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Waswas and Dogs

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I am suffering from waswas about purity.
My neighbour’s dog got into my back garden, and I keep thinking the dog could have put some clothes in his mouth and dirtied it with his saliva. Also my sibling put my clothes in his mouth and I keep thinking he swallowed impurity.

What can I do?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

You do not need to worry; you can assume the clothes are all clean and pure. Also, you sibling’s putting them in his mouth is inconsequential.

The basis is that the default ruling for things is that they are pure, and, unless you are certain that the dog’s saliva reached the clothing, there is nothing to make you treat them as impure. (Shurunbulali, Maraqi al Falah)

Don’t let the waswas make things difficult. Remember that the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, told us that, “The [practice of] the religion is ease itself.” (Bukhari)

This ease is only seen when you study the religion properly, with experienced teachers. I suggest you take one of our courses and get a good grasp of these matters so they don’t pose a problem for you anymore.

May Allah facilitate the matter for you.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

Dog’s Saliva [ Shafi’i ]

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

If a dog touches me, is it necessary to wash the area licked seven times in the shafi’i school?

Answer: Wa alaykum al-Salam

JazakaLlah khayr for your question.

Any substance that comes in contact with the najasah of a dog has to be washed seven times, one of the washings should be with sand. This is based on the hadith of Abu Hurayrah radiyaLlahu anhu that the Messenger sallaLlahu alayhi wasallam said: “The purification of the vessel of one of you, if a dog licks it, is to wash it seven times, one of those times with soil.”

Accordingly, if a dog licked you, you will have to wash that part of your body or clothing seven times, once with sand. You may, however, replace the usage of sand with soap. This though debated in the Shafi’i school, was considered permissible by Imam al-Nawawi and others [Kifayah al-Akhyar]

Also, please note that najasah, be it of a dog or otherwise, can only transfer over to your body or clothing via the medium of water. Touching a dry dog with dry clothing does not necessitate the transferal of najasah.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Should I Repeat My Prayers After Realizing My Hairdresser Owns a Dog?

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I am a shafii, recently it has come to my realization that the hair dresser I have been going to for years owns a dog and sometimes brings the dog into the shop. I have not seen her touching the dog with wet hands. I am worried that my hair has been contaminated with filth. I am worried my prayer for many years may not count.

What should I do?

Answer: Wa alaykum al-Salam

Thank you for your question.

The default rule or maxim in relations to possible contamination with najasah, is purity until definite contamination is established. The maxim reads, “certainty will not be removed through doubt”.

Since it’s established that whenever you entered the hairdresser you were in a state of purity, with certainty, and that there is doubt whether your hair was contaminated or not, the above rule and maxim means that your would have maintained a state of purity. Consequently, there is not need to worry about further contamination at your home. Also, while the Maliki position may be a viable alternative, there is no need to depart from your madhhab in this instance.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam
[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz—a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan—the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur—the current Mufti of Tarim; Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani—the Shafi‘i Mufti of Makkah; Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi; Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf; Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh; Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki; Shaykh Ala ad-Din al-Afghani; Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

My Wife Is a Convert, but We Have Kept Our Islam Secret. Is It Wrong?

Answered by Ustadha Raidah Shah Idil

Question: Assalam aleykum,

Before we married, my wife was a non-practising Christian. Allah guided us both to Islam, and we did our nikah (marriage contract). She has not told her family. We are currently being supported financially by her father. I allowed her to keep her dog before, but am no longer happy about that.

1. Is my nikah valid given there was no one from her family to give my wife away?

2. Are we doing something wrong by hiding her belief in Islam and our nikah?

3. She is refusing family planning as we’re not stable by ourselves. What can I do?

4. What is your advice about her dog. What is the best way to explain it to her?

Answer:Assalamualaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray this finds you well. May Allah reward you for reaching out to us.

Validity

1) Your nikah is valid. Your wife’s non-Muslim father is not able to be her wali, until he embraces Islam. May Allah guide him and the rest of his family to Islam.

2) Please pray Perform The Prayer of Guidance on whether or not to disclose your Islam to your wife’s family. If Allah places many obstacles in your way, then that is a sign for you to delay your announcement. If Allah makes it easy, then that is your sign to go ahead.

3) I’m not sure if I understand your question. Do you mean that you and your wife are using contraceptives, and you are unhappy about this? I think it would be wiser for you to delay starting a family until you can be honest with your in-laws about your Islam and your marriage. Please give your in-laws a chance to learn how to be respectful of your Islam, before you bring their grandchild into the world.

4) It is better to avoid keeping dogs at home. Could you negotiate with her to keep it outside? Please keep in mind that it will be easier for her to let go of her attachment to her dog once she has a greater attachment to Allah.

Work

Zubair bin ‘Awwam (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (upon him be blessings and peace) said, “It is far better for you to take your rope, go to the mountain, (cut some firewood) carry it on your back, and sell it and thereby save your face than begging from people whether they give you or refuse.” [Bukhari]

Is it possible for you to be financially independent? This will make it much easier for you to assert your Islam and your wife’s. I encourage you to seek out your own work. When you are financially beholden to someone else, then you become reluctant to upset them. This is a veil between you and Allah, because all of your provision comes from Him.

Please trust in this. Take the means to find your own feet. When you are able to do this, then you can be honest with your in-laws.

Education

When registration reopens, I encourage you and your wife to do this course together: Marriage in Islam: Practical Guidance for Successful Marriages.

In the meantime, please request the Getting Married lesson set, and listen to podcasts to improve your character, such as Content of Character. Lead your wife by example.

Wisdom

Narrated Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with her): Allah ‘s Apostle (upon him be blessings and peace) said, “Treat women nicely, for a women is created from a rib, and the most curved portion of the rib is its upper portion, so, if you should try to straighten it, it will break, but if you leave it as it is, it will remain crooked. So treat women nicely.” [Bukhari]

I encourage you to have patience with your wife. You married her, knowing her newness to Islam. It is far wiser for you to work with her, rather than against her. Be helpmates on this journey to Allah together, and not adversaries.

On difficult days, and every marriage has difficult days, remind yourself why you married her. On easier days, make plentiful gratitude that Allah guided both of you to Islam, and blessed you with your wife. With gentle guidance, your wife can be a tremendous asset to you, like you can be to her.

I pray that Allah grants you the wisdom to treat your wife with compassion, sincerity and nurturing care.

Please see:

Are Muslims Allowed to Have Pet Dogs?
What is the Islamic Stance on Having a Dog?
Can I Live With Roomates Who Are Owning Dogs?
Love, Marriage and Relationships in Islam: All Your Questions Answered

Wassalam,
[Ustadha] Raidah Shah Idil

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Raidah Shah Idil has spent almost two years in Amman, Jordan, where she learned Shafi’i’ fiqh, Arabic, Seerah, Aqeedah, Tasawwuf, Tafsir and Tajweed. She continues to study with her Teachers in Malaysia and online through SeekersHub Global. She graduated with a Psychology and English degree from University of New South Wales, was a volunteer hospital chaplain for 5 years and has completed a Diploma of Counselling from the Australian Institute of Professional Counsellors. She lives in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, with her husband, daughter, and mother-in-law.

Can I Get a Dog to Help My Son With Disabilities? [Video]

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Can I get a dog to help my son with disabilities?

Answer:  Wa alaykum assalam,

Here is a video answer by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani to this question:

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani is a scholar and researcher of Islamic law and Executive Director of SeekersHub Global After ten years overseas, Shaykh Faraz returned to Canada in the Summer of 2007. In May 2008 he founded SeekersHub Global to deal with the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge—both online and on the ground—in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He has been repeatedly listed as one of the world’s 500 most influential Muslims (The Muslim500).

Is It Permitted to Sell Cats and Dogs?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

Is it permitted to sell cats and dogs? What about the hadith prohibiting it in Sahih Muslim?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

It is permitted to sell cats and dogs in the Hanafi school. This is because both are considered pure and among those animals that can be benefitted from. [al-Kasani, al-Bada`i (5:142)]

The hadith found in Sahih Muslim either refers to (a) selling of cats and dogs that are deemed to be undomesticated or (b) to such a sale being slightly disliked. Regardless of which interpretation is favored, the selling of domesticated cats and dogs, or those that can be domesticated, would be valid and permissible in the school.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

My Dog Used to Play With My Shoes. What Should I Do Regarding Their Purity?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: 1. For many years I lived with my parents who have a dog. Our dog would often times playfully take our shoes in her mouth. I can’t remember which of my shoes she did this with. What should I do?

2. When I visit my parents, can I follow the Maliki position that dog’s spit is pure?

Answer: Assalam alaykum

1. The basis is that your shoes are pure. If you have doubts regarding whether a certain pair of shoes was effected by dog saliva, this alone would not be sufficient to establish the ruling of impurity. As such, you can ignore these doubts.

2. It would be permitted for you to follow the Maliki position although the more precautious approach would be to wash the effected area in order to avoid the difference of opinion on the issue.

For more see: Can I Pray in Clothes that Were Licked by a Dog?

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

Should I Buy Halal Food for My Cats? [Shafi’i]

Answered by Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan

Question: Assalam’aleykum,

I am taking care of 3 cats. Do we need to buy halal food for them?

Answer:Wa alaykum al-Salam

There are two areas of concern relating to your question. One is feeding animals carrion or non-slaughtered meat and the other is purchasing of such meat.

Feeding animals carrion:

Non-slaughtered fish is permissible for both human and animal consumption. The Prophet sallaLlahu alayhi wasallam said regarding the Ocean, “Its water is pure and its carrion halal.”

Meat and chicken carrion however, even though considered impure may be given as feed to animals. Imam al-Nawawi stated, “It is permitted to feed bees with impure honey and to feed dogs and birds carrion.”

Buying and selling carrion:

According to the Shafi’i school, the selling or purchasing of carrion is impermissible. One may consider the carrion to be a minority ingredient in cat food and thus consider its purchasing permissible such as in the case of one purchasing a home that has been plastered in impure mud, but this analogy may not be accepted by all.

After consulting our teacher, Maulana Taha Karaan, he advised adopting the Hanafi position that considers the sale of anything holding legal benefit as valid (kullu ma fihi manfa’ah tahillu shar’an fa inna bay’ahu yajuz).

And Allah knows best

[Shaykh] Abdurragmaan Khan

Shaykh Abdurragmaan
received ijazah ’ammah from various luminaries, including but not restricted to: Habib Umar ibn Hafiz–a personality who affected him greatly and who has changed his relationship with Allah, Maulana Yusuf Karaan – the former Mufti of Cape Town; Habib ‘Ali al-Mashhur – the current Mufti of Tarim, Habib ‘Umar al-Jaylani – the Shafi’i Mufti of Makkah, Sayyid Ahmad bin Abi Bakr al-Hibshi, Habib Kadhim as-Saqqaf, Shaykh Mahmud Sa’id Mamduh, Maulana Abdul Hafiz al-Makki, Sh. Ala ad- Dind al-Afghani, Maulana Fazlur Rahman al-Azami and Shaykh Yahya al-Gawthani amongst others.

Can I Live With Roomates Who Are Owning Dogs?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: I have been looking for apartments for almost four months. The only options I seem to receive is all female roommates. However, most of the roommates have dogs.

I know that keeping animals as dogs is only permissible under certain circumstances. However, would is be possible that an exception applies to my situation?

Answer: Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullah

I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits. May Allah facilitate your search!

While it is not permissible to keep that dog indoors as a pet, you are not responsible for others keeping such a pet.

Thus, you can move-in to such an apartment, and simply observe the relatively straightforward guidelines related to dogs and purity.

Note, of course, that as Muslims we have nothing “against” dogs, and should treat them with the mercy and concern that we have for all of Allah’ creation.

Please see: Are Muslims Allowed to Have Pet Dogs? and: Possible Residual Impurities from Dog Saliva or Marital Relations; Should I Wash Everything? and: Can I Pray in Clothes that Were Licked by a Dog? and: The Reward for Feeding Animals and: What is the Islamic Stance on Having a Dog?

Take a SeekersHub online course. All courses are completely free: FREE ONLINE COURSES WITH RELIABLE SCHOLARS.

And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.

Wassalam,
Faraz Rabbani

Possible Residual Impurities from Dog Saliva or Marital Relations; Should I Wash Everything?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: As salaamu Alaikum waramatullahi wabarakatu
1. My inlaws have dogs in their house and because of this I hardly visit them like I should. When they come to visit, I end up cleaning the floor, beddings and any seating they used. Do I need to do this cleaning? Is it excessive?
2. Whenever I have marital relations with my wife, I wash all the beddings and blankets. Sometimes no fuild will be on the bedding, yet I end up washing  it anyway. Do I need to do this?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
[1] If you are sure the dog’s saliva affected something, then you should clean it. Otherwise, the basis is purity. In difficult situations, you can follow the Maliki position which doesn’t consider the saliva of a dog to be filthy. [see: Can I Pray in Clothes That Were Licked by a Dog? and: Dog Saliva, Dog Hair, and How to Purify Impurities]
[2] No, unless there is obvious filth present, you do not need to do anything.
Please see: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)
And Allah alone gives success.
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani