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Reciting Quran in a State of Janaba.

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I know that we shouldn’t read the Quran while in janaba but I was too shy to tell my cousin I was in janaba when she ask me to read for her. so I read Quran while in Janaba.

What should I do?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

I pray you are well.

I’m not aware of a specific punishment reserved for reciting the Qurʾan whilst in janaba. It is, however, considered to be a minor sin – one which is effaced by other good deeds, such as the prayer, fasting, the blessings on the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace. The best thing to do is turn turn to Allah and ask him sincerely to forgive you and to protect you from falling into it again.

Reciting the Qurʾan With the Intention of Dhikr

The Fuqaha do, however, mention that one could recite the Qurʾan with the intention of dhikr or duʿa (for verses which have the meaning of duʿa – such as the closing verse of Sura al Baqara). One would need to maintain the intention throughout. So reciting something like Imam al Shadhili’s Hizb al Bahr, or the collection of verses commonly know as ‘al Manzil’ in the Subcontinent, with the intention of dhikr is perfectly permissible. (Ibn ʿAbidin, Radd al Muhtar)

I hope that helps. May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

I Always Feel That I Am in a State of Major Ritual Impurity.

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I wet my undergarments a lot due to waswas about urine. If I have an erotic dream and feel something coming out I check my underwear and they’re wet. Can I assume this is due to me wetting them when awake?

I should add that I have a very specific issue that makes me feel Junub constantly. Sometimes I will close my eyes and feel as though I have gone to sleep for a couple of seconds and in this time I may see something erotic and feel something coming out of my private area.

Please advise as I feel like I am completing acts of worship without being properly cleaned from major impurity.

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

I pray you are well.

Urine Leakage

Firstly, let’s establish if you have urine leakage or not. If you do not, then please refrain from soaking your underwear. This is making your issue worse.

If you do have urine leakage then go and see a doctor about the problem. Usually, pelvic floor exercises – also known as Keegal Exercises – help both men and women significantly with this issue. Someone told me that he went from having a lot of leakage to being able to maintain his wudu for many hours after making a practice of doing these exercises.

Feeling Like You Are A Junub

Now that there is no need to soak your clothes, the other issues are easy to deal with. If you see mani on your clothes after sleeping – even if it a light nap – then you are are in a state of janaba. Mani is discharged in amounts larger than other fluids; therefore seeing a few white specks should not make you think you need to have a bath.

With this taken care of, and with there being no wetness life should be easier for you. Please take a course next term, learn the basic fiqh of tahara, and relax. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: “Indeed [the practice of] the religion is ease [itself]” (Bukhari). Practice it in the way it was meant to be practiced.

You will undoubtedly benefit from dhikr; the more you do, the better. You should also look into some therapy for your OCD tendencies.

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

Do I Need to Make up Prayers If I Didn’t Know the Rulings Relating to Janaba?

Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Do I need to make up all my prayers in those months if I was in a state of janaba for months without realizing it?

Answer: Wa’alaykum assalam. I pray you’re well insha’Allah. Thank you for your question.

One of the conditions of prayer is being in a state of purity. Any prayers performed without a valid purification would not be valid and so must be made up.

Purification

If one is in a state of minor ritual impurity, one must perform a valid wudu for the prayer to be valid.

If one was in a state of major ritual impurity (janaba) one must have performed a valid purificatory ghusl (ritual bath) for the prayer to be valid.

Ghusl

In the Shafi school, for a purificatory bath to be valid the following conditions must be fulfilled:

1. An intention is made when bathing, such as ‘I intend lifting major ritual impurity’ or ‘I intend a ghusl from janaba’ or other similar wording.

2. That water reaches the entire body, meaning all the skin and hair on the body. It also includes the beginning of the inside of the ear canal.

3. That one does not do anything during the ghusl that would normally nullify wudu.

Make-up Prayers

Given that the prayers that you need make-up are only a few months’ worth, then it would be best to adhere to the Shafi’i ruling and make those prayers up.

In regards estimating how many prayers, then evaluate how many months you may have prayed without a valid ghusl, and then add a couple of or a few weeks extra until you feel that you have covered the time period with certainty.

Make a practical timetable for making up the prayers regularly. In the Shafi’ school one leaves all current voluntary and sunna prayers until one has made up all previous obligatory prayers.

[Tuhfa al Muhtaj, Bushra al Karim]

Please also refer to these related answers:

Should I Make up Prayers Missed Because of Religious Ignorance?

Make up Prayer Archives

Learning

I also highly recommend studying fiqh, which will teach you the rulings relating to worship and other subjects. If you can find reliable classes near you, then enrol. If not, then consider taking one of our Shafi’i fiqh course online here.

Warmest salams,
[Shaykh] Jamir Meah

Shaykh Jamir Meah grew up in Hampstead, London. In 2007, he traveled to Tarim, Yemen, where he spent nine years studying the Islamic sciences on a one-to-one basis under the foremost scholars of the Ribaat, Tarim, with a main specialization and focus on Shafi’i fiqh. In early 2016, he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continues advanced studies in a range of Islamic sciences, as well as teaching. Jamir is a qualified homeopath.

Can I Wear the Same Clothes I Was Wearing Before Performing a Ghusl (Ritual Bath)?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Can I wear the same clothes I was wearing before performing a ghusl (ritual bath)?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Yes, you can wear the same clothes, namely, the clothes you became ritually impure in, after the bath. But you should remove any filth first before praying in them.

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Conversion to Islam and How to Remove Major Ritual Impurity

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour
Question: Please I have this question on how to convert back to islam, I want to know the words I will need to say when I want to convert back to islam and how to do it. I want also to know what should I do for jahnaba after meeting with a woman. Please advice.
Answer: May Allah accept your tawbah (repentance) my dear brother. If you would like to convert back to Islam, once you have the firm belief that Islam is the religion that you want to follow, then you are at that moment a Muslim again.
Once you have that firm belief, then you can take a full shower (ghusl). You would make sure that water reaches all your body and that you rub that water with your hand or a cloth. You would also have to intend that you are washing for a ghusl.
To announce your Islam, or return to Islam, you should pronounce the testimony of faith (sha-ha-dah) where others can hear you say it. You would say, in any language or Arabic, “There is nothing worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” In Arabic it would be “La illaha illah Allah, Muhammadun Rasul Allah.”
The washing (ghusl) after meeting a woman is the same as a ghusl for shahada. You make sure that water reaches all your body, you rub that water on your skin (lightly) and you have an intention to that it is a ghusl.
May Allah accept your actions.
Rami Nsour

Can One Pray in Clothing from Which an Impure Substance has Just been Removed?

Answered by Tabraze Azam

Question: I recently heard that the Prophet Muhammad, SAS, went to the mosque in the same clothes he had relations with his wife in (but A’isha (RAD) had cleaned the dirty spots off them) and one would be able to see the water spots on The Prophet’s clothes when he was at the mosque?

Is this true? I heard this was in Sahih Al Bukari ( hadith )

Answer: Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, clothes affected by impure sexual fluids are purified by the washing away of the impure fluid. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

It is related that Sayyida `A’isha said, “I used to wash janaba (semen) from the clothes of the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, and he would go out to the prayer while the traces of the wet spots were visible.” [Bukhari]

Therefore, there is no harm in immediately praying in such clothes (i.e. in which an impure substance has just been removed), as is the case in the hadith you mention.

And Allah knows best.

wassalaam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Faraz Rabbani