Eating the Meat of the People of the Book

Ustadh Salman Younas answers questions about the lawfulness of eating meat slaughtered by Jews or Christians, and what to do if halal meat is hard to get.


Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa baraktuh.

Since in our countries (South America) it is very problematic to get halal meat, and where even halal meat is of dubious provenance, is it lawful to eat the meat obtained from the people of the Book?

And if so, how does this apply to meat is feasible to get in our countries, which mostly comes from slaughterhouses, making impossible to know who slaughtered the animal, much less whether it was invoked the name of God to do so under the Christian or Jewish rites.


Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I pray you are well. It is only permitted to eat the meat of the People of the Book (ahl al kitab), namely, the Jews and Christians, if there is a proper slaughtering. The conditions for a proper slaughtering are:

1. The one slaughtering be a Muslim, a Jew, or a Christian.
2. That the name of God be consciously uttered when the slaughter takes place.
3. That the animal be slaughtered at its throat.
4. That at least three of the four main veins of the throat be cut with a sharp object, such as a knife.

(Ibn Abidin, Radd al Muhtar; Abu Bakr al Razi, Tuhfat al Muluk)

If one can ascertain that the above conditions are being met, it would be permitted to eat such meat. If unable to, then one should avoid and veer on the side of caution. The ruling given in our times is that kosher meat is generally permissible to eat, whereas Christian meat is not.

Meat Is A Luxury

One thing to recall is that eating meat for most of us is a luxury and not a necessity and the health benefits of avoiding its excessive consumption are well known. The Prophet, Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions, Allah be pleased with them, were known to eat meat rarely and scarcely.

However, at the same time, the scenario you mention indicates the need for Muslims to work towards building a halal industry within their respective communities, with the assistance of scholars, local businessmen, and so forth.

This may not be an easy task in the world we currently live in but with with some effort and tact results are bound to manifest, beginning with smaller projects, such as local slaughter houses, and then building from there.



Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.
Photo by Nikola Knezevic on Unsplash

Saying the Basmala and Eating Hunted Animals from the People of the Book

Answered by Sidi Wasim Shiliwala

Question: What are the rulings concerning hunting? Is it sufficient to say “Bismillah” before shooting the animal, or is it necessary to cut the throat and tap the blood afterwords? If an animal is hunted and killed by a shot made by a Christian who did not say Allah’s name before shooting, is this animal halal to eat (if the animal itself is halal)?


Answer: Walaikum As-salaam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,

May Allah reward you for your concern regarding halal meat and hunting.

The Basmala and Ritual Slaughter

Before shooting the animal or releasing a hunting dog, a Muslim hunter must say the basmala, although the hunted animal is still permissible if he accidentally forgets to say it. However, if he intentionally omits the basmala, then the hunted animal is impermissible to eat.

If the animal is killed as a result of the hunt, then no additional slaughter is necessary, and its meat is halal. However, if the animal is still alive after being hunted, then one must slaughter it. If the slaughter is not done in this case, then animal is impermissible to eat.

[Shurunbulali, Ascent to Felicity]

Hunted Animals from People of the Book

According to the Hanafi school, the hunted game of a Christian is permissible, but only if Allah’s name is mentioned, or at least not intentionally omitted. Therefore, in the scenario you mention, the meat would not be permissible if the Christian never mentions God’s name at the time of shooting.

Please see the related answer for some further advice on this issue: Eating the Meat of the People of the Book

Further Information on Hunting

Some general rules to remember about hunting:

– hunting cannot be done for sport (i.e. only for entertainment and enjoyment)
– it is permissible to use a trained hunting animal (i.e. that abstains from eating the animals it hunts)
– the hunted animal must be wild such that ritual slaughter is not possible – whenever ritual slaughter is possible, hunting is not

These rules are merely an introduction to the fiqh of hunting. I highly recommend that anyone interested in hunting read Shaykh Faraz Khan’s translation of Imam Shurunbulali’s Ascent to Felicity, which has short but detailed sections on hunting and slaughtering.

And Allah knows best.

Baarak Allahu Fikum,

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani