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Does Repeating Verses of Surah Fatiha out of Waswas Breaks Continuity?

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Does repeating verses of Surah Fatiha out of waswas breaks continuity in Surah Fatiha in the Shafi Madhab?

Answer: Assalam ‘alaykum. I pray you’re well insha’Allah.

The Shafi’i fuqaha have mentioned the case of a person suffering from waswasa during recitation of the Fatiha in prayer and state that such a person is excused on condition.

Ruling on waswasa during the Fatiha in prayer

The ruling is that as long as they intend by their repetitions that they are reciting the Fatiha, that the recital is valid and is not interrupted.

‘Intending’ simply means that one knows one is reciting the Fatiha each repetition, and does not intend by his words some other reason.

[Bughyat al Mustarshidin]

Waswasa

Try to put aside the rulings for now and do your best and continue. If you are suffering from severe waswasa while knowing the correct ruling, then know that shaytan is at work. He wants you to keep beating yourself up and going over the same matter over and over again so all your time gets wasted on it, and you can’t complete your worship or move on to any other worship to Allah. The first step is to say the ta’awudh before commencing prayer, and in each raka, before the Fatiha.

If you find your condition getting worse, it may be worth seeking counselling to help surface the reasons behind your misgivings.

Please also refer to the following answers:

Waswasa Archives

May Allah give you ease in all your affairs.

Warmest salam,
[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

Forgetting Parts of Ritual Ablution (Wudu) and Maintaining Continuity

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Salaamu Alaykum,

Can you please tell me what one should do in the Hanafi madhab if someone :

1a) Was unable to complete his wudu (due to dropping his water and having to find new water) and a long time passes such that his limbs have dried – start again?

1b) Was unable to complete his wudu (due to dropping his water and having to find new water) and a short time passes such that his limbs haven’t dried – continue?

2a) Forgot to finish his wudu and a long time passes

2b) Forgot to do an obligatory action (like wiping his head) and a long time passes/short time passes.

2c) Forgot to do a sunna action and a long time passes/short time passes.

3a) Intentionally leaves an obligatory action such as his feet to answer the phone and a long time passes.

3b) Intentionally leaves an obligatory action for a short time such as leaving the wiping of the head and doing at the end of the wudu.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

In general, continuity (wila’) is to wash the subsequent limb before the previous limb has dried, under normal conditions. This is a confirmed sunna in the Hanafi school. And leaving a confirmed sunna without excuse is blameworthy. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

The consideration is given to whether the limb would have dried under normal circumstances. Time is irrelevant.

[1] Running out of water would be considered an excuse. You would continue from where you left off, and are considered to have performed the sunna.

[2] If you forgot to perform an obligatory action, it would be best to restart the wudu. Though if you continued from where you left off, it would be valid but improper as you missed the sunna. Genuinely forgetting to perform a sunna action would be considered an excuse.

[3] It is also a recommended sunna not to interrupt the wudu with any foreign actions. A brief interruption would be fine, though in and of itself, better to start anew. An excessive interruption, without strong need, would be improper and it would be best to restart the wudu.

Maintaining the order (tartib) during the wudu is also a confirmed sunna, but a separate issue.

[Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani