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Is It Permissible for a Hanafi to Cut Only 3 Hairs When Performing Umrah?

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: As salamu alaykum, Is it permissible for a Hanafi to take the Shafi’i opinion on cutting only 3 hairs when performing umrah? And if it is allowed under certain conditions or a certain situation, could you please tell me what those are.

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

No. In the Hanafi school, the way to exit ihram is to shave the head or to trim the hair. Cutting three hairs is not a valid position in the school. (Izmiri, Kamal al Diraya)

However, if one wanted to follow the Shafi’i school to perform one’s hajj then that is perfectly permissible. However, as Shaykh ‘Abd al Ghani al Nabulsi stated, you would have to learn all the rulings needed to perform it according to the Shafi’i school and ensure that it is valid according to that school. There should be no mixing. (Khulasa al Tahqiq fi Bayan Hukm al Taqlid wa al Talfiq).

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

What Is the Ruling on Cutting Hair After Hajj or Umrah?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam alaykum

Does the head have to be shaved with a blade after Umrah or Hajj or can electric hair clippers at their lowest setting be used to satisfy the fiqh position?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam

Trimming the hair is sufficient. The minimum amount that needs to be trimmed is the extent of a fingertip from a quarter of one’s head although it is optimal to cut this extent from the whole head. A “fingertip” here is defined as one-third of the finger, namely the extent of the first finger joint.

Shaving is not necessary. However, it is preferred to trimming the hair as per certain prophetic traditions.

Also see: What is the Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram After Hajj or Umrah?

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

The Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I have come across differing opinions on the amount of hair that must be cut after Sa’ee in order to lift the state of Ihraam. I am afraid that my family may have not cut the required amount, which means we never properly exited Ihraam.

For men, I have read that they must trim at least one inch from their entire head, or one inch from at least one quarter of their head of hair. For women, I have read they must clip one-inch from all of their hair, one inch from a quarter of their hair, or the amount that can wrap around their finger of one lock of hair.

My father simply snipped some hair from one or two places, whilst my mother and I took a lock and wrapped it around our fingers and snipped, though I was unsure as to how thick the lock must be.

Please tell me the correct Hanafi opinion for men and women, in terms of clipping their hair at the close of Umrah, and what expiation or damm must be given for doing this incorrectly.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

The Shafi’i ruling is that cutting three strands of hair is sufficient, at a minimum length of one ‘unmula’ (i.e., from the fingertip to the first joint; about 1.5cm). [Shirbini/Nawawi, Mughni al-Muhtaj ila Ma’rifat Alfaz al-Minhaj]

This answer gives the Hanafi ruling:

What is the Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram After Hajj or Umrah?

I would advise you to take the Shafi’i ruling on this issue, considering it was done in the past and the Hanafi ruling would entail undue hardship for you.

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani mentions,

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

“I confirm this answer and the mentioned dispensation to be sound to take.” – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What is the Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram After Hajj or Umrah?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: Will you please explain by Hadith, that if there is minimum & maximum of cutting hair after umrah or haj for ladies. What about a good hair-cut instead of some little part of hair.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

According to the Hanafi school, the minimum length of hair that needs to be cut to exit the state of ihram is the length of one-third of the finger (i.e., from the fingertip to the first joint; a little over 1cm or so).

The sunna is to cut this length from all of one’s hair, yet the minimum requirement is that this length of hair be cut from at least one-fourth of the head (yet one should still do a bit more than one-fourth out of precaution). This criteria applies to both men and women. [Ascent to Felicity, p. 157]

According to the Shafi`i school, the minimum amount that must be cut is three strands of hair. [Mawsu`a Kuwaitiyya]

So a “good haircut” should be more than sufficient according to both schools.

Lastly, it is important to keep in mind that “hadith” is not the only source of law in Islam. The jurists (fuqaha’) use many other sources of law when deriving rulings, such as the Qur’an itself, scholarly consensus (ijma`), and legal analogy (qiyas). And certain schools (more than others) also used the understanding and verdicts of Sahaba, the inherited practice of certain communities (such as Medina or Kufa), legal preference (istihsan), and several other sources of law — as delineated in works of legal theory (usul al-fiqh).

So the appropriate way of posing a question such as yours is to ask about the limits of cutting the hair, as per one (or more) of the four schools of law. Each school has its proofs, which are based on hadith as well as other sources of law.

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz