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Can I Say the Basmala and Just Eat Any Meat I Come Across?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam’aleykum,

When one stays in a country that does not provide halal meat, or it is not readily available in the market, is it permissible for the person to eat the available meat after pronouncing the Basmala on it?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

No, this is a misunderstanding and a misapplication of the words of the Noble Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace).

`A’isha said, “They said, ‘Messenger of Allah, there are people here who were recently idolaters and they bring us meat, but we do not know whether they mentioned the name of Allah over it or not. He said, ‘You mention the Name of Allah and eat.” [Bukhari]

There are a number of different versions of this tradition (hadith) which collectively clarify that the aforementioned “they” were a people who had recently converted to Islam, and not simply an unknown group of people, let alone disbelievers.

Imam al-Qastallani further explains that their mentioning the name of Allah (basmala) at the time of eating would not have sufficed nor would it have taken the place for the omission of the basmala at the time of slaughter. [Qastallani, Irshad al-Sari li Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari]

Hence, merely saying the basmala upon unslaughtered meat does not make it lawful (halal). Moreover, the basis of meat is impermissibility, namely that it cannot be eaten unless it has been validly and soundly slaughtered.

Nevertheless, the purpose of the words of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) was to remind them to say the basmala at the time of eating which is from its sunnas.

Please also see: A Reader on Halal Meat

And Allah alone gives success.

في إرشاد الساري: وليس المراد من قوله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- سموا عليه أنتم إن تسميتهم على الأكل قائمة مقام التسمية الفائتة على الذبح بل طلب الإتيان بالتسمية التي لم تفت وهي التسمية على الأكل. اهـ.

في حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح: قوله: ” لبقائه ” أي اللحم على الحرمة أي التي هي الأصل إذ حل الأكل متوقف على تحقق الذكاة اشرعية وبتعارض الخبرين لم يتحقق الحل فبقيت الذبيحة على الحرمة

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What Happens If You Leave the Basmala before the Fatiha in Prayer?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalam alaikum,

What is the status of the basmala before the Fatiha in prayer? Does leaving it affect the prayer?

Answer: walaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits.

It is sunna to recite ​the basmala (bismi’l Llahi’r Rahmani’r Rahim, ‘In the Name of God, Merciful and Compassionate) ​before the Fatiha, good to do so before the beginning of a sura one recites after that.

​Reciting the basmala is neither ​obligatory ​(fard) ​nor necessary​ (wajib)​—and nothing is required if ​it is ​left. [ref: Tahtawi/Shurunbulali, Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah; Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

​The basmala is considered one verse of the Qur’an, revealed to separate between the suras—and to indicate the beginning of the suras, without being the first verse of any sura. [ibid.]

Please see also: Saying Basmala Before & After the Fatiha: The Position of the Hanafi School

And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.

wassalam,

Faraz Rabbani

Is the Basmala Part of the Qur’an?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question:  In the Qaloon riwaya of the Qur’an (Maliki riwaya exclusively used in Libya) I noticed the basmala was not an ayat in the Fatiha. I inquired and found that the Malikis don’t consider it part of the Quran at all, whilst the Hanafis (and I think Shafi’s) consider the basmala a revealed ayat through wahi. I’m confused for two reasons: 1) nobody is allowed to deny an ayat of the Quran and 2) Allah protects the Quran from change, and there will never be disagreement as to what is wahi and what is not? Are the different positions on the basmala an exception?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

There is no difference of opinion on whether the basmala is divinely revealed or not.

The Basmala in the Qur’an

Firstly, it is important to note that there are two types of basmala in the Qur’an: [i] the basmala which is part of the verse in Surah al-Naml [Qur’an, 27:30], and [ii] the basmala which is found at the beginning of surahs.

There is absolutely no disagreement regarding the basmala found in Surah al-Naml.

Secondly, all four schools concur that the basmala found at the beginning of the surahs (except Suarh al-Tawba) is a divinely revealed verse, and it is massly transmitted (mutawatir) — like the rest of the Qur’an — from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace).

The Basmala at the Beginning of Surahs

With regards to the basmala found at the beginning of the surahs of the Qur’an, the scholars have differed as to whether it is part of the surah, simply a separator (between surahs), recited or unrecited. The answer to this question will help determine legal rulings related to it, such as whether the basmala should be recited in prayer. Thus, it is considered a legal issue, and there is a valid difference of opinion within the schools.

The soundest position in the Hanafi school is that it is a verse which was revealed once and assigned as a separator between surahs, and by which to seek blessings (baraka). [Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Abu Su`ud, Irshad al-`Aql al-Salim]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani