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Is It Acceptable to Wear Clothes With Allah’s Name on It?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I am a football player. I would love to see my name “Habibullah” written on my jersey.

1. Is it acceptable for me to wear my jersey into the toilet since it has Allah’s name on it?

2. Will I be responsible if others who buys my jersey wear it into the toilet?

Answer: Assalamu alaykum

1. The basic rule is that it would be disliked to enter the toilet, which is defined here specifically as the area where one relieves himself, while wearing something with the name “Allah” or a Qur’anic verse and the like.

This dislikedness is lifted though when one covers the name or verse before entering the toilet. Yet, even here it would be best to avoid entering with such names/verses if reasonably possible.

2. You will not be responsible and such a possibility does not render it impermissible for you to put your full name on a jersey but what you mention is certainly something to keep in mind as any Muslim would not wish to see the name of Allah disrespected.

You can always, for example, choose to simply have the name “Habib” on your jersey as opposed to “Habib Allah.”

[Ibn Nujaym, Bahr al-Ra’iq (1:256); Ibn Abidin, Hashiya (6:361); Ibn Qudama, al-Mughni (1:109)]

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas   graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman where he spent five years studying Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir. He is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Oxford and continues his traditional studies with scholars in the United Kingdom.

Is It Permissible to Enter a Public Bathroom Whilst Carrying Islamic Material in a Closed Bag?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

Is it permissible to enter a public bathroom whilst carrying islamic material in a closed bag?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

It is best to avoid when reasonably possible as the basis is having veneration for religious books and the like.

However, when difficult or unreasonable, it would be permitted to enter the bathroom with such items covered up or away in a bag, for example.

Allah Most High states, “That [is the command]! And whosoever venerates the symbols of Allah: indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.” [22:32]

See also: Entering the Bathroom With Qur’anic Verses on Clothing

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Qur’an Application on a Smartphone: Can I Touch My Smartphone Without Ablution?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas
Question: Is it necessary for a person to have wudu if they want to use a Quran app on a smartphone? Does the same rule that applies to touching a mushaf apply to touching the phone while the Quran is open on the device?
Answer: assalamu `alaykum
The answer to your question has been detailed by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam here: Qur’an Application on an iPhone: Can I Touch My iPhone Without Ablution?
Salman
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Entering the Bathroom With Qur’anic Verses on Clothing

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I have a MSA sweat-shirt that has the approximate partial English translation of a verse of the Qur’an on its back. 

(1) Is it permissible to wear this in the bathroom if one is not going there to relieve oneself (e.g. going to wash hands, make wud’u etc.)?

(2) I went into the washroom with the sweat-shirt on to add water to a bottle for drinking and upon realizing that the back of the sweat-shirt contained a reference to Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala), instead of immediately leaving the bathroom, I looked in the mirror and made a surprised face to witness my reaction and then left the bathroom.

Should I ignore thoughts about having disrespected the Qur’an by staying those few extra seconds to view my expression in the mirror?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

(1) The basic answer to your question is no, it is not permissible. One should just take the sweatshirt off and wear a T-shirt instead.

The criteria in the Hanafi school is as follows:

If one has anything with Qur’an written on it, such as an amulet or the like, then it is not sinful to enter the toilet area with it as long as (a) it is covered and (b) one is not wearing it. However, even that is better to avoid.

If it is uncovered, or if covered yet one is wearing it, then entering the toilet area with it would be sinful. So one cannot enter the toilet area while wearing a shirt with Qur’an on it, even if wearing something over that shirt.

[Ibn Humam, Fath al-Qadir; Zayla`i, Tabyin al-Haqa’iq; Ibn Nujaym, Bahr al-Ra’iq; Haskafi, Durr al-Mukhtar]

As for entering the sink area alone, it would be less severe if at a good distance from the toilet (such as with most public restrooms), but should still be avoided.

The basis of these rulings is veneration of the Qur’an. [Zada, Majma` al-Anhur]

Allah Most High states, “That [is the command]! And whosoever venerates the symbols of Allah: indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.” [22:32]

(2) Ignore such thoughts: you did not intend any disrespect to the Qur’an. Close the doors of waswasa early on.

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approve by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

Qur’an Software Application & Entering the Toilet

Qur’an Application on an iPhone: Can I Touch My iPhone Without Ablution

Placing the Qur’an on the Floor: Not Permissible

Qur’an Application on an iPhone: Can I Touch My iPhone Without Ablution?

Answered by Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam

Question: I recently downloaded the Quran application onto my iPhone and have the entire Qur’an saved both in audio and digital forms. I have two questions: Firstly, do I need to have Wudu in order to touch my iPhone, or is wudu required only when the app is open? Secondly, would it be impermissible to take the phone to the lavatory given that the entire Qur’an is stored in digital form on its memory?

Answer: In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

1) The position of all four Sunni schools of Islamic law is that it is unlawful (haram) to touch any part of a textual copy of the Qur’an (mushaf) without being in a state of minor ritual purity (wudu), as a way of honouring the book of Allah. The majority of the Imams of Qur’anic exegesis (mufassirun) state that the verses: “It is surely the Noble Qur’an, (recorded already) in a protected book (i.e. the Preserved Tablet) that is not touched except by the purified ones (the angels). A revelation from the Lord of the worlds” (Qur’an: 56/77-80) refers also to physically touching the Qur’an. Moreover, Imam Malik (Allah have mercy on him) relates in his Al-Muwatta that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) wrote a letter to Amr ibn Hazm (Allah be pleased with him), in which he said, “None should touch the Qur’an except one who is in a state of purity.” (Al-Muwatta no: 534)

Apart from the Mushaf, if a complete verse of the Qur’an is written or inscribed on something else such as a wall, piece of paper, slate or coin [m: and by extension, if the Qur’an is stored electronically in a digital format on an iPhone, PC or some other device, since it can not be classed a Mushaf], there are two opinions of classical Hanafi jurists (fuqaha) regarding its ruling:

Some jurists are of the view that in addition to the Mushaf itself, it is not permitted to touch an item on which a complete verse of the Qur’an is inscribed. It is stated in Maraqi al-Falah:

“Likewise Wudu is mandatory in order to touch a Mushaf, and even [to touch] a verse inscribed on a coin or wall due to the statement of Allah Most High, “it is not touched except by the purified ones” whether [to touch] the inscribed part or the blank space. Some of our [Hanafi] scholars, however, stated that what is prohibitively disliked for the ritually impure is to touch the actual area where the text is written and not the blank space because one is not touching the Qur’an literally. The correct position is that touching the blank space is akin to touching the text itself [in that both are not permitted].” (See: (Maraqi al-Falah with the commentary of Tahtawi P: 82)

Acknowledging that some Hanafi jurists limit the prohibition of touching to the actual area where the Qur’anic text is inscribed, Imam Shurunbulali in the above passage explains that the correct position is that if a verse is written on anything besides the Mushaf, on a slate for example, then not only is it prohibited to touch that part of the slate where the verse is inscribed but the whole slate itself. Based on this, if the Qur’an application is activated and the verses appear on the screen of an iPhone, PC or other electronic devices, it is not permitted to touch the device without Wudu.

The second opinion within the Hanafi School is that if Qur’anic verses are inscribed on something other than a Mushaf, then it is only impermissible to touch that part of the item where the verses are inscribed and not the whole item. Imam Ibn Abidin (Allah have mercy on him), quoting Halabi and Al-Bahr al-Ra’iq, states:

“… It is not unlawful in other than a Mushaf [to touch] except the area where the verses are inscribed.” (Radd al-Muhtar ala ‘l-Durr al-Mukhtar 1/173)

This position, chosen by Imams Ibn Abidin, Ibn Nujaym and others, can be acted upon given the need and widespread usage of digital forms of the Qur’an. It is, however, superior and closer to propriety when possible to take precaution and act upon the first position. Based on this, once the verses of the Qur’an appear on the screen, it will not be permitted to touch the area where the actual text appears without Wudu. Touching other parts of the iPhone or device, however, will be permitted.

Note that if the Qur’an application is not activated and hence the verses do not appear on the screen, then it is totally permitted to touch the device including the screen without Wudu.

2) As for taking to the lavatory/toilet a phone which has Qur’anic verses, Hadiths, Prophetic supplications, etc stored on its memory, if the application is not running and the text is not visible on the screen, then it is permitted. However, taking the phone into the lavatory with the text visible on the screen is highly disrespectful and blameworthy. It is stated in Al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya:

“It is [prohibitively] disliked to enter a lavatory with a finger ring on which the name of Allah Most High or some part of the Qur’an is inscribed.” (Al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya 1/50)

And Allah Knows Best
Muhammad ibn Adam
Darul Iftaa
Leicester , UK

Qur’an Software Application & Entering the Toilet

Answered by Sidi Salman Younas

Question: Would you be able to tell me about the permissibility of having iphone applications like the Quran or Tafsir on one’s phone. What if I have to visit the lavatory and I have no place to leave my phone during these times except in my trouser or jacket pocket?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

This would be permitted. However, caution should be exercised in order maintain the inviolate nature of the Qur’an. One should not, for example, touch the actual verses on the screen without being in a state of ritual purity.

As for visiting the toilet, defined as the place where one relieves oneself, then you should turn off the application before entering the lavatory and place the phone into your pocket. The dislikedness of taking the Qur’an into the lavatory, or any other name religiously inviolable such as “Allah”, is when the object is unconcealed. [Tahtawi, Hashiya `ala Maraqi al-Falah]

Wasalam
Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

ثم محل الكراهة إن لم يكن مستورا فإن كان في جيبه فإنه حينئذ لا بأس به وفي القهستاني عن المنية الأفضل أن لا يدخل الخلاء وفي كمه مصحف إلا إذا اضطر ونرجو أن لا لا يأثم بلا اضطرار اهـ وأقره الحموي وفي الحلبي الخاتم المكتوب فيه شيء من ذلك إذا جعل فصه إلى باطن كفه قيل لا يكره والتحرز أولى