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The Prayer Comes in While I Am in Class. What Can I Do? (Habib Umar Bin Hafiz)

Answered by  Habib Umar bin Hafiz

Question: Assalam aleykum

I am student, and usually the time for Dhuhr prayer comes in while I am in class. We are not allowed to leave the class for prayer, so what is the best thing to do in this situation?

Answer: [Assalam alaykum]

Establishing the Prayer in the Most Beautiful Manner

It would be beautiful if you finish your class and then arrange a congregation (group prayer) with your classmates. It is even better and more beautiful if the teacher(s) and headmaster join you.

Performing the Prayer in the Beginning of the Time

The special virtue of performing a prayer at the first of its time is a matter of difference of opinion, and what is narrated in the sunnah is that the Prophet (may Allah peace and blessings be upon him and his folk) would pray a prayer mostly at the first half of its time and that he would sometimes delay a prayer beyond its first time. It is related that he would delay the Dhuhr prayer on a hot day to a cooler time.

Praying at Work or School

And so the one who is busy at work while the prayer time comes in should manage his work time to be able to pray (giving priority to congregation without necessarily praying at the first of the prayer’s time) and so should the students at school. All praises be to Allah; our schools are usually surrounded by mosques or have prayer spaces inside them that can be used after classes or after the school day ends. Furthermore, it happens during the year that prayer times coincide with breaks between classes.

Priority of the Congregation Over the Beginning of the Time

In any case, there is sufficient time to pray during a class period, as the time for prayer is extended. Therefore, praying in congregation later is better than praying early while alone and being remiss with your class duties, while Allah has given you a stretch of time.

Prohibition of Delaying the Prayer Beyond its Time

However if it is the case that you will end up delaying a prayer beyond its time because of class (which usually does not happen in schools in the Islamic world), then you have to leave for prayer.

Importance of Balancing Duties and Managing Time

Therefore you should combine between giving your educational or work duty its due importance and managing your time so that you can perform prayers in congregation.

Virtue of a Larger Congregation

Last but not least, having a larger congregation is always better, for a man praying with another man is better than praying alone, and praying with two men is better than praying with one man, and praying with three men is better than praying with two men, and so on and so forth.

Translated by: Abdullah Alrajhy

Habib Umar bin Hafiz  is a descendant of the Prophet (upon him be Allah’s peace and blessings). Born into a family of scholars, Habib Umar, pursued the sacred sciences from a young age, including Quran, Hadith, Fiqh, ‘Aqeedah, Arabic, and Spirituality. In 1994, he established Dar al-Mustafa, an educational institute in Tarim, Yemem.

Link to the original answer

أنا طالب في المدرسة عند دخول الوقت لصلاة الظهر تكون عندنا حصة و لا يسمح لنا بالخروج من القاعة للصلاة, فما الأفضل لنا فعله ؟
يكون من الطيب أن تكمل حصتك، ثم بعد انتهائها تتفق مع جماعة من الطلاب لتصلوا جماعة، وإن خرج معكم المدرس والمدير وأهل المدرسة فذلك أجمل وأفضل. فإن فضيلة أول الوقت مختلَف فيها، والوارد في السنة أن تكون صلاته صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم غالباً في النصف الأول من أوقات الصلوات، وقد يؤخر شيئًا من الصلوات عن أول وقتها كما جاء في الإبراد بالظهر. إذن فالمنشغل أيضاً بعمل يتجاوز وقتَ الصلاة ينبغي له أن يرتب، مثله في ذلك مثل الطلاب في المدارس. والحمد لله فعامة المدارس حواليها مساجد أو وسطها مصليات يقدر الناس أن يصلوا فيها، فيمكن بعد انتهاء الحصة أو الدوام أن يخرجوا إلى ذلك المكان، على أنه قد يصادف في بعض أيام السنة أن يكون وقت الصلاة في وقت الاستراحة. وعلى أي حال فلن يخرج وقت الصلاة وأنت في هذه الحصة، فوقت الصلاة متسع، فإذا أتممت الحصة فاجتماعكم جميعاً يكون أزكى من أن تقدِّمها أنت فرادى، أو أن تخلَّ بواجبك مع سعة الوقت الذي آتاك الله إياه. فإن وصل الحد إلى إخراج الفريضة عن وقتها -وهذا لا يحصل غالباً في المدارس الموجودة في العالم الإسلامي- فيجب القيام للصلاة. فلأجل ذلك ينبغي أن تجمع بين تعظيم مهمتك في العلم أو في أي عمل آخر وبين ترتيب أن تكون الصلاة في جماعة، وكلما استوعبت فيها عدداً أكبر كان أفضل، فإن صلاة الرجل مع الرجل أزكى من صلاته وحده، وصلاته مع الرجلين أزكى من صلاته مع الرجل، وصلاته مع الثلاثة أزكى وهكذا ..

Making Fun of Friends and Educational Material with Foul Language

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Salamu alaikum
1.Is it permitted to make jokes about a friend’s weight or the way a person eats if this person is not hurt by this kind of humor?
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“The believer can do no worse than belittle his brother”.

Does it mean that if the brother is hurt by the jokes then it is “belittling”?
2. In class we watch short clips with bad language during the lesson. Is it obligatory for me to leave the room? What is the general rule for bad language?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
Contempt of a Fellow Believer
The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Do not envy one another, do not bid against on another, bidding in order to raise the price, do not hate one another, do not turn your backs on one another, and none of you should sell against the sale of anyone else. Be slaves of Allah, brothers. A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim: he should not wrong him nor scorn him nor disappoint him. Godfearing is here,” and he pointed to his breast three times. “It is enough evil for man to scorn his Muslim brother. The blood, property and honour of a Muslim is unlawful to another Muslim.”
Belittling another believer would be humiliating them, disgracing them,​ ​or ​holding them in contempt, ​​and​ the like ​​.
As for joking, there are conditions for ​their​ permissibility. Please refer to the following: Is It Impermissible to Tell Inappropriate Jokes? and: Lying When Joking
​​Bad Language
In general, it is impermissible to swear. ​However, such rulings don’t apply to non-Muslims.
Please see: The Ruling on Swearing
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

A class for serious seekers: Dars Maraqi al-Falah – Mastering the Fiqh of Worship according to the Hanafi school – with Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Mastering Worship

Dars Maraqi al-Falah

درس مراقي الفلاح

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For seekers of knowledge who have covered at least two complete texts in the fiqh of worship, and who know Arabic, Mastering Worship will be covering Imam Shurunbulali’s Maraqi al-Falah in full, with Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

The commentary (Maraqi al-Falah) will be read in Arabic, and explain in both Arabic and English, through twice a week live online lessons. The lessons will be recorded for those unable to attend live.

There will be an online forum for QA, discussion, and for related texts & resources. [The pdf of the commentary, Tahtawi’s hashiya, and other important works will be provided.]

The goal of the class is simple: to master the fiqh details of the chapters on worship (purification, prayer, fasting, zakat, and hajj). We define “mastery” as thorough understanding of the text itself, its legal reasoning, and key details. Fiqh is deep knowledge, with understanding of nuances and implications.

The purpose in this mastery is to seek the pleasure of Allah, through benefitting oneself and others by preserving, acting upon, and transmitting this noble Prophetic inheritance.

The means to mastery would be through understanding of eight matters related to the text:

1. Tawdih (clarification of the text, in expression and indication)

2. Taqyid (conditioning the text, where essential conditions are needed)

3. Tafsil (detailing the text, where essential details are needed)

4. Taswir (describing the text’s issues, through practical examples)

5. Taq`id (clarifying the legal principles the text’s issues are based on or entail)

6. Tafri` (giving the important derived rulings, classical and contemporary, that a serious seeker must know)

7. Ta`lil (understanding the legal reasoning and wisdom underlying the text’s rulings)

8. Tadlil (understanding the legal proofs for the rulings of the text)

The expectations from the students would be to:

1. Prepare for the class, by [a] thorough reading of the matn; [b] careful reading of the commentary–with focus on the legal details and reasoning mentioned in the commentary; [c] preparing properly thought-out questions related to the text and its implications. It is encouraged, especially for more advanced students, to research key issues in the reference works, commentaries, and other complete works on the fiqh of worship. (This is not an expectation. Students are welcome to email the instructor for advice on this.)

2. Attend the class, with [a] attentiveness, through cutting out distractions (no surfing, messaging, texting, etc); [b] participation when the instructor asks questions; [c] asking questions, from their preparation or from things unclear in the text or the instructor’s explanations.

3. Review of the class notes and text. Research of issues that arise is encouraged, and asking questions regarding things that remain unclear is essential. The more you can keep reviewing the text (especially the matn), the better. Test yourself, by checking whether you remember the key details. Diagramming the text helps.

4. Take notes. It is best to write out the matn itself, and essentials from the commentary (such as the key details and reasoning). This is also good Arabic writing practice.

5. Participate in the Class Forum by asking questions, sharing issues of benefit, and getting involved in the relevant discussions, with the proper manners of a keen seeker of knowledge (talib `ilm).

6. Seek Allah’s assistance, make this a means of seeking His pleasure, have high secondary intentions of acting upon what you learn with excellence, preserving and transmitting Prophetic guidance, to benefit yourself and to benefit others, and to gain all the benefits mentioned by Allah and the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) for those who seek and transmit sacred knowledge for the sake of Allah.

And Allah alone gives success.