What Is The Excused Amount of Heavy Physical Impurity?

Question: What is the excused amount of heavy physical impurity?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

The excused amount of heavy physical impurity is the weight of one dirham for solid impurities and the size of one dirham for liquids [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah].

The equivalent measurements of the dirham are 5 grams of weight for solids and 5cm in diameter for liquids.

English measurements were taken from the book, Ascent to Felicity by Imam Shurunbulali, translated by Shaykh Faraz Khan.

Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences

Can a Muslim Country Prevent Non-Muslims From Building New Places of Worship?

Question:
Can a Muslim Country Prevent Non-Muslims From Building New Places of Worship?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

The Classical Ruling

Yes, according to the Hanafi school, a Muslim state can prevent Non-Muslims from building new places of worship in a city established by Muslims and in a place that was conquered by Muslims. However, if there was a treaty stating that the land remained the property on Non-Muslims but the Muslims would have a right to the crops grown there, then establishing new places of worship is permissible for them (al Mawsu’a al Kuwaitiyya).

Contextualizing This Historically

Historically, people lived with those who shared their faith and values, in general. The idea of nation-states, which is the dominant form of social contract in countries, is a relatively new one.

This is why invasion and establishing empires is not a concern of countries today. The world sees things as being inherently different.

In the past, the idea was the Muslims would live amongst themselves and establish just societies to promote justice and a way of life according to the standards of Islam. This was not due to the notion that a particular political system was superior. It was rooted in the reality of this life being a test, and the Afterlife being the true life.

Muslims wanted to live in a way that promoted the best standard of living for them in this life and the next. So, if a Non-Muslim wanted to benefit from the amenities of such a place and enjoy the freedom of practicing their own religion at the cost of a tax, they were free to do so.

For Non- muslims to establish new places of worship in that place would undermine the purpose of such a country. Therefore, the classical ruling made sense. You will see the same understanding in the Vatican and in other places. Democratic countries don’t usually accept the promotion of Fascism for the same principle.

Contextual Applications

Can a modern Muslim country choose to apply the same ruling now? The simple answer is: yes. They are free to establish any laws they see fit for the promotion of the wellbeing in their country. Every state has that right – as long as it doesn’t involve compromising basic human rights.

Could a Muslim country allow the establishment of these places of worship? This could be argued, but I feel it is something that a legal body, such as a Fiqh Council should decide, and consider its wider implications.

I hope that helps.

[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Is My Divorce Valid?

Question:
Assalamu ‘alaykum

On the 6th of this Islamic month, I divorced my wife, then after a few days I took her back, on the 10th I think, then again on the 11th I divorced her. Is she still my wife?

I asked another shaykh, and, upon hearing that I pronounced divorce once he told me to withdraw the divorce. I had already done this because I took her back, and my wife says that the second divorce I pronounced was invalid.

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

Refraining From Sinful Divorces

Yes, she is divorced. The second divorce is valid, and you have taken her back does not affect the validity of the second divorce.

Unfortunately, however, you have committed a sin by divorcing her twice in the same ‘tuhr’ (the time between two menstrual cycles). Divorcing a lady during her menstrual cycle, or more than once in a tuhr is sinful. It is considered to be an innovative divorce, which is an enormity (Maydani, al Lubab).

You should repent and refrain from doing so again in the future. Serious matters such as divorce – should the need arise – should only be issued with active consultation with a scholar. There are variables that one may not be aware of.

Allah has commanded us to consult scholars on matters we don’t have knowledge on: “Ask those of the remembrance if you do not know” (Qur’an, 16:43).

May Allah grant us well-being in all matters.

Given the considerations in such cases, please consult reliable local scholars about the specifics of the situation. Jazakum Allah khayr.

[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Are Splashes From Washing Dishes with Impure Meat Excused?

Question:

Assalamu alaykum,

I understand that spray of urine is excused in the hanafi madhab but does this apply to other types of filth.
I have to wash dishes that have haram meats and impure substances usually some spray from washing up gets on my face like very small would these make my face impure?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

No, the splashes and spay of other impurities are not excused. However, flowing and moving water is not deemed impure if the smell, color, and taste of any impurity it has come into contact with do not show.

Usually, with washing dishes, there is a lot of splashing of water. If it’s not water that has any of the above, then you can assume it’s pure. However, it’s probably safer to wash your face afterward and pray in other clothes. (Shurunbulali, Maraqi al Falah)

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Forgetting to Give Zakat

Question:

Assalamu ‘alaykum.

1) What is the minimum amount of money to give zakat in pounds (£)?

2) Can a girl who has not reached (bulugh) give zakat even if she has enough wealth to make it obligatory as if she did reach it?

3) What if one forgot to give zakat when he was wealthy but is later in debt?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

What is the nisab amount that makes zakat obligatory?

This amount is roughly £3,407 at the moment. Please refer to our Zakat calculator for accurate, up to date information.

Can a Girl Who Has Not Reached Bulugh Give Zakat?

She can give money to charity, yes.  However, it will not be classified as zakat because it is not obligatory for her. She will be rewarded for it, however. ”Anything of the good you do Allah is well aware of it.“ (Qur’an, 2:215)

What Does Someone Who Forgot to Give Zakat and Then Falls into Debt Do?

The obligation of paying that amount which was owed remains. He would have to pay it when he has possession of the money.

(Mawsili, al Ikhtiyar)

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Abdul-Rahim

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Does your wudu break by checking your blood sugar?

Question Summary

Does a pinprick during a blood sugar test break your wudu?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

The needle-prick of a blood sugar test breaks the wudu if the blood came out with such strength that it actually or effectively flows. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

Actual flowing is when the blood moves from the point of exit to another place.
Effective flowing is when the blood’s movement was stopped by something however had that thing not stopped it, the blood would have actually flowed. [Ibid.]

Hope this helps
Allah knows best

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences

 

Is it Valid to Pay the Zakat on Gold and Silver with Cash?

Question:

Assalamu ‘alaykum.
Is it valid in the Hanafi school of thought to pay the due Zakat on actual gold or silver in its value in cash currency? For instance, if someone owns 10oz of gold in bars and coins, can they pay the due Zakat in CAD?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

Yes, it is valid to pay the zakat on gold and silver in cash. (Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al Muhtar)

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Sincere Memorization of Quran

Answered by Ustadh Farid Dingle

Question: Is it considered shirk [polytheism] or even being insincere to tell someone that you are going to memorize some of the Quran?

Answer: It is not shirk [polytheism] but could be considered showing off [riya]. You shouldn’t get too tied up in it.

Developing innate sincerity takes time and effort. You should work on that as a universal goal, and not get bogged down with the specifics of what you just said or meant.

Shirk-like Things

There are no such things as Shirk-like things: one either worships something besides Allah or does not. It is very clear.

In your case, you are clearly not worshiping your father or teacher, so there is no question as to whether or not your actions or words constituted shirk.

The hadith that says that ‘Shirk [polytheism] is more hidden among my nation than the crawling of ants over a smooth boulder on a dark night.’ (Hakim) does not mean that every Muslim is accidentally committing shirk every now and then. Rather it is referring to the propensity of people to show off in good deeds. (Sharh Umdat al Ahkam, Ibn Taymiyya)

The Graveness of Showing Off

Showing off in good deeds is a very natural thing. After all, we grow up “showing off” to our parents and teachers trying to please them by doing good things. That said, upon the onset of puberty we are obliged to re-tune our psyches such that the driving force behind all good deeds — indeed deeds as a whole — is Allah Most High alone.

Allah Most High says, ‘And all they were ordered to do was to worship Allah, keeping religion purely for Him, as men by nature upright, and to establish worship and to pay the poor-due. That is true religion.’ (Qur’an, 98:5)

And the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) explained in a lengthy Hadith Qudsi that the very first people for whom judgment will be made on the Day of Rising with be the martyr, the scholar, and the philanthropist who only did their good deeds out ostentation and showing off. All of whom will find their fate in the Hell-Fire. (Muslim)

So ostentation is no small matter.

Being Realistic

That said, completely purity of heart does not come overnight, and it takes work and perseverance. As the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said when they complained to him of their late of sincerity, ‘I swear by Him in whose hand is my soul, were you to be forever as you are will me in remembrance [of Allah and the Next Life], why, the very angels would be shaking your hands as you lay in bed or walk down the street! But, O Handhala [the questioner], sometimes [you are one way], and sometimes [you are another]! (Muslim)

This means we cannot expect to be perfect all the time. Rather we should resolve to try to be perfect: ‘But rather aim right, try your best, and “travel” in the morning, in the afternoon, and a little bit at night. Stick to moderation … Stick to moderation, and you will get where you need to be.’ (Bukhari and Muslim)

So we must strive to remove the cancerous diseases that we have in our hearts while bearing in mind that it is not flick-of-a-switch operation. As described by Imam Junayd, ‘Spiritual change [tasawwuf] is a war of attrition with no cease-fire.’ (al Risala al Qushayriyya, Qushayri)

Baby Steps

There are two simple things to ward off ostentation.

The first is to decide on a certain regular system of worship etc., and not change it no matter where you are or whom you are with.

The second is to watch the motives that come to your heart, and whenever you see that you are about to show off, stop yourself and make a new sincere intention to do the action purely for Allah’s sake.

This takes a lot of work, and it helps a lot to keep the company of people who have done this to themselves or are at least working on it too.

For more detail, please see: Imam Nawawi On Fighting The Ego (Nafs)

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid Dingle

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.

Best Order To Study The Step One Courses

Answer by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: What is the best order to study the step-one courses?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

I pray you are well.

The step one courses are best studied in the following order:

1. Absolute Essentials of Islam (Hanafi or Shafi’i)

2. What Muslims Believe and Why: Dardir’s Kharida al-Bahiyya

3. How Islam Works: What is Religion, and How It Is Preserved, Transmitted, and Interpreted

4. On Worship (Purification, Prayer, Fasting, Zakat, and Hajj) – Hanafi, or Shafi’i

5. On Spirituality: Living the Sunna, Leaving Sin, and Acquiring Good Character: Ghazali’s Beginning of Guidance

6. Living Right: Halal and Haram and Living Prophetic Excellence (Hanafi or Shafi’i).

7. On Spirituality: Living the Sunna, Leaving Sin, and Acquiring Good Character: Ghazali’s Beginning of Guidance

The supplementary, self-study courses can be taken in any order. Whatever works best for you.

We only provide these courses in English, but you are welcome to study them elsewhere in Arabic if you have the opportunity. We also have a number of courses in Arabic in our Arabiyya catalog.

For spirituality, in addition to the courses in this step, there are a number of courses in our On-Demand library. Please consult those. You ask to contact your course instructor for more information.

I hope that helps. May Allah bless you with the best of both worlds.

[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with erudite scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish, and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic with teachers such as Dr. Ashraf Muneeb, Dr. Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr. Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr. Mansur Abu Zina, and others. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabir and Shaykh Yahya Qandil. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Doubts About My Tawaf During Hajj

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: I have a constant gas problem, and I have recently performed Hajj. I’m having doubts about my tawaf al ziyara. Please advise.

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

Your tawaf is fine and perfectly valid. You can relax, and thank Allah for the opportunity of going.

Certainty is Not Removed by Doubt

The basic understanding is that you performed wudu and nothing which invalidates wudu occurred. You did not hear a sound nor did you smell anything. Therefore, the certainty of your being in a state of wudu is not removed by the doubts you had. (Zarqa, Sharh al Qawa’id al Fiqhiyya)

What you should do is busy yourself with what the prophets Ibrahim and Isma’il said when building the blessed Ka’ba, “O Dear, Loving Lord; accept [this] from us. Indeed, you the All-Hearing, All-Knowing.” (Qur’an, 2:127) An accepted Hajj will be priceless on the Day of Judgement.

May Allah accept your Hajj and that of everyone else who went this year. Amin.

[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with erudite scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish, and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic with teachers such as Dr. Ashraf Muneeb, Dr. Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr. Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr. Mansur Abu Zina, and others. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabir and Shaykh Yahya Qandil. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.