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When Do I Recite the Ta’awwudh in Prayer?

Shaykh Abdurrahim Reasat advises when to recite the ta’awwudh in prayer, according to the Hanafi school of thought.

 

Question:

Salamu alaikum,

I am trying to bring my salah in line with Hanafi fiqh.

  1. Should I say ta’awudh (“I seek protection in Allah from shaytan, the accursed one.”) and bismillah after reciting surah al-fatiha and before reciting 3 verses (or more) of the quran in salah?
  2. Is this permissible or would it count as unnecessarily delaying a wajib?
  3. Should I simply say it once before surah al-fatiha and then after saying ‘ameen’ continue to recite 3 verses (or more) of the quran?
  4. Should I repeat the ta’awudh and bismillah for the surah al-fatiha of the second raka?
Jazakum Allah khairun

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykuk as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

The ta’awwudh should only be recited once, in the first unitbefore the basmala and the Fatiha. Repeating it, or reciting it elsewhere would contravene the sunna, and therefore be disliked.

After finishing the Fatiha, one says ‘Amin’, and then proceed to recite a at least three short verses, or one long verse of the Qurʾan. In the case where one is going to recite a full sura, such as sura al Karin it is good to repeat the basmala, though this is not a specific sura. (Ibn Abidin, Radd al Muhtar)

I pray that helps.

Abdul-Rahim

 

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


 

Do Pronunciation Errors Invalidate Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salaam alaikum.

I repeat my recitation during prayer to ensure I am pronouncing the surah correctly. This practice causes me to pray extremely long and exhausting prayers that give me little tranquility and happiness in my heart.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Unintentional pronunciation errors aren’t going to invalidate your prayer. Practice your tajwid outside of the prayer, and say things once, and once only, within the prayer itself.

Please also see: Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Qur’an Invalidate Your Prayer? and: Should I Repeat My Qu’ran and Dua Recitations Due to Errors in Pronunciation?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam.

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam was born and raised in Ipswich, England, a quiet town close to the east coast of England. His journey for seeking sacred knowledge began when he privately memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown at the age of 16. He also had his first experience in leading the tarawih (nightly-Ramadan) prayers at his local mosque. Year after year he would continue this unique return to reciting the entire Quran in one blessed month both in his homeland, the UK, and also in the blessed lands of Shaam, where he now lives, studies and teaches.

Should I Repeat My Qur’an and Du’a Recitations Due to Errors in Pronunciation?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I have a habit of repeating my Qur’an and du’a recitation. Should I stop worrying and just try to avoid falling into this habit moving forward?

Answer: wa `alaykum assalam

This is falling into baseless misgivings and needs to be avoided.

This religion of ours was revealed to people of all nations. The assumption that our invocations would not be accepted due to minor errors in the pronunciation of Arabic letters is to overlook and misunderstand the mercy Allah has for all of creation. Rather, the rules of proper recitation (tajwid) apply only to the Qur’an, not to speech outside of it, and even here there is plenty of leeway for the laity.

Yes, we strive our best to ensure that our recitation of the Qur’an is in sound accordance with the dictates of the Arabic tongue, but this is something that is learned gradually. Striving does not entail putting one under uncalled for hardship or falling into baseless misgivings. Thus, the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) stated, “None makes the religion difficult except that it overcomes him. So, aim for what is right, stick to the moderate way…” [Bukhari, Sahih]

I would advise you to refer to the following answers for more details regarding the issue:

I’m Afraid of Making a Mistake When Reciting the Qur’an

The Sunna Method of Reciting the Qur’an and the Legal Status of Reciting With Tajwid

Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Qur’an Invalidate Your Prayer?

Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani