How Can I Judge the Nature of the White Stain I Find on My Underwear When I Wake Up?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu aleykum,

When waking up I always find a dry white stain on my underwear. How am I supposed to tell whether the white stain is sperm or pre-ejaculatory fluid?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

You should make a judgement, and don’t investigate too much.

The basis would be that ejaculation would leave a noticeable or sizeable stain, and releasing pre-sexual fluid would not.

Please also see: Male Sexual Fluids and Ghusl and: A Reader on Waswasa (Baseless Misgivings) and: Rules Regarding Ghusl and Wet Dreams for Men and Women

And Allah alone gives success.

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Inhaling Smoke, Emitting Pre-Sexual Fluid, Accidental Eating and Fasting in Maliki School

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: Is it true that in the Maliki school if you unintentionally inhale cigarette smoke, steam or incense, emit pre-ejaculatory liquid or accidentally eat food that you’ve broken your fast?


Inhaling Smoke, Steam and Incense While Fasting

According to the Maliki school, inhaling smoke, steam or incense:

1. Will break the fast if the smoke reached the back of the throat. This is if the smoke was inhaled intentionally, or care was not taken to avoid it.

2. Will not break the fast if the inhalation was beyond one’s control. An example would be when one is on a street and inhales some accidentally.

The reason for this ruling given by Al-Dusuqi in his marginal notes on the Sharh Al-Kabir by Dardir on the Mukhtasar is that, “incense and steam are both matter and have an affect on the brain, giving it a benefit similar to that of food.”

Pre-ejaculatory Fluid (madhy)

In terms of the pre-ejaculatory fluid (madhy):

1. It breaks the fast if a person had control over the thoughts or touching, and then the fluid was released.

2. If one did not have control over the release of madhy, such as when one is asleep, then the fast is not broken.

While fasting, one of the matters that we must control is the intentional release of sexual fluid in addition to avoiding consumption of food and drink.

[Mukhtasar Khalil]

Accidentally Eating or Drinking

If one accidentally eats or drinks somethings, the fast is broken but they must continue the fast until sunset. The process of continuing to fast after it has been broken is called “imsaak.” The person who eats or drinks accidentally would then have to repeat that fast.

The reason why Imam Malik considered the fast to not be valid is that the purpose of fasting, which is not having anything digestible reach the throat or stomach, was not completely achieved. [Tafsir Al-Qurtubi]

Breaking One’s Fast by Masturbation and the Emission of Pre-Ejaculate in Maliki School

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: As-Salāmu `Alaykum

Before converting to Islam I masturbated regularly. I understand it is prohibited in Islam and I have tried to cut down. However, sometimes I slip into old habits and give in to my desires.

My question is, in Ramadan, if one was to masturbate in the Maliki school would they have to pay a kaffarah i.e. feed 60 people? I’m aware that I would have to make up the fast at a later date.

I also wished to ask that does the emission of madhi voluntary or involuntary require someone to do ghusl in the Maliki school, or would ablution suffice? Would this too invalidate ones fast?

I apologize for asking such questions, but I couldn’t ask this openly to my teachers.

Answer: No apology needed about asking this question as blameworthy modesty is that which prevents on from asking questions about the religion. You have taken a great step in asking this question.

Penalty (Kaffara) For Ejaculation of Fluid

If one were to intentionally cause the ejaculation of sexual fluid (many or madhy) during the daytime of a fast, then that fast would be invalid. The person would have to make up that fast and pay a penalty (kaffara) which would be either fasting 60 days consecutively, feeding 60 people or freeing a Muslim slave. One kaffara would be done for every day that was broken. (Khalil, Al-Mukhtasar)

Cowper’s Fluid (madhy)

The emission of madhy would only require washing of the entire penis and would not require a full shower (ghusl). The emission of madhy would require wudu and would invalidate the fast if the person did something intentionally to cause it to come out. If one knows that by looking, thinking or touching that madhy will exit and it does, then the fast is broken and must be made up. (Dusuqi, Hashiyatul Sharh al Kabir)

Advice to Break the Habit

I advise you to seek whatever help you need in breaking the habit that you have formed. Regular fasting throughout the year can help you do this. Recitation of Sura Al Tariq also aids in prevention of this type of habit (Zarruq, Naseeha). A reduction in tasty foods may also help. Delaying the shaving of the pubic hair will also reduce desire, but it should be shaved at least once every 40 days. One should never look or touch the private area unless there is need, such as cleaning after urination, and should do so in as short time as possible.


*Note: In the Hanafi school masturbation resulting in ejaculation invalidates the fast but doesn’t require expiation (kaffara). Rather, it is obligatory to (1) make up the fast and (2) sincerely repent.

Related Answers:

Is Expiation Required for Masturbating While Fasting? (Hanafi)

Is Masturbation Sinful and How Do I Stop?

Supplications for Stopping Masturbation

A Reader on Pornography and Masturbation

Male Sexual Fluids and Ghusl

Answered by Sidi Wasim Shiliwala

Question: If mani/semen/sperm exits while or after urinating is Ghusl required in the Hanafi School?

Answer: Walaikum As-salaam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,

The Hanafi jurists have outlined three general types of sexual fluid in men:

1. Sperm (mani), which is a thick white liquid that, after its exit, the erection subsides.

2. Pre-ejaculatory fluid (madhi), which is a thin white liquid that exits near the time of arousal, not due to the arousal itself. It also differs from mani in that it doesn’t exit in spurts, the erection normally does not subside with its release, and its exit might not even be felt.

3. Wadi, a thick white liquid that usually exits with urine (either before or after it).

Of the 3, the exiting of madhi and wadi do not require ghusl, while the exiting of mani does. Of course, ghusl is required in any case if sexual relations occur (specifically when the private parts meet).

Therefore, if one finds wadi in their urine, ghusl would not be required.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

Jazakum Allahu Khairan,

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani