Do I Need to Send Blessings Upon the Prophet During the Prayer When I Hear His Name?

Answered by SeekersHub Answers Service

Question: Do I need to say “sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam” when hearing the Prophet’s name recited in prayer? Is my prayer invalidated by merely thinking about him (peace be upon him)?

Answer: Assalamualaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray this finds you well.

1. When the Qur’an is recited, the sunna is to be silent and attentive—and one doesn’t send blessings upon the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) when his noble name is mentioned in the Qur’an, though there is no harm in doing so later, after the prayer. [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar;Shurunbulali, Imdad al-Fattah]

2. Building focus and concentration in prayer here is the desired goal, as prayer is truly beneficial when one’s heart and body work in concert, not when one is distracted by outside concerns. The Qur’an says, “Successful are believers; those who are attentive in their prayers” (Qur’an; 23.1-2).

However, while one should work on building this presence of mind, one should recognize that being distracted is a good sign that the devil is attempting to come between you and your Lord.

Please see: Am I a Hypocrite for Losing Focus in Prayer?

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Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Evgeni Zotov

In Need of Asthma Medication: Is My Fast Broken?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: As Salaamu Alaikum.
My asthma has flared up this Ramadan. I use inhalers every 4 to 6 hours. Is my fast broken even though they are inhaled? I have a persistent cough if I don’t use them.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,
I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
Using an inhaler will invalidate the fast.
Consult a doctor regarding any alternative medication that you can take outside the fasting hours.
If your cough is unduly difficult to bear, and there is no alternative, you can make up the broken fasts at a later date: as such, begin the fast, whilst taking the suitable means, and then break it if you face undue hardship.
Please see also:Does Using an Asthma Pipe Invalidate the Fast? and: The Complete Guide to Fasting and Ramadan
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Cleaning Oneself After Using the Restroom: Its Effect on Fasting and How to Do it and Maintain Wudu If You Have a Chronic Excuse

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: My friend has a chronic problem with constipation and hernias. One of the ways he has found to help treat his condition is to use a bidet to thoroughly clean the area after every bowel movement. He uses the stream of water on a really high setting for a couple minutes and it enters his anus, and then afterwards he pushes the water back out. It acts almost as a homemade enema.

However, during the last few days of Ramadan this year he read that enemas are one of the things that invalidate the fast.

Three questions:

1) does this apply to how my friend has been treating himself for his constipation and hernias?

2) if so, is he required to make up all his fasts? It would be 23 days unfortunately, and he is already making up fasts from previous years before he learned how to do ghusl properly.

3) in general, what are the rulings for constipation, hernias and wudu? My friend has a hard time knowing if his anal bleeding is from the inside or the outside. Sometimes it’s not possible for him to keep checking and wait until the bleeding stops completely to pray because of work schedule, etc. What can he do?

My friend is feeling frustrated and discouraged because as he learns more about the fiqh rulings, he realizes what he had been doing in the past may not be valid. Any advice about this issue would be much appreciated.

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

(1) The fast would be invalidated only if the water went up into the backside a distance of a suppository, which classically was about 3cm or so. So inshaAllah his fasts are fine.

Having said that, he should be wary of this ruling and try to make sure water or a wet finger does not go that far up into his backside when he is fasting. [Shurunbulali, Ascent to Felicity]

(2) It seems that he would not have to make up any fasts. Moreover, I don’t see why he would have other old makeup fasts due to performing ghusl incorrectly — incorrect ghusl does not invalidate the fast.

(3) After using the bathroom, he should clean the area and place toilet paper on the anus to stop the bleeding. He can then go about his work for some time to make sure it has stopped, after which he can go ahead and make wudu and pray.

If the bleeding does not stop for an entire prayer time, then he would qualify as being chronically excused.

Please see related answers on its conditions, such as:

The Fiqh of Chronic Excuses and Ablution

Chronic Excuse – Can I Pray as Many Prayers as I Want With a Single Ablution?

What Means Should a Woman With a Dysfunctional Vaginal Bleeding (Istihada) Take to Stop the Bleeding?

Urinary Incontinence and Wudu

How Can I Maintain Purity and Pray When I have a Weak Bladder That Constantly Leaks?

And Allah knows best.

Being in a State of Major Ritual Impurity: Does it Invalidate My Fast?

Answered by Sidi Salman Younas

Question: When fasting, on occassions I have had a wet dream, for example after fajr, although this does not break my fast, I then go back to sleep until I wake up a couple a hours later, this is because mainly due to laziness on my part due to my desire for sleep but at same time whenever I ejaculate, I always wait until I’ve been to the toilet a few times to ensure that no droplets of semen come out after I’ve had a shower, essentially what I’m asking is if the act of delaying my shower in and of itself invalidates my fast?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

Being in a state of major ritual impurity (janaba) does not invalidate one’s fast. The scholars explicitly mention that if one remained on this state for the complete duration of the fast, namely from Fajr till Maghrib, the fast would still be considered valid. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

However, delaying the ritual bath (ghusl) may be contrary to what is best. It is not perse sinful to continue sleeping after experiencing a wet dream. However, if delaying the ritual bath leads to missing a prayer then it would be impermissible to do so.

Lastly, there is no need to wait until one has been to the toilet a few times before one performs the ritual bath. This is excessiveness and should be avoided. Rather, if one went to the bathroom merely once and then semen exited later (without any stimulation or a wet dream) one would be required to perform the ablution only, not a ritual bath (ghusl). [ibid]



Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Applying Medicine to One’s Teeth: Does it Invalidate the Fast?

Answered by Ustadha Umm Ihsan

Question: I’ve had to have one of my front teeth taken out and have to wait for a few weeks til they can put in a new tooth; so they have put in a temporary tooth which has to be replaced every week (because it falls out). Walking around without a front tooth is pretty painful. I went in once during Ramadan to get the temporary one put in, but I noticed that they used some medicine that left an aftertaste in my mouth. I have learned that even brushing one’s teeth is not allowed during Ramadan as it leaves the toothpaste aftertaste in ones mouth which breaks one fast. However in the ‘the complete guide to fasting’ it says “brushing the teeth with toothpaste or using mouthwash, on the condition one does not swallow it” – so brushing teeth is still allowed? And if so then me going in to the dentists would be ok (as long as I don’t swallow anything) even if I have the medicine aftertaste in my mouth, my fast would still be ok?

Answer: Assalamu alaykum

Ramadan Mubarak.

If one did not swallow the medicine, the fast is not broken. The leftover taste of medicine in one’s mouth or throat does not break the fast. [Shurunbulali, Imdad al-Fattah]

It is permissible to use the siwak or a toothbrush while fasting. It’s disliked to use toothpaste with the toothbrush because of the likelihood that one may swallow the toothpaste and break the fast. However, if one does not swallow it, then it doesn’t break the fast because a substance did not enter the body cavity.

Barak Allah fikum

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Umm Ihsan is a female student of Islamic knowledge from the US. She studies with leading Hanafi scholars from Syria and elsewhere.

Accidental & Forgetful Breaking of the Fast: What Is the Difference?

Answered by Ustadha Umm Ihsan

Question: I am completely confused by the concept of accidental break up of fast and forgetfulness during fasting. Could you please clarify?

Answer: Bismi Llahir Rahmanir Rahimi

Many people get confused between these three categories. But they are quite simple once one gives it a little thought.

There are three ways that one can break the fast:

a. deliberately

b. accidently or mistakenly, and

c. forgetfully.

Deliberately Breaking the Fast

Breaking one’s fasting deliberately requires a makeup fast and necessitates expiation.

Deliberately means that one remembers that one is fasting and purposely performs a specific action that breaks the fast without an excuse. [ibn Abdin, Radd al-Muhtar]

The specific actions that break the fast in this category are:

  1. Purposely eating or drinking something that humans would normally consume and this consummation nourishes, medicates, or pleases the body in some way
  2. Purposely performing actual sexual intercourse, in the front or rear private part, regardless if one ejaculated or not
  3. Swallowing the saliva of one’s spouse

Accidentally Breaking the Fast

Breaking one’s fast accidently requires a makeup fast but does not necessitate expiation. This also applies to actions that one was coerced to do.

Accidentally means that one remembers that one is fasting but broke the fast by one’s own doing without the intention to purposely break the fast. [Tahtawi, Hashiya al-Tahtawi; Related in Radd al-Muhtar]  As such, one did not intend to break the fast; however, a situation occurred where something entered the body cavity through a normal passageway due to one’s own action whilst one was consciously aware that one was fasting.

Example: Anas is making ablution for Asr prayer. He knows that he’s fasting for Ramadan today. While washing his mouth, he accidentally swallows water. He did not purposely intend to swallow water, but it mistakenly happened. Thus, his fast is vitiated because something entered the body cavity through a normal passageway while he consciously knew he was fasting. He doesn’t fall into category A because he didn’t purposely intend to do an action that would break the fast. He owes a makeup without expiation.

Forgetfully Breaking the Fast

If any of the actions that break the fast are performed forgetfully, then one’s fast is not vitiated. Forgetfully means that one does not have the presence of mind that one is fasting when performing the action. [Shurunbulali, Imdad al-Fattah]

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever forgets that he is fasting and eats or drinks, then he still completes his fast. It is only Allah who fed him and gave him drink.” [Bukhari]

In another narration, the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “If a fasting person eats forgetfully, it is only provision Allah put forth to him and there is no makeup upon him.” [Bukhari]

Example: Sarah is fasting for Ramadan. Suddenly, she feels thirsty. She goes into the kitchen and drinks a glass of water, completely forgetting that she’s fasting. After she finishes, she suddenly realizes that it is Ramadan and she drank something forgetfully. She was not conscious of the fact that she was fasting when she drank. Her fast is not broken according to the hadiths mentioned above. Rather, she should continue to fast for the remainder of the day. Her fast is valid and she no makeup is upon her.

I hope this is clear.

Barak Allah fikum.

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Umm Ihsan is a female student of Islamic knowledge from the US. She studies with leading Hanafi scholars from Syria and elsewhere.

Using Chapstick While Fasting

Answered by Sidi Waseem Hussain

Question: i was wondering if chapstick when tasted  with the mouth and then the saliva swallowed would break the fast. would you recommended to avoid chapstick when fasting?

Answer: Assalamu Alaykum Warahmatullah,

Using chapsticks or lip moisteners will not break the fast. These are applied on the lip, and the fast is only broken if a substance reaches the throat.

However, one has to be cautious and avoid licking the lips when it has been immediately applied. It will not affect the fast if licked later when no taste is found.

Unless there is a need, then it would be better to avoid using chapsticks and lip moisteners when fasting.

[Rafi Usmani, Dawabit al-Mufattirat]

Waseem Hussain

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Swallowing Blood in One’s Mouth: Does it Invalidate My Fast?

Answered by Sidi Waseem Hussain

Question: I just have a question regards to blood in the mouth. Does it invalidate the fast to swallow blood in the mouth?

Answer: Walaikum Salam Warahmatullah,

Bleeding in the mouth will only invalidate the fast if one swallows saliva when the majority of the saliva is reddish.

One is not required to check the saliva to see whether it is red or not, and there is no reason to assume blood has been swallowed unless one is certain that it happened.

[Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Zayla`i, Hadiyat al-Sa’luk]


Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Sidi Waseem Hussain attained an M.Sc. in Engineering, concentrating on international technology management. He  studied the Islamic sciences in Amman for a number of years, with particular emphasis on fiqh, hadith and `aqida. He is founder of the Danish Islamic Q&A service He currently lives in Denmark with his wife.

Pap Smear Test: Will it Invalidate One’s Fast?

Answered by Sidi Salman Younas

Question: Is it permissible for a woman to have a pap smear while fasting?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

I pray you are well.

Taking a pap-smear test, which involves placing a speculum into the vagina of a female, would not break the fast according to sound and followable positions within the Hanafi school. [Rafi` Usmani; Dabit al-Mufattirat]

However, due to the difference of opinion regarding whether the vagina is a valid point of entry that invalidates one’s fast, one should try and consult a reliable doctor on whether such testing can be performed at a time when one is not fasting.


Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani