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English Mutawatir Hadith Compilations and Researching the Hadiths of Gibril and Kingship

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas
Question: 1) Are there any English translations of Imam Suyuti’s (rahimullah) or Imam al-Kattani’s (rahimullah) mutawatir ahadith compilations?
2) Where can I find the different isnad for the groups of people who narrated the famous hadith of Jibreel (as) about islam, iman and ihsan, and the hour?
3) I heard shaykh Hamza Yusuf mention that there was a hadith that mentions that our beloved Prophet (saw) predicted that “the political tradition of his faith would dissipate very rapidly after 30 years.” Can you tell me which hadith book this is in, its number, its rating, and its isnad?
Answer: assalamu `alaykum
1. Not that I know of.
2. You can refer to the commentaries written on this narration. For one in English, see: Commentary on the Hadith of Gibril.
3. The following is perhaps what Sh. Hamza was referring to. This is courtesy of Sh. Girbril Haddad:
1.1 The Prophet said – Allah bless and greet him: “This business began as prophethood and mercy, then mercy and a khalifate, then a voracious kingdom, and then arrogance and tyranny and corruption will enter the community.” In Qadi`Iyad’s al-Shifa’, chapter on the Prophet’s (SAWS) knowledge of the Unseen. This is a proof in Islam and Shari`a that kingship is not as good as caliphate but is better than tyranny. Here are some narrations to that effect in their precise wordings insha Allah:
1.2 “Successorship (al-khilâfa) after me shall last for thirty years. After that, there will be kingship.” Imam Ahmad declared this narration sound and adduced it as a proof for the caliphate of the four Imams. A sound hadith narrated from Safina by al-Tirmidhi (hasan) with a fair chain according to Shaykh ‘Abd Allah al-Talidi who declared it sahîh because of its cor-robo-rative and witness-chains in his edition of al-Suyuti’s Tahdhib al-Khasa’is (p. 293 #375); also narrated by al-Nasa’i, Abu Dawud,Ahmad in his Musnad with two chains; al-Hakim; Ibn Hibban with two fair chains as stated by al-Arna’ut (15:34 #6657, 15:392 #6943); al-Tayalisi in his Musnad (p. 151, 479); and al-Tabarani in al-Kabir with several chains.
This narration is among the “Proofs of Prophethood” (dalâ’il al-nubuwwa) as the sum of the first five caliphates is exactly thirty years: two years and three months for Abu Bakr, ten years and a half for ‘Umar, twelve years for ‘Uthman, four years and nine months for ‘Ali, and six months for al-Hasan as narrated from Safina by al-Suyuti in Tahdhib al-Khasa’is (p. 293 #375) and Tarikh al-Khulafa’ (p. 22, 198-199). Al-Dhahabi cites the saying by Mu’awiya: “I am the first of the kings” (anâ awwalu al-mulûk) in the Siyar (3:157).
1.3 To the man who said: “O Messenger of Allah! I saw in my dream as if a balance came down from the heaven in which you were weighed against Abu Bakr and outweighed him, then Abu Bakr was weighed against ‘Umar and outweighed him, then ‘Umar was weighed against ‘Uthman and outweighed him, then the balance was raised up.” The Prophet ? said: “Successorship of prophethood (khilâfa nubuwwa)! Then Allah shall give kingship to whomever He will.” Narrated from Abu Bakrah by Ahmad with three chains, Abu Dawud, and al-Tirmidhi who said: hasan sahîh, and from Safina by Abu Dawud with a fair chain and al-Bazzar with a fair chain as indicated by al-Haythami. Al-Tirmidhi’s narration omits the last statement of the Prophet (SAWS). Al-Hakim narrated it with a chain similar to al-Tirmidhi’s and graded it sahîh, and al-Dhahabi concurred.
1.4 “There shall be Prophethood (nubuwwa) among you for as long as Allah wishes it to be among you. Then it shall be lifted up when Allah wishes to lift it up. Then there shall be successorship (khilâfa) on the pattern (minhâj) of Prophetship for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then it shall be lifted up when Allah wishes to lift it up. Then there shall be a trying kingship (mulkan ‘âddan) for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then it shall be lifted up when Allah wishes to lift it up. Then there shall be a tyrannical kingship (mulkan jabriyyatan) for as long as Allah wishes it to be. Then it shall be lifted up when Allah wishes to lift it up.Then there shall be successorship on the pattern of Prophetship.”Narrated from Hudhayfa by Ahmad with a sound chain as stated by al-Zayn in the Musnad (14:163 #18319) and as indicated by al-Haythami (5:188-189): “Narrated by Ahmad, al-Bazzar with a more complete wording, and al-Tabarani partly, in al-Awsat. The narrators in its chain are trustworthy.” Also narrated from Abu ‘Ubayda by al-Tabarani in al-Kabir (1:157) with the wording “Then there shall be kingship and tyranny” after the mention of successorship. It was pointed out that the sequence of events described in these narrations is strikingly similar to the Christian Eastern Orthodox explanation of the Prophet Daniel’s interpretation of the dream of the Babylonian King in Daniel 2:31-43.
Salman
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Authenticity of the Hadith, “Three Things Obgligatory Upon Me, and Optional For You…”

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: There is a Hadith narrated by Ibn-Abbas that the Prophet(SAW) said there are three things which are obligatory (Fard) on me but optional (Nafl) for my ummah. These are:
[1] Two rakat fajar sunnah prayers
[2] Witr prayer(in Isha)
[3] Animal Sacrifice.
Please clarify this point, and how far this hadith is authentic.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

Ibn Abbas relates that he heard the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) say, “Three things are obligatory upon me, and optional for you: the witr prayer, sacrifice and the duha prayer.” [Musnad Ahmad]

The chain of transmission for this narration is weak; as verified by Shaykh Shu`ayb Arna`ut, and understood from Ibn Hajar’s comments in his Talkhis al-Habir.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Authenticity of Hadith Stating That Paradise Lies Beneath the Feet of Your Mother

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalaamu aleikum,

I wanted to know if this is an authentic hadith, and what the citation is if it is authentic. “Heaven lies beneath the feet of your mother”

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

The narration (hadith) as recorded by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal in his Musnad is related by Mu`awiyah bin Jahima al-Sulami in which he came to the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) I desire to go on the military expedition and I have come to consult you.’ He (Allah bless him and give him peace) asked, ‘Do you have a mother?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ He (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, ‘Stay with her because paradise lies beneath her feet.’

The verifier, Shaykh Shu`ayb Arna`ut, notes that its chain of transmission is sound.

There are also corroborating narrations (hadith), with similar wording, in the Sunan of Ibn Majah, the Sunan of Nasai’, al-Hakim’s Mustadrak and elsewhere.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is It True That the Prophet Yusuf Was Given Half of Beauty and the Prophet Muhammad Was Given All of It?

Answered by Ustadh Abdullah Anik Misra

Question: Is the hadith, “Yusuf was given half of beauty and I was given all of it”, a sound hadith? If so, where is it narrated and what commentary has been given on it?

Answer: In the Name of Allah Most Merciful and Compassionate,

As salamu alaikum,

Thank you for your question.

The first part of the quotation you mentioned, that the prophet Yusuf [peace be upon him] “was indeed given half of beauty” is a rigorously authenticated hadith found in Sahih Muslim, Ahmad, and others.

The second part of your quotation, “and I was given all of it”, to the best of my knowledge and research, is not a hadith.  However, it is true in meaning, because the Prophet [Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him] was the most beautiful human being that ever existed.

What the hadith means is that Yusuf [peace be upon him] was endowed with a large share of the beauty of the people of the world- more than anyone else, but some scholars said the Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him], as the speaker, was excluding himself from this comparison. [S. Usmani, Fath al Mulhim]

Ibn al-Munayyir opined that it does not mean half of the beauty in the world, rather, half of the beauty that the Prophet Muhammad [Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him] was given, as he reached the limit, while Yusuf only reached half of that. [al-Munawi, Fayd
al-Qadir]

This leaves us to reflect, that if a group of women cut their hands while distracted at the sight of Yusuf’s beauty, what must the beauty of our beloved Messenger [peace and blessings be upon him] have been like?  May Allah Ta’ala grant us the sight of it in our dreams, and forever in the Hereafter, Ameen.

Also read: Is Prophet Muhammad more beautiful than Prophet Yusuf?

Wasalam,

Abdullah Anik Misra

Checked & Approve by Faraz Rabbani

Is the Hadith Mentioned in Some Works Where Allah Speaks to Musa Authentic?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: My question is regarding the following Hadith

Once Musa asked Allah: “O Allah! You have granted me the honour and privilege of talking to you directly, have you given this privilege to any other person? Allah ta’ala replied

O! Musa during the last period I am going to send an ummat who will be the ummat of Mohammad (SAW) with dry lips, patched tongues, emaciated body with their eyes sunken deep into their sockets, with livers dry and stomachs suffering the pangs of hunger will call out to me (in dua) they will be much much closer to me than you O Musa! While you speak to me there are 70000 veils between you and me but at the time of iftaar there will not be a single veil between me and the fasting ummati of Mohammad (SAW) O Musa I have taken upon myself the responsibility they at the time of iftaar I will never refuse the dua of a fasting person!”

I was unable to find a source for this Hadith, and wondered if you could confirm it’s authenticity.

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

This narration was mentioned by `Abd al-Rahman al-Safuri in his work Nuzhat al-Majalis, without mentioning a source or a chain. Despite searching for it in many primary sources, I was unable to find it except in this work and a few other tertiary sources.

As such, we cannot confidently say that these are the words of Allah Most High or our liege-lord Musa (Allah bless him).

And Allah knows best

Wassalam
Salman

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani