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Should I Perform the Prostration of Recital Even If I Was Not in a State of Purity?

Answered by Shaykh Umer Mian

Question: Assalam alaykum,

When at home my daughter recites Qur’an while I do housework. I do not wear hijab nor do I have wudu when this occurs. She lets me know when she recites verses of prostration but are they valid in these conditions? If she recites while I am driving should I intend for a prostration?

Answer: Wa alaikum as-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

Having wudu, covering one’s nakedness (e.g. wearing hijab for women), facing the Qiblah, etc. are conditions for the performance of the prostration of recital, but these things do not affect whether the prostration becomes obligatory upon a person.

The prostration of recital becomes obligatory upon reciting (i.e. oneself) or hearing (i.e. from others) a verse of prostration (which are 14 specific verses of the Qur’an), regardless whether or not the reciter/hearer is on a state of wudu or wearing hijab. However, note that prostration of recital is not obligatory on women experiencing hayd (menses) or nifaas (post-natal bleeding). If such women hear a verse of prostration, they do not have perform the prostration now, nor do they have to make it up at any time in the future.

It is recommended to perform the prostration immediately (which, of course, would require making wudu, putting on the hijab, facing the Qiblah, etc.), and somewhat disliked to delay without excuse. If one hears a verse of prostration in a situation in which it is difficult or impossible to perform a prostration (e.g. while riding in a car, bus, plane, etc.), one can delay the prostration to another time.

Also, note that it’s preferred to recite quietly if one feels that people nearby are not ready to perform the prostration.

Finally, note that prostrations of recital can be performed at any time of the day or night, except during the makruh (prohibitively disliked) prayer times. These makruh times are three:
1) at sunrise (i.e. from the start of sunrise until the sun rises up about spear’s length above the horizon, which is about 15-20 minutes from the start of sunrise),
2) at mid-day (i.e. about 5-10 minutes before Dhuhr time comes in), and
3) at sunset (i.e. when the sun starts to dim and gets close to sunset, which is about 15-20 before sunset, until the sun completely sets).
Performing the prostration of recital during these times would be makruh (prohibitively disliked). If one recites or hears a verse of prostration during these times, one should delay the prostration until after the time has passed.

The following passages below are from Maraqi al-Falah, a relied-upon text of Hanafi jurisprudence of worship.

( وهو ) أي سجود التلاوة ( واجب على التراخي ) عند محمد ورواية عن الإمام وهو المختار ( و ) لكن ( كره تأخيره ) السجود عن وقت التلاوة في الأصح إذا لم يكن مكروها لأنه بطول الزمان قد ينساها فيكره تأخيرها ( تنزيها )

( ويجب ) السجود ( على من تلا آية )

( ويجب السجود على من سمع ) التلاوة العربية ( وإن لم يقصد السماع ) فهم أو لم يفهم مروي عن أكابر الصحابة ( إلا ) أنه استثنى ( الحائض و النفساء ) فلا تجب عليهما بتلاوتهما و سماعهما شيئا

( وندب إخفاؤها ) يعني استحب المشايخ إخفاؤها ( من غير متأهب لها ) شفقة على السامعين إن لم يتهيئوا لها

[ مراقي الفلاح، كتاب الصلاة، باب سجود التلاوة، بتصرف ]

( ثلاثة أوقات لا يصح فيها شيء من الفرائض والواجبات التي لزمت في الذمة قبل دخولها ) أي الأوقات المكروهة
– 1 – أولها ( عند طلوع الشمس إلى أن ترتفع ) وتبيض قدر رمح أو رمحين
– 2 – ( و ) الثاني ( عند استوائها ) في بطن السماء ( إلى أن تزول ) أي تميل إلى جهة الغرب
– 3 – ( و ) الثالث ( عند اصفرارها ) وضعفها حتى تقدر العين على مقابلتها ( إلى أن تغرب )

( ويصح أداء ما وجب فيها ) أي الأوقات الثلاثة لكن ( مع الكراهة ) في ظاهر الرواية ( كجنازة حضرت وسجدة آية تليت فيها )

[ مراقي الفلاح، كتاب الصلاة، فصل في الأوقات المكروهة، بتصرف ]

Wassalam.
Umer Mian

Is Prostration Necessary if One Hears the Recording of a Verse of Prostration?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatu
Is prostration necessary if one hears the recording of a verse of prostration?
Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
(1) The obligation to prostrate, upon the one who hears a verse of prostration, is minimally established when it is (a) recited by (b) a discerning child.
(2) Based on the above, the jurists mention that the “recitation” of a parrot, or an echo for instance, is of no legal consequence.
Contemporary scholars explain that recordings, too, fall under (2) above, in that the conditions of obligation are not met; they are essentially very much akin to the echo.
Hearing from somebody asleep does not necessitate the prostration, let alone hearing from a recording.
(Sh. Muhammad Sa`id al-Burhani has a footnote on hearing a live recitation on the radio, and the necessity to prostrate, as opposed to hearing from a recording…)
[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah & Imdad al-Fattah; `Ala’ al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]
And Allah alone gives success.
wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Should I Perform the Prostration of Recital Even If I Can’t Hear Clearly the Recitation?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalamu Alaikum.
My mother usually reads Qur’an in her room next to mine but I can’t hear her clearly. If a verse of prostration is recited what should I do?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,
I pray this reaches you in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
If you cannot hear the recitation, there is no obligation to prostrate.
Continue to go about your business, and if you happen to hear a verse of prostration, prostrate. But you don’t have to listen out for it.
Please see also: How Does One Perform the Prostration of Recital? and: Why do we perform the prostration of recital?
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

How Many Verses of Prostration Are in the Qur’an?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam Alaikum wa rehmatalllah wa’barakatahu.
In a book of salat the sijdah al tilawaah section stated, “In the Quran, there are fourteen places where the prostration becomes wajib if reciting or reading or even listening to those portions. On these places in the Quran, (السجدة) is written on the margin, but in the last of the 13th para (chapter) of the Quran where (السجدة) is written (that is surah Ra’ad), people of the Hanafi school do not prostate there; it is other than the fourteen places.”

That was something I had never heard of before. Then I searched some websites. From which I came across the following statement. “There are fifteen places in the Qur’aan where we should perform sajdat al-tilaawah. Could you clarify this?

Answer: I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, it is necessary (wajib) to prostrate for fourteen of the fifteen listed prostrations in the Qur’an. The second listed prostration in Surat al-Hajj is not considered a verse of prostration. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

However, there is valid, scholarly disagreement on this matter between the schools.

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is the Prostration of Recitation Required in Prayer in the Maliki School?

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Question: I want inquire if Sujood during recitation of Qur’an is compulsory also during salat in the Maliki School. If I recite a verse that requires sujood in salat, will I offer the sujood and continue with my recitation?

Answer: According to the Maliki school, the prostration of recitation (sajda tilawa) is considered a sunna, not obligatory, if one is praying a recommended (nafila) prayer. It is disliked (makruh) to recite a verse of prostration during an obligatory prayer.

The Prostration of Recital (Sajda al-Tilawa) in the Maliki School

Answered by Ustadha Saira AbuBakr

Question: How is the sajda of tilawah done (perform) in the Maliki School? What will a person do if it falls in the makruh times of prayer?

Answer: assalamu alaikum wa RahmatuAllah,

One says one takbir (Allahu Akbar) to go into prostration (sajda), performs one prostration, and then one takbir to come out of the sajda. There is no salam.

When the time nears the setting or the rising of the sun (the daruri times of asr and fajr respectively) one would skip the ayah of sajda. Note that there is only one sajda in Suratul Hajj and no sajdah in juz 30 according to the Maliki madhab.

Also, it is permissible to do sajda when the sun appears to be overhead (waqtul istiwa’ i.e. the time prior to the entrance of duhr).

There are a total of 11 sajdas in the Quran, per the Maliki madhab.

May Allah give you taufeeq,
Saira

Approved by Shaykh Rami Nsour

Prostration of Recital from a Recording

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Does one have to perform sajdah for every time an ayah is heard, for e.g. on a mp3 player consisting of sajdah tilawah?

 

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

No, you do not have to prostrate after hearing a verse of prostration from a recording, as understood from the words and expressions of the jurists. [see: Is Prostration Necessary if One Hears the Recording of a Verse of Prostration?]

The condition of the prostration being necessary is a live recitation.

Reciting a Verse of Prostration

It is necessary (wajib) for the one upon whom the prayer is obligatory to prostrate after reciting a verse of prostration, on condition that they did so whilst awake.

The prayer is obligatory for the morally responsible Muslim; and it excludes women who are in a state of menstruation or post-natal bleeding.

Hearing a Verse of Prostration

It is also necessary to prostrate after hearing a verse of prostration from anybody, except:

[1] a non-discerning child,

[2] an insane person,

[3] a sleeping person,

[4] in the form of an echo, and

[5] from a parrot, or the like.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala’ al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Does One Have to Make Up Prostrations of Recital Heard During Menstruation?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Baraktuhu

I am a teacher at a Hifz school, and invariably each day one of my students recites an ayah which requires sajdah. Although I do make these sajdah as soon as possible, I was wondering what I should do on the days of the month when I cannot pray. Do I need to make these sajdahs up after my cycle is over?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, it is not permissible, nor valid, to perform a prostration of recital (sajda al-tilawa) whilst one is in a state of menstruation (hayd) or post-natal bleeding (nifas).

Moreover, it does not enter one’s dues, therefore one would not be required to perform a prostration of recital (sajda al-tilawa) which one heard during one’s menstrual cycle (hayd) or whilst in a state of post-natal bleeding (nifas).

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Hence, one would not have to make up any of these prostrations.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Ruling on Delaying or Forgetting the Prostration of Recital

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh,

Insha’Allah you are in the best of health and Iman.

1. In the Hanafi school, can you delay the prostration of recital once reciting it?

2. If you did delay, then forgot and remembered the next day or even later, do we still make the prostration of recital?

3. Is it a fard, wajib or Sunnah act?

Jazakallah khayr.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, it is necessary (wajib) to perform the prostration of recital (sajdat al-tilawah). However, it is not necessary to do so immediately; therefore, it is permitted to delay it.

If one has an excuse, there would be no dislike in delaying the prostration. On the other hand, if one did not have an excuse, it would be disliked to delay it.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Operationally, one should try to perform the prostration as soon as possible. In the case that one did in fact forget, it would remain necessary (wajib) to perform it; thus, one would do so upon remembering.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

When Memorizing a Sura, Do I Have to Prostrate Every Single Time I Repeat a Verse of Prostration?

Answered by Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu

InshaAllah this reaches you in the best of health and Iman Shaykh.

When you are memorizing a surah and there is a Sajdah Tilawah in an ayah, is one required to make sajdah for evertime they read this ayah? Because when memorising you repeat many many times. Is one Sajdah sufficient?

Jazakallah Khayr

Wassalam

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, as long as one recites within a single session (majlis), one only has to perform a single prostration (sajda) at the end.

A session (majlis) can change either:

[1] Actually (e.g. moving from the kitchen to the living room);

[2] Effectively (e.g. reading a book, at the dining table, to eating lunch);

For example, if one recited the verse (ayat) fifty times whilst sitting in the living room, it would be sufficient to perform a single prostration.

However, if one recited the verse thirty times in the living room and then twenty times in the kitchen, one would have to perform two prostrations.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah/`Ala al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

And Allah knows best.

wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani