Waking Up with a Spot on Groin and Dealing with Baseless Misgivings (Waswasa)

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: (1) I wanted to ask what if someone wakes up in the morning with a small dried white spot [no more then this => ( )] on groin. Don’t really know what it is and I am not certain if its a wet dream or not. There are no spots on my underwear too… So does it makes ghusl obligatory?..

(2) I’m confused and can’t even do ghusl again cause i swore to God [qasam in urdu] i wont make ghusl due to this reason cause i am not sure.

(3) I have so much waswasa about my prayers not being valid..



Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

(1) You would not need to perform the ritual bath (ghusl) in that situation, since you don’t recall a wet dream. You could simply wash your organ and then make ablution (wudu) and then pray.

(2) With regards to the oath, you should break it so that you may perform ghusl when needed. You would need to do the requisite expiation for breaking the oath.

Expiation is to to feed ten poor persons (2 meals each), or to clothe them (1 garment each), or to give them the equivalent monetary value. If you are unable to do that, you must fast three consecutive days. [Maydani/Quduri, Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab]

(3) With respect to obsessive misgivings (waswasa), keep in mind that the default assumption of all acts of worship is soundness and validity, and this default is at the level of certainty. Certainty is not lifted by doubts or misgivings, but rather only by another certainty or very high likelihood.

Learn sacred knowledge under qualified instructors, as that is one of the most potent weapons to combat such misgivings. I would suggest the following course, for example:

Absolute Essentials of Islam: Beliefs & Worship

Lastly, please see the following link for more information regarding dealing with waswasa:

A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings)

And Allah knows best.

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Does Chatting With the Opposite Sex Necessitate a Ritual Bath (Ghusl)?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I’ve been told that it requires ghusl if you’ve chatted (been writing messages on the phone to eachother) with the opposite sex? Is this true? Or does it depend on what one have been chatting about? What I mean is, if there hasn’t been any improper conversations, does it still require ghusl?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

No. Talking, by messaging and the like, to a member of the opposite sex would not necessitate a ritual bath (ghusl).

Ghusl is only necessary after:

(1) Ejaculation

(2) Intercourse

(3) Menstruation

(4) Post-natal bleeding


And Allah knows best.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answer:

The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts

What Do You Do If You Need to Make Ghusl and Pray But Sunrise Occurs in Few Minutes?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

If one wakes up needing to perform ghusl but does not have enough time to do so before sunrise, what should one do?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

One would simply perform the ritual bath (ghusl) and pray after the sun has risen. [Shurunbulali, Nur al-Idah]

It is worth noting that one should be able to have a quick shower, in approximately one minute, ignoring any baseless misgivings, and then pray a quick prayer.

In such circumstances the usefulness of knowing the obligatory and necessary acts of one’s worship come into practice.

And Allah knows best.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Does Contact With Impurities Make a Ritual Bath Obligatory or Affect Our Ability to Pray?

Answered by Sidi Tabraze Azam

Question: Are there any impurities that touch a person’s skin which then makes ghusl obligatory?

And are there any impurities that come on a person’s clothes with which one cannot pray salah?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray you are in the best of health and faith.

According to the Hanafi school, any impurity which comes into contact with the skin does not make the ritual bath (ghusl) obligatory upon. In regards to filth affecting one’s clothing or person, a small amount would be excused and would not affect the validity of one’s prayer.

The Excused Amount of Filth

A small amount is defined as the extent of:

[1] Five grams of solid filth;

[2] Five centimetres, in diameter, of liquid filth;

What Necessitates the Ritual Ablution (Wudu)

[1] Everything that exits from the front and the rear private part;

[2] Everything that exits and flows beyond the point of exit from other than the private parts;

[3] Vomiting a Mouthful;

[4] Sleeping lying down;

[5] Unconsciousness;

[6] Loss of Sanity;

[7] Laughing out loud in prayer;

[8] The meeting of the erect male private part with the female private part without a barrier;

What Necessitates the Ritual Bath (Ghusl)

[1] The disappearance of the top of the male private organ into the front or rear of a living person;

[2] Ejaculation with gushing (dafaq) and desire;

[3] The legal ending of menstruation (hayd) or post-natal bleeding (nifas);

[4] Awakening to find ejaculate (mani) in one’s undergarment.

[`Ala al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Mawsili, al-Mukhtar li’l Fatwa]

“God does not desire to make any hardship for you; but He desires to purify you, and that He may perfect His grace upon you; so that you might give thanks” [5:6]


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Does a Woman Have to Make Ghusl After Getting a Pap Smear/Pelvic exam?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Does a woman have to make ghusl after getting a pap smear/pelvic exam?

Answer: Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, ghusl is not required from it. Rather, ghusl is only required after: intercourse; ejaculation; menstruation; and post-natal bleeding. [ Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah ]

And Allah alone gives success.

Faraz Rabbani

Being in a State of Major Ritual Impurity: Does it Invalidate My Fast?

Answered by Sidi Salman Younas

Question: When fasting, on occassions I have had a wet dream, for example after fajr, although this does not break my fast, I then go back to sleep until I wake up a couple a hours later, this is because mainly due to laziness on my part due to my desire for sleep but at same time whenever I ejaculate, I always wait until I’ve been to the toilet a few times to ensure that no droplets of semen come out after I’ve had a shower, essentially what I’m asking is if the act of delaying my shower in and of itself invalidates my fast?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

Being in a state of major ritual impurity (janaba) does not invalidate one’s fast. The scholars explicitly mention that if one remained on this state for the complete duration of the fast, namely from Fajr till Maghrib, the fast would still be considered valid. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

However, delaying the ritual bath (ghusl) may be contrary to what is best. It is not perse sinful to continue sleeping after experiencing a wet dream. However, if delaying the ritual bath leads to missing a prayer then it would be impermissible to do so.

Lastly, there is no need to wait until one has been to the toilet a few times before one performs the ritual bath. This is excessiveness and should be avoided. Rather, if one went to the bathroom merely once and then semen exited later (without any stimulation or a wet dream) one would be required to perform the ablution only, not a ritual bath (ghusl). [ibid]



Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Ritual Bath (ghusl): Obligatory, Recommended, and Disliked Acts

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Could you please mention the obligatory and recommended acts for the ritual bath (ghusl)? What necessitates it?

Answer: Wassalam

The Purificatory Bath (Ghusl)

Obligatory Acts:

The obligatory actions of the purificatory bath are:

(1) To rinse out the mouth and (2) nose, and

(3) to wash the entire body, including all that is possible to wash without undue hardship.

It is not necessary for a woman to undo her braids, if the water reaches the roots of her hair, (f: and it is not necessary that the water reach all her braided hair).

It is necessary, however for a man who had braids to undo them (f: to ensure that the water reach every single hair).

Confirmed Sunna Acts

Its confirmed sunnas are:

(1)    To begin by saying Bismillah (In the name of Allah) before revealing one’s nakedness (`awra), and with an intention (f: as in the ablution).

(2)    To begin by washing one’s hand, private parts, and any filth (najasa) that may be on the body.

(3)    Then one washes both private parts, even if they are free of filth.

(4)    Then one performs a complete ablution.

(5)    Then one pours water on one’s body three times, making sure the entire body is washed each time.

(6)    One begins with the head, then the right should, then the left, and then the rest of the body. One wipes with the first washing.

(7)    The body parts should be washed successively (f: without excessive intervals).

Unlike the ablution, it is valid to wash a body part with the water used in washing another, as long as it is enough to drip.

If one submerges oneself in flowing water, or moves in a large body of still water, it is considered that all the sunna acts were performed.

Proper Manners & Disliked Actions

Its proper manners (adab) are:

The same proper manners as in ablution,

Except that one does not face the qibla

The actions disliked in the ablution are disliked in the purificatory bath.

What Necessitates the Ritual Bath (ghusl)

Ghusl is only necessary after:

(1) Ejaculation

(2) Intercourse

(3) Menstruation

(4) Post-natal bleeding

[Turmurtashi, Tanwir al-Absar; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din ibn `Abidin, Hadiyya]

Walaikum assalam,

Faraz Rabbani

Noticing Sexual Fluid After the Ritual Bath

Answered by Sidi Abdullah Anik Misra

Question: According to the Hanafi school, if a female has sexual intercourse with her husband and after her ghusl she notices a wetness/liquid exiting her female orifice and this may last for a number of hours after intercourse, does this necessitate the repetition of ghusl? Waiting for this to stop can sometimes cross prayer times. All related answers on other websites only refer to a man exiting semen post ghusl, not specifying the situation for a woman.

Answer: Wa alaikum salam,

Thank you for your question.

It is not uncommon that for some time after intercourse, the male’s semen may continue to exit from the female, even long after she takes a ghusl (purification-bath).

If it is a very short time after the intercourse, and she immediately takes a ghusl, then if her own fluid comes out, she will have to repeat her ghusl, since the fluid could be exiting due to a lingering or subsiding sexual desire [even if sub-conscious].

If she immediately took a ghusl and only his sexual fluid came out, for sure, then she will not have to retake the ghusl, rather only make wudhu.  If she wasn’t sure whether its semen or her own fluid, she still doesn’t have to retake a ghusl (rather only wudhu) since it can assumed that the fluid is his only.  Still, it is more religiously scrupulous for her to retake the ghusl, though not required. [Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

However, if she does some action which confirms that post-intercourse desires have waned and stopped, such as taking a walk, urinating or sleeping [or less effectively, simply waiting a long time], then she will not have to re-take her ghusl, whether what comes out is hers, his or both. [Ibn Nujaym, Bahr al-Ra’iq]

Practically, she should try, after intercourse, to ensure as much sexual fluid as possible exits – urination in her case won’t “clear the passage” like with a male, but it definitely is the fastest option, as it relaxes the muscles and the sitting position allows for sexual fluid to exit easily.  Then, once she takes a ghusl, she is ritually pure.

In any of these cases, if she completed a prayer after her initial ghusl, whether she had to re-take her ghusl later or only re-make her wudhu, she would not have to repeat the prayer she prayed while she was in a state of purity.  Ibn `Abidin, in Radd al-Muhtar, mentions that the most apparent answer to him is that women take the same rulings as men here in terms of the exiting of their own sexual fluid.

And Allah knows best.

Abdullah Anik Misra

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Does One Have to Remove Earrings for the Ritual Bath (ghusl)?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: You’ve mentioned that one has to take off earrings while doing ghusl. If one didn’t do this in the past, does that mean all the ghusls were invalid? Can one assume water reached, while cleaning the ear? Is the ruling the same in the Shafi’ madhab?

Answer: Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits.

It is best to remove the earrings, or to move them while wetting the ears. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

In terms of past practice, one can assume validity.

And Allah alone gives success.


Faraz Rabbani

(Originally answered on the SeekersGuidance Academy’s Absolute Essentials of Islam Course Forum)

Questions Related to the Ritual Bath (Ghusl)

Answered by Salman Younas

Question: I try to do ghusl every day with my shower but it takes a long time so can i check the following: (1) If i am just doing ghusl with a shower, do i have to clean the private parts before i do wudu and ghusl? (2) When cleaning the private parts before ghusl and wudu, does this need to be done once or thrice? (3) If ghusl is required and not just the privates are filthy, do you just clean teh infected areas or do you need to clean everywhere (as water may splash from a dirty bit to a clean bit while cleaning). (4) what is the definition of ‘wash’. i know we need to make sure that we have wet the whole body but do i also need to make sure each area has been wiped too?

Answer: I pray you are well and in the best of health.

(1) Yes, it is confirmed sunna to wash one’s private parts before performing the ritual bath (ghusl), even if there is no filth affecting the region.

(2) Doing so once would suffice.

(3) The sunna is to remove any filth that is present on the body. This is done prior to the actual ritual bath in order to prevent the spread of filth when one begins the ritual bath itself. One should simply clean the specific parts that contain filth, not the whole body. The purpose of this is to remove any misgivings one might have of filth spreading on one’s body when he begins to bathe later on. Therefore, if you have removed the traces of filth from your body prior to the bath it should be enough to ignore such misgivings.

(4) “Washing” is to make water flow over the body. This is inevitable when one is taking a shower and so a person should not have any doubts as to whether his body has been washed or not. Wiping or rubbing is not obligatory within the ritual bath, though it is a sunna to perform them.

What can safely be said is that if one performs the sunna acts of the ritual bath, he can be confident that he has performed his ghusl validly. Doing so should not take an excessively long time, nor should one be concerned about subsequent doubts that occur. These should be ignored as they are merely whispers from the devil, following which is sinful. Imam Kasani in his Bada`i al-Sana`i states that if one is plagued with devilish whispers regularly, he should not pay any attention to it whatsoever. Our religion has been made easy for us, so we should not overburden ourselves. Rather, we should suffice with what the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace) taught us.

[ref: Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]



Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani