Following Different Schools.

Answered by Shaykh Farid Dingle

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I am a follower of the Shafi´i madhab. Sometimes I have to apply a serum to my scalp which contains alcohol because I suffer from hair loss.

Can I follow the Hanafi opinion on taharah that such alcohol or alcoholic perfumes are pure while still observing the rules of wudu and prayer according to the Shafi´i school?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

You should be fine.

Please see this answer.

Having the alcoholic substance on the limbs of wudu is not the issue, the issue is praying while having it on you and not having washed it off. If you can wash it off before you pray, you should do. Otherwise, you should be okay.

I pray this helps.

[Shaykh] Farid Dingle

Shaykh Farid Dingle grew up in a convert family in Herefordshire, UK. In 2007, he moved to Jordan to pursue traditional studies. Shaykh Farid continues to live in Amman, Jordan with his wife and kids. In addition to continuing his studies he teaches Arabic and several of the Islamic sciences.

Shaykh Farid began his journey in sacred knowledge with intensives in the UK and Jordan (2004) in Shafi’i fiqh and Arabic. After years of studying Arabic grammar, Shafi’i fiqh, hadith, legal methodology (usul al-fiqh) and tafsir, Sh. Farid began specializing in Arabic language and literature. Sh. Farid studied Pre-Islamic poetry, Umayyad, Abbasid, Fatimid, and Andalusian literature. He holds a BA in Arabic Language and Literature and continues exploring the language of the Islamic tradition.

In addition to his interest in the Arabic language Shaykh Farid actively researches matters related to jurisprudence (fiqh) which he studied with Shaykh Hamza Karamali, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, and continues with Shaykh Amjad Rasheed. 

Mixed Gender Classes

Ustadh Farid Dingle is asked if it is permissible for men and women who are students of knowledge to attend classes where both genders are present.



Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

Can women and men be in one classroom when they are seeking knowledge?



Wa alaykum assaalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

Dear questioner,

In principle, as long as there are a number of men or women, then it is permissible.

For more detail, please see Mixed Gatherings: A Detailed Response Regarding Gender Interaction and How to Deal with Free Mixing in Public Schools.



Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


Mixed Schools and Talking to Other Students

Shaykh Abdurragmaan Khan answers a question about how to deal with having to sit next to a person of the opposite gender in a mixed school.


Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I go to a school that is mixed and in one of my classes, I sit near a boy. I do my very best to avoid him, but is it okay if I talk to him now and again – obviously staying in the limits?


Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I pray you’re well insha Allah. Jazakum Allah khayran for your question and may Allah reward you for being concerned about your religious practice.

Unfortunately, mixed gender schools are now part of most people’s lives and for some, there are no alternatives. Religious individuals and groups must therefore learn how to deftly maneuver within the reality of their environment; balancing the often difficult task of remaining firm on clear principles of social conduct while at the same time doing their best not to isolate or repel others.

We often have to remind ourselves that traditional gender barriers that religion places are no longer understood or observed by most people, especially in the West. Of course, we should maintain these barriers for they serve a necessary purpose, however, we must also be sympathetic in attitude to people to whom such formal interaction may seem strange or extreme. Acknowledging this at least allows us to view and interact with others in a merciful and respectful manner. In time, they may even admire and appreciate the wisdom in our customs.

In these situations, one can only do the best one can, observing proper etiquette and modesty while remaining genuine and good-natured. The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, said, “Do not be extremists, but try to be near perfection and receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

Suggestions on Mixed Schools

You could ask the teacher if it is possible to seat you next to a female student.

If you must sit next to a boy, then just ensure that you are properly covered and avoid physical contact. Talking now and again to greet him or when needed is fine. Be natural and don’t be harsh. It’s also not his fault he is sitting next to you!

Simple questions and answers usually suffice to be pleasant yet succinct.

You may also refer to this post: How to Deal with Free Mixing in Public Schools.

I wish you the very best. Warmest salams,


Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Mixed Schools and Looking at the Opposite Sex

Ustadh Tabraze Azam is asked a series of questions about receiving an education in schools where and women attend and if it is permissible.


Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

I’m a 17 year old girl who lives in a non-Muslim country. I am studying in a mixed school where men and women are mixed in a class. I can also can assure you that I can’t attend a school where there will be only girls, because such schools are far away from our city and there is no non-mixed school here in the city where I am in.

I want to quit that mixed school because it includes looking at non-mahram men which makes afraid to fall into sin, but I am afraid that I will be thrown out of the house by my parents. When I ask them to let me leave this school, they want me to finish my school and there are two more years left. Please guide me regarding this, what should I do?


Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

You should complete your studies at school.

I’m not sure where you’re getting your religion from, but, normally, it is not sinful for a lady to merely look at an unrelated man. This is particularly the case when you are a student and he is the teacher and you’re trying to learn something from him in a classroom setting.

I’d suggest you focus your religious attention on fulfilling your devotional duties soundly, and learning what the impermissible is and then avoiding it. Otherwise, work and study hard with a praiseworthy intention and you can be hopeful of a reward from Allah Most High for it.

Please also see Basic Fiqh of Looking at the Opposite Sex and Guidelines for Interacting With the Opposite Sex.

Consider also taking this course: Essentials of Halal and Haram (Hanafi): Practical Guidelines for Godfearingness in Everyday Life.

And Allah Most High knows best.


Tabraze Azam

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.