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Donating the Reward of Khatm al-Qur’an

Ustadh Tabraze Azam is asked about donating the rewards for Qur’an recitation to the deceased.

I pray this note finds you in the best of spirits, insha Allah

My beloved mother passed away this year in March. May Allah grant her the highest station of Jannah, amin. As a tradition, all my siblings started a monthly Qur’an khatm to dedicate to her. One of my cousins is requesting that we donate this Qur’an khatm to her mother as well, i.e., adding two beneficiaries to one Qur’an khatm. I am totally willing to do this as long as this does not diminish my mom’s reward.

Question:

  1. Does adding another person’s name to the Qur’an khatm dedication list diminish the reward of my mother?
  2. What is the Hanafi ruling on donating one Qur’an khatm to multiple deceased members ?

Appreciate your guidance in this regard.

Jazak Allah khayr.

May Allah Most High grant your mother a tremendous forgiveness, and enter her into the gardens of the righteous forever.

It is permitted and praiseworthy to donate the reward of your recitation to your mother, to your cousin’s mother, and to any other Muslim likewise. Doing so will not diminish your reward, nor the reward of any of them.

Ibn Hajar al-Haytami was asked whether the reward of a recitation of the Fatiha at a graveyard would be shared between its inhabitants, or if each person would get the full benefit. He responded that a great number of scholars held the latter.

This entire matter is quite expansive by the Grace of Allah Most High.

(Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar)

Please also see Donating Reward to the Dead: A Detailed Answer.

And Allah Most High knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Can I Donate the Reward of a Voluntary Fast to Another Person?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

In addition to making dua for a loved one when they have a specific need, can I fast for that person with the intention of having his/her need fulfilled? For instance – Can I make an intention like the following: “I intend to fast for my child until his/her exams day”?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Yes, it is permissible to donate the reward of a voluntary fast to another person, and in this case, your child. You can fast with the intention of fulfilling another’s need as it can be considered a form of supplication (du‘a) for another. Many traditions (ahadith) affirm the permission to donate reward to another.

[Ibn ‘Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar; Qari, al-Maslak al-Mutaqassit]

Please also see this answer.

And Allah Most High knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Can I Offer the Reward of a Sacrifice to Someone Else?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

Can a person sacrifice an animal either during Eid ul Adha or in general in the name of deceased person so that he/she can receive the reward for this?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

Yes, it is permitted to donate the reward of a good deed to another, whether the other person is alive or deceased.

A man told the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) that his mother died a sudden death and did not have a chance to leave a bequest in her will, and that were she able to speak she would want to donate charity. He then asked if the reward of charity on behalf of his deceased mother would reach her, to which the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) replied, “Yes.” [Muslim]

Please see the following answer for further details: Donating Reward to the Dead: A Detailed Answer and: Is Donating the Reward of a Recitation to Prophets Permissible?

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is Donating the Reward of a Recitation to Prophets Permissible?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I have the habit after making a supplication to send salam to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and afterwards ask Allah to accept my reciting of Fatiha and let the reward go to all the Prophets. Is it permissible?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

Yes, it is permissible to donate reward in such a manner. For a detailed answer on this, please refer to the following:

Donating Reward to the Dead: A Detailed Answer

Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani