In What Order Should One Study the Shafii Madhab, and Which Books of Fiqh Should One Study?

Question: In what order should one study the Shafii madhab, and which books of fiqh should one study?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you very much for your poignant question.

What is generally observed across the Shafii world is that they study Matn Abi Shuja, Fath al Muin, and then Minhaj al Talibin.

Stages of Learning

The great late Shafii scholar, Imam al Bajuri mentions that there are three levels of learning.

The first is when you do not have an idea about the general discussions of the given science. Such a person is trying to acquire that basic picture.

The second is the student who has an overview of the discussions, but not in much detail or much mastery. Such a student then needs to achieve mastery and detail.

The third is he who has the mastery of the details and is able to decisively prove (or debate) them. This the final stage of learning, and the goal of studying fiqh. (Hashiya Bajuri ala Ibn Qasim, Bajuri)

With this in mind, what is generally observed across the Shafii world is that they study Matn Abi Shuja, Fath al Muin, and then Minhaj al Talibin, with the three books covering the three levels above.

Many will add many other books in the first and second stages, and this generally brings about better results. That said, Ibn Khaldun was critical of students reading lots of primers. (Prolegomena, Ibn Khaldun)

Self Study

Imam al Nawawi seems to have studied three books in fiqh: the Tanbih of Shirazi, the Wasit of Ghazali, and the Muhadhdhab of Shirazi. With each, he spent a long time with his teachers clarifying the meanings, implications, and details of the rulings within.

That said, he didn’t just read with his teachers, but when he reached a certain level, he read very, very extensively. This is what made Nawawi so significant.

And this is the case with all big ulema. None of them simply sat with their teachers and took down notes. Rather, they sat, took notes, researched, debated, etc, until they reached the level of their own teachers.

One of my own teachers actually forbade me to ask any questions that didn’t stem from my own reading. He told me that for every one hour of class time, I had to do nine hours of reading.

That said, doing the extensive reading before the first stage mentioned above is not a good idea at all, and one should always refer back to one’s teachers and not just go off on one’s own path.

Conclusion

In view of the third-level learning stage, any well-known primers that enable the student to achieve the learning goals are good. Matn Abi Shuja, Fath al Muin, and then Minhaj al Talibin have been a mainstay of many Shafi’is for about four hundred years.

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid Dingle

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

The Infinitude of Allah

Question: What does it mean to say that Allah is infinite? Is his size of height limitless?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Allah is finite in His essence in that He is only one. He is limitless in His attributes in that there is no limit to what He can do and how much He can give etc.

Strictly speaking, Classical theologians do not use the term infinite/limitless to describe Allah. Limitlessness/Infinitude is part of the experience (marifa) of Allah’s greatness.

Please see:

http://www.masud.co.uk/ISLAM/nuh/hikam1.htm

I pray this helps.

[Shyakh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

The physical relationship between Allah and the universe

Question: Is the universe in Allah, or is Allah in the universe?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Allah is neither in the universe nor is the universe in Allah. The two are completely different categories of being.

Allah is the creator and exists through Himself. The universe exists because of Him, but not physically in Him. He is greater than having a physicality, because physicality itself implies dependence.

‘He is the First and the Last, and the Outward and the Inward; and He is Knower of all things.’ (Qur’an, 57: 3)

Please see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLmoZ4r12GI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5PE6scbWV4

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

I Am a Convert and Live With My Adopted Parents. What Are My Obligations to Them?

Question: I am a convert and live with my adopted parents. What are my obligations to them, and can I take off my hijab at home?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

The Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘I and he who takes in an orphan are like this,’ and he held out his index and ring fingers with a little gap between them. (Bukhari) And he said, ‘He who is not thankful to people, is not thankful to God.’ (Ibn Hibban and others)

You should tell them these two hadiths and express your deep, deep love and gratitude towards them.

However, you still have to wear the hijab in front of your adopted “father”, and you cannot have skin contact with him.

So just be really, really nice, and don’t get angry if they criticize you or Islam. It is only natural because they love you so much and are concerned for you. But you still have to stick to the rules.

It is good that you are getting married and moving away. Usually, converts need a good few years away from non-Muslim family members to get themselves on their feet in Islam. May Allah give all the best.

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid Dingle

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Is Spending Money on Financially Stable Family Considered Charity?

Question: If someone is spending money on his married sister who is financially stable, is it considered sadaqah? If it is not sadaqa but ihsan, what are the virtues of Ihsan? And is it better to spend his money as sadaqah to needy people or helping a community?

Answer:

Assalamu alaykum

The word sadaqa is often used as a broad term incorporating all good deeds. The Prophet (blessings upon him) said, “Every act of good is sadaqa.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

Therefore, what you give to your family members of monetary wealth to assist them is a form of sadaqa, even if they are financially stable. As to whether it is superior to give to the poor or family members, then the best approach is to strike a balance between the two. There may be some contexts where spending money on your family is required and appropriate, while other times it would be better to assist the poor and the community.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas was born in New York and graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir. Ustadh Salman’s personal interests include research into the fields of law/legal methodology, hadith, theology, as well as political theory, government, media, and ethics.

Is It Permissible to Carry Out Surgical Procedures to Make Myself Look Younger?

Question: Can I dress up for my husband outside of the house? Is it permissible to carry out surgical and/or non-surgical procedures to make myself look younger?

Answer:

Dear Questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

May Allah make you and all believing women beautiful in His eyes and in the eyes of their husbands.

Beautification is sunna for women, and in the house, you can do whatever you like to be as attractive and beautiful in his eyes. In public, it is forbidden to wear tight or revealing clothes, but you can use Kuhl or elegant clothes even if they are colorful.

As for surgical procedures, that would only be permissible as corrective surgery. Any non-surgical procedures would be halal as long as they do not have any short- or long-term harm.

Covering Properly

It is of the God-consciousness [taqwa] of the wife and her husband to wear a proper hijab outside of the house, or in front of non-immediate relatives [non-mahrams].

Please see:

What Are the Requirements of Hijab?
Am I a ‘Dayyuth’ If I Let My Wife Go out Without Hijab and How Do I Maintain Protective Jealousy (Ghayrah)?

Cosmetic Surgery

Surgical procedures entail changing the way Allah created you, and this is forbidden unless it is done as corrective surgery.

Please see:

Is Cosmetic Surgery Allowed?
Is Cosmetic Surgery Allowed?Is It Permissible to Get Botox Injections?
Ruling on Cosmetic Surgeries
Are Breast Implants Permissible?

You should also read:
Complications and management of breast enhancement using hyaluronic acid

Keeping up with Barbie

It is, unfortunately, the case that many men think that women are or can become human Barbie dolls. This neurosis is exacerbated by the sex industry and the media in general.

The reality is that women are not walking talking Barbies (and men are not usually as handsome as Ken or as heroic as any Box Office action hero). We live in the real world, with real men and women, who all have pros and cons, both physically, emotionally, and religiously.

It is utterly imperative that we all acknowledge this, and live our marital and sexual lives in a mature and realistic way. If we don’t, we will never be satisfied with ourselves, our spouses, and the blessings that Allah has granted us.

Not doing so and continually looking for what else we imagine exists out there leads to being ungrateful for the blessings that Allah has bestowed us. Allah Most High has said, ‘And were you to count the blessings of Allah, you would not be able to: Indeed, man really is a gross wrong-doer and an inveterate ingrate.’ (Qur’an, 14: 34)

And the opposite — to be content with what one has, and not keep looking at the greener “other side” — is the means to happiness and gratitude. The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, ‘Look at those who are below you and don’t look at those who are above you, for that way you are less likely to discount what Allah has blessed you with.’ (Bukhari and Muslim)

So one should look at the countless blessings one has, and look at the good points in one’s spouse. ‘Live with them in accordance with what is fair and kind: if you dislike them, it may well be that you dislike something in which God has put much good.’ (Qur’an, 4:19)

It is normal as a wife, or husband, to feel at times that one is not quite the woman or man that one’s spouse is looking for. This is unavoidable. We do not live in Paradise, and expecting our lives and relationships to be paradisiacal is not realistic.

Rather we should try our best to be that which we can be — emotionally, physically, and spiritually — and be accepting of our spouses as long as they are trying their best too.

Talking things out, and setting realistic and halal measures to better the relationship is very important. Some things can change naturally, and sometimes we can guess what we need to change, but nothing beats having a proper one to one conversation.

Practical Measures

Tell your husband that you really want to look nicer for him, so that he doesn’t feel that you are turning down his wishes, but at the same time don’t do any surgical procedures (since by default they are forbidden), and don’t do any non-surgical procedures that may affect your health or that of the baby.

Try and act like you are more interested in him physically (even if you are not), and make him feel that you appreciate him being around. He may well just be saying these things because he can’t express his dissatisfaction with other aspects of your life. Try to get to the core of the problem.

Talk to him in a kind and receptive way, while being very frank about the reality of your body, your pregnancy, and your staunch adherence to what is halal. Make it clear that you are on his side, but that you are not willing to do something forbidden or unrealistic to keep him happy.

Be ready for some level of immaturity: if he is as you explained, he may not take any of what say seriously, and still want you to be aesthetically perfect despite the fact that you are human, and on top of that, pregnant. You just have to make sure that you have expressed yourself clearly, and wait for him to absorb the ideas.

Unfortunately, you also have to be ready to have your emotions hurt now and then. There isn’t really any way out of it. Even the wives of the best of creation, the Prophet (upon whom be blessings and peace) sometimes felt that other women were more attractive in his eyes: he did have multiple wives after all.

The pain of jealousy is not always avoidable. But there is a difference between consistent and intentional affronts to your looks and the very occasional sense of not being the apple of his eye. The first has to be weeded out through frank conversations and/or counseling. The second is just part of life. And remember that men get jealous too.

It is narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, ‘Indeed, Allah has prescribed that women should bear the weight of jealousy and that men should bear the weight of jihad. Whosoever of them [women] is patient, believing in Allah, and seeking reward from Him, will have the reward of a martyr. (Bazzar and Tabarani)

Conclusion

Try your best, be as affable and hopeful as possible, and don’t get too sad. Marriages can change 180 degrees.

There is also a good book to read which is Yasmin Mogahed’s Reclaim your Heart. You cannot, and should not, detach your heart from your husband, but he also shouldn’t be the Kaaba of your existence.

[Ustadh] Farid Dingle

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

What is the punishment for apostasy in Islam?

Question:
Assalamu Alaikum

What is the punishment for apostasy in Islam? One set of scholars say apostates should be put to death and others say only apostates who commit treason/blasphemy should be put to death. Which is correct?

Allah says “There’s no compulsion in Religion” in Quran 2:256. In that case, can we compel someone to be in Islam when they can’t be true to it? We don’t put non-Muslims to death for not accepting Islam. So how can we punish those who have left Islam? Please, clarify.

Answer:

Wa alaykum al-Salam

Thank you for your question.

The Schools of Jurisprudence
Abdullah ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever changes their religion, kill them” (Bukhari).

The above narration and others form the basis for the ruling agreed upon by all four schools of jurisprudence that the apostate must be killed. However, they agree that such an order may only be passed by an Islamic ruler or a representative of his court. In addition, three of the four schools require that the apostate, after having been declared as such in court, be given an opportunity to repent. The Hanafi school considers the giving of this opportunity to be recommended and not required. It also takes the view that a female apostate may not be killed (al-Mawsuah al-Fiqhiyyah).

The fact that the execution of apostates is only permitted in an Islamic country where the ruler or his representative passes the judgment is of utmost importance. No human being, no matter how serious his crime, can ever be killed without the process of a valid Islamic court.  This effectively means that the death penalty will not be passed on an apostate in 99 percent of countries around the globe.

A wisdom
In the early Muslim communities, apostasy was often associated with revolt. A revolt meant that the rule of Islam might be eradicated, and that would spread injustice and oppression.

There is enough evidence to establish that, Islamic conquests spread peace, harmony, and understanding throughout the lands. This was clearly expressed in the words of Ribiy ibn Amir when he said addressing the Persian general, Rustam, “Allah has sent us to deliver you from the worship of creation to the worship of the Creator of creation; and to deliver you from the constriction of this world to the vastness of the afterlife, and from the oppression of the religions to the justice of Islam.” [al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya]

There is no compulsion in Religion.
As for the verse, “There is no compulsion in religion” (Qur’an, 2:256), the scholars advise that it refers specifically to compelling a non-Muslim to embrace Islam.

Non-Muslims always had a place in Muslim communities and countries. They had rights and were dealt with fairly. The incident where a Jew made a claim against the Caliph of the time, our master Ali bin Abi Talib, and the court passed judgment in his favor, serves as ample proof to establish this point.

And Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdurragmaan received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Dealing with Doubts about Islam

Question: How should I deal with genuine and grounded doubts about Islam?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Doubts about Islam are healthy and normal. But what we have to do is deal with these doubts in a healthy and normal way. What we should do is identify the key points that are making us doubt, and bring them to Muslim scholars in a mature and purposeful way.

I highly advise that you study a short course in Islamic creed, history, Qur’an studies, and Hadith studies.

In the meanwhile, you can also see:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bTdsWCg7so

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tpln7OZpc60

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/islamic-belief/did-i-commit-wrongful-takfir/

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/general-counsel/how-to-remove-doubts-about-my-disbelief/

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Allah Claims That He Is Just but We Cannot Find God’s Justice Anywhere. Where Is God’s Justice? 

Answered by Ustadh Mohammed Tayssir Safi

Question: Allah claims that He is Just but we cannot find God’s Justice anywhere. Just to mention some examples: Height, Skin Color, Gender discrimination, Health, Division of property between brothers & sisters, etc.  Where is God’s Justice? 

Answer: As-salaam ‘Alaykum,

We often struggle to understand God’s Wisdom and Providence in the world and it can lead us to confusion and even resentment. I will try and address the overall theme of your question and I hope you read the following with an open heart:

The majority of your question/objection revolves around why God chose to give certain people particular traits and not give those same traits to others. You describe this as unjust. And since God says that He is just, you seem to be claiming that this is clearly not true per the examples you have cited. However, your question makes an assumption, and understanding the mistakes underlying said assumption will answer the question/objection you have put forward.

Your mistaken assumption is that “justice,” is essentially to treat everyone absolutely equally [the same]. Therefore, any instance where someone is not given exactly what another person is given, that is unjust. But that is not what justice is. Rather, justice is to give someone their right. The opposite of justice, “injustice,” is to prevent or withhold someone’s right from them. God is totally just, He never withholds someone’s rights from them.

Below I will expand on this central point by focusing on whether God owes anyone anything, to begin with, exploring what God has promised us, as well as the fairness, justice, generosity, and bounty that He has shown all of us.

Does God Owe Us Anything?

At the outset, we must highlight that God does not owe us anything. He created us as an act of generosity and bounty from Him and we were not owed that creation. He gives us is purely an act of generosity and bounty. What proof do we have to say otherwise? If we claim we are owed something, anything, we need proof that we are owed said rights. What proof do we have? We don’t have any proof and we do not have any rights that God must fulfill.

Thus, it is important that we state that at the very beginning: principally, God does not owe us anything. So when He creates some of us tall, some short, some blonde, some with brown or black hair, some He has born into wealthy families and others not, some He tries with difficult diseases and others he has lead healthy lives… none of that can be considered unjust because there are no rights that we are owed that need to be fulfilled. Outward blessings are not given because they are owed to said individuals and those who don’t receive those blessings are not being shortchanged or dealt with unjustly.

This shouldn’t be hard to understand or grasp, we understand this same thought process in our day to day lives. Suppose you have four good friends and you decide to invite two of them over for lunch one weekend. You do the same thing a few weekends in a row. Then one weekend you decide only to invite one of the two over. If the one who had been coming over who is now not invited objects and says, “That is unfair! You are being unjust!” Wouldn’t you just say, “Wait, why? I don’t have to invite you over. My initial invitation was an act of kindness on my part, you weren’t owed it. Also, you weren’t objecting when I only invited the two of you and not the others. I don’t owe you an invitation.”

Another example would be if one had a stranger knock on their door. The stranger asks for some money and so he gives him $20. A couple of hours later another stranger knocks and also asks for money. This time he gives this second individual $10. If those two strangers somehow met up and the second individual returns and objects because he was given less, would he have a right to do so? No, of course not. He doesn’t owe either of them anything. Whether he gives them the same amount or different amounts it is totally up to him. A pure act of generosity.

I hope you can see from the examples above how wrong it is to treat all inequality in such cases as injustice. We can recognize the mistaken assumption when it comes to humans interacting with one another. It therefore should be even clearer when it comes to God.

God Has Promised Us Reward For Certain Matters

God has informed us through Prophecy that if we do certain things that we will be rewarded with particular rewards. That promising of reward is itself an act of generosity, He did not have to set up a reward system for our worship. He is deserving of worship regardless. However, He will not violate that promise. His not owing us anything He has Willed and Informed us that He will reward good deeds. Those good deeds and rewards are not a right we are owed just a bounty and generosity He has promised. How wonderfully Generous and Gentle is the Lord of the Worlds.

Here we can highlight another possible mistake in the assumption of the question posed. When did God promise us that He would have us all lead the exact same life in this world? Did He say we would all look the same? Have the same opportunities? Did Prophecy tell us that He would treat us all the same in terms of height, weight, wealth, family, etc? Since we are not owed those things principally, as a right, and He has not promised that He would treat us the same therein, then where are the oppression and injustice? God is not only being Just, He is going above and beyond in His Generosity and Bounty.

Reward For Trials and Difficulties

Every difficulty and outward trial or oppression that we go through will be taken into account in the next life. Those with a lot of wealth will not be tried like those who had no wealth. Those with health will not be tried the same way as those stricken with extreme illness. God knows what He gives and to whom and He will not oppress anyone on the Day of Judgement. This is despite the fact that He does not owe any of us anything. In theory, He could tell us that all we did get of blessings was from Him and we should just be thankful, but He will not just stop there, He will recompense us for our difficulties. These are not the actions of someone who is unjust, they are the actions of the Generous, the Wise.

Final Summary

The very idea of injustice or oppression only applies to cases where an individual misuses that which someone else owns or has sovereignty over. Allah is The Sovereign. Everyone and everything belongs to Him. He can do as He pleases with His creation. Yet He does not act only based on what is owed, which is nothing, rather He acts out of Generosity and Wisdom. Everything He gives us or withholds is out of generosity, bounty, and wisdom. He is the epitome of Justice, Generosity, Mercy… He has promised reward for certain deeds out of His Generosity. He will recompense us for our difficulties and take them into account out of His Generosity. None of that is because we are owed those things, it is completely out of His Generosity and Bounty. So where is the injustice in any of that? It is the pinnacle of justice, fairness, generosity, and bounty.

I leave you in Allah’s care,

[Ustadh] Mohammed Tayssir Safi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Mohammed Tayssir Safi was born in Dubai and moved to the United States six months after he was born. He graduated from the University of Michigan–Ann Arbor in 2006 as a double major in Political Science and Middle Eastern and North African Studies. He spent the next 3 years of his life traveling the Middle East, completing the Arabic program, CASA, in Egypt, and pursuing private studies in Arabic linguistics and introductory Islamic sciences. His brief introduction to Islamic studies continued for another year at the Dar al-Mustafa Institute in Tarim, Yemen. Mohammed also teaches Arabic at the University of Michigan. Apart from classes at the University of Michigan, Mohammed studies at the hands of Muslim scholars privately in multiple sciences including linguistics, law, and theology.

Is Studying About Someone Considered Backbiting If Bad Qualities of That Person Are Mentioned?

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: Is studying about someone considered backbiting (ghibah) if bad qualities of that person are mentioned?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

Backbiting

Reading and studying about past peoples is not considered backbiting. Backbiting is restricted to the definition given by the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and give him peace), where he said, “Your mentioning of your fellow believer in a way that they would dislike…” [Muslim]

Don’t Curse the Deceased

However, you should refrain from cursing such people or stating that they are definitely going to the Hell-Fire.

The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Do not curse the deceased. For surely they have gone ahead to that which they put forth.” [Bukhari]

We Are Not The Judge Of Others

These are matters which are unseen to us and we do not know how people’s lives ended.

As Allah, Most High says, “They are a people who have passed, for them is what they earned and for you is what you earned. And you will not be asked as to what they did.” [Qur’an; 02:134]

May Allah bless you for your question
Allahu A’alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.