What Is the Ruling of Reciting the Suras in Order?

Question:

What is the ruling of reciting the Suras in order in the various types of prayer? What should one do, if they accidentally began reciting from Sura al-Nas in the first rak’a?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

 

Reciting Qur’an in Order

It is prohibitively disliked to intentionally recite in a backwards order in the obligatory and/or necessary prayers. This does not apply to voluntary prayers. [Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

If one accidentally recited in a backwards order, it is not disliked. In such a case it is best for them to continue and not disrupt the recitation. [Ibid.]

 

Sura al-Nas in the First Rak’a

If one recites, in the first unit from Sura al-Nas, it is best for them to recite the Fatiha and some part of Sura al-Baqara in the second – if possible. There is no dislike in this as the order has not been changed. [Ibid.]

Likewise, due to the praise of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), who was asked, “What action is most beloved to Allah?” He replied, “The one who finishes (reciting the Qur’an) then starts anew.” [Tirmidhi]

I hope this helps,
Allah knows best.
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a teacher of Arabic, Islamic law, and spirituality. After accepting Islam in 2008, he then completed four years at the Darul Uloom seminary in New York where he studied Arabic and the traditional sciences. He then traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he stayed for three years studying in Dar Al-Mustafa under some of the greatest scholars of our time, including Habib Umar Bin Hafiz, Habib Kadhim al-Saqqaf, and Shaykh Umar al-Khatib. In Tarim, Shaykh Yusuf completed the memorization of the Qur’an and studied beliefs, legal methodology, hadith methodology, Qur’anic exegesis, Islamic history, and a number of texts on spirituality. He joined the SeekersGuidance faculty in the summer of 2019.

Are Prayers Without a Beard or With a Short Beard Accepted?

Question:

Some preachers and scholars in the Indian subcontinent say that all of our daily prayers are suspended if we perform without a beard (meaning: shaving). Is this true?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate

Wassalam,

I hope you are doing well, insha’Allah. Not having a beard—or having a short beard—does not affect the soundness or acceptability of the prayer itself.

The validity and soundness of the prayer are dependent on fulfilling its obligatory (fard) and necessary (wajib) actions of the prayer itself. The prayer is completed by fulfilling its sunna actions. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

If one prays with anything disliked that is not related to the actions of prayer, this disliked-ness does not affect the soundness of prayer—and the prayer doesn’t need to be repeated. [Ibid.]

 

Keeping a Beard—Or a Full Beard?

For men, it is necessary to keep a beard, if able. Keeping a full beard is generally reported to be a sunna in most of the books of the Hanafi school. [Marghinani, Hidaya; Zayla’i, Tabyin; others]

While some texts, such as Ibn al-Hunan’s brilliant Fath al-Qadir mention that it is “not permitted” to trim the beard less than a fistful, this is considered to be when done either (a) with the intent of imitating disbelievers; or (b) imitating the corrupt. Other schools took this text to refer to general impermissibility of trimming the beard. We respect such differences.

 

Shaving, Trimming, and the Acceptability of One’s Prayer

Either way, the beard is not from the actions of the prayer itself. If one shaves the beard, this is impermissible, but it does not affect the soundness of the prayer. If one keeps a short beard, this may be disliked, but also does not affect the soundness or acceptability of the beard.

 

Uphold the Sunna, Follow Trustworthy Scholars, and Leave Differences to the Scholars

One should strive one’s utmost to follow the sunna of the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace & blessings be upon him), both outwardly and inwardly, as best one can. To do this, one follows upright, Godfearing, qualified scholars. As for the differences of opinions between the scholars, leave these for the scholars.

And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.

[Shaykh] Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani spent ten years studying with some of the leading scholars of recent times, first in Damascus, and then in Amman, Jordan. His teachers include the foremost theologian of recent times in Damascus, the late Shaykh Adib al-Kallas (may Allah have mercy on him), as well as his student Shaykh Hassan al-Hindi, one of the leading Hanafi fuqaha of the present age. He returned to Canada in 2007, where he founded SeekersGuidance in order to meet the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge–both online and on the ground–in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He is the author of: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Faith, Prayer, and the Path of Salvation According to the Hanafi School (White Thread Press, 2004.) Since 2011, Shaykh Faraz has been named one of the 500 most influential Muslims by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Center.

Can I Join My Prayers If I Work in Customer Service?

Question:

I work in customer services. Can I join prayers?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Being in customer service does not allow one to join prayers. Just as any employee has a right to a bathroom break or a lunch break, there is no reason why you cannot organize with your employer to take 5 mins to pray your obligatory prayer.

If the issue is that you only have a very, very small time to pray Dhuhr or Asr (say only 30 mins) because it is winter time and you live in a polar region, then there would be some room for that.

Please see:

https://seekersguidance.org/answers/seeking-knowledge/joining-prayers-at-work/

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid Dingle

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.

Is It Permissible To Switch Suras During Prayer?

Question:
Is it permissible to recite a different sura after already beginning a sura during prayer?
Answer:
Dear questioner,
Thank you for your important question.
May Allah, Most High reward you for your desire to increase in knowledge.
When you begin the recitation of a sura in prayer, you should continue to recite that sura and not switch to another sura.
It is only permissible to specify a sura before prayer when:
It is the only sura you know at the time
It is in following the way of the Messenger Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace). Ex. Reciting Sura Alif Lam Mim Sajda’ in Fajr prayer based on this Hadith:
“The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) used to recite the following in the Fajr Prayer of Friday, “Alif, Lam, Mim, Tanzil” [Qur’an, 32:1] and “Hal ata ala al-insani.” [Qur’an 76:1] [Bukhari, al-Sahih]

Specifying a sura for other than these reasons is disliked. [Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr al-Razi, Tuhfat al-Muluk]

Please See:
And Allah alone knows best,
[Ustadh] Omar Popal
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Does Moving My Finger During Prayer Invalidate It?

Question:
Does moving my finger during prayer invalidate it?
Answer:
Dear questioner,
Thank you for your important question.
May Allah, Most High reward you for your desire to increase in knowledge.
Moving your small/pinky finger during prayer does not invalidate your prayer.
That movement which invalidates your prayer is defined as: “Any movement which if an outsider were to look at you, they would think that you are not praying.” [Kasani, al-Badai’ as-Sanai’/Ibn Abdin, Radd al-Muhtar]
Moving your little finger purposely is a disliked action in prayer.
And Allah alone knows best,
[Ustadh] Omar Popal
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Are Certain Supplications Obligatory for a Valid Prayer?

Question:

What are the minimum requirements for a valid salah? Can I skip the tasbih in the sujud and ruku’? Is saying the takbir between the movements necessary? Do I have to recite the whole Abrahamic Prayer (al-Salat al-Ibrahimiyyah) after the last rak’ah?

Answer:

Assalamu alaykum,

Thank you for your question. May Allah reward you for your sincere inquiry and may He give you a complete understanding of this worship.

Please consider taking a free course here at Seekers in order to learn and review your personally obligatory knowledge of worship. With this knowledge, you will know how to purify, wash, pray, fast, and be confident that you are not making any mistakes. You will also be able to distinguish clearly between the integrals and main sunnahs of the prayer.

https://seekersguidance.org/courses/absolute-essentials-of-islam-shafii-habshis-encompassing-epistle-explained-getting-started-with-your-belief-and-practice/

The first two examples that you mention in your question are all sunnah elements and their omission would not nullify the prayer. Part of the Abrahamic prayer is an integral, and part of it is a main sunna, while the rest is sunna.

Nevertheless, these elements should not be omitted without an excuse, and one should be avid to perform the prayer in such a way that is conducive to Allah accepting that prayer. May Allah reward you for your sincerity and give you the best of this world and the next.

[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria for two years where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, tafseer, and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Masters in Arabic. Afterward, she moved to Amman, Jordan where she studied fiqh, Arabic, and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

Is the Specification Of Intention Necessary For Voluntary Prayers (Nafl)? 

Question: What is the intention of nafl prayers?
Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate,
Assalamu ‘alaykum dear brother/ sister in faith,
The specification of the intention in prayer is required only for the five daily prayers (fard) and necessary prayer (wajib). It is not a requirement for voluntary prayers (nafl).  Your prayer is valid. [Shurunbulali, Nur al-Idah pg. 127]
Please see:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/the-status-of-confirmed-sunna-prayers/
Allah, Most High, knows best.
[Ustadha] Iman Badawi
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It a Sin To Stay Up Late If You Fear That You Will Miss Fajr?

Question: If I go to sleep late and wake up after the time for Fajr has ended, have I missed it with a valid excuse? If I sleep at 4 am and Fajr’s time is 5 am-6 am, and I missed it, have I missed it with a valid excuse? What if I sleep at 4 am deliberately, and intend to sleep in and then make it up later? In this case, have I missed it with a valid excuse? Am I sinful?
Answer:Assalamu alaykum,

The answers to your question are here, please read them in full:
https://seekersguidance.org/tag/missing-fajr/

It says in the Reliance of the Traveller:
“f1.5 No one has an excuse to delay the prayer beyond its time except:
(1) someone asleep (N: when its time first came who remained so until the time ended);
(2) someone who forgot it;
(3) or someone who delayed it to combine two prayers during a journey (dis: f15.12).“

The above being said, it is not permissible to intend missing an obligatory prayer, so even if you need to stay awake until 4 am because of work, study or so, know that many men before you have slept late and still have been able to get up and pray on time. It truly is a gift, as you will see from the links above, and a true favour from Allah to help His servant pray on time. As for staying up until 4 am for no good reason, that is absurd and potentially sinful if you know that you will miss Fajr.

I recommend reading this Qu’ranic supplication daily and please apply the tips in the link:

رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلَاةِ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِي رَبَّنَا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعَاءِ

“My Lord, make me steadfast in Salāt, and my offspring as well. And, Our Lord, accept my supplication.” [Qur’an 14:140] May Allah give us and our children ease in establishing all of our prayers.

[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria for two years where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, tafseer, and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Masters in Arabic. Afterward, she moved to Amman, Jordan where she studied fiqh, Arabic, and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

What Are the Integrals Of the Friday Sermon?

Question: Is admonition an integral of the Friday Sermon (Khutba)? 
Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate,
Assalamu ‘alaykum dear brother in faith,
In accordance with the Hanafi School, giving admonition is a sunna act of the Friday Sermon. It should be included, but it would not invalidate the sermon if omitted. [Shurunbulali, Nur al-Idah pg. 228]
It is Allah who moves the hearts. Concern yourself with your own heart and adhere outwardly to what pleases Allah. This will be most beneficial for you and them.
Allah, Most High, knows best.
[Ustadha] Iman
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Do We Pray In Rows?

Question: Can you pray with the imam at the front, one follower to his right, and then the rest of the followers in the second row?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

When three or more people are praying together, the imam should be in the front with the two or more followers forming a line behind him. If they do not do this, it is offensive, and those who do not observe it will not have the reward of the group prayer. It is not, however, sinful per se. [Bushra al-Karim, Ba ‘Ishn]

Please also take the following course:
https://seekersguidance.org/courses/absolute-essentials-of-islam-shafii-habshis-encompassing-epistle-explained-getting-started-with-your-belief-and-practice/

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid Dingle

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.