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Sunna Prayers after Jumu‘a

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat is asked about the number of sunna prayers after the Friday prayer.

I use this website very often and it has helped me a lot with my religious questions. Thank you to the SeekersHub team for doing this wonderful work.

I love Shaykh Faraz Rabbani and his team and whenever I want to know about a particular ruling, I try my best to find answers on this website and I am mostly successful.

I recently purchased a book written by Shaykh Faraz Fareed Rabbani entitled The Absolute Essentials of Islam. In there on page 42, Shaykh Faraz mentions that there are four rak‘as of confirmed sunna after Jumu‘a prayer.

My question: Historically I have been praying four rak‘as and then two rak‘as of sunna prayer after jumu‘a. I know there are Hanafi scholars who mention that this correct. However, in most other respects I follow the opinion of SeekersHub, so should I now only pray four rak‘as of sunna prayer after jumu‘a or should I continue praying four rak‘as plus two rak‘as?

P.S. My main concern when asking this question is to make sure that I am consistent. That is, I do make religion a play and out of many opinions out there, do not always choose the most easy option.

Looking forward to the answer.

Jazak Allah khayr.

I pray you are well.

Yes, many people all over the world, myself included, are greatly indebted to Shaykh Faraz and the team at SeekersHub for all the knowledge and benefit they have spread over the years. May Allah grant everyone involved the best of both worlds.

Perhaps you could translate this gratitude into action and help to raise funds for the Islamic Scholars Fund, through with many scholars all over the world are able to teach, help, and benefit the Muslims. Why not tell your loved ones about the benefit you have found at SeekersHub and encourage them to benefit by donating too?

The Friday Sunnas

The position found in the authoritative books on Hanafi jurisprudence, such as Radd al-Muhtar, al-Durr al-Mukhtar, Maraqi al-Falah,  and others, is that it is a sunna to pray four units before the obligatory units of the Friday prayer, and four units after. These are the emphasized sunnas for the Friday prayer.

There is another weaker position ascribed to Abu Yusuf, the student of Abu Hanifa, which indicates that one should pray six units – and not just four (Mawsili, al Ikhtiyar). Some scholars of the Indian subcontinent prefer to apply this position.

If you regularly pray these units keep doing so. See them as means of thanking Allah for His kindness and favors upon you. However, if someone does not pray them they cannot be criticized.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Abdul-Rahim

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Am I Sinful for Regularly Missing the Emphasised Sunna of Performing the Friday Prayer With the Purity Achieved by the Ritual Bath (Ghusl) of That Day?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Asalamu alaikum,

I pray my Friday prayers very far from my home.

Am I sinful for regularly missing the emphasised Sunna of performing the ritual bath (ghusl) on Fridays by not being able to pray the Friday prayer with the purity achieved from this ritual bath?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

It is a sunna to perform the ritual bath (ghusl) for the Friday prayer. [`Ala’ al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Anyone who comes to the Jumu’a should perform the ritual bath.” [Bukhari]

Nonetheless, the sunna will, insha’Allah, be fulfilled even if you were unable to pray with the purification from your bath, on condition that you have a reasonable excuse.

There are a number of reasons for this:

(1) there is a difference of opinion on whether the ritual bath is a recommended or emphasised sunna,

(2) there is a difference of opinion on whether it is for the prayer or for the day (i.e. Friday itself), and

(3) there is a position that it is legislated for general cleanliness and not specifically that the purification for the prayer come from the bath taken.

[Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar `ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

Thus, we should strive to hold fast to the stricter and chosen position of the school, out of love of Allah Most High and devotedly following the beloved Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace), whilst at the same time realising that the Religion of Allah is vast and easy, and differences of opinion are a mercy for all. The intention of the believer is greater than his action, and each person shall get whatever they intended.

And Allah alone knows best and He alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Is Omitting an Emphasized Sunna Sinful? I Have a Three Month-Old Baby — Mercy, Ease, and Beautiful Balance in Seeking Allah

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: I have a baby of three months old who doesn’t settle easily. So it is hard for me to pray. I sometime try to do my sunnah as well but most of the time I only perform my fard prayer. Am I sinning by missing on sunnah muaqaddah which I used to perform regularly before I had the baby?

​Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate
I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits. In such a case, it would be neither blameworthy nor sinful to omit your sunna prayers when it is difficult to perform them.
The Importance of the Emphasized Sunna
The emphasized sunnas (sunna mu’akkada) are those Prophetic practices that we have been especially encouraged to uphold and cautioned against leaving. Thus, the emphasized sunna shouldn’t be left without excuse. If left without excuse, it is blameworthy and unbecoming someone serious about their religion. [Ref: Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Tahtawi/Shurunbulali, Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]
When Can Emphasized Sunnas Be Left?
However, when there is an excuse–such as what you describe–then one should do the best one can, and have the intention that were one able to do more, one genuinely would. With this intention and genuine resolve, Allah will write for you the full reward of having performed the sunnas. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “If a servant is sick or travelling, the full reward of what they used to do when they were resident and well.” [Bukhari] The same applies to any other situations of genuine hardship, inability, or excuse.
Mercy, Ease, and Beautiful Balance in Seeking Allah
It is important to remember that Allah Most High tells us–through addressing the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace & blessings be upon him & his folk) himself–in the Qur’an, “We have sent you only as mercy to all creation.” [Qur’an, ​27.107] It is understood from this that every teaching and guidance–every command and encouragement–that the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace & blessings be upon him & his folk) came with is an expression of Divine Mercy and a means to attaining Divine Mercy.
Allah Most High also tells us that, “And Allah has not placed any hardship for you in religion.” [Qur’an, 22.78] And Allah tells us in the closing two verses of Surat al-Baqara (which the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) encouraged us to read nightly), “Allah does not make anyone responsible for more than they are able.” [Qur’an, 2.286]
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Truly, this religion is ease. And no one makes religion difficult for themselves except that they will be overwhelmed. So remain steadfastly committed; do your best; and be of glad tidings.” [Bukhari and others]
The key to sustained religious practice is to have clear purpose of seeking Allah’s pleasure, and then to have consistent, purpposeful, sustainable religious routines that aren’t excessive–but at the same time an expression of “doing one’s best”–with a positive, grateful, rejoicing attitude. [Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Bari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari]
And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.
Faraz Rabbani
The following chapter from Imam Nawawi’s Gardens of the Righteous (Riyad al-Salihin), an important collection of Prophetic teachings, is important:
Chapter 14: On Moderation in Worship