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When Can I Resume Praying After a Post-Natal Bleeding?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

My post-natal bleeding stopped before 40 days and I resumed praying. After a few days, but again before 40 days, the blood came back. Should I stop praying again at this point?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Yes, a lady would be expected to wait until the blood ends a second time before bathing and subsequently praying and fasting. If the bleeding exceeds forty days, she would begin praying and fasting as the blood would be considered irregular (istihada). This is in the case of a first child. As for a lady with a post-natal bleeding habit, she would return to her habit in the case that blood goes beyond forty days, and make up the missed prayers and fast accordingly.

Please also see: Questions About Post-Natal Bleeding and Birth Control

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

When Can I Start Praying After a Miscarriage?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam Alaykum,

I had a miscarriage about 10 days ago and I was 10 weeks pregnant. I had the curettage done as well. The OB/GYN indicated that the bleeding will last for about 3-4 days but has not stopped yet.
Can I start praying now or should I wait until the bleeding has completely stopped?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

May Allah Most High grant you steadfastness and a tremendous reward.

If the miscarried foetus had discernible features, such as fingers, then the blood which exited thereafter would be considered post-natal (nifas).

There is some detail to it, but in general, when the blood stops, you need to perform the ritual bath (ghusl) and pray.

[`Ala’ al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Please also see: Does a Woman Have to Pray After a Miscarriage of 11 Weeks If She Bleeds for a Couple of Weeks? and: What is the Proper Procedure After an Early Miscarriage? and: Fiqh of Miscarried Fetus and: What is the Legal Status of the Blood from a Woman Who Had a Miscarriage? and: What Should Be Done After a Late Miscarriage Practically and Emotionally?

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,
Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Does a Woman Have to Pray After a Miscarriage of 11 Weeks If She Bleeds for a Couple of Weeks?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Does a woman have to pray after a miscarriage of 11 weeks if she bleeds for a couple of weeks?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

The basis is that blood seen after a miscarried foetus is post-natal bleeding (nifas) if any of the features have developed. [`Ala’ al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Before this point, you would need to return back to your menstrual and purity habits.

It is reported that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The miscarried child will pester its glorious and mighty Lord for His entering its two parents into the Fire until it is told, ‘O miscarried child that pesters its Lord! Enter your father and mother into Paradise.’ Then it will drag them with its umbilical cord until it makes them enter Paradise.” [Ibn Majah]

Please also see: What is the Legal Status of the Blood from a Woman Who Had a Miscarriage? and: Should Post-Natal Bleeding Be Dealt with in the Same Manner as Menstrual Bleeding?

And Allah alone knows best.

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Should Post-Natal Bleeding Be Dealt with in the Same Manner as Menstrual Bleeding?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I recently experienced the loss of my pregnancy at 5 months gestation and had to undergo delivery.I am also experiencing post-delivery bleeding.

Is this bleeding considered to be the same as menstrual bleeding? Is it permissible for me to attend the burial of my stillborn son at the grave site in such a state?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

I am sad to hear of your loss and pray that this trial becomes a means for you to grow in your religion and attain next-worldly success.

Regarding your question, the bleeding you are experiencing is considered post-natal bleeding (nifas). It is similar to menstrual bleeding in many of its rules, such as not being obligated to pray and the impermissibility of entering a mosque or reading the Qur’an.

However, menstrual and post-natal bleeding do not prevent one from participating in funeral rites at a grave site. Therefore, it is permissible for you to attend such services.

Salman

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is Nifas (Post-Partum Bleeding) Part of a Woman’s Idda?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I wanted to know if the nifas was part of a woman’s idda?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

No, nifas is not part of a woman’s idda. For a pregnant woman, the idda ends as soon as she delivers the baby.

The fuqaha even mention that she may get married immediately after delivery, although the marriage could not be consummated until the completion of nifas. [Zayla`i, Tabyin al-Haqa’iq]

Allah Most High states, “… And [as for] pregnant women, [the end of] their appointed term is that they deliver their burden.” [65:4]

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approve by Faraz Rabbani

What is the Legal Status of the Blood from a Woman Who Had a Miscarriage?

Answered by Ustadh Faraz A. Khan

Question: Assalam alaikum,

What are the details for a women when she has a miscarriage and reading salah at different stages of the pregnancy?

I have heard if it is an early pregnancy (she has a miscarriage at 6 weeks) then this is not counted as Nifas rather Istihada. Is this correct?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith.

The basic rule is that if the miscarried fetus had any sort of physical development- such as hand, foot, finger, nail, or hair – then it is a baby and the blood is considered postnatal bleeding (nifas).

If no physical development appears on the fetus, it is not deemed a baby. In that case, the blood that exits afterwards is deemed menstrual blood (hayd) if it lasts three full days (72 hours) and was preceded by a complete tuhr (i.e., no blood for at least fifteen days) since her last menstrual period.

Otherwise, it is most likely non-menstrual discharge (istihada), but one would have to consult a scholar with specific details as it could still be menstrual blood depending on the exact scenario.

[Hadiyya ‘Ala’iyya; Haskafi/Ibn Abidin, al-Durr al-Mukhtar, Radd al-Muhtar]

At six weeks, it is highly unlikely that the fetus was developed, making the blood either hayd or istihada depending on when she saw it.

In any case, please consult a scholar with the specifics of the scenario.

And Allah knows best.

wassalam
Faraz A. Khan

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Purification & Prayer During Labor

Answered by Sidi Salman Younas

Question: I am pregnant and I wanted some guidance on purification and prayer during labor. When should I stop praying whilst going to labor? How do I perform ablution?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

I pray you are well.

A morally responsible female is obligated to pray as long as she is not in a state of menstruation (hayd) or post-natal bleeding (nifas).

Post-natal blood is the blood that exits from the uterus through the vagina after the exiting of most of the child. [Birgivi, Dhukr al-Mutahhilin] As such, the prayer would only be lifted from a woman in labour after most of the child exits. Prior to that the prayer will remain obligatory upon her.

In the situation where a woman is in labor and needs to pray the only thing demanded of her is that she pray to the best of her ability. As such, if she is unable to perform the ritual ablution then she can do the dry-ablution (tayammum) in its place, which can be performed with anything from the earth (such as a rock). Similarly, if she is unable to pray standing, she prays sitting with bowing and prostration, and if unable to do that then with head movements. [Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

Further, any involuntary sounds that come out are excused as well and do not invalidate the prayer.

Our teacher, Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, quoted his teacher, Shaykh Hassan al-Hindi, as saying that what more beautiful a state to have a child in than in a state of prayer. Child birth is without a doubt difficult, but the prayer was made the “coolness” of the Prophet’s (Allah bless him and grant him peace) eyes, the “key to paradise”, and the “remover of vice”. It is the intimate link between the slave and his Lord, the place wherein the secrets of one’s slavehood are outpoured, small in number but abundant in favor.

We should keep the above in mind and strive our best to fulfill the obligations placed upon us for they have only been commanded to benefit us in this world and the next.

Wassalam
Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani