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Praying While Holding a Soiled Baby in the Shafi’i School

Answered by Ustadha Mariam Bashar

Question: What is the ruling regarding prayer while carrying a baby according to the Shafi’i school? If the child’s diaper contains najasah, would that be considered as najasah on our body and therefore invalidate the prayer?

How about for a child who sits on you lap or hangs onto you during the prayer?

Answer:

Being Attached to Filth While in Prayer

If one is directly attached to or carrying something najis (filthy) or mutanajjis (filthified) by touching, holding, carrying, or being tied to it, one’s prayer becomes invalid. Thus, if a child hangs onto one’s clothes or body or sits on one’s lap during prayer, and one is certain that the child has a filthified mouth (due to vomiting), bottom or anything on his body or clothes, one’s prayer becomes invalid.

However, if one is uncertain as to whether the child has a filthified mouth, bottom or anything on his body or clothes, one’s prayer remains valid because the original state of all things is that they are pure unless one knows otherwise.

Advice

We advise parents of babies and children to make the little ones comfortable in a crib or playpen while one is praying so that they are not traumatized by the separation and the parent can pray peacefully. If that is not possible, then give the child water to drink and change his diaper before starting to pray; in which case, even if the child touches one during prayer, one is not certain of their impurity, therefore, one’s prayer remains valid.

Stains Remain on Clothing After Washing It

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: If there is still a small amount of impurity on the clothing despite using a jug of water, is it considered clean?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

If the filth is visible, one would need to remove the body of it. Any traces that are difficult to remove thereafter would be excused. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Hence, if one removes the main body of the filth, washes the area with water (with some rubbing to clean), and some traces of the filth still remain, one can assume purity.

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is an Item Filthy If Blood Stains Are Present After Washing It?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: In the past I was not careful about taharah. One day my pad which I used during menstruation got in the washing machine and then in the dryer. I threw away the pad which was still stained red and took a wet cloth and cleaned the dryer. This happened 7 years ago. We still have the same dryer.  What should I do?

 

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

I pray you are well.

You must not assume that your washing machine has been filthy for the past seven years. Nor must you assume that the clothes you subsequently washed in the machine became filthy as a result. If you do, this would be falling into baseless misgivings, which is contrary to the sunna of the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace).

Washing filthy clothes-items, which include the pad you mention, in a washing machine is permitted. If they come out without any trace of filth, they are considered to have become ritually pure. The presence of stains after the washing cycle does not effect the ruling as such stains are excused.

As a general rule, it is highly recommended and precautionary that one run a washing machine with filthy clothes in it through three washing cycles. Most modern washing machines are set to have multiple cycles. This is the optimal manner. If only one washing cycle is performed, this is permitted also as indicated above.

Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

Washing Filthy Clothing in the Washing Machine
Are My Pants and Washing Machine Filthy?
 
How Do I Wash My Clothes Properly to Ensure That Filth Doesn’t Spread?
Does a Wet Mop Used on a Bathroom Floor Spread Filth Wherever It is Used?
A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

Are Plasma and Serum Filthy (Najis)?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I am in the medical profession, and I deal with plasma and serum. Plasma is basically blood without the red blood cells, and because the red blood cells make blood red, plasma is yellow. Serum is plasma without clotting factors and is also yellow. Sometimes plasma or serum splashes on my clothes. Is it considered blood and therefore najas, or is it tahir?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health states.

Blood that has flowed is certainly filthy (najis). [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

As for plasma or serum, the default ruling of blood would seem to apply. And Allah knows best.

wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Finding Filth on Clothing After Prayer

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: If one makes wudu and prays, but later finds marks of small amounts of filth in one’s undergarments which was not present before making the wudu, should one repeat one’s prayer or consider the filth to have come out after the prayer? filth on

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

No, you would not repeat your prayers. You would assume that the filth exited after having prayed.

This is due to the established fiqh principle: “Events are ascribed to the nearest possible times.” [Ibn Nujaym, al-Ashbah wa al-Nadha’ir]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Filth, Carpets and Misgivings

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I heard there is a fiqhi opinion whereby the sole of shoes, if it were to be in contact with any liquid najasa (filth), will be purified through the friction of the floor with the sole of the shoe. Is this true?

I was wearing slippers whose insides were contaminated with najasa. I didn’t bother cleaning it since the sole of the shoes weren’t affected. I had gone to my garden wearing them and some water accidentally fell on the slippers. Subsequently affecting the sole of the slippers. Again, I went ahead and walked back into my home wearing the shoes. Moreover, with these contaminated shoes I had walked over our home carpet where siblings and relatives often pray on. I am having difficulty concentrating on dhikr and my prayers out of worrying that I have contaminated the carpet again.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

If there are no traces of filth, you can assume purity. You certainly do not have to have the carpet professionally cleaned.

When a wet, filthy object comes into contact with a dry, pure object, the basis is that the dry object is not deemed filthy except if the traces of filth are clearly visible. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

Ignore any misgivings including strong possibilities of filth transfer.

As for liquid filth affecting the underside of one’s footgear, if it acquires a body (such as dirt/dust), it can be purified as you describe. [ibid.]

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Holding a Baby During the Prayer

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I had a question regarding the salah.  When I pray fard salah at home (sometimes praying alone and sometimes as the imam leading my family) my son(9 months old) will grab on to my leg and cry.  During the sitting parts of the salah he will just come and sit on my lap and will stop crying.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

His holding on to you or sitting in your lap does not affect your prayer. However, you should avoid grabbing or carrying him while praying since if the diaper is soiled, you will be deemed as “carrying filth” in the prayer, which invalidates the prayer. [Tahtawi/Shurunbulali, Hashiyat al-Tahtawi ala Maraqi l-Falah]

If you wish to be able to pick your baby up in the prayer, you should be reasonably sure that the diaper isn’t soiled. If you don’t have strong reason to believe it is soiled, then your default assumption is purity. However, one should be careful in this regard, since while every baby is different, many babies do soil their diapers as often as every 5-10 minutes.

Lastly, even if the diaper is filthy, you may still comfort the baby with slight movements. You just can’t ‘carry’ the child.

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

What is the Best Way to Clean Oneself After Using the Toilet?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: I understand that when you go to urinate, you can clean yourself with a dry method (using tissue) and you can also use water. Is one method preferred over the other?

Answer: In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Walaikum assalam,

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Ten matters are from upright natural disposition (fitra),” and he mentioned among them, “Washing away filth (istinja).” [Muslim and Tirmidhi]

It is reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) cleaned himself with pure, dry stones. [Bukhari, Nasa’i, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Maja]

1. The sunna is to clean the private parts, such that no filth remains on them.

2. This highly emphasized confirmed sunna fulfilled by using any dry object that is pure, effective, and not of material value (such as toilet paper).

3. The sunna is also fulfilled by washing the area with water.

4. It is optimal to first use tissue paper or the like until one cleans the area, and to then wash it with water.

5. If one does only one, it is best to wash. The sunna is also fulfilled by merely wiping the place of exit using tissue paper.

6. If the filth goes beyond the place of exit and its immediately surrounding area, then one must wash. Wiping alone will not be enough.

7. One uses one’s left hand in cleaning one’s private parts. It is disliked to do so with the right hand.

8. It is obligatory to rid oneself of remaining urine before one starts wudu, as described in the answer below.

[al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya 1.48; Shurunbulali, Imdad al-Fattah, Sagharji, al-Taysir; Ayni, Umdat al-Qari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari]

Wassalam,

Faraz Rabbani

Can I Pray in a Building That Has Alcohol In It?

Answered by Ustadha Sulma Badrudduja

Question: Assalamun Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah Wabarakatuh

There is alcohol in the building I work in.  I pray Dhuhr Salaat in a room where there is no alcohol.  My question was would my salaat be accepted?

JazakAllah Khayr

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

The presence of alcohol in the building, or even in the same room, would not affect the validity of your prayer. Your prayer is valid as long as the filth is not touching you or your immediately place of prayer. However, it would be improper to pray in the same room in the same vicinity with the alcohol because it would be disrespectful.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,
Sulma

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Does a Wet Mop Used on a Bathroom Floor Spread Filth Wherever It is Used?

Answered by Sidi Tabraze Azam

Question: Regarding mopping impure floors, most public bathrooms are cleaned by mopping without first removing any filth on the ground. For a public bathroom one uses regularly, one often sees filth on the ground near the toilet and then sees a custodian wipe the entire bathroom floor with a wet mop. In such a case, is the floor filthy while it is still wet such that one’s shoes will become impure by stepping on the wet floor, or is this excused because of the difficulty in avoiding it?

This is a frequently an issue at my local masjid, and presumably is an issue at many other masajid as well. Moreover, the cleaning crew at my local masjid uses the same mops to wipe the hallway in front of the prayer hall, where one walks barefoot from the shoe area to enter the prayer hall. Is it problematic to walk over this area barefoot when it is still wet?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalaam Sidi,

If the traces of filth (color, taste and smell) are not apparent on one’s feet, one can assume purity. [Ala’ al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Alaiyya]

Over analysis is such issues is not called for; one does not have to look for filth around the toilets and then watch the cleaner “clean” the floor and subsequently put oneself into difficulty.

The Sahaba (May Allah be pleased with them all) were too busy to worry about such matters of filth and purification. Unless one is absolutely certain that this is the case, one should ignore any misgivings that occur and focus on what one came to the mosque for in the first place, namely, the prayer.

The sunna is to be easy going and cautious when it is called for.

And Allah knows best.

wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam