Is It Allowed to Participate in a Contest with a Cash Prize? (Maliki)

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: Assalam’aleykum,

Is it allowed to participate in a contest whith a cash prize such as in track and field competition?

Answer: Wa alaykum as salam wa rahmatullah,

The Chapter of Musabaqa (Races) mentions very specific races and competitions that one may include a cash prize on. Foot races are not included according to the Maliki school. Also, the prize has to be put up by people not participating in the race.

Rami Nsour

Are Gold, Silver and Platinum Permissible in a Pen? [Maliki School]

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

Some fountain pens incorporate the likes of gold, silver and platinum in their designs (for example, a pen nib may have gold plating). Does the Maliki madhab deem such pens permissible to use? Does carrying one invalidate the prayer (e.g. if it is in one’s pocket)?

Answer: Wa alaykum as salam wa rahmatullah, 

According to the Maliki madhab, only solid gold is what would be prohibited when it comes to utensils (cups, plates, pens, boxes, etc).  If it is plated, then it would be disliked (makruh) according to the stronger of the two opinions.  The other opinion states that it would be haram. 

[Section of the Pure in the Abridgment of Khalil]

Rami Nsour

What Should I Do if I Forget To Recite the Qunut in the Subh Prayer? [Maliki School]

Answered by Ustadh Tariq Abdul-Rasheed

Question: Asalamu Alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

What should I do if I forget to recite the du’a Qunut in the sunnah and fard of subh and I remember it after the 2nd ruku’?

Should I perform a prostration of forgetfulness in that case?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful, and blessings and peace upon our master Muhammad, his family, companions and those who follow their noble way.

Wa alaikum salaam wa rahmatullahi wa barkatuh,

The Du’a of Qunut is considered from the encouraged (mandubat) actions of salah. Not from the the obligatory nor the emphasized sunnahs. It is recited silently prior to bowing (ruku’) in the obligatory prayer of Subh not the Witr nor the Sunnah of Fajr. [Dardir: Sharh Saghir]

If one forgets the Qunut prior to the ruku’ there is no problem in reciting it after raising from ruku’ prior to prostrating (sujud). However, one does not leave ruku’ and return to the standing position in order to recite it otherwise the prayer is invalidated. An obligatory (fard) action is not left to return to a sunnah or mundūb act. [Safti: Hashiyah Safti on al-Ashmawiyyah]

If the Qunut is forgotten or left out intentionally there is no prostration of forgetfulness (sujud sahwu) necessary and the prayer is sound. However, if one prostrates for forgetfulness intentionally for forgetting the Qunut (likewise other mandubat), in this case, the salah is invalidated due to intentionally adding to the prayer. [Safti: Hashiyah Safti on al-Ashmawiyyah]

Allah ta’ala knows best

Tariq Abdul-Rasheed

Is my Fast Valid Despite a Vaginal Discharge? [Maliki School]

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: Assalamu alaikum,

I have felt sexual feelings which I have never intended and a discharge with pleasure during my fast, but when I checked it looked like normal vaginal discharge. Is my fast valid? Do I need to make ghusl?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

According to the Maliki school, if a person does not intend sexual thoughts but has a release of some fluid while fasting (such as madhy or many), the fast is valid. If sexual thoughts or touching was intended and there was a release of fluid, then the fast would not be valid.

In terms of the ghusl, the only time that it is obligatory is if there is the:

1) discharge of sexual fluid (many)
2) associated with pleasure
3) that is normal.

If any of these three aspects are absent, then there is no ghusl (full body shower) that is required. As an example, if a person has the release of fluid without pleasure then no ghusl is required. Or, if a person has pleasure but no release of fluid then ghusl is not required. Or, if there is fluid released and there was pleasure, but it was an abnormal situation (like the sting of a scorpion), then no ghusl is required. [Mukhtasar Khalil, Section of Ghusl]

Rami

Are the Urine, Feces and Vomit of a Baby Filthy According to the Maliki School?

Answered by Ustadh Tariq Abdul-Rasheed
Question: Do the urine, stool, vomit etc of a baby count as najasa in the maliki madhab? The baby is both breast fed and formula fed.
Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful, and blessings and peace upon our master Muhammad, his family, companions and those who follow their noble way.
As salaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
Impurity of Urine and Feces
Urine and feces are both considered impure in the Maliki school whether from a child or an adult. [Hashiya Dusuqi]
Purity of Vomit and Burping (Belching)
Vomit is considered pure unless the color, taste or smell of it has changed from the original state of food after having been settled in the stomach. This is usually discernible if the vomit has acidified and/or has a foul odor. Vomit would also be considered impure if it resembles feces [Hashiya Dusuqi]
Burping accompanied with food or liquid (known as qalas) is considered pure unless it resembles feces. [Hashiya Dusuqi]
The difference between vomit and burping is that vomit is what is forced up from the stomach after having settled in the stomach. Whereas, burping accompanied with food or liquid is what is forced up from the stomach as a result of a full stomach. However, the food or drink never actually settles in the stomach.
Dispensation from removing filth for mothers and wet-nurses
Due to the difficulty of remaining free from filth while nursing a child the scholars have allowed a dispensation for nursing mothers and wet nurses. Meaning that if due precaution is taken to prevent impurities from reaching the body and clothes when the child urinates or defecates it is recommended and not obligatory to remove the filth (from the body or clothing) if it is excessive (even if she sees the filth).
This ruling also applies if she is in doubt about whether or not filth is on her body or clothing. That is, she is not obliged nor is it recommended to sprinkle water on her body or clothing if she has doubts about filth being on them.
Finally, it is recommended for her to have a separate set of clothes for prayer but not obligatory. [Hashiya Dusuqi]
This dispensation is based on the following verses of the Holy Quran and is the well-known opinion of the Maliki school:
“He has chosen you and has not placed upon you in the religion any difficulty.” [Surah Hajj: 87]
“Allah does not charge a soul except [with that within] its capacity.” [Surah Baqarah: 286]
“For indeed, with hardship [will be] ease.” [Surah Sharh: 5]
Baraka Allahu feekum and Allah knows best.
Tariq Abdul-Rasheed

What Are the Valid Excuses to Delay the Prayer Until the Necessary Time in the Maliki School?

Answered by Ustadh Tariq Abdul-Rasheed
Question: As Salaamu alaykum,
I am curious as to what are the valid reasons for one to delay their prayer from the prime time to that of the extended time according to the maliki madhhab?
Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful, and blessings and peace upon our master Muhammad, his family, companions and those who follow their noble way.
Wa alaikum salaam wa rahmatullahi wa barkatuh,
In the Maliki school it is not permissible to delay the obligatory prayer beyond its preferred (ikhtiyārī) time to the necessary (darūrī) time without a valid excuse.
A valid excuse, as Imam Dardir mentions by way of example in Sharh Sagir, would be such at the following:
1) Disbelief for one entering Islam or returning to Islam.
2) Pubescence for a child who experiences the physical changes from childhood to maturity (such as ejaculation or menstruation).
3) Unconsciousness or Insanity.
4) One unable to find water or clean earth for purification.
5) Menstruation or post-natal bleeding.
6) Sleeping or forgetfulness.
Other reasons could include illness, incontinence, or travel.
Each of these issues has related details if you have a particular question or concern please feel free to send a follow-up question.
Allah (Most High) knows best.
Tariq Abdul-Rasheed

Frequent Rectal Discharges: Is There Any Dispensation Regarding Maintaining Ritual Purity? [Maliki School]

Answered by Ustadh Tariq Abdul-Rasheed
Question: I have several questions, if someone could please answer according to Maliki fiqh.
1) Sometimes when I am stressed I get hemorrhoids, and (even after istinja) some filth and blood can periodically exit my anus. Does this break my wudhu? I do not see any filth on my clothes; is it still necessary for me to wash them before I pray?
2) When I do not masturbate at least about once a week, then I get a thin clear watery discharge from my anus whenever the slightest sexual thought passes through my mind (even when the thoughts are unintentional). Does this break my wudhu? Do I need to wash my clothes to pray?
3) When I do not masturbate for many days, then I would get an erection without any sexual thought and the erection is enough to cause (not only a small anal discharge, but also) some mady to exit.And it becomes difficult to wash off the mady from my underwear before every prayer. Is there any falicitation?
Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful, and blessings and peace upon our master Muhammad, his family, companions and those who follow their noble way.
Wa alaikum salaam wa rahmatullahi wa barkatuh,
May Allah (Most High) facilitate and make easy your situation.
Basis for Facilitation and Dispensation
Incontinence (salas) whether it be from urine, feces, menstrual irregularity or the like are causes for dispensation in the Maliki school. This is based on the following verse of the Quran:
“He has chosen you and has not placed upon you in the religion any difficulty.” [Surah Hajj: 87]
“Allah does not charge a soul except [with that within] its capacity.” [Surah Baqarah: 286]
“For indeed, with hardship [will be] ease.” [Surah Sharh: 5]
It is also based on well-known and agreed upon general principles such, “Hardship shall bring alleviation” and “If a matter becomes restricted it expands”.
Distinguishing between Removing Impurities and What Nullifies Wudu
The scholars of the Maliki school distinguish between the exiting of impurities from the front and rear private parts as a result of incontinence in two ways:
a. As it relates to the ruling of removing impurities from one’s body and clothing (izalat an-najasah).
b. As it relates to the ruling of vitiating or invalidating wudu as a result of impurities exiting the private parts (nawāqid al-wudu).
Shaykh Nafrawi mentions in his commentary on Risālah of Imam Ibn Abi Zayd the reason for this distinction has to do with the lightness [of the rulings] related to removing impurities whereas purification from minor ritual impurity is a point a consensus. [Nafrawi: al-Fawaqih al-Dawani]
For this reason, Imam Sāwī states, “What is [intended] here [meaning the chapter on removing impurities] concerns what is related to removing impurities and there [in the chapter of what nullifies wudu] relates to that. Whereas, [the legal ruling of] impurities are easier than those of nullification of wudu [as will be seen] in what follows.”[Sawi: Bulgat as-Sālik]
This is a subtle and important point that might otherwise be overlooked in understanding the legal ruling of these issues in the Maliki school.
Conditions for eligibility of the dispensation:

In order for one to take this dispensation it is important to note the following conditions.
a. The exiting of impurities occurs once per day or more. If it exits some days and not others this does not warrant the dispensation.
b. The condition is chronic and has no immediate cure. Otherwise it becomes an obligation to get treatment and the dispensation is only allowed during the period of treatment.
Details of the Rulings
Hemorrhoids and Rectal Discharge: impurities that exit as a result of hemorrhoids are overlooked (ma’fu ‘anhu) if it occurs at least once a day or more. This is the well-know position of the school and therefore one is not obliged to remove the impurities from the body or clothing due to the hardship. [Dardir: Sharh Saghir]
Do the impurities that exit as a result of hemorrhoids nullify wudu? If the impurities exit unpredictably and irregularly during most or all of the prayer times the ruling is that it does not vitiate wudu. However, it is encouraged (mustahabb) to make wudu for each prayer. [Dardir: Sharh Sagir]
An example of this would be: on Monday impurities exit just as Thuhr enters. Whereas, on Tuesday it exits toward the end of Thuhr. Similarly on Tuesday more impurities exit mid-way through the time for Asr. On Wednesday impurities exit during the time of Asr and again at Maghrib.
The idea here is that there is no identifiable predictability to the time of its exiting and that it occurs throughout the day during most of the prayer times. Otherwise, if the times are predictable the ruling changes and one is required (wajib) to either hasten or delay the prayer based on the timings associated with the discharge of impurities.
An example of this would be: if it is known that the discharge occurs every day during the first time or preferred time (ikhtiyari) of Thuhr but does not exit during the necessary time (daruri), in this case it is obligatory to delay the prayer to the daruri time and make wudu for the prayer. The opposite would be true.
Madhi (pre-ejaculatory fluid): as it relates to removing pre-ejaculatory fluid (i.e. from the body and clothing) that exits irregularly it takes the ruling of hemorrhoids as mentioned above if it occurs once or more per day. [Dardir: Sharh Saghir]
However, the ruling concerning madhi nullifying wudu is stricter. If the madhi occurs as a result of celibacy, looking at what causes arousal or constant sexual thoughts it nullifies wudu without exception. Whereas, if the madhi exits as a result of illness or other physical condition without any apparent cause such as sexual thoughts or looking. In this case it does not nullify wudu similar to the ruling of hemorrhoids mentioned above and it is recommended to make wudu for each prayer. [Dardir: Sharh Saghir]
If it is unclear and madhi exits both; as a result of celibacy, sexual thoughts or the like thereof and it also exits randomly without any apparent cause. It would be from cautiousness to consider it as nullifying wudu.
The Upshot
Due to the complexity of your situation it is important to take note not to mix between the issues. The hemorrhoids, as you mentioned, are a daily and generally persistent problem occurring at various times throughout the day. Based on what has been mentioned you are not obliged to remove the impurities nor does it invalidate your wudu.
As for the madhi, you will need to ascertain if it is a daily problem. If it does not occur daily you are obliged to remove it from your body and clothing and it nullifies your wudu. (Even if you don’t have to remove the impurities from the rectal discharge.)
If it does occur daily but due to sexual thoughts or celibacy, in this case, you are not obliged to remove it from your body and clothing but it does nullify wudu. If madhi exits daily without cause, in this case, you are not obliged to remove it from your body and clothes and it does not nullify your wudu.
Take care to treat each issue accordingly.
Allah (Most High) knows best.
Tariq Abdul-Rasheed

Possible Residual Impurities from Dog Saliva or Marital Relations; Should I Wash Everything?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: As salaamu Alaikum waramatullahi wabarakatu
1. My inlaws have dogs in their house and because of this I hardly visit them like I should. When they come to visit, I end up cleaning the floor, beddings and any seating they used. Do I need to do this cleaning? Is it excessive?
2. Whenever I have marital relations with my wife, I wash all the beddings and blankets. Sometimes no fuild will be on the bedding, yet I end up washing  it anyway. Do I need to do this?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
[1] If you are sure the dog’s saliva affected something, then you should clean it. Otherwise, the basis is purity. In difficult situations, you can follow the Maliki position which doesn’t consider the saliva of a dog to be filthy. [see: Can I Pray in Clothes That Were Licked by a Dog? and: Dog Saliva, Dog Hair, and How to Purify Impurities]
[2] No, unless there is obvious filth present, you do not need to do anything.
Please see: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)
And Allah alone gives success.
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Following an Imam in a Separate Building

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour
Question: As salaamu alaykum
Is praying behind an Imam in a building separate to where he is actually praying valid? For example, a masjid has two buildings that are not attached but have a decent sized courtyard that separates them. If the men’s musala is in one building and the women’s in another, is the prayer of the women following the Imam valid?
Answer: Wa’alikum assalaam warahmatu Allah,
According to the Maliki madhab, it is disliked (makruh) to follow an imam that you cannot see due to a wall or a distance. The reason is that a person will not be able to know where in the prayer the imam is. The prayer will nonetheless be valid though.
Rami Nsour

Conversion to Islam and How to Remove Major Ritual Impurity

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour
Question: Please I have this question on how to convert back to islam, I want to know the words I will need to say when I want to convert back to islam and how to do it. I want also to know what should I do for jahnaba after meeting with a woman. Please advice.
Answer: May Allah accept your tawbah (repentance) my dear brother. If you would like to convert back to Islam, once you have the firm belief that Islam is the religion that you want to follow, then you are at that moment a Muslim again.
Once you have that firm belief, then you can take a full shower (ghusl). You would make sure that water reaches all your body and that you rub that water with your hand or a cloth. You would also have to intend that you are washing for a ghusl.
To announce your Islam, or return to Islam, you should pronounce the testimony of faith (sha-ha-dah) where others can hear you say it. You would say, in any language or Arabic, “There is nothing worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” In Arabic it would be “La illaha illah Allah, Muhammadun Rasul Allah.”
The washing (ghusl) after meeting a woman is the same as a ghusl for shahada. You make sure that water reaches all your body, you rub that water on your skin (lightly) and you have an intention to that it is a ghusl.
May Allah accept your actions.
Rami Nsour