Should One Do the Prostration of Forgetfulness Due to Pronunciation Errors?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salaamu alaykum,

In Salah,is the prostration of forgetfulness required if one repeats verses due to pronunciation errors? (Hanafi School)

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

You should not be repeating verses due to pronunciation errors. For the most part, such non-deliberate errors are completely excused. Further, even reciting with correct tajwid is not a requirement in the Hanafi school. Focus on your recitation outside of the prayer, and recite verses once within it.

Please see: Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Quran Invalidate Your Prayer? and: Should I Repeat my Quran and Dua Recitations Due to Errors in Pronunciation?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Do Pronunciation Errors Invalidate Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salaam alaikum.

I repeat my recitation during prayer to ensure I am pronouncing the surah correctly. This practice causes me to pray extremely long and exhausting prayers that give me little tranquility and happiness in my heart.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Unintentional pronunciation errors aren’t going to invalidate your prayer. Practice your tajwid outside of the prayer, and say things once, and once only, within the prayer itself.

Please also see: Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Qur’an Invalidate Your Prayer? and: Should I Repeat My Qu’ran and Dua Recitations Due to Errors in Pronunciation?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam.

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

Is There a Reward for Reading the Qur’an in Translation?

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Is there a reward for reading the Qur’an in translation?

Answer: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

I pray that you are well.

The Reward for Reciting the Qur’an in Arabic

Muslim scholarship does not consider the translation of the Qur’an to actually be the Qur’an; rather, it considers all translation attempts at conveying the meaning of the scripture.

There are many narrations that highlight the extraordinary reward of reciting the Qur’an, especially for those who do so with difficulty. All such narrations are interpreted as referring to reciting the Qur’an in Arabic. For example:

Whoever recites a letter of the Book of God will have one reward, rewards being multiplied by ten. I do not say that Alif Lām Mīm is a letter; rather, Alif is a letter, Lām is a letter, and Mīm is a letter [Tirmidhi].

One who recites the Qur’an and is skilful in doing so will be with the obedient, noble, and recording angels. One who recites the Qur’an, stammering through it, because it is difficult for him, will have two rewards [Bukhari; Muslim].

The Reward for Reciting the Qur’an in Translation

This is to say that the textual evidence we have establishes set rewards for reciting the Qur’an, but does not do so for a person reading its translation in another language. This does not mean that there is no reward for the latter, only that there is no textual proof that demarcates one.
However, reading an explanation or translation of the Qur’an in an attempt to ponder over and benefit from its meanings is extremely praiseworthy, as understanding and benefiting from meaning is one of the primary goals of the revelation. The Qur’an itself encourages us to ponder on the meanings of the text: Will they not ponder over the Qur’an? Or are there locks on their hearts? [Qur’an; 47.24].

Such good action will therefore be rewarded in a manner left up to God’s all-encompassing grace. He promises that whoever brings forth a good deed will be rewarded ten-fold [Qur’an; 6.160]; and that God does not waste the reward of those who do good [Qur’an; 11.115].

Wassalam,
Shuaib Ally

What Are the Ten Canonical Recitations of the Qur’an and How Can I Learn Them?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam aleykum,

Can someone could give me a brief summary on the ten qirat (canonical recitations) and the different maqamat (musical tones)? What is the first canonical recitation I should learn first?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

There are ten mass-transmitted (mutawatir) canonical recitations of the Qur’an, in the sense that they all technically meet the conditions of such transmission. However, seven of them are generally greater in strength than the other three, namely, Ya`qub, Khalaf and Abu Ja`far. [`Itr, `Ulum al-Qur’an al-Karim]

All of these recitations, nevertheless, are essentially various dialects or ways of reciting the same agreed upon text, as taught by the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) to the Companions (sahaba), and them to the Followers (tabi`in) and so on.

If you would like to memorise them, you need to find a qualified reciter (qari) of the Qur’an who has a recognised license to teach them. Start by mastering the recitation of your cultural background, or that of your community, and then progress under your teacher’s guidance.

As for the musical tones (maqamat), they are something separate to the canonical recitations.

Please also see: Differences Between the Canonical Recitations of Qur’an and: What is the Basis for the Ten Modes of Recitation of the Qur’an? and: Beautifying One’s Voice

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Abdulmutlib12