Shortening Night Prayer Behind Someone Praying Sunset Prayer

Question: If one is shortening Night Prayer behind someone praying Sunset Prayer, what do you do on the third cycle?

Answer: Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question. May Allah accept all your prayers and give you light and success in all your journeys.

The first thing we need to understand is that is is only valid to shorten a prayer if one is not praying behind someone praying the full amount. If the imam is praying the full amount of any prayer (such as the two raka’ts of Jumua, or the three raka’ts of Maghrib), the follower cannot shorten any prayer behind him. (Bushra al-Karim, Bashin)

In view of this, when one wants to shorten Isha behind someone praying Maghrib, it is not permissible, and not of value. Such a prayer would have to be repeated.

The other point is that although it is valid to pray basically any prayer behind any other prayer (sunna behind obligatory, Dhuhr behind Asr, etc.), it is not necessarily sunna. Rather is it is better not to pray one obligatory prayer behind someone praying any other obligatory prayer. (Niyahat al-Muhtaj, Ramli)

So, the best thing to do would be to pray Maghrib in the group and then join and/or shorten Isha by oneself or with a group who are praying Isha.

It is also worth noting that joining prayers is by default not recommended [sunna], and rather merely permissible. (Bushra al-Karim, Bashin)

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid Dingle

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

I Fear I Will Laugh in My Prayer

Question: Every day I get many thoughts during my prayer and I fear that I will laugh due to my thoughts. Then I pray it again but every prayer I pray in stress without the presence of heart. How can I fix this?

Answer:

Assalamu alaykum, thank you for your question.

Losing focus during the prayer is a far too common thing and I pray that Allah helps all of us out of it. This article will answer your question beautifully: Am I a Hypocrite for Losing Focus in Prayer?, as well as this one: How Do I Attain Presence Of Heart In Prayer?

Please see all the lectures and podcasts on this topic: Presence of Heart in Prayer: A Reader

As for laughing, the Reliance of the Traveller states, “the prayer is invalidated (…) by uttering two or more letters, or when two or more letters worth of sounds such as laughter, […] are audible.“ “It is also invalidated by much (i.e. more than six words worth of) sound, even when there is a valid excuse such as: blurting out words unthinkingly, laughter or […]. [p.149]

According to the definition above, it seems to me that your ‘funny thing with your breath‘ would not qualify as laughing, but you must discern that yourself. Perhaps consult a local reliable scholar to help you.

You may also consider learning Arabic, for understanding what you are saying will change the quality of your worship altogether, and help you realize the magnitude of who you are speaking to when you pray. Note that laughing in your prayer doesn’t invalidate your wudu (ritual purity) in the Shafi`i school.

May Allah help all of us focus better on our prayers.

[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria for two years where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, tafseer, and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Masters in Arabic. Afterward, she moved to Amman, Jordan where she studied fiqh, Arabic, and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

Are All My Deeds Void for Deliberately Missing Prayers?

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: Does flaky skin prevent the validity of ghusl if it prevents water from reaching the live skin underneath? Are all my deeds void for deliberately missing Asr prayer?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

The flaky skin which you described does not affect your ghusl. This would coincide for the ruling mentioned by Imam al-Haskafi in al-Durr al-Mukhtar where he says, “Likewise, if on the limbs of his ablution there is a wound covered with a thin layer of skin, then he performs ablution and passes water over it, thereafter he removes the excess layer of skin, he is not required to wash that which is beneath it.” [al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

Losing One’s Deeds for Missing Asr Prayer

Imam Ahmad narrates on the authority of Buraidah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace said, “Whoever leaves the Asr prayer, his deeds are rendered void.” [Ahmad] The commentators of this narration understood it in various ways.

Al-Mulhib says, “Its’ meaning is whoever leaves it out of neglect and a lack of importance for the virtue of its time, while being able to perform it, then he will not attain the reward of those who prayed it in its proper time…” The commentator here limits the nullification of deeds to that specific Asr prayer. [Sharh al-Bukhari; Ibn Batal]

Dealing with Waswasa

It is important to keep in mind that Allah has not put any of us in undue hardship in Islam. Allah, Most High says, “And Allah has not put upon you, in the religion, any undue hardship.” [Qur’an; 22:78]

Anything that causes great difficulty, discomfort, or hardship is a sign that one is burdening themselves with that which Allah has not made necessary. I would advise that you seek Islamic knowledge from credible scholars. This is the first step to curing your waswasa and other confusion. Know that true caution is only based on knowledge.

May Allah ease all your affairs
Allahu A‘ alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

Does Mistakes During Recitation Invalidate My Prayers?

Answered by Ustadha Shazia Ahmad

Question: I was on my way home from work during `Asr time. I got home after Maghrib so I prayed and made up `Asr with it. Then I realized I’ve been mispronouncing a letter in the Fatiha. Do I have to make up the `Asr and Maghrib prayers again? And the whole day’s prayers, too?

Answer: Assalamu alaykum, Sister,

The answer to your question is found in the link below. The short answer is that you don’t need to make up the prayers. Try to practice your tajweed when you are outside of the prayer. The more you practice, the better it will get, by the grace of Allah.

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and give him peace, said, “One who is skilled in the Qur’an is associated with the noble, upright recording angels, and he who falters when he recites the Qur’an and finds it difficult for him will have a double reward. [Abu Dawud]

Does a Mistake in the Recitation of the Fatiha Invalidate My Prayer?

May Allah enable us all to recite the Qur`an as the Prophet did, may Allah bless him and give him peace.

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria for two years where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, tafseer and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Masters in Arabic. Afterwards, she moved to Amman, Jordan where she studied fiqh, Arabic and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

Are the Supererogatory Prayers of Morning Prayer to Be Done After the Call to Prayer

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: As our beloved prophet (peace and blessings be upon him ) said the one who prays two Sunnah rakats of fajr will receive great rewards. My question is the two rakats Sunnah prayer of fajr should be prayed after azaan or before the azaan of fajr?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

As soon as the Fajr time has entered, regardless of whether the adhan has been called or not, one can pray the sunna prayers.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al -Falah]

Hope this helps
And Allah knows best

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

What Is the Proof That Prayer Is Not Permissible When the Sun Is at Its Zenith?

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch

Question: What is the textual evidence that prayer is not permissible when the sun is at its zenith?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

The Messenger of Allah said, “The prayer is witnessed and attended (i.e. by Angels) until the mid-day and it is certainly a time when the doors of Hell are opened and its fire kindled. So leave the prayer until the shadow appears. [Nasaai]

Uqbah bin Amir al-Juhani narrates, “There are three times which the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and give him peace) would prohibit us from praying or burying our deceased therein: When the sun clearly begins to rise until it has fully risen, when the sun reaches its peak till it begins to decline, and when the sun’s light begins to weaken till it fully sets.” [Muslim]

There are many other narrations in this regard as well.

May Allah bless you
Allahu A’alam

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences.

Supplication For Getting Married

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I had a relation for 2 months with a boy but we broke up because we are from different states and our parents won’t allow us to get married. Is there any supplication I can do to get him as my husband in the future with our parent’s acceptance?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

You should note at the outset that having such a relationship before marriage is not sanctioned in Islam. While it is good to see you are thinking about marriage and validating your relationship in the eyes of the shariah, if you have engaged in any past behaviors that the shariah deems impermissible, you should seek God’s forgiveness for it as should the other party.

In this way, you can proceed with marriage in the correct way and with the blessings of God. You should know that the doors of His mercy are always open: “Do not despair of the mercy of God. Surely, God forgives all sins. Indeed, He is the Most Forgiving, the Merciful’ (39:53).”

Regarding a supplication, you can use any words you like. There are other general supplications you should recite as well, which include:

“Our Lord! Grant unto us spouses and offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and give us (the grace) to lead the righteous.” (25:74)

You should also recite the istikhara prayer. Set your mind and heart to God granting you a spouse who is best for your worldly and next-worldly life regardless of who it is.

Please see: A Dua to Make Someone My Spouse and Istikhara: The Prayer of Seeking Guidance

Wassalam,

[Ustadh Salman Younas]

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas was born and raised in New York and graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir. Ustadh Salman’s personal interests include research into the fields of law/legal methodology, hadith, theology, as well as political theory, government, media, and ethics. He is also an avid traveler and book collector. He currently resides in Amman with his wife.

Witr Prayer And Travel

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: When traveling, is it still required to pray Salaat-ul-Witr after Salaat-ul-Isha?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Yes, the witr prayer is unconditionally mandatory (fard ‘amali), meaning that there is not a single case in which it is acceptable to omit it. Accordingly, it must be prayed during travel just as it is prayed during residency.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The witr [prayer] is a duty. Whoever does not pray it is not from amongst those of our way.” (Abu Dawud) He repeated this thrice, Allah bless him and give him peace.

Praying the Emphasised Sunna Prayers

With respect to the emphasized sunna prayers (sunna mu’akkada), the default ruling is that they should be prayed. But it is permissible to leave them if one is in a state of active travel and rush because of the journey. When not in an active state of travel, such as when a person has reached their destination or has comfortably boarded their mode of transport, the sunna prayers should be prayed unless there is undue hardship therein.

A final thing to note is that all types of supererogatory prayers (nawafil), including the emphasized sunnah prayers, maybe prayed, without dislike, with head movements, whilst seated, and in the direction of travel of the mode of transport in question. The only exception is the sunna cycles (rak‘as) before the dawn prayer (fajr) which requires standing given its strong emphasis and proximity to the mandatory prayer (wajib).

(Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar)

Please also see: Is the Witr Prayer Mandatory? and: How Should I Make up Missed Witr Payers? and: The Basic Rulings of Travel

And Allah Most High knows best.

Wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan, and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based on his family.

Suplication In Prostration

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: What is the ruling of making supplication [dua] after prayer in prostration [sajdah]? So the prayer has ended and a person goes into prostration and makes dua. What do the Hanafi scholars say regarding this?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

Performing a prostration for no reason is neither deemed disliked nor an act of drawing closer to God.

However, when coupled with a du’a, this can be seen as prostration for a purpose, namely to humble oneself in front of God and supplicate to Him for one’s needs. As such, it would be permitted and rewarding in so far as it constitutes a form of submission to God.

The only time it would be disliked is if performing such a prostration will lead to people believing that it is an action that is a specific prophetic sunna or necessary. In most cases, this confusion is not expected. Nonetheless, it is an important consideration to keep in mind.

Sources: Ibn Abidin, Hashiya.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas was born and raised in New York and graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir. Ustadh Salman’s personal interests include research into the fields of law/legal methodology, hadith, theology, as well as political theory, government, media, and ethics. He is also an avid traveler and book collector. He currently resides in Amman with his wife.

Prayer Of The Traveler

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: When travelling and combining prayers, do the Zuhr prayer and the Asr prayer need to be prayed during Zuhr time or can they both be prayed during Asr time? 

Answer: assalamu alaykum

In the Hanafi school, there is no ‘real’ combining of prayers for a traveler, i.e., prayers are not actually prayed outside their time.

The Hanafis understood the combining of the Prophet (blessings upon him) as one that involved delaying Dhuhr to the very end of its time, performing it while its time was still in, and then performing Asr immediately after in the time for Asr. The same applied to Maghrib and Isha.

The other schools differ and allowed for real combining outside the time of a respected prayer. For the Shafi`i and Maliki schools, you can refer to these two detailed answers:

What Are the Methods for Combining (Jam’) and Shortening (Qasr) Prayer for Travel? [Shafi’i School]

Joining Prayers in the Maliki School

Wasalam,

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas was born and raised in New York, Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir. His personal interests include research into the fields of law/legal methodology, hadith, theology, as well as political theory, government, media, and ethics. He is also an avid traveler and book collector. He currently resides in Amman with his wife.