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A Reader on Eid al-Adha

The Ten Days of Dhu’l Hijja

The Ten Days of Dhu’l Hijja: Merits & Striving in Spiritual Works

The Complete Fiqh of Eid al-Adha

The Fiqh of Eid al-Fitr & Eid al-Adha

Does a Wife Have to Purchase Her Own Animal for Eid Slaughtering?

Can Qurbani (Udhiya) Be Done In a Different Country?

Can One Person Slaughter a Sacrificial Animal on the Behalf of Others on Eid in the Maliki School?

Is There a Difference of Opinion on Whether Slaughtering (Qurbani/Udhiya) is Necessary, and How Does One Deal With Years of Makeups?

Does One Have to do Udhiya/Qurbani for One’s Young Children?

Do I have to give 1/3 of the Sacrificial (Udhiya) Meat away in Charity?

What Do I Do if I Missed Slaughtering (Qurbani/Udhiya)?

Eid Prayer

Eid Prayer At A Masjid & Behind A Shafi`i

Fasting

Fasting During the First Nine Days of Dhu’l Hijja

General Matters

Is Hugging on Eid an Innovation (Bid`a)?

Is It a Bid’a (Reprehensible Innovation) to Say “Jumu’a Mubarak” (Blessed Friday) to Other Muslims?

A Hajj Reader

Revised 20th September, 2013

Dhul Hijja, the month of Hajj, is fast approaching. Hundreds and thousands of blessed Muslims are packing their bags, checking their travel documents and flocking to airports around the world, to make the journey to Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

This brief document is a resource for those travelling for Hajj this year, or any year. It provides links to questions that have been answered by SeekersGuidance scholars, blog posts written about the pilgrimage, and relevant information pertaining to Hajj.

Videos and Blog Posts:
Video: Preparing for Hajj – Habib Faisal-Alkaff – Radical Middle Way

Hajj Handbook – Shaykh Husain Abdul Sattar …

Video: Hajj Reflections – Radical Middle Way …

The Hajj Collection – Shaykh Abdal Hakim …

Ten Good Manners for Hajj by Imam al-Ghazali …

The Gifts of Hajj – Radical Middle Way – Blog

Imam al-Haddad’s Counsels on Hajj and `Umrah – Muwasala

Video: Fast the 9th (‘Arafa) and Live for Another Year – Mufti Abdur Rahman ibn Yusuf

On the Path to a Sacred Journey: The Courtesies (Adab) of Hajj – Nur Sacred Sciences

From Our Answers Page:
Removing Hair and Wearing Scents: Expiations for Accidental Violations of Ihram during Hajj

Does Allah Forgive Marital Infidelity When You Make Hajj?

Missing the Farewell Tawaf Due to Menstruation

Calculating Zakat and Going on Hajj with a Student Loan

Is It Valid to Make Hajj or Umrah Before One’s Parents?

Seeking Forgiveness from Others Before Hajj

Hajj Tamattu`: Does an Invalid Umra Affect the Hajj?

What is the Wisdom Behind Doing Certain Hajj and Umrah Rituals 7 Times?

Reciting Sura al-Baraqara for Protection and Cutting One’s Hair for Hajj and Umrah

What Are the Rulings of Performing Tawaf, Sa’y, and Prayer While Carrying a Baby With Dirty Diapers (Nappies)?

Question on Hajj Violations

Going On Hajj While in Debt

Can a Man Perform Hajj on Behalf of a Non-Mahram Woman?

Is Foreplay a Violation On Hajj?

Wearing Stitched Clothing in Ihram: What Kind of Expiation is Due?

Should I Delay Hajj to Help Fund a Sibling’s Wedding?

Doubts About Having Committed a Contravention at Hajj

Chronic Excuse: Can I Combine Prayers with a Single Ablution?

What is the Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram After Hajj or Umrah?

The Day of `Arafah: The 9th of Dhu’l Hijjah and the Takbirs of Eid

Removing Hair and Wearing Scents: Expiations for Accidental Violations of Ihram during Hajj

Appointing Someone to Perform Hajj on Someone’s Behalf

Can I Wear Stitched Footgear, Belts, or a Backpack While in Ihram?

Can Women Wear Ornaments While Performing Umrah?

How Long Must One Stay at Arafat During Hajj?

The Tawafs of Hajj

Recommended Viewing:

Imam Tahir’s DVD / CD set on Hajj http://www.falahproductions.com/dvd.php

The Day of `Arafah: The 9th of Dhu’l Hijjah and the Takbirs of Eid

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: What is the significance of the 9th of Dhu’l HIjjah?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalamu alaikum,

The 9th of Dhu’l Hijjah is known as ‘the Day of `Arafah,’ because the pilgrims at Hajj gather at `Arafah in worship, which is one of the three central integrals of the Hajj rituals. Its importance is such that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Hajj is `Arafah.” [Reported in most major hadith works]

The Day of `Arafah is important for those not at Hajj, as well.

Abu Qatada (Allah be pleased with him) related that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him, his family, and companions) said, “Fasting the Day of `Arafah [9thof Dhu’l Hijjah] expiates for two years, one prior and one forthcoming.” [Reported by Muslim, Abu Dawud, Nasa’i, and Ibn Majah]

As such, the scholars concur that it is highly recommended (mustahabb) to fast the Day of `Arafah [9th of Dhu’l Hijjah], even for the one on Hajj in the Hanafi school, if it does not weaken the pilgrim from spending the day busy in worship. [Haskafi, Durr; Kasani, Bada’i`]

The Day of `Arafah is one of the days when supplications (du`a) are more likely to be accepted. [Ibn al-Haajj,al-Madhkhal; Saffarini, Ghidha’ al-Albab]

This is based on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) saying, “The best of supplications are those on the Day of `Arafah.” [Tirmidhi, Ahmad, Malik, and others] Imam al-Baji explained this as meaning, ‘Having most baraka, the greatest reward, and the quickest in being answered.’ [Baji,al-Muntaqa Sharh al-Muwatta]

The Takbirs of Eid Start on This Day: The Fiqh

Allah Most High commanded us to, “Remember Allah through the appointed days.” [Qur’an, 2.203]

Hakim recorded in his Mustadrak, from both Ali and Ammar that they said, “The Messenger of Allah used to… make thetakbirs from the Fajr prayer of the Day of `Arafah and would stop them after the Asr prayer of the final day of the Days of Tashriq [13th of Dhu’l Hijjah].” There is, however, weakness in the chain of narrators, as Imam Bayhaqi mentioned. There are numerous hadiths that have been mentioned on this, as Imam Jamal al-Din al-Zayla`i expounded in his Nasb al-Raya [2.266-269]

This has been established by consensus of the Companions of the Beloved of Allah, the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace). [Mawaffaq Ibn Qudama, al-Mughni 2.126 #1431]

Legal status:

It is necessary (wajib) for every Muslim (male or female, whether praying in congregation or alone) to make the following takbir (declaration of the greatness of Allah) immediately after each obligatory (fard) prayer.

Time:

From:   the Fajr Prayer on the 9th of Dhu’l Hijjah (the Day of `Arafah)

To: the Asr Prayer on the 13th of Dhu’l Hijjah.

Thus, these takbirs last 5 days, and 23 prayers.

The takbirs:

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ilaha illa Llahu.

Wa Llahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar wa lillahi Lhamd .

( اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُوَاَللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ )

(Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, there is no god but Allah.

And Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest and to Allah belongs all praise.)

Rulings related to this:

1. The wajib is to recite this takbir once. If done more than this, it is good. [Haskafi, Durr, quoting `Ayni]

2. The position related above that it is obligatory for 23 prayers, whether in congregation or alone, for every Muslim, is the position of Abu Hanifa’s students, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad ibn al-Hasan, and it is the position acted upon and chosen for fatwa, because of the strength of their evidence and the inherited practice being on it, and because it is more cautious. [Durrand Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya, quoting al-Zahidi] Abu Hanifa’s position, that it lasts only 8 prayers, is supported by evidence, too, though, including the practice of some major Companions such as Ibn Mas`ud (Allah be pleased with him), and was taken by some major Hanafi imams, though a minority, such as Ibn al-Humam in hisFath al-Qadir.

3. It is not wrong (rather, it is recommended) to also perform it after the Eid prayer itself because the Muslims have performed it generation after generation, so it is proper to follow their inherited practice (that has been accepted by generation after generation of scholars). [Durr and Radd al-Muhtar]

4. The followers must perform it, even if the imam leaves it. [Durr]

5. Latecomers [=those who missed one or more rakat of the congregational prayer] must perform it, but after completing their prayer.

6. It is necessary for the congregation to perform it out loud. [Ibn Abidin,Radd al-Muhtar, quoting Quhustani]

7. It is necessary to make the takbirs immediately after the salams. If one talks, loses one’s wudu, or performs other actions completely foreign to the prayer, one has missed the wajib. [al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya;Durr]

And Allah alone gives success.

Walaikum assalam,
Faraz Rabbani.

Related Answers:

The Ten Days of Dhu’l Hijja: Merits & Striving in Spiritual Works

Fasting in Dhu’l Hijja

A Reader on Eid al-Adha