last day. He will rule as a righteous leader.” (4/132)

Ibn Hajar May Allah be pleased with him also says that there are many authentic narrations about the coming of Jezus (Peace be upon him). (al-Fath: 6/358)

This is also what al-Ubbi said (Sharh Saheeh Muslim: 1/256)

Ibnu ‘Atiyya (May Allah be pleased with him) said in his tafseer: “En de scholars of this community agreed upon the fact that ‘Isa will come back to earth.” (2/473)

Abu Hayyan (May Allah be pleased with him) said that there is a consensus amongst the scholars of Islam that he will come back.” (Nuzul al Maseeh, P.63)

This is also what Imam as-Safarini said in his well known poem Lawami’ al-Anwar (2/94-95), and he added: “And none but those who go against the sharee’a differ about this matter.”

al-Katani said: “This has been affirmed by the Book, the Sunna and the consensus of the scholars.” (Nadhm al-Mutawatir: P.147)

The reason why I mention this is because a lot of neo-‘scholars’ seem to deny the coming of ‘Isa (Peace be upon him).

As for your question about him (Peace be upon him) coming back as a prophet then my answer is:

The noble prophet ‘Isa, son of Maryam, will not descend as a prophet but as a follower of Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) . Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) was the last of Messengers and Prophets. The fact that he will change some rulings of Islam does not mean that he is a prophet. He does that with the permission of Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) , as he mentioned that ‘Isa will do this and did not go against it.

Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) said: “And the time that ‘Isa will come back to you is near. He will come as a righteous, honest, leader.” (al-Bukhari and Muslim)

al-Hafidh al-‘Iraqi said about this hadeeth: “He will come back as a righteous leader that rules with the Sharee’a, and he will not come with a new message or sharee’a that abrogates the former one. And he will not come as a prophet.” (Tarh at-tathreeb: 8/117)

In the narration of Muslim is stated that ‘Isa (Peace be upon him) will choose to pray behind the imam of the muslims that day. Ibnul Jawzi, b. at-Teen, al-Hafidh b. Hajar and others say that this is a clear proof that he will not come as a prophet, and that there is no doubt about that.

Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) was the last of prophets, and we who adhere to ahl as-sunna have to believe this. ‘Isa (Peace be upon him) will come as a follower of Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) and will rule by the rules of Islam and will pray behind the Imam of the muslims (the Mehdi according to some narrations).

I ask Allah swt to protect us against the fitan of the end of times, amin.

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Sulayman Van Ael

Shaykh Sulayman Van Ael
received ijazah from various luminaries in the ten Qur’anic readings, in Ihya Ulum al-Din, in the major books of hadith, in different texts in Guelph classical Islamic sciences–including grammar, tafsir, fiqh, and usul.

Photo: Abdulsalam Haykal