Posts

Are Splashes From Washing Dishes with Impure Meat Excused?

Question:

Assalamu alaykum,

I understand that spray of urine is excused in the hanafi madhab but does this apply to other types of filth.
I have to wash dishes that have haram meats and impure substances usually some spray from washing up gets on my face like very small would these make my face impure?

Answer:

Wa ‘alaykum assalam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well.

No, the splashes and spay of other impurities are not excused. However, flowing and moving water is not deemed impure if the smell, color, and taste of any impurity it has come into contact with do not show.

Usually, with washing dishes, there is a lot of splashing of water. If it’s not water that has any of the above, then you can assume it’s pure. However, it’s probably safer to wash your face afterward and pray in other clothes. (Shurunbulali, Maraqi al Falah)

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with many erudite scholars. In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (Usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic. He was also given licenses of mastery in the science of Quranic recital and he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Quranic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.

Invalid Wudu Due to Feeling of Urine

Ustadh Tabraze Azam is asked about wudu, what invalidates it, feelings of having urinated, and the excusable amount of filth.

Question:

Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I don’t know if this is the right place to ask questions, but I’m just going to try. I often get the feeling that maybe some urine has exited.

In prayer I had that feeling and wanted to check on my underwear, whether something really happened. But I was in the masjid and forgot. Then the next prayer time came and I took my ablution and prayed, because I wasn’t sure and had no chance to check if something really exited.

Also a woman told me that if I am not sure my wudu is still valid. I want to know whether that’s true, even when getting a feeling of a drop exiting. That feeling often convinces me, but afterwards there is no drop or anything in my underwear.

The Imam at the masjid also apparently said that urine just breaks the wudu if it is in the size of a hand. Now, since I wasn’t sure whether there was really urine and my prayer was invalid or whether it was just a feeling (because in sajda I didn’t feel any wetness afterwards), and because of what the imam said, I prayed the next prayer without washing the private parts.

And I kept on praying the following prayers. If these two prayers are invalid, do I have to repeat them and all the prayers I prayed afterwards? Or do I just have to repeat these two? If your answer came in two weeks, would I have to repeat the prayers from two weeks?!

Please help me, I have that problem a lot.

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

No, you don’t have to make up any prayers.

Your ritual ablution (wudu) is only invalidated if something exits from your private parts. In the absence of certainty, the basic assumption is that your wudu is intact. Feelings, even if strong, are of no legal consequence.

As for the excusable amount of liquid filth, it is approximately the extent of 4-5cm in diameter. The expectation is to make a reasonable judgement and not to start doing measurements. Ask Allah to ease this matter for you.

Please also see A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings).

And Allah Most High knows best.

Tabraze Azam

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


How Can I Maintain Purity and Pray When I Have a Weak Bladder that Constantly Leaks?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: (1) I have a very weak bladder such that it leaks (in small amounts) almost all the time. I am aware of suggestion that so long as the stain on the underwear is no more than a 50pence piece that is acceptable.

Is this right? What is the position with the other schools of thought?

What is the position since the weak bladder causes oftentimes a smell. It is not practical/possible during the day to change underwear.

(2) Since I work I skip Zuhr prayer. By the time I get home it is time for Asr prayer. Can I combine the 2 prayers?

 

 

 

 

I change underwear before Maghrib prayer. But if I am out and about it is not possible.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

(1) In the Hanafi school, the excused amount of filth is the surface area of a circle of approx. 5cm in diameter. Praying with this much filth on one’s garment would be valid, while with more than that would be invalid under normal circumstances.

For someone with a chronic excuse, however, there is some leeway with respect to the filth of their excuse (such as the urine of someone with urinary incontinence).

Basically, if one is able to wash it off (or change into a new underwear) and make wudu and then perform the prayer, such that by the time one is done praying, there has not leaked more than the excusable amount mentioned above, then one must do that for each prayer.

However, if by the time one is done praying, more than the excusable amount would have leaked, then one would not have to wash it off (or change underwear) before each prayer.

If this still proves too difficult, there is another opinion in the Hanafi school (which is also a position of the Maliki school), that one with chronic urinary incontinence can in any case simply ignore the urine that leaks.

[Tahtawi/Shurunbulali, Hashiyat Tahtawi ala Maraqi Falah]

It is also worth mentioning that in the Hanafi school, someone with a chronic excuse must renew wudu after each prayer time ends in order to pray the following prayer, since the end of a prayer time would break the wudu of such a person, while they are excused for their chronic excuse (i.e., urine leakage would not break wudu for someone with chronic urinary incontinence).

If that proves too difficult, then in the Maliki school, it is only recommended for such a person to renew wudu for each prayer.

(2) You should pray zuhr at work, on time. Ask Allah for help and try your best. If you fall short, pray when you get home and seek forgiveness.

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

Urinary Incontinence and Wudu

The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

Chronic Excuse: Can I Pray As Many Prayers As I Want With A Single Ablution?

Does Contact With Impurities Make a Ritual Bath Obligatory or Affect Our Ability to Pray?

Answered by Sidi Tabraze Azam

Question: Are there any impurities that touch a person’s skin which then makes ghusl obligatory?

And are there any impurities that come on a person’s clothes with which one cannot pray salah?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray you are in the best of health and faith.

According to the Hanafi school, any impurity which comes into contact with the skin does not make the ritual bath (ghusl) obligatory upon. In regards to filth affecting one’s clothing or person, a small amount would be excused and would not affect the validity of one’s prayer.

The Excused Amount of Filth

A small amount is defined as the extent of:

[1] Five grams of solid filth;

[2] Five centimetres, in diameter, of liquid filth;

What Necessitates the Ritual Ablution (Wudu)

[1] Everything that exits from the front and the rear private part;

[2] Everything that exits and flows beyond the point of exit from other than the private parts;

[3] Vomiting a Mouthful;

[4] Sleeping lying down;

[5] Unconsciousness;

[6] Loss of Sanity;

[7] Laughing out loud in prayer;

[8] The meeting of the erect male private part with the female private part without a barrier;

What Necessitates the Ritual Bath (Ghusl)

[1] The disappearance of the top of the male private organ into the front or rear of a living person;

[2] Ejaculation with gushing (dafaq) and desire;

[3] The legal ending of menstruation (hayd) or post-natal bleeding (nifas);

[4] Awakening to find ejaculate (mani) in one’s undergarment.

[`Ala al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Mawsili, al-Mukhtar li’l Fatwa]

“God does not desire to make any hardship for you; but He desires to purify you, and that He may perfect His grace upon you; so that you might give thanks” [5:6]

wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Excused Liquid Filth and Ignoring Baseless Doubts About Purity

Answered by Sidi Tabraze Azam

Question: when i went to the toilet today, a small amount of urine went on my shoes, which i washed off. I also think a small amount got onto my trousers. This was about the size of a grain of sugar and now is dry and is in a difficult place to wash in the office so can i now say that as it is dry, i can carry on with my day. My main concern is that if i put my jacket on top of the trousers the filth will transfer to my jacket also – am i right in thinking it doesn’t? also, is the filthy area small enough to be able to go ahead and read namaz in the clothing? this is a real problem for me and wastes lots of time per week for me so any help is appreciated.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, the extent of approximately 5cm, in diameter, is excused in liquid filth.

Under normal circumstances, if filth, less than the aforementioned amount, affects one’s clothing, it would be recommended to remove; therefore, one’s prayer is valid without removing such filth.

As for the case in question, it is mentioned explicitly in the books of our school that such minute amounts of urine splashes are excused; therefore one simply ignores it completely.

Furthermore, one’s jacket will not become filthy by wearing it above such trousers. It is as if there is no filth, so one need not act with such undue caution. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

A Note on Excessiveness in Caution

We have a principle in our school: Certainty is not lifted by (subsequent) doubts. Imam Khadimi (Allah be pleased with him) in his commentary of the Tariqa al-Muhammadiya, al-Bariqa al-Mahmudiyya, mentions that strong doubts are *not *acted upon.

Purity is the default state for matters.There is no need to “check” the area; one assumes purity and continues with one’s day. The answer to the question “did the urine splash onto me?” is: No.

One of the major jurists (fuqaha) of our school, Imam Sarakhsi (Allah be pleased with him) said, “ignore doubts and don’t turn to them”. Why? Doubts and misgivings are from the devil and this is one of the wisdoms in reciting the supplications when entering and leaving the washroom.

Rather, let one’s focus be the prayer and the Majesty of He whom one will be addressing.

“Verily this religion is ease; and none make this religion difficult except that it overwhelms them.” [Bukhari]

And Allah knows best.

wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani