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Does Performing Hajj Remove the Duty to Make up Prayers?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaikum,

Does performing Hajj remove the duty to make up prayers or fasts because it is forgiven?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, generally such traditions (hadith) are referring to minor sins (sagha’ir). Major sins still need to be compensated for by repentance, and unfulfilled duties need to be made up. However, some scholars did hold that tremendous acts such as the Hajj can be a means of Allah Most High forgiving a person’s major sins. [see: What is the Difference Between Major Sins and Minor Sins? and: Forgiving Major Sins and the Hadith of the Prostitute Who Gives Water to the Thirsty Dog]

Please see: A Reader on Missed Prayers

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Fadi El Binni of Al Jazeera English

Is It Permissible to Recite Supplications From a Book Moving Between Safa and Marwa? [Shafi’i]

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Is it permissible to read duas from a book whilst performing Sa’i (moving between Safa and Marwa)?

Is it preferable to recite in Arabic or can you make dua in your mother tongue?

Answer: Assalāmu ʿalaykum,

I pray that you are well.

It is permissible to recite supplications from a book while moving between Safa and Marwa, as well as during Tawaf, if this helps a person to supplicate.

Both of these situations are ones of remembrance of God. Reciting transmitted supplications, Qur’an, or supplications you (or another) have composed, are all permissible.

These supplications can be recited in either Arabic, or one’s mother tongue. However, since both of these situations are ones of closeness to the divine, it is preferable for you to ask for something that applies to you and your personal circumstances, and to understand what you are asking for, as opposed to reciting something you do not understand.

Shuaib Ally

Photo: Aiman titi

Can I Perform a Voluntary Circumambulation (Tawaf) for Someone Else?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

Can I perform a voluntary circumambulation (Tawaf) for someone else?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

Yes, it is permitted to send the reward of any voluntary deed to another believer, whether alive or deceased.

Please see the following related answers: Can I Donate to Charity on Behalf of Another Person? and: Can I Donate the Reward of Recitation of a Surah to Multiple People? and: Donating Reward to the Dead: A Detailed Answer

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is a Sacrifice (Dam) Required for Performing the Stoning Rite (Rami) Before the Slaughtering (Dhabh) in Hajj?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

I have recently completed Hajj. On 10th Dhul Hijjah like many people I paid for someone to complete the animal sacrifice on my behalf. Unfortunately on our way to the pelting we got a phone call saying that it had been done (before we could pelt at the jamarat ).

I have been recently informed that the Ahnaf do not consider this acceptable. Therefore I wanted to ask what is the Hanafi fatwa on the matter. Is a sacrifice necessary?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

No, a sacrifice (dam) is not required if you perform the stoning rite (rami) before the slaughtering (dhabh) as somebody performing both the hajj and `umrah (hajj al-qiran/al-tamattu`) together in a single journey. (Neither is it required if you are performing only the hajj itself (hajj al-ifrad), without an accompanying `umrah.)

This ruling is according to the position of the Companions (sahibayn) because they did not consider it necessary (wajib) to uphold an order (tartib) between the stoning and slaughtering. Further, due to the vast number of people now in attendance and the difficulty of managing the entire pilgrimage, there can be some degree of hardship in sticking to the relied upon position for every single ruling.

This is contrary to the position of Imam Abu Hanifa himself which is based on the words of Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him), “Whoever brings forth a rite before a subsequent rite must sacrifice.” This is the basis and it should be followed, but there is leeway in the matter, particularly if you have an excuse in your specific situation.

[Qari, al-Maslak al-Mutaqassit; Zayla`i, Tabyin al-Haqa’iq]

Please also see: A Hajj Reader and: What is the Preferable Type of Hajj in the Hanafi School: Tamattu’ or Qiran? and: Leaving the Position of Abu Hanifa and How to Determine the Relied-Upon Position in the Hanafi School

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is It Permissible to Perform the Sacred Pilgrimage for a Deceased Person?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

Is it permissible to perform the sacred pilgrimage for a deceased person if they did not leave money and instructions to do so? And if they did is it still a valid Hajj for the deceased?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

The basis is that the sacred pilgrimage (hajj) is due from a person if they met the conditions of necessity (wujub), even if they did not fulfil the conditions of it actually being obligatory upon them (ada’).

Thereafter, there are two cases [if such a person is unable to go themselves]:

(a) if the person is alive, they must send somebody to perform the hajj on their behalf;
(b) if deceased, they should have left a bequest (wasiyya) for it to be fulfilled on their behalf.

If neither of these happened, then another person can perform the hajj and donate the reward to the deceased, and insha’Allah, it will be accepted by Allah Most High out of His Tremendous Mercy and Generosity.

[Qari, al-Maslak al-Mutaqassit]

Please also see: Donating Reward to the Dead: A Detailed Answer and: Appointing Someone to Perform Hajj on Someone’s Behalf and: Can One Perform Hajj on Behalf of Others?

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can I Perform an Obligatory Hajj Without a Mahram? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

I am an educated female, never married, teaching in a university. Can I perform hajj with a female colleague going with her mahram? My parents have given permission to proceed to the holy journey.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

It is permissible for a woman to perform an obligatory Hajj without a mahram, even were she to travel alone, so long as she is reasonably sure of her well-being. Traveling with a woman and her mahram also accomplishes this goal.
Beyond the legal permissibility, you should also ensure that your travel plans accord with the host country’s rules and regulations in place for the pilgrimage.

Source: al-Hawashi al-Madaniyyah

Please see also: Can a Women Travel Alone for Islamic Educational Purposes? [Maliki School]

Shuaib Ally

Is It Permissible to Perform Hajj With a Group That Has Tents in the Extension of the Mina Area? (Shafi’i)

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Is it permissible to perform hajj with a group that has tents in the extension of the Mina area?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

It is permissible to perform hajj with a group that has tents in the extension of the Mina area, at least part of which falls outside the original boundary of Mina, and is in Muzdalifa proper. A person’s hajj would remain valid in the school because staying in Mina for most of the night during the days of Tashriq is not an integral (rukn) of hajj.

It is rather considered an obligatory aspect (wajib) of hajj. This means that, like other obligatory aspects of hajj, one would be responsible for an expiation for its non-performance, even though the hajj itself would remain legally valid.

Shuaib Ally

Can I Prepare My Hajj by Watching Videos Online and Reading Books?

Answered by Ustadh Shuaib Ally

Question: As salam alaikum,

Recently, I have been on a rather short umrah trip. After some time, I realised that I made the umrah by just reading it from an article and some conversation with friends.

I have an opportunity to be performing the Hajj this year but I am afraid that i will not be trained properly. I can do my own reading and watching videos in the internet, does this count?

Answer: wa `alaykum assalam

May your ‘umrah be accepted, and may your upcoming hajj be facilitated for you.

Validity of Actions

Most of the rites we have to perform are fairly basic, and a large segment of the population does get their knowledge in a manner similar to how you went about your ‘umrah, such as personal research or conversation with others. Validity, however, remains intrinsic to the actions themselves, and is not contingent upon how one came about this information. That is to say that by the grace and mercy of Allah, if actions are sound, they do count, so to speak.

Studying with Local Teachers

It is nevertheless highly recommended that one study with local teachers. You should be able to find local Shafi’i teachers that can provide you with information about performing the hajj, in addition to the information you can find on the internet.

You’ve mentioned some of the benefits of studying with a teacher; please see this as well, in which Shaykh Faraz Rabbani notes additional benefits:
Why Learn From a Teacher?

You can also take a look at some of the answers here, related to following a school of law:
A Reader on Following Schools of Thought (Madhabs)

Shuaib Ally

What is the Extent of Hair to Cut in Order to Come Out of Ihram?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalamu alaykum,
If a person who trims his hairs less than 1 inch to come out of ihram , has he actually come out of ihram? If not , what is the dam he has to give and what is the timelimit for it?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
What is necessary (wajib) is cutting the extent of 1cm or so from one quarter of the head.
If he cut less than this, he should consider taking the Shafi`i position. See: What is the Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram After Hajj or Umrah?
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

How to Translate Tamattu' And Qiran?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalamu alaykum,
How to translate Tamattu’? And what is Qiran?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
(1) Tamattu` is linguistically benefiting; and technically combining between the actions of the lesser pilgrimage (`umra) and the greater pilgrimage (hajj) in the months of Hajj, in a single year, with two states of pilgrim sanctity (ihram), by performing the `umra first, and without returning to one’s family between the `umra and hajj [i.e. without ihram].
(2) Qiran is linguistically combining between two things; and technically combining between `umra and hajj in a single ihram, and in one journey.
[Maydani, al-Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab; Mawsili, al-Ikhtiyar li Ta`lil al-Mukhtar]
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.