Doubts About Purification

Question: If one has doubts about one’s purification (wudu or ghusl) during the prayer, does one have to restart the prayer?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

To answer this question properly, I will break this down into two sections.

Before and during the prayer

A. Doubts about breaking wudu

If one knows that one has wudu, and before or during the prayer starts to doubt whether or not one broke wudu, the prayer is perfectly valid. This is because the default assumption is that one has wudu, and one merely doubts whether or not one broke it, and certainty is given precedence over doubt.

B. Doubts about making wudu

If one knows that one broke one’s wudu, and before or during the prayer starts to doubt whether or not one made wudu after breaking it, the prayer is invalidated. One must go and make wudu, and start again. This is because one knows that one did not have wudu, and one merely thinks that one made wudu thereafter, and certainty is given precedence over doubt, as before.

After the prayer

Once one gives the salams, the default assumption is that the prayer is valid. So even if one knows that before the prayer one broke one’s wudu, and merely thinks that one made wudu thereafter, the prayer is still valid (Tuhfat al Muhtaj, Ibn Hajar al Haytami). This is assuming such thoughts only came to one’s mind after the prayer was finished and not before.

The reason for this is that the default assumption is that the prayer is valid, and the doubt is now regarding whether or not one actually had wudu, and certainty is given precedence over doubt, as mentioned above.

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Breaking Wudu by Touching Private Parts

 

Question: What constitutes touching private parts that break wudu?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Touching means touching with the palm or inner side of the fingers without any barrier (Minhaj al Talibin, Nawawi).

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, ‘When one of you touches his private parts with his hand when there is no barrier between the two, let him make wudu’ (Ibn Hibban).

A thick layer of cream would be a barrier that could be scratched off. A thin layer that can be felt but that does not form a layer over the skin would not.

For example, if someone put a thick layer of medication or cream on their own genitals or those of a baby, if they did not rub the cream in and left it as a thick layer, they would not really be “touching” the genitals. If they rubbed it in such that the layer of cream between their skin and the skin of genitals was no longer there, then it would break their wudu.

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

 

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Washing of Whole Mouth During Ghusl

special supplication

Question: Must I move my detached gums in the ritual bath (ghusl) in order for the water to reach underneath?

Answer: 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

You are not obliged to move your detached gums in the ritual bath (ghusl) in order for the water to reach underneath [Tahtawi/Shurunbulali, Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah].

Water Reaches

Even though you may assume that water does not reach underneath your gums – the basis is that it does. Water is naturally thin and permeating. Since this is the basis of understanding one would need reasonable surety to assume otherwise [Ibid.].

Due to this, you should ignore any assumptions that the water does not reach. Merely swish the water around your mouth and consider that integral complete.

Hope this helps.

Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences

Discharge While Praying

Remembering the Sunna to Find Love
Question: I come from an irreligious family, how I can change them? Also, I have a lot of vaginal discharge so I always use the bathroom before I pray and wash off any discharge and change my pantyliner. But then when I’m praying I feel a little wetness and I don’t know whether it’s discharge or urine. Do I have to do wudu again and repeat my prayer?

Answer:

Assalamu alaykum,

Thank you for your question. First, let me congratulate you on your obedience to Allah and His Messenger, it is truly inspiring to see a young lady like yourself covering and praying and hoping to help her family change. May Allah reward you greatly.

Discharge

Your discharge situation is simpler than you think. You are correct to use the bathroom, wash, make wudu, and pray. This is the best way to ensure that you have wudu. Keep in mind that it may not be necessary to change your panty liner, as, in the Shafi’i school, regular discharge is not considered filth, it only invalidates the wudu.

As for any wetness that you feel afterward, you don’t need to worry about it all. You don’t need to go to the bathroom to check and see what happened. Very often, one can feel something, but there really is nothing there.

You also should not push toilet paper into your private part (insertion), because it is safer and healthier not to insert anything in the privates, especially if you are unmarried. The shari`ah would never ask such a thing of you.

Also, make a point of drying yourself well after using the bathroom, as leaving any wetness there, can lead to infection, especially if your underwear is not cotton. So keep up with what you are doing, without all the extra checking.

Parents

As for your parent, it is difficult to see them live a lifestyle that is not pleasing to Allah, and the best thing that you can do is be a good example of generosity, kindness, and service. They should correlate your new religious behavior with your increase in good character and maturity. Don’t be mean, impatient, or critical or they will associate that with Islam and be displeased with it.

Continue to tread on the path of righteousness and gain Islamic knowledge and apply it as you go along. Don’t worry too much about their amulet, because as their religion grows, they will drop these little habits. I pray that you can be a guiding light for your parents and their source of pleasure and happiness whenever they look at you.

[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria for two years where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, tafseer, and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Masters in Arabic. Afterward, she moved to Amman, Jordan where she studied fiqh, Arabic, and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

Wet Dreams and Ghusl

Question: I understand the general rule for wet dreams is that any wetness you see in the morning after waking up, regardless if you saw a dream or not, you should assume that you need to take a ghusl. I have a problem with excessive waswasa, I always understood that I should ignore any doubts, but sometimes I have days where I do ghusl almost every day. What is the ruling on this?

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate

You are correct in your understanding mentioned above that – if one wakes up and notices wetness of sexual fluid (i.e. not sweat, urine, or other), on their body or clothing they must perform a ritual bath, regardless of recalling a dream or not [Ala’ al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya].

The Basis: Never Act on Doubts

Wet dreams are not a common daily occurrence. The basis is that you did not experience a wet dream and you would need reasonable surety to act contrary to this basis. The reasonable surety cannot be established without some sort of proof distinguishing it from mere conjecture. An example of proof is finding visible sexual fluid in the vicinity of your private part.

Another important basis to keep in mind is that you do not have to check unless you have reasonable surety of wetness – not just a mere sensation of wetness. If you are not reasonably sure or certain that there is wetness don’t look, ignore.

Misgivings (Waswasa)

For the one who suffers from doubts and misgivings abandoning caution is the best cure.

“As for the one who is often inflicted with misgivings, it is necessary for them to sever the cause of the misgivings and not to give it any consideration. This is because it is the doing of Shaytan and we have been commanded to oppose him” [Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar].

No Undue Hardship in Religion

You must know that Allah Most High informs us that He does not intend to burden us unduly.

He Most High says, “It is not Allah’s Will to burden you but to purify you and complete His favor upon you, so perhaps you will be grateful” [Qur’an; 05:06].

Burden (haraj) in the above verse refers to undue hardship. Thus if you are finding your religious duties unduly difficult and burdensome something is wrong.

Knowledge

The long-term cure for these constant doubts is to seek a deeper understanding of Islamic Knowledge. With knowledge, Shaytan can not deceive you with his whispers and plots. I would advise that you find authentic scholars in your area and study with them a basic text in Islamic Jurisprudence.

Please note that SeekersGuidance.org has classes available in Islamic Jurisprudence and many other subjects.

Hope this helps.
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Yusuf Weltch is a graduate from Tarim; a student of Habib Umar and other luminaries; and authorized teachers of the Qur’an and the Islamic sciences

Spreading Filth While Asleep

Purification

Question: I often bleed from my gums at night, and it is quite likely that I unknowingly spread filth about while I am asleep. What should I do about this?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘Leave that which gives you doubt for that which does not give you doubt’ (Tirmidhi).

The default assumption is that filth is not spread, and that is only changed by being 100% certain that filth has been spread. As long as you do not see any blood, you can safely ignore the possibility that there is any blood on you or on your bedding.

Please see:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/key-principles-relating-to-certainty-doubt-and-baseless-misgivings-waswasa/

The story goes that in the old streets of Damascus, a young man of purpose and overt religiosity once walked by a house, and just as he was passing by, an old lady threw some filthy water into the gutter not too far off from where he was. A tiny, insignificant splash of the water landed on his handsome robe, but he just ignored it and went on his merry way. Reminding himself of his piety, he thought that it would be prudent to go back and ask the old lady whether or not the water that she had just thrown out was pure (tahir/pak) or not.

Plucking up the courage, he walked back a few hundred yards and knocked on the old woman’s wooden fence. ‘I’m awfully sorry, ma’am,’ he asked the perturbed old woman, ‘but could I trouble you to tell me whether or not that water you just threw out was pure or not?’

The old lady smiled with a kind of mischievous yet motherly look on her face. ‘My child,’ replied the old woman, ‘it is your asking that made the water filthy.’

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

Deer Antler Velvet Extract

Question: Is deer antler velvet extract pure, and can it be consumed?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Yes, deer antler velvet extract is pure, and it may be consumed (Minhaj al Talibin, Nawawi).

Allah Most High has said, ‘And Allah has made for you from your homes a place of rest and made for you from the hide’s of the animal’s tents which you find the light on your day of travel and your day of encampment; and from their wool, fur and hair is furnishing and provision for a time’ (Qur’an, 16: 80).

This verse tells us that fur and wool and the like from edible animals are pure (Al Majmu, Nawawi).

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language

End of the Menstrual Cycle

Purification
Question:  When my menses are about to end I get this discharge that is white on my hands but when I put it on something white it looks yellow. Does that mean my menses have ended? Should I make ghusl or wait? Is it pure and does it break wudu if I get it on normal days? 
Answer:
Assalāmu ‘alaykum Dear Sister in Faith,
The maximum duration of menses in the Hanafi School is ten days. Thus, any discolored discharge that is seen within that duration is to be considered menstrual flow [Quduri].
Leukorrhea, more commonly know as vaginal discharge, is the substance you are seeing at the end of your menses.  It is whitish but also turns yellowish when exposed to air.  So long as the color is not clearly distinct from that of your normal daily discharge (on pure days),  then it’s not considered part of your menstrual flow.  This would be the sign that you should perform ghusl.

To determine the actual color of the discharge (before oxidation), a woman should place a small piece of cloth or toilet paper (kursuf) at the opening of the vagina.  She should not insert it, but rather allow it to be held by the labial lips [Birgivi, Dhukhr al Muta’ahilin].

The female companions used to send these pieces of cloth to our Lady Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) to determine the end of their menses, much the way you are inquiring now.  She instructed them that a woman must not hasten to perform ghusl until she sees whiteness (Bukhari, Book of Menstruation).

The regular whitish discharge that a woman experiences on a daily basis is pure in accordance with the sounder view in the Hanafi School [Tahtawi, Hashiya on Maraqi al Falah].
It is not necessary to remove it from one’s clothing before prayer. Its release would not necessitate ghusl nor wudu.
Our worship to Allah is an offering we make to Him, in hopes it is accepted and raised to the Heavens. Practicing the rulings associated with purity, even those related to menses, is part of that worship and should be followed with that purpose in mind.  Then, it will be a cause for gaining nearness to Him.
Allah did not legislate anything to place a hardship on us.

“He laid upon you no hardship in the Religion” (Quran 22:78).

And Allah, Most High, knows best.

[Ustahda] Iman Badawi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Validity of Wudu 

when dua is disliked
Question: I noticed a small sticker on my hand after prayer. Is my wudu and prayer valid? 
Answer:
Assalāmu ‘alaykum,
There are three conditions for the validity of wudu’:
(1)  The cessation of any state that contradicts it, namely menstruation and lochia (post-natal bleeding)
(2)  The encompassing of the skin (of the limbs that are obligatory to wash) with pure water
(3)  The removal of any barrier that prevents water from reaching the skin

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

Thus, if you performed wudu’ while this sticker was on your hand, then the wudu’ would be invalid.  Likewise, any prayers you prayed with this invalid wudu’ would be required to be repeated.
May Allah remove all barriers between us and Him.
[Ustadha] Iman Badawi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Rulings on Vaginal Discharge

Acquisition of the Clear Light
Question: Is it necessary to do ghusl after vaginal discharge? What are the rulings on vaginal discharge in the Hanafi School? 
Answer:
Assalāmu ‘alaykum Dear Sister in Faith,
The release of Leukorrhea, more commonly know as vaginal discharge, is a normal, healthy aspect of a women’s physiology. In fact, women who suffer from vaginal dryness know just how great of a blessing it is.
Leukorrhea can be white, yellow, or green. Discolored discharge that is accompanied by an odor, irritation, itching, pain, or inflammation is abnormal and is usually a sign of infection.
However, the regular whitish or yellowish discharge that a woman experiences on a daily basis is pure in accordance with the sounder view in the Hanafi School [Tahtawi, Hashiya on Maraqi al Falah].
It is not necessary to remove it from one’s clothing before prayer. Its release would not necessitate ghusl nor wudu.
[Ustadha] Iman Badawi

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani