A Ramadan Reader: A Comprehensive Answers Guide to Getting the Most Out of Ramadan

Preparing for Ramadan

The Complete Guide to Fasting

Imam Tahir’s 5 Simple Steps to Prepare for Ramadan

Preparing For Ramadan Advice from Habib Umar bin Hafiz

Ramadan Detox‬‏ for a Healthy Ramadan

40 Hadiths on Ramadan


Can I Pray 8 Rakats for Tarawih?

Should We Stop Praying Tarawih Once the Qur’an is Completed?

Is it Necessary to Perform Tarawih Prayers in the Mosque?

Is it Obligatory to Complete the Entire Qur’an During Tarawih Prayers?

Performing Tarawih Prayers Again as an Imam

Is It Valid for a Child to Lead Tarawih?

The Ruling of the Tarawih Prayer: A Confirmed Sunna

Reciting From a Copy of the Qur’an (Mushaf) in Tarawih and Other Prayers

Expiatory Payment (Fidya) for Missed Ramadan Fasts

Brief Overview of Expiatory Payments (fidya) for Missed Ramadan Fasts

Feeding People to Expiate For a Corrupted Fast

Is Expiation (kaffara) Necessary For Not Fasting in Ramadan?

When Is Expiation Required For A Fast?

How Many Expiations Are Required For Multiple Broken Fasts?

Can My Sister Pay Expiatory Payments (fidya) For Missed Fasts Due To Her Diabetes?

Can I Pay Fidya for Missed Days of Fasting Due to Menses?

Can a Healthy Person Skip Prayer and Fasting and Pay Expiation?

The Expiation (Kaffara) for Having Sex While Fasting

Must I Fast 180 Days as Expiation for 3 Broken Fasts?

Things that Break the Fast

Principles on what invalidates the fast

Does Watching Pornography While Fasting Break One’s Fast

Using Creams, Powders, or Topical Medications While Fasting

Does Swallowing Phlegm Break Your Fast?

Vaseline On Lips While Fasting, and Hitting Kids

Applying Medicine to One’s Teeth: Does it Invalidate the Fast?

Ramadan: Injections, Eye Drops, And Doubts

Using Chapstick While Fasting

Accidental & Forgetful Breaking of the Fast: What Is the Difference?

What Corrupts a Fast: Questions About Water Entering the Body

Bleeding Gums While Fasting

The Effect of Smoking on Fasting, and the Effect of Sins on Faith

Using Asthma Medication: Is My Fast Invalidated?

Accidentally Inhaling Perfume While Fasting

Does breathing in Air break one’s Fast?

Passionate Kissing While Fasting

Fasting and Illness

Too Sick to Fast in Ramadan, Too Poor to Pay the Expiatory Payment (Fidya)

Long-Term Illness that Prevents Fasting

How Can I Benefit From Ramadan When I Can’t Fast Due to Being Ill?

Laylat al-Qadr

When is Laylat al-Qadr?

Worship & Prayer on Laylat al-Qadr

Making Up Missed Fasts

Making Up Missed Fasts and Illness

Can I Combine My Intentions for a Missed Ramadan Fast and An Optional Sunnah Fast?

Do I Have To Make Up Missed Fasts Within A Year?

Making up Obligatory Fasts and Prayers

Making of Missed Fast

Years of Missed Fasts and Expiation (kaffara)

Breaking One’s Fast/Not Fasting Due to Hardship

Breaking One’s Fast Due to Weakness & Migraines

Can I Break My Fast If My Job Makes Fasting Too Difficult?

Fasting in Extreme Latitudes

Attending Juma, Praying and Fasting While Training to be a Firefighter

Can I Break My Fast If My Job Makes Fasting Too Difficult?

Fasting and Pregnancy

Pregnant Women & Fasting

Pregnancy & Making Up Fasts: Does She Really Have To?

The Spiritual Retreat (I`tikaf)

The Spiritual Retreat (i`tikaf)

The Three Types of I’tikaf (Spiritual Retreat)

Ramadan Advice, Benefits and Inspiration

Worship in Ramadan For a Menstruating Woman

How Do I Make The Most Of Ramadan?

Fasting Its Principles and Virtues-Imam Ghazali from al-Arab’in

Inner Dimensions of Fasting-Imam Ghazali

The Spiritual Purpose of Fasting – Closeness to Allah

Practical Tips for Fasting During Ramadan

Work Ethics for Muslims Fasting During Ramadan

Prophetic Supplications for Fasting

Virtues of Fasting in the Summer

Health Benefits of Fasting, and the Maximum Recommended Fast

General Ramadan Answers

When and Where Do I Break My Fast on a 20 Hour Airline Flight?

Should I Feel Bad for Not Fasting When I Had to Travel?

At What Age Must One Start Fasting?

Eating After Dawn & Breaking The Fast For An Invitation

The Chaining of Shayateen (Devils) During Ramadan

Does Each Makeup Prayer During Ramadan Count as 70 Makeup Prayers?

Intercourse during the month of Ramadan

Is Your Ramadan Fast Still Valid If You Stop Eating and Make Your Intention to Fast Between Fajr and Islamic Midday?

Should I Feel Bad for Not Fasting When I Had to Travel?

Brief Miscellaneous Q & A Relating to Fasting

Newlyweds Having Intercourse While Fasting During Ramadan

Making up Prayers and Fasts

Ustadh Farid Dingle clears up some confusion regarding making up missed fasts and prayers.

I’ve been reading your answers about making up broken fasts. In the Ramadan Reader it says we must fast sixty consecutive days for any deliberately broken fasts. But in the answers section it says no expiation is stipulated, however all broken fasts should be made up? Which is the correct one?

I don’t remember clearly if I have broken fasts. I know I used to have the bad habit and think that due to this I may have invalidated my fasts in the past. What’s the ruling here on figuring out how much were missed and making them up?

Also, I have neglected prayers in the past. I have never properly learned to read namaz and I am now working towards rectifying this, Insha Allah. What’s the ruling in making up the prayers, as I’m starting to learn to pray so I’m not sure if I will immediately be able to read all five prayers. Do I have to calculate how many were missed and whilst learning, if any are missed, add these to the overall number that need to be made up, too?

I feel embarrassed asking these questions, but I would like to know what I need to do to make up in these areas.

Jazak Allah khayr.

Expiation for missed or broken fasts

In the Hanafi school, no expiation needs to be paid if you simply don’t fast. The expiation is due for breaking the fast in Ramadan that you did actually start. See When Is Expiation Required For A Fast?

Breaking the fast by intentional ejaculation would break the fast and call for an expiation. You would have to make-up each fast you know for sure that you broke, and expiate for those days.

Praying five times a day

Praying five times a day is an absolute must, even at work or around others who do not pray. Try your utmost to perform all on time from this day forth.

Regarding missed prayers, once you get well established in performing the five daily prayers, start making up the ones that you have missed in the past at a consistent and moderate rate.

The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and grant him peace, said in his farewell sermon: “Fear Allah, your Lord, pray your five prayers, fast your month [of Ramadan], give charity from your wealth, and be obedient to those in authority over you, and you will enter the Paradise of your Lord.” (Ahmad, Tirmidhi and others)

I pray this helps.


Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Do I Need to Make up My Missed Fasts Before next Ramadan?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I missed 3 fasts in the month of ramadan due to masturbation. Do I need to make up my missed fasts before next Ramadan? 

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

No, it is not a condition of validity to make up your missed fasts (qada’) before the subsequent Ramadan. Similarly, there is no expiation for such a delay.

However, it is generally wise and proper to take care of religious duties as soon as reasonably possible, as long as you don’t have a genuine excuse to do the contrary.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

Please also see: What Should I Do to Make up Fasts Missed Because of my Addiction to Masturbation? and: The Complete Guide to Fasting

And Allah Most High alone knows best.


Ustadh Tabraze Azam.

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

How Should I Repair Missed Fast Due to Illness?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

The previous ramadan I have missed 26 fasts due to abdominal pain so I was advised to feed 26 poor people. Should I do this or is there an expiation to perform?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

No, if it established that you are unable to fast by clear signs, relevant past experience, or the advice of an upright, reliable Muslim doctor, you can miss the fasts and make them up at a later date. There is no expiation (fidya) due in such a case. [al-Haskafi, al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

However, if the doctor is unaware of the relevant rulings and limits of the law, you should take his word and then make a reliable judgement on your own. If you are able to fast, by taking any required medicines and eating sensibly around the fasting hours, for example, it would not be permitted to miss the fasts.

Please also see: When Does An Illness Allow One To Break The Fast?

And Allah alone knows best.

في الدر المختار: (أو مريض خاف الزيادة) لمرضه، وصحيح خاف المرض، وخادمة خافت الضعف بغلبة الظن بأمارة أو تجربة أو بإخبار طبيب حاذق مسلم مستور.

في رد المحتار: قوله: (مسلم) أما الكافر فلا يعتمد على قوله لاحتمال أن غرضه إفساد العبادة كمسلم شرع في الصلاة بالتيمم فوعده بإعطاء الماء فإنه لا يقطع الصلاة لما قلنا. بحر. قوله: (مستور) وقيل عدالته شرط، وجزم به الزيلعي، وظاهر ما في البحر والنهر ضعفه ط. قلت: وإذا أخذ بقول طبيب ليس فيه هذه الشروط وأفطر فالظاهر لزوم الكفارة

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Zakat on Properties and Reaching Ramadan Owing Fasts

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalam alaykum,

(1) I have two properties overseas under my name.
I have school debt, cash, and no income.
I live with my husband and he provides for me, as well as my father.
He also has some savings in the bank.
How should I/we calculate the zakat for this year?

(2) I owe 4 days of fasting from last year’s Ramadan due to menses. I was not able to complete them due to various reasons before this year’s Ramadan starts. What is my expiation?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
(1) Property is not zakatable unless it was purchased with a clear intention to sell. You would pay zakat if you are in possession of the zakatable minimum (nisab) above and beyond your immediate needs and debts. Your husband should calculate his zakat separately. Please see: Zakat: How to Calculate & Whom to Give and: Zakat & Long-Term Debts
(2) There is no expiation for delaying a makeup fast until the following Ramadan. Please see: Do I Have To Make Up Missed Fasts Within A Year?
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Dealing With a Terminal Illness and Impending Death

Answered by Ustadh Abdullah Anik Misra

Question: I have a family member who is suffering from a terminal illness and does not have long to live. I would like to know what a person in this situation should focus on with regards to their Islamic worship during the last months of life e.g seek forgiveness, making up fasts???


Answer: In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate,

As salamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Thank you for your question. I ask Allah Most High to make it easy for your loved one and the family.

A person with a terminal illness should prepare to meet Allah. This means rectifying themselves and their life by doing whatever Allah has enjoined on them that they had not been doing thus far, and refraining from what He has prohibited against that they haven’t yet left off. They should keep up what good they were doing with even more sincerity and focus as best they can.

They should take account of and fulfill any outstanding duties owed to Allah (such as making up missed prayers, compensating for missed fasts, zakat, Hajj, etc) and to people (debts, trusts, borrowed items, etc). If these cannot all be fulfilled, they should still intend to do so while striving their utmost, and seek forgiveness for what remains from Allah, and from the people they owed to.

Such a person should make tawbah (repentance) from all previous sins and resolve never to return to them. They should make peace with everyone around them, apologize to those they ever hurt, and completely forgive those who ever hurt them. Not a grain of negativity against any human or selfish desire from the world should remain in their heart.

They should prepare inwardly by increasing in remembrance (dhikr), gratitude and intimate discourse with Allah. They should work to free their hearts of any bitterness or complaint against what Allah had decreed for them in life, thinking only the best of Allah, and hope for the best from Him in what is to come. They should strive to understand the wisdom behind what they are going through, and approach Allah with serenity and peace of heart.

If possible, they should not leave off being productive in their daily lives: they should continue to pursue constructive endeavors with excellence, maintain a good appearance and diet, and enjoy Allah’s blessings. We are only on this earth for some time to please Allah in whatever we do.

Finally, we must remember that everyone’s life is terminal: the end is near for all of us. Allah Most High says, “Every soul shall taste death,” [Quran 3:185] and so this is a reminder for each of us. I ask Allah Most High to make things easy for your loved one, and your family, and keep everyone strong.

Abdullah Anik Misra

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

How Do We Deal With the Death of a Loved One?

How to Deal With a Non-Muslim Relative’s Death

Advice to a Young Cancer Patient

Not Fasting Due to a Chronic Condition Requiring Medication

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I’ve not fasted in Ramadan since i had an illness at the age of 12.  I’m 38 now and still on medication. The illness can become worse if i stop taking the medicine i.e 2 to 3 times a day.. I have tried keeping fast before, but every time i don’t eat my tablets for a few days, my condition becomes from bad to worse. My medication is for a lifetime. What would you suggest?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

The following answer addresses your case. May Allah grant you a quick and complete recovery, and ease all your affairs. Barak Allahu fikum.

Long-Term Illness that Prevents Fasting

And Allah knows best.

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Making Up for Fasts Missed Due to Illness and Menstruation

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I was never aware that you have to make up fasts missed (because of illness or in my case menstruation) during Ramadan until this past month.  I have missed a few weeks worth of fasts over the years. If I know I had to make them up and it was sinful, I would have done so.

Do I have to pay fidya? I have low income and I don’t work due to illness.  Would it be allowed if I paid in installments instead of at once?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health states.

You do not need to pay any expiation (fidya). In the Hanafi school, fidya is due only for those that have chronic illnesses that are not likely to be cured, in which case fidya is paid instead of making up the fasts. [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Shurunbulali, Maraqi Falah]

Simply estimate the number of days you missed and make a plan to make them up. They do not need to be made up consecutively, nor before next Ramadan. Take your time and space them out so you don’t burn out, but be consistent and inshaAllah you will find tawfiq in getting through them.

Also, there is no sin for missing fasts due to illness or menstruation. So relax and thank Allah for beneficial knowledge and the ability to practice that knowledge. May Allah grant you success.

And Allah knows best.

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

Can I Pay Fidya for Missed Days of Fasting Due to Menses?

Brief Overview of Expiatory Payments (fidya)

Too Sick to Fast in Ramadan, Too Poor to Pay the Expiatory Payment (Fidya)

Long-Term Illness that Prevents Fasting

Using Asthma Medication: Is My Fast Invalidated?

Answered by Sidi Salman Younas

Question: I take asthma medication twice a day (morning & evening). Will taking this invalidate my fast?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

I pray you are well. May Allah grant us all health and well-being.

The entrance of anything with a perceptible body into the body cavity through a recognized entrance, such as the mouth, would invalidate the fast. [Shurunbulal, Maraqi al-Falah]

As such, the usage of an asthma spray, for example, while one is fasting would invalidate the fast. If it is done due to a valid medical reason one would only be required to make-up that fast later on when one possesses the ability to do so.

If one suffers from chronic asthma, which requires usage of the spray or other medicine mutliple times a day, then one would be excused from fasting and would be required to pay expiatory payments (fidya) instead. You should consult a reliable Muslim doctor on the specifics of your condition to ensure that you will not be exposing yourself to harm when fasting, and whether you will be able to use the medication at times that permit you to keep a valid fast.


Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Can My Sister Pay Expiatory Payments (fidya) For Missed Fasts Due To Her Diabetes?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: My sister-in-law has been diagnosed with diabetes and advised by her doctor not to fast. Does she have to fast? How much expiation does she have to pay if she cannot?

Answer: I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits.

1. It is not an “automatic” that every diabetic person is unable to fast. If you’re able to, encourage your sister-in-law to discuss her specific situation with a discerning scholar. Many doctors (fearing medical liability) err on the side of excessive caution in such matters.

2. If it is established that she is presently unable to fast, then there is no expiatory payment (fidya) for her to give, unless she is both elderly and the condition is not likely to ever improve.

[ref: Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

And Allah alone gives success.

Faraz Rabbani

(Originally answered on the SeekersGuidance Ramadan Course Forum)