Is It Necessary When Praying Alone to Raise My Voice?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

If one is praying alone and aloud (with the intention that someone may join him in congregation) and then in mid-prayer forgets to recite the takbir aloud (no one has joined him in prayer as of this point), does one have to perform the prostration of forgetfulness?

Answer: Assalamu alaykum wa rahmat Allah,

No, it is not necessary (wajib) for a person praying alone to raise their voice, and thus, if you forget to do so, or if you change from loud to quiet, it doesn’t affect the soundness of your prayer.

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And Allah Most High alone knows best.


[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

What Are the Rulings Related to Loud Recitation, and Being Joined by Someone If I Pray Alone?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam ‘alaykum,

1) If someone is praying alone with the intention of being his own imam, should he recite aloud for Fajr, Magrib and isha?

2) Can a man join someone in congregation who has started on his own with the intention of being his own imam?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

(1) Yes, reciting aloud during the Fajr prayer, and the first two cycles (rak`ats) of the Maghrib and `Isha prayers, would be superior, yet it is not a requirement, because the basis is that the men’s prayer is prayed in congregation and reciting aloud here bears a stronger resemblance to the congregational prayer.

(2) Yes, because the basis for the men’s prayer, as before, is that it is prayed in congregation, and here, he is the imam of himself. Thus the man does not need a specific intention to lead other men. However, the same is not true for leading congregations that include women. In this situation, the imam does have to make a separate intention.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah, with Tahtawi’s Gloss (1.346)]

Please also see: Reciting Aloud in Quiet Prayers

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

قال في الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح: ((قوله : والمنفرد بفرض مخير فيما يجهر فإن شاء جهر لأنه إمام نفسه لكن لا يبالغ في الجهر مثل الإمام لأنه لا يسمع غيره وجهره هكذا أفضل ليكون الأداء على هيئة الجماعة)) اهـ.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What Do You Recite Out Loud When Praying Alone?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: My question concerns the Loud prayers (Fajr, first two rakahs of Maghrib and first two rakahs of Isha).
I have learned that, even when praying alone, it is sunnah (especially for the men) to recite out loud in these salah.

My question is, what exactly is recited out loud when praying alone? Are you supposed to recite out loud what the Imam would in congregation (qirat + takbeers + coming up from ruku + salam)?

Are you supposed to recite the “Sami Allahu liman hamidah” out loud when coming up from ruku?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, it is optimal, for the man praying alone, to raise his voice, such that he can hear himself, in the recitation of the dawn (Fajr) prayer and the first two cycles (rak`ats) of the sunset (Maghrib) and night (`Isha) prayers.

[Shurunbulali, Imdad al-Fattah; `Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

As for the woman’s prayer, the basis is concealment; therefore, even when alone, she would recite quietly.

Finally, with regards to raising one’s voice in the various phrases of remembrance (Allahu Akbar, the salams and so on), these would not be included in the encouragement to recite aloud.

And Allah knows best.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani