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Why Did The Prophet Love Madinah? by Shaykh Faid Mohammed Said

What was it about the city of Madinah that the Prophet Muhammed loved so much? Shaykh Faid Mohammed Said sheds some light.

Bismillah-ir Rahman-ir Raheem

“Allah Guides to His Light Whom He Wills.” (Surah An-Nur)

Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) has blessed everything with the Baraka and Nur of Rasulullah ﷺ, but from places, there is one city, one place, one piece of land that whenever we go back to it we become lost in its aja’ib (wonders):  Madinah!

Maybe it is because Rasulullah ﷺ make dua for Madinah more than double that of Ibrahim (alaih salam) for Makkah.

But why did Rasulullah  love Madinah?  Rasulullah  loved its people, its land, its sand and its fruits; but why Madinah?

Why did Rasulullah  make the sign of iman connected to loving the Ansar (the people of Madinah), and one of the biggest signs of nifaq (hypocrisy) in disliking or hating them?

Why did Rasulullah ﷺ threaten anyone who targets Madinah with any harm to be dissolved like salt in water?

Why did Rasulullah ﷺ curse the one who commits a crime in Madinah or the one who tries any evil design on Madinah or its people?

Why did Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) not make another  portion of Rawdat-ul Jannah (garden of paradise) for Rasulullah  in any place other than Madinah?

Why did Rasulullah tell us that Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) made the ajwa of Madinah (a special date) a protection, shifa’a and cure from sihr (black magic) and poison?  Why not any other ajwa?  Why?

Why did Rasulullahﷺ say that the land and the sand of Madinah isshifa’a?  Why did Rasulullahﷺ that even the dust is shifa’a!?  Rasulullah ﷺ upon his arrival of Madinah used to uncover his face to the dust of Madinah, as if it were the air-conditioning or freshening agents we enjoy in this time!

Why did Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) choose the people of Baqi to be the first to be resurrected?

Why did Rasulullahﷺ say that he would be the intercessor for everyone who dies in Madinah?

Why did Heﷺ encourage people to die in Madinah?

Why does Madinah have more than one-hundred names?  It is said that the number of names that something possesses is a sign of its greatness!

Why did Rasulullahﷺ stay in Makkah for thirteen years and a numbered set of people became Muslim, but when he went to Madinah, the people of Madinah received him and believed in him?

Why did Rasulullahﷺ say during the Battle of Hunan to Syedina Abbas (radiallah anhu) to call the Ansar, His Family, and the people of Bayt-ul Ridwan?  Why did Rasulullahﷺ call the Ansar?

Why did Rasulullahﷺ say that if everyone was to go one direction and the Ansar were to take a different direction that He would take the direction of the Ansar?  Why?

Why did Rasulullahﷺ say to the Ansar that should it not make you happy that others live with money, camels and sheep, but your life is with Rasulullahﷺ?

Why did Rasulullahﷺ say that Uhud is a mountain that He loves and Uhud loves Him?  Why Uhud and why not any other mountain?

Whenever we visit Madinah, we do not want to leave!  Every corner of every part of Madinah has attached with it emotions, feelings and things that can be seen that no one can imagine or dare describe.

In Madinah, you cry, read, smile and you even forget to rest!  Maybe because all of the barakat that was given to this City, and it is suffices that Rasulullahﷺcalled this city “Al Madinah”, “the City!”  When Rasulullahﷺ called it “the City” then that means after that there is no city other than Al Madinah, and that indeed that is the real city.

Al Madinah is a direction.  When Madinah is mentioned, the heart of the mu’min flutters to this City.

Al Madinah is also “Munawarah”.  For the people that Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) has opened the Nur for, they see this City belit!  Zaid ibn Thabit (radiallah anhu) said that when Rasulullahﷺ came to Madinah, every corner end every street became Nur, and when he departed, everything became dark.  These are the people that do not see except with the eyes of Nur and baseera(insight).  Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) said in Surah Al-Hajj (46):  “Indeed it is not the sight that goes blind, but rather it is the heart that goes blind.”  Zaid ibn Thabit (radiallah anhu) is telling us that the people of Madinah were the people who saw Nur, in each and every corner what they saw was Nur!

May Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) make us from the people of Madinah, end our life in Madinah, and may He make us from the people of Baqi, from the people of the Rawdah, from the people of Uhud and the Shuhudah of Uhud.

May Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) fill us with the love of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasalam), the Ansar, the Muhajireen, the Ahlul Bayt, the Sahaba and all the Saliheen.

May Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) make this a year of Rahma and hidayah (guidance).

2 Muharram 1438

Al Madinah Al Munawarah

 Shaykh Faid Mohammed Said

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The People Around The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

There is plenty to be heard about the Prophet Muhammad but what about the people around him relaying what we know of him? What were his companions like? Why were they so enamoured by him? Shaykh Faraz Rabbani sheds some light, as part of the SeekersHub 2015 Tour of South Africa.

Why Did the Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) Want to Divorce Sawda?

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Why did the Prophet (peace be upon him) want to divorce Sawda?

Answer: Assalam alaykum,

I pray that you are well.

There are areas of convergence as well as divergence with respect to the relationship between the Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) and Sawda (may God be pleased with her).

There is no disagreement over the fact that Sawda (may God be pleased with her) in her advanced age—gave her turn in the nightly rotation with the Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) to Aisha (may God be pleased with her). This is established through numerous narrations, including the collections of Bukhari and Muslim.

There are varying reasons given in narrations, or through scholarly interpretation, for her doing so.

The most authentic narrations indicate that she did so out of a desire to please the Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) by giving her turn to his preferred wife [Bukhari].

Other authentic narrations indicate that she did so because she thought that the Prophet (peace and blessings of God upon him) was going to divorce her because she was advanced in age. She gave up her turn, based on these narrations, to remain as a wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) in this life and the next [Abu Dawud; Tirmidhi]. These narrations indicate that this was accepted by him.

Some scholars have interpreted the surrounding circumstances to indicate that the Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) wanted to divorce her. There are no authentic narrations that state that he (peace and blessings of God be upon him) wanted to divorce her, or that he did in fact do so.

The most that can be authentically established, however, is that Sawda (may God be pleased with her) gave up her turn, and that she did this for one of the two reasons listed above.

It is not unlikely that Sawda (may God be pleased with her) would do this for the first reason listed above. The Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) preferred Aisha (may God be pleased with her)  among his wives. When he fell ill towards the very end of his life, he began to ask with whom he would be the following night. His wives understood that he wanted to stay with Aisha (may God be pleased with her) and allowed him to remain with her until his death (peace and blessings of God be upon him) [Bukhari].

If the reports of the latter reason for giving up her turn, that of her genuinely fearing divorce (may God be pleased with her) are an accurate representation of her beliefs, they may have been unfounded. The Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) was not known to have an inordinate interest in young females; most of his marriages were to women already relatively older in age.

However, the overwhelming bulk of scholarship, past and present, clearly considered this within the realm of possibility, as Sawda (may God be pleased with her) also may have.

God knows best.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Shuaib Ally

Shaykh Shuaib Ally is a scholar who has recently returned to Toronto after completing his studies overseas. He started his studies by completing his MA in Islamic Studies at the University of Toronto in 2008. He went on to study in a number of Islamic disciplines privately with scholars in Saudi Arabia, including Tafsir, Qur’anic Sciences, Shafi’i law, Usul, Hadith, Hadith Methodology, Grammar and Balagha. Shaykh Shuaib currently resides in Toronto.

The Love between the Prophet ﷺ and Abdullah ibn Mas’ud – Shaykh Hamdi Ben Aissa

Imagine the city of the Prophet ﷺ, illuminated by him ﷺ, by his Companions and by the love they all had for each other. Shaykh Hamdi Ben Aissa gives us a glimpse.

Every morning, the whole city would wait, impatient to hear the blessed sound of the footsteps of the Prophet ﷺ as he left his house to sit in his corner for spiritual retreat – a sound that announced to them that the prayer sanctuary was now open. And then, swiftly, the mosque would fill.
Who made the call to that night prayer (tahajjud)? It was Abdullah ibn Mas’ud. He was he who had the honor of announcing this prayer throughout his life. Abdullah ibn Mas’ud was the first to witness the spiritual Sun – our Prophet ﷺ – rise every morning before the physical sun rose.
One day, the beautiful Apostle ﷺ suddenly fell ill. He ﷺ went to visit his living Companions and the martyrs of Uhud. He ﷺ wept, saying, “I miss my brothers!” He ﷺ was referring to his buried brothers before anything. But he ﷺ was also talking about you.
A Companion who was present asked the Prophet ﷺ, “Are we not your brothers?” He ﷺ said, “Yes, you are my brothers by companionship, but I speak of those who accepted the good news, even though they never met me. It is they who I speak of now. How I miss them!”
Not long after, the Prophet ﷺ developed a fever, similar to the one he ﷺ experienced upon the first revelation of “Iqraa.” He ﷺ asked to be covered, just like the first time. This time it was Sayyida Ayesha who had the honor of covering him ﷺ. For seven days, he ﷺ couldn’t leave his house. The Companions anxiously awaited his recovery: there were those who raised tents in the streets, others in the mosque’s yard. No one thought this would be the illness that would bring the end of life as they knew it.
Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, the close Companion who welcomed the first glimpse of the Prophet ﷺ each morning would be the one to witness the very last look, before the curtain fell – never to be raised again. After many days of sickness, the Prophet ﷺ lifted the curtain between his home and the sanctuary, and addressed his Companions, ‘I give you peace.’ The Companions were in prayer at the time, and were seized by the desire to run to their Beloved ﷺ. Heﷺ told them to stay in prayer. But Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said: ‘The prayer could be repeated, but that look I couldn’t miss. I looked at his face and it was like a page of the Qur’an.’
It’s clear that Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud was not talking about the physical page upon which the Qur’an was transcribed. What physical resemblance would the Prophet’s ﷺ countenance have with the leathers or papyrus which hosted the Word of God at that time? Rather, he was talking about the light of the Qur’an, that light that emanates from the Word of God, and is visible to those who have clear vision. That light was the light he saw on the Face of his Beloved ﷺ.
The light of Qur’an is the light of eternity, not of black-inked letters. Light is light. Abdullah ibn Mas’ud was an expert of that light as well – the Qu’ranic light. It was Abdullah ibn Mas’ud who recited the Qur’an for the Prophet ﷺ: for, even though the letters of God were engraved in his ﷺ heart, the Beloved ﷺ would ask to hear the Word of God recited in the voice of someone else, in order to experience its beauty in yet another way. And that someone else was Abdullah ibn Mas’ud. The Prophet ﷺ would say: “Recite to me the last thing you learned.” Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said that one time, in response, he started reading from Surah al-Nisa (The Chapter of Women) [in another narration it was al-Nahl (The Chapter Bees)], until he reached the verse: “and when we will call from each nation their witness, and we will call you as a witness for that nation.” Hearing these words, the Messenger ﷺ wept. His tears flowed, flowed, flowed. Everytime he ﷺ recited or heard the Qur’an, he ﷺ lived a new experience of Revelation.
In this love between the Prophet ﷺ and Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, we witness the way in which the Qur’an that is recited is a rope connected to the Qur’an that is revealed.

A Description of the Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ Bed – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What did the bedding of the Prophet ﷺ like, and why did he choose it? In this short but inspiring video, Shaykh Faraz Rabbani discusses how the choices of the Most Beloved indicated his ultimate choice: the hereafter.

Why did he choose a mat that didn’t cover his body if he was given the keys to the treasures of the whole earth? What did he choose instead? What were his priorities? 

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Three Qualities for Being Worthy of Trust – Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What are the three qualities that make us worthy of trust? What kind of benefit would the companions take from the gatherings with the Prophet  ﷺ?  Shaykh Faraz Rabbani gives answers to these pertinent questions in this short video.

Resources for seekers:

Cover Photo by Buzbeto

Trust[cwa id=’cta’]

One Surprising Thing that Will Save Us – Shaykh Faid Said

What will save us? We commit many sins. We make many mistakes. Every day, we think we are increasing in experience and wisdom, but in reality we get closer and closer to death and our own personal Reckoning.

In this inspiring talk, Shaykh Faid Muhammad Said tells us how our connection to Allah and His Messenger ﷺ, is the very thing that will be our salvation in the end.

Quite simply, he says, there is no limit to how close we can be to Allah. He relates two inspiring stories of people who seemed simple and nondescript, but in reality were drawn close to Allah out of His limitless mercy.

They were Companions of the Prophet. One of them is extremely well known; his story is told in almost every Muslim household. Another one is less known; few people know the details about his life. Nonetheless, he was one of the ones who drew indescribably close to Allah, and for that reason, achieved a high rank.

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Rethinking Islamic Education – Shaykh Abdal Hakim Murad

Cambridge professor Shaykh Abdul Hakim Murad, an expert on Islamic education discusses the idea of intellect and its connection to religious thinking.

What is a good Islamic education? Is religion a series of beliefs simply memorized and passed down from generation to generation? Is it a Scripture and doctrine that is pliable and can be molded to our intellect and desires? What role does reasoning and intellect play in our religious practices? What role does practices and tradition play in our religious reasoning?

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Has the Sight of a Woman Affected the Prophet?

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Is the Hadith below Authentic and how should it be understood?

Jabir said, “The Prophet saw a woman so he entered upon Zainab bint Jahsh and had intercourse with her. He then came out to his companions and said to them – A woman advances in the form of a devil, so when one of you gets excited by her, he should go to his wife and have intercourse with her for that will repel what he is feeling.”

Answer: Assalam’aleykum,

The hadith you mentioned in Abu Dawud is considered authentic; variations of the hadith are found in other collections, such as those of Muslim, Tirmidhi, and Ahmad.

Scholars have held varying opinions on the import of the Prophet’s actions, peace and blessings of God be upon him.

The Prophet’s Actions Were Meant as Guidance

Some, such as al-Qadi ‘Iyad (544), in his commentary on Sahih Muslim, incline strongly towards the view that the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, did not do this because seeing a woman had affected him, but rather to demonstrate with his actions to others what they ought to do if they ever found themselves in such a situation, as a matter of guidance.

Imam al-Nawawi (676), in his commentary on Sahih Muslim, restricts himself to mentioning only this position.

The Prophet’s Actions were Reflective of Human Nature

Others, such as al-Munawi (1031), have not considered it problematic that the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, could have been affected in such a manner. In his Fayd al-Qadir, al-Munawi says that the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, did this after he saw a woman and was taken by her.

He quotes ibn al-‘Arabi (543) as arguing that the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, was a human with desires; what went through his mind was not the type of thing that one is faulted for, and does diminish his rank, as it was simply reflective of his human nature.

Such scholars may hold the latter position because the narration in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad from Jabir b. ‘Abd Allah al-Ansari, may God be pleased with him, clearly says that the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, saw the woman and was pleased by seeing her. A further narration in the same collection, from Abu Kabsha al-Anmari, may God be pleased with him, says that the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, felt in himself a desire for women at the sight of this woman who had passed by.

God knows best.

Wassalam,
[Shaykh] Shuaib Ally

Unseen Realm: Shaykh Yahya Rhodus on the Nafs

We are all well familiar with the many aspects of our physical being. But what about our inner spiritual selves, the nafs? Shaykh Yahya Rhodus delves into the inner dimensions of the human; the part that is intangible yet the most important in deciding the nature of our eternity.

We are grateful to the Islamic Society of Boston Cultural Centre for this recording.

Want to know more? Register for Shaykh Yahya’s SeekersHub course, The Marvels of the Heart, which covers the many aspects of the inner dimensions, such as the heart, the spirit, the soul, and the intellect. This course is offered completely free as part of SeekersHub’s commitment to Knowledge Without Barriers.

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