Do I Make Up a Prayer That Entered Before My Period Began?

Question: Do I make up a prayer that entered before my period began?
Answer:
Dear questioner,
May Allah, Most High reward you abundantly for your desire to increase in knowledge.
1. According to the Hanafi School, you are not obligated to make up this prayer.
A woman is held accountable for prayer depending on what her state is at the end of the prayer time. If the prayer time enters while she is not on her period but ends while she is on her period, then she does not have to make up that particular prayer. [Ibn ‘Abidin, Manhal al-Waridin]
Do not feel that you need to make up this prayer even though it is not obligatory. Allah, Most High commands us to follow the rules of the Religion and knows our intentions better than ourselves.
2. If you are confident that discharge came out during prayer, then you must repeat the prayer. If you are confident that it did not, then you do not repeat the prayer. If you are unsure:
  1. You may repeat the prayer if this is a rare occurrence.
  2. If you are someone who always doubts themselves on this issue, then do not repeat the prayer as this is a form of waswasa.
When a woman’s period is drawing near, she should wear a kursuf or cotton liner. This will help her gauge exactly when discharge comes out.
And Allah knows best,
[Ustadh] Omar Popal
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Do Women Need To Complete Several Years Of Make-Up Fasts From Menstruation? 

Question: Do women need to complete several years of make-up fasts from menstruation? 
Answer: 
n the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate,
Assalamu ‘alaykum dear sister in faith,
Allah says,

Fast for a specific number of days. However, should any one of you be sick or on a journey, then (he should fast) a number of other days (equal to the missed ones). [Qur’an 2:184]
A woman on her menses is not permitted to fast, but it is obligatory upon her to make up the missed days of Ramadan. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]
As you are unaware of the number of days that are due upon you to make up, do the following :
(a)  Determine the longest menses (hayd) you have ever had
(b)  Multiply that number by 15
(c)  Attempt to complete at least two make up fasts per week, preferable on Mondays and Thursdays.
(d)  In this manner, you will have completed all of your make up fasts within a year or so
Turn to Allah in sincere repentance for having omitted these obligatory fasts. Ask Allah to assist you in lifting all the debts due to Him from upon you.
Consider taking the following course to learn the essential rulings of worship.
May Allah guide you to goodness.

He, Most High, knows best.

[Ustadh] Iman Badawi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Are Prayers Valid Without the Shahada?

Question: I was born to Muslim parents. As of 4 months ago, I have begun to perform the prayer. I did not declare the testification of faith (shahada) before doing so, do my prayers count?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate,

Yes. Your prayers are valid. If you were born to Muslim parents, then you are considered Muslim. Therefore, it is not a condition of the validity of the prayer that you declare the testification of faith (shahada). [Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

Either way, when praying you would have said the shahada as it is a part of the tashahhud supplication during the sitting.

 

What Should I Do?

Continue to be steadfast in performing your prayers. At the same time, you should seek to increase your understanding of Islamic beliefs and the rulings of Islamic worship. Consider the Islamic Studies Curriculum offered here at SeekersGuidance.

I hope this helps,
Allah knows best.
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences

 

Is It Obligatory To Write Down Debts?

Question: Assalamu ‘alaykum. Verse 282 of Sura al Baqara appears to call for all debts to be logged in writing and with witnesses present. However, I am curious if this is a fard obligation or other form of guidance, and if it applies to all scenarios? Oftentimes, family members make small loans or agreements with each other, for example. Would a contract be needed for a loan or dealing of this nature? What other factors come into play when considering this verse?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

According to the majority of scholars, the injunction in this verse is a recommendation – but, judging from the wording of the verse – it is a strong recommendation. There is much wisdom in this verse, and one should try to implement it whenever possible.

Financial transactions with family can lead to complications that affect the relationships we are told to preserve. If you are not prepared to waive the debt entirely then I suggest you implement the verse to preserve those relationships.

If one is taking something as a deposit, or there is not anyone who can be a witness present, you can skip the documentation. This is the basic gist of the verse. (Tafsir Abi Su’ud)

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

 

 

Is It Better For a Hanafi To Pray Asr Prayer At the Shaf’i Time Or To Delay Asr?

Question: Is it better for a Hanafi to pray Asr prayer at the Shaf’i time or to delay Asr to the end of its time if one is unable to pray Asr at its appropriate time?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate,

Before answering your question, it must be said that one should arrange their lives and responsibilities around the prayer as best as they can. One should not arrange their prayers around their responsibilities.

However, there are sometimes unexpected circumstances that one must deal with.

 

Praying Asr

If unexpected circumstances force us to choose between praying Asr in the Shaf’i Asr time or delaying Asr to the end of its time, one is allowed to pray in the Shaf’i time for the following reasons:

In the Hanafi school, the replied upon position regarding the Asr prayer time is that it begins when the shadow of each object becomes double that object’s size. [Tahtawi/Shurunbulali, Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

However, there is a second opinion that corresponds with the Asr time of Imam al-Shafi’i. This opinion is held by the students of Imam Abu Hanifa, and it is a valid opinion. [Ibid.]

Following a valid secondary opinion is better than committing the prohibitively disliked action of delaying the prayer to the end of its time.

 

Summary

If pressing circumstances to come, one is allowed to take the secondary opinion of the Hanafi school regarding the Asr prayer time. They are then acting in accordance with a valid opinion in the Hanafi school, and they are not in need of acting upon another school of thought.

I hope this helps,
Allah knows best.
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences

Do I Need To Repeat My Prayer If the Imam Paused?

Question: I was praying behind someone (not a scholar or imam, a family member). They had said bismillah, and I believe they paused for more than three seconds. Then, they recited Fatiha. They were unaware of the ruling. In that case, would I need to repeat that prayer?

Answer:

Walaikum assalam,

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate,

I hope you are doing well, insha’Allah.

The pause that entails delaying the necessary (wajib) acts of prayer is one that is (a) the extent of three unhurried tasbih (saying ‘Subhan Allah’) and (b) is without engaging in the actions of the prayer. [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar] The actions of prayer include breathing; gathering one’s thoughts; etc.

Assume the pause in question was brief, and assume validity.

And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.

Wassalam,

[Shaykh] Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani spent ten years studying with some of the leading scholars of recent times, first in Damascus, and then in Amman, Jordan. His teachers include the foremost theologian of recent times in Damascus, the late Shaykh Adib al-Kallas (may Allah have mercy on him), as well as his student Shaykh Hassan al-Hindi, one of the leading Hanafi fuqaha of the present age. He returned to Canada in 2007, where he founded SeekersGuidance in order to meet the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge–both online and on the ground–in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He is the author of: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Faith, Prayer, and the Path of Salvation According to the Hanafi School (White Thread Press, 2004.) Since 2011, Shaykh Faraz has been named one of the 500 most influential Muslims by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Center.

Is It Permissible To Pray On a Soft Blanket On the Ground?

Question: Is it permissible and valid to pray on a soft blanket on the ground?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate,

It is perfectly permissible to pray on a soft blanket on the ground. [Tahtawi/Shurunbulali, Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]

 

Praying On the Ground

The basis of prostration is to place the forehead on the ground. Something is placed on the ground is not seen and an obstructive barrier since one can feel the hardness of the ground through it. [Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

If the barrier was such that if one, hypothetically speaking, were to push down, one could not feel the hardness of the ground, such a barrier would not be valid to pray on. [Ibid.]

 

I hope this helps,
Allah knows best.
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences

What Is the Ruling of Eating Shrimp?

Question: What is the ruling of eating shrimp?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate,

 

Shrimp/Prawn

It is the soundest position of the Hanafi school that shrimp/prawns were customarily considered fish by the Arabs at the time of revelation. [Uthmani, Takmila Fath al-Mulhim]

Some Hanafi scholars have taken a more strict opinion, as explained below.

 

The Basis of the Difference: Fish

In the Hanafi school, the only sea creatures that are permissible to eat are those considered fish. What the Arabs deemed to be fish at the time of revelation is the criteria in this matter. [Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Kasani, Bada’i al-Sana’i]

Allah Most High says, “Made lawful for you is the game of the sea and eating thereof, as a benefit for you and for travelers.” [Qur’an, 5:96]

The game of the sea here is understood by the Hanafi scholars and imams of Qur’anic exegesis to mean fish. [Jassas, Ahkam al-Qur’an; Zamakhsari, Kashaf]

 

What is Considered Fish?

However, the scholars differed regarding the classification of certain sea creatures as fish or not. Amongst such sea creatures are shrimp/prawns.

According to the Arabs of the time of revelation up until the advent of oceanic biology, shrimp were considered in the classification of fish (samak). This is evident in the early Arabic linguist such as al-Dimiri and others who defined shrimp as ‘a very small redfish.’  [al-Dimiri, Kitab Hayat al-Hayawan al-Kubra]

However, scientists disagreed and considered shrimp to be of a different genus than fish.

For this reason, Mufti Taqi Uthmani (Allah preserve him), one of the foremost Hanafi jurists alive, opined that the underlying question in this issue is: Is consideration given to scientific classification or to what was customarily known by the people (i.e. the Arabs)? [Uthmani, Takmila Fath al-Mulhim]

He continues to explain that those who took the scientific approach have considered shrimp prohibited, and those who took what the people customarily understood to be fish allowed it. [Ibid.]

“Due to this,” he says, “there should not be such staunchness in the issue of shrimp when dispensing legal judgments, especially since the issue is fundamentally debated. Likewise, there is no doubt that it (shrimp) is permissible according to the (other) three Imams.” [Ibid.]

 

Summary

It is permissible to eat shrimp without any dislike. However, due to the presence of a valid difference of opinion, it is recommended (not obligatory) to take a more cautious approach and remove one’s self from the difference of opinion.

See the following link for more details:

Is Lobster Permissible in the Hanafi School

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences

Which Parts of the Prayer Require Sending Blessings on the Prophet?

Question: As salamu alaikum. On which prayers are we supposed to recite Salat al-Ibrahimiyyah on the 2nd and 4th rakahs in the Hanafi madhab?Answer: 

In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Assalam’aleykum,I pray this finds you in the best of states.

Jazakum Allah khayr for your question!

It is sunna to send blessings upon the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) after two rakats that are (a) voluntary prayers that (b) are not the emphasized sunna (sunna mu’akkada). [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

Thus, if you are praying the four non-emphasized sunna rakats before Asr prayer, you would recite send blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) after every two rakats. This is because every two rakats of the voluntary (nafl) prayers are considered as a prayer on their own.

However, in the emphasized sunnas—such as the four rakats before Zuhr prayers—you would only send blessings in the final sitting of the prayer. This is because the emphasis on these prayers makes them resemble the obligatory prayers. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

And Allah knows best.

I hope that the above answers your question. If something is unclear please don’t hesitate to ask again.

May  Allah Most High grant you the best of this world and the next. Please keep us in your du’as!

Wassalam

[Ustadh] Sufyan Qufi
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is Vanilla Extract Permissible If It was Extracted with Non-Wine Alcohol?

Question: Is vanilla extract permissible if it was extracted with non-wine alcohol? What if it is extracted with wine?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate,

 

Vanilla Extract

Most vanilla extract is produced with non-wine alcohol (i.e. alcohol not from dates, grapes, or raisins). It is therefore permitted in the Hanafi school for the following reasons:

 

The Ruling of Non-Wine Alcohol

Non-wine alcohol is permitted for consumption if the following conditions do not apply:

(1) It is not used with the intention of intoxication
(2) It is not used in such an amount that intoxicates
(3) It is not used the way intoxicants are used
(4) It is not used in vain
[Maydani; al-Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab]

 

Recommended Caution

The vanilla extract containing no alcohol is available in the market, and seeking it out as an alternative is recommended caution. If you wish to be cautious this may be an option you would consider.

See the following link for further details:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/vanilla-essence-impermissible-contains-alcohol/

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences