Menses start right before Maghrib and reward for fasting

Question:  Assalamu alaikum
My question is that during Ramadan, after fasting the entire day and doing as many good deeds as possible with the intention to receive rewards from Allah SWT, if my menses begin just a few minutes before breaking fast during maghrib, will I still receive the rewards for fasting that day even though I have to make it up later?

Answer:

In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Assalam’aleykum, I pray this finds you in the best of states.

It was your duty to fast at the beginning of the day and, and by fulfilling it, you will. be rewarded even though that duty has been lifted before the end of the day.

Allah Most High has said: “And be patient, for Allah does not let the reward of the righteous go to waste.” [ 11.115]

Allah Most High has commanded menstruating women and women in a state of lochia (post-natal bleeding) to refrain from the ritual prayer and ritual fasting. Thus, if a menstruating woman fulfills this command intending to submit to Allah’s order, she is actually worshiping Allah the entire time she refrains from the ritual prayer and ritual fasting and will be rewarded for this.

Please see: https://seekersguidance.org/answers/general-counsel/worship-in-ramadan-for-a-menstruating-woman/

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam

[Ustadh] Sufyan Qufi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What Should I Do if I Always See Clear Discharge After Taking an Obligatory Ritual Bath?

Question: After having an obligatory bath for janaba (intercourse) and thoroughly cleaning myself, I always, at some point after a few hours, get a clear discharge with no smell. Sometimes it can appear a few times during the day. Is this classed as sexual fluid, and would I need to have a ghusl again?

Answer: 

Assalamu alaykum,
Thank you for your question. Your answer is in the following excerpt:

“e10.3: When a woman who has been made love to performs the purificatory bath, and the male’s sperm afterward leaves her vagina, then she must repeat the ghusl if two conditions exist:
(a) that she is not a child, but rather old enough to have sexual gratification (A: as it might otherwise be solely her husband’s sperm);
(b) and that she was fulfilling her sexual urge with the lovemaking, not sleeping or forced.“ [The Reliance of the Traveller]

In summary, if the woman had experienced an orgasm, then she should repeat her ritual bath after the exiting of discharge. But if she had not, it would only be her husband’s sperm, and she does not need to repeat her ritual bath.

May Allah give you the best of this world and the next.
[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria, for two years, where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, Tafseer, and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Master’s in Arabic. Afterward, she moved to Amman, Jordan, where she studied fiqh, Arabic, and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

Finding blood after the prayer

Question:  I felt something weird in my stomach during Isha and thought it might be gas or an urge to use the toilet, and I just tried to ignore that urge thinking it was that, but now I realize that it may have been the cramps a part of my period. While I didn’t recognize the blood till after I had finished my prayers for that day, what if some blood was there before I prayed Isha in a small amount, and I didn’t know it? But I didn’t see any blood while making wudu. Are my prayers and fast valid that day?

Answer:
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Assalam’aleykum, I pray this finds you in the best of states.

Jazakum Allah khayr for your question!

Yes, your prayers and your fast were valid because the certainty of you being in a state of purity is not lifted by your subsequent doubts.

“Certainty is not lifted by a doubt.”

[Ibn Nujaym, al-Ashbah wa’l Nadha’ir; Majallat al-Ahkam al-`Adiliyya]

This means that if one is certain about something, such as the validity of our worship, with this being the basic assumption for all human actions, then we will keep assuming it valid until certain that it was not. Mere possibilities and even likelihoods do not change this.

And Allah knows best.

May  Allah Most High grant you the best of this world and the next.

Please keep us in your du’as!

Wassalam

[Ustadh] Sufyan Qufi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Excusable amount of filth

Question:  I know impurity less than 5cm is excusable, according to the Hanafi Madhab. I release an excusable amount of madhi. Do I still have to do wudu?

Answer:
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Assalam’aleykum, I pray this finds you in the best of states.

Jazakum Allah khayr for your question!

Yes, you still have to perform wudu in the situation you have described because filth has exited your body. [ Nur al-Idah]

What is excused is to pray with your unwashed body or clothes when it has been affected by the excusable amount of filth. [ Nur al-Idah]

Nonetheless, it is far superior to wash even an excused amount of filth before praying as it is disliked to pray in such a state. [Nur al-Idah]

And Allah knows best.

May  Allah Most High grant you the best of this world and the next. Please keep us in your du’as!

Wassalam

[Ustadh] Sufyan Qufi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is Continuous Colored Discharge Considered Menstrual Flow (hayd)? 

In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate
Assalamu ‘Alaykum Dear Sister in Faith,
Assessing the Color 
The consistency, color, and frequency of vaginal discharge vary throughout a woman’s cycle.
When using a vaginal insert (kursuf) to determine the end of your menses, the color of non-oxidized discharge should be white.  Otherwise, it is considered menstrual flow.
However, on other days when you are not using a kursuf, the discharge color may vary from clear to white to off-white to slightly yellow due to oxidation.  This is how the color may appear on one’s clothes or a pantyliner. This is not considered menstrual flow nor irregular discharge.
The color of discharge that you normally observe, outside the times of menstruation, should be taken as your default color of purity.  This “normal” discharge would be deemed pure following the dominant view in the Hanafi School.
Determining the Menstrual Habit 
The rulings on menstruation in the Hanafi School are meant to sync with a women’s natural biorhythm.  Thus, the legally established habit is most strongly considered when distinguishing between menstrual and other types of flow.
During the days of your habitual period, any darker tinge (beyond your default color) is to be considered menses (hayd) and would affect all related rulings.
Outside the days of your habitual period, any darker tinge is considered irregular flow (istihada). Such discharge would affect a state of minor ritual impurity, which would require only ritual washing (wudu) to lift.
Colors of Discharge 
For a better perception of what regular discharge looks like, please refer to the following link.
If you are, in fact, experiencing irregular colored discharge (istihada) throughout the entire cycle, that is rare and abnormal for a healthy woman. It may signal an underlying medical condition or the onset of early menopause. It would be best to consult a physician.
[Birgivi, Dhukhr al Muta’ahilin]
Allah Most High knows best.
[Ustadha] Iman
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Purification and injuries

Question:  Salam,

1. If someone did ghusl a different way because of an injury, does he have to repeat the ghusl when the injury heals?

2. If someone is doing tayammum to remove janaba, do they have to repeat the ghusl?

3. Say someone had surgery and they have stitches and scars, and the doctor said they are allowed to get the area wet. Can they perform ghusl normally, and do they have to repeat the ghusl when the scars heal, and stitches are less visible?

Answer:
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Assalam’aleykum,I pray this finds you in the best of states.

Jazakum Allah khayr for your question!

1. You don’t have to repeat a ghusl performed in the past while being injured after the healing of injury because when a duty has been performed, it has been performed for good and doesn’t come back. [Tahtawi; Gloss on Maraqi al-Falah]

2. Yes, when able to use water, one has to perform a valid ghusl. This is because finding sufficient water is listed as being from the nullifier of Tayammum. [Nur al-idah]

3. No, you don’t have to repeat the ghusl performed while having stitches and scars when you heal for a reason mentioned in the first answer above.

And Allah knows best.

May  Allah Most High grant you the best of this world and the next. Please keep us in your du’as!

Wassalam

[Ustadh] Sufyan Qufi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Are Splashes on the Body from Washing My Private Parts After Relieving Myself Impure?

Question:  Salam, if you wouldn’t mind answering this question without referring to other ones that would be greatly appreciated. When washing myself in the bathroom, if the water I used to clean myself splashes once falling into the toilet, is that excusable? I’ve read some conflicting answers on the website, so I am confused.

Answer:
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Assalam’aleykum,I pray this finds you in the best of states.

Jazakum Allah khayr for your question!

No, the splashes on the legs and feet are not impure. Impurity is a ruling given by the Shari’a to something. In general, when there is great difficulty avoiding impurity – such as splashes when relieving oneself – it is excused. An explicit example of this is small splashes of urine coming into contact with one’s body of clothes.

The Shari’a deems them to be pure in this situation, even if they come into contact with one clothes or other objects.

This is usually an issue with eastern toilets where one is required to squat. When finished you can simply pour a small amount of water over your feet and move on. The default assumption is that the floor, the sandals, and your person are all now pure. (Ibn ʿAbidin, Radd al-Muhtar).

 Please see: https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/splashes-body-washing-private-parts-relieving-impure/

And Allah knows best.

May  Allah Most High grant you the best of this world and the next. Please keep us in your du’as!

Wassalam

[Sidi] Sufyan Qufi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Long Is It Permitted To Go Without Shaving?

Question: How long can I not shave? What is the ruling of plucking nostril and armpit hair for both males and females?

Answer:

Assalamu alaykum,

Thank you for your question. The ruling in the Shafi`i school for men and women is below:

“e4.1 It is a sunna (3) for those used to it, to pluck away the hair of the underarms and nostrils, though if plucking the underarms is a hardship, then shaving them; and to shave the pubic hair;“ [The Reliance of the Traveller]

One of my teachers, Shaykh Abdul-Karim Yahya, said that it is sunna to remove the hair that grows around the front and rear private parts. The sunna for a man is to shave it, and for a woman is to pluck it (or wax) if she can, but either way fulfills the sunna. It is offensive to delay its removal beyond when needed and more offensive to delay it beyond forty days. So, when described (by common acknowledgment-`urf) as needing removal, it should be removed, and one should not wait beyond forty days. [Abdul-Hamid’s supercommentary on Tuhfa: Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, Hawashi al-Sharwani Wa Ibn Qasim al-Abbadi ‘Ala Tuhfah al-Muhtaj Bi sharh al-Minhaj, 9:375.]

May Allah give you the best of this world and the next.

[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria, for two years, where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, Tafseer, and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Master’s in Arabic. Afterward, she moved to Amman, Jordan, where she studied fiqh, Arabic, and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

What is Permitted for a Menstruating Woman to Recite? 

 
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate
Assalamu ‘Alaykum Dear Sister in Faith,
The remembrance of Allah is a central aspect of Muslim spiritual life and should never be abandoned under any circumstance.
The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said,
“Let your tongue be ever moist with the remembrance of Allah” [Tirmidhi]
Following the Hanafi School, a menstruating woman may not touch the Quran (without a detached cover) nor recite even a verse of it with the intention of recitation. [al-Haddad, al-Jawhara an-Nayyira, 1:240]
However, she may recite all other forms of remembrance (dhikr, tasbih, salawat) and supplication (dua), even if they be from the Quran, so long as the intent is not recitation. [Ibn ‘Abidin, Hashiya, 1:195]
The remembrance of Allah is the beating of the spiritual heart and the breath of the spiritual soul.  Our Lord, Most High, is never severed from us; thus, we should never be severed from Him by neglecting His remembrance.  Menstruation does not and should not pose any obstacle to this Divine connection.
May Allah be with us and you in all our states. Amin.
Allah, Most High, knows best.
[Ustadha] Iman
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is oil a barrier preventing the validity of wudu?

Question:  Is wudu valid if masah is performed on oily hair?

Answer:
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Assalam’aleykum, I pray this finds you in the best of states.

Jazakum Allah khayr for your question

No oil on a limb or in the hair does not prevent the validity of wudu because it is not a physical barrier between the limb and the water. [Maraqi al-Falah]

And Allah knows best.

May  Allah Most High grant you the best of this world and the next. Please keep us in your du’as!

Wassalam

[Ustadh] Sufyan Qufi