How Do We Purify Filthy Grout in Between Smooth Tiles?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: As salamu alaikum.
In Sh. Faraz Khan’s commentary of Ascent to Felicity, he mentions when cleaning an impurity, when you  purify smooth tiles by wiping, the grout in between is not purified merely by wiping because it is rough and not smooth. 
Given this, my question is: in a case of multiple tiles with grout (which may even be chipped in addition to being rough) in between having visible impurity on them, is it sufficient to use foaming cleaning agents and then a towel to wipe the foam and impurity away to make those areas purified? Or if not, how may it be done?
JazakAllahu khair
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
(1) Wipe away any obvious filth,
(2) Wash the affected area by pouring water over it, and then soaking it up with a clean cloth until it is no longer dripping wet. This is considered one washing.
(3) Repeat step (2) three times
Thereafter, the area is considered purified as long as there are no apparent traces of filth (color or smell). And any difficult to remove traces are excused.
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Stains Remain on Clothing After Washing It

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: If there is still a small amount of impurity on the clothing despite using a jug of water, is it considered clean?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

If the filth is visible, one would need to remove the body of it. Any traces that are difficult to remove thereafter would be excused. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Hence, if one removes the main body of the filth, washes the area with water (with some rubbing to clean), and some traces of the filth still remain, one can assume purity.

And Allah alone gives success.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Are My Pants and Washing Machine Filthy?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I have a question regarding purity. I had dog feces on the bottom of my shoes and in an attempt to remove the feces with an object, it broke and my finger came in contact with the bottom of my shoe. Regardless of whether or not my finger touched the feces, I assumed it did. I found a patch of grass near by and I rubbed my fingers on it quite thoroughly and since there wasn’t water around I walked off. As I was looking for water, I put my hand in my pocket. Eventually finding water and washing up. After washing my pant pocket 7 times with water and putting it in the washing machine I thought to myself that my pants should’ve been washed with soil first. Are my pants and washing machine both impure?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

No. Your trousers are not filthy and nor is your washing machine.

If filth, which has a visible body, affects one’s person (or clothes), one simply removes the body of the filth. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Practically, if one removed the body of the filth, one’s finger is no longer filthy. Therefore, it is of no consequence whether one put one’s hand into one’s pocket or not.

As for assumptions, one assumes purity. Misgivings are from the devil.

And Allah knows best.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

How Do I Wash My Clothes Properly to Ensure That Filth Doesn’t Spread?

Answered by Ustadha Sulma Badrudduja

Question: Can u please tell me what is the proper way of washing clothes? some clothes contain no impurity , while some clothes contain splashes of urine or impure water,i I give all my clothes to my maid to wash them and after that i wash each cloth three time under tap water. but i think it wastes too much water. So please guide my how i wash these clothes properly.

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are doing well inshaAllah.

The sunna is that one avoids spreading filth (najasa). This means that it would be best for one to wash the areas of the clothes affected with filth first and then to wash all of the clothes together, since this would minimize the spread of filth. It is ideal to wash the filthy area before it dries so it will be easier to locate and wash out.

However, according to the fatwa of top contemporary scholars, if one has washed all the clothes together in a washing machine and they come out free of any trace of filth, then one can assume they are ritually clean (tahir). It would not be necessary to wash each item again. It is best that the clothes are washed in three cycles of water. However, the optimal method, in order to avoid difference of opinion, is to remove the filth from the filthy clothes and then wash all the clothes together.

Related Answer:

Washing Filthy Clothing in the Washing Machine



Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Can One Pray in Clothing from Which an Impure Substance has Just been Removed?

Answered by Tabraze Azam

Question: I recently heard that the Prophet Muhammad, SAS, went to the mosque in the same clothes he had relations with his wife in (but A’isha (RAD) had cleaned the dirty spots off them) and one would be able to see the water spots on The Prophet’s clothes when he was at the mosque?

Is this true? I heard this was in Sahih Al Bukari ( hadith )

Answer: Wa alaikum assalaam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, clothes affected by impure sexual fluids are purified by the washing away of the impure fluid. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

It is related that Sayyida `A’isha said, “I used to wash janaba (semen) from the clothes of the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, and he would go out to the prayer while the traces of the wet spots were visible.” [Bukhari]

Therefore, there is no harm in immediately praying in such clothes (i.e. in which an impure substance has just been removed), as is the case in the hadith you mention.

And Allah knows best.

Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Household Cats & Rulings Related to Purity and Filth

Answered by Ustadha Umm Ihsan

Question: We recently adopted a a cat and I have a few questions in regards to the purity of a house cat. I was hoping that a clear ruling can be given to me as to what is filthy and what is not. I am also worried about it using the litter box and then walking around the house and jumping on the tables and couches. Is it considered filthy if she has just come out of the litter box and then is touching the tables and couches? How about the saliva?

Answer: Bismi Llahir Rahmanir Rahimi

Ramadan Mubarak.

My husband and I used to have two cats in our household. I understand your concerns. However, once one is familiar with the rulings related to purity and tamed cats, it’s not so worrying.

Household Cats & Basic Rulings of Purity

Hanafi scholars deduce that:

1. Cat hair is pure.

2. Cat saliva is pure.

3. Cat feces and urine are impure (najis), and they are considered major filth.

4. Cat blood is impure (najis), and it is considered major filth.

5. Cat vomit is impure (najis), and it is considered major filth.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

Household Cats & Soiled Furniture

When dealing with rulings related to purification, the basis is purity. Thus, one always assumes purity in cases of doubt, unless one is certain filth is present. One does not need to get obsessive or frantic.

Scattered cat litter is not filthy in and of itself. From my personal experience, I have found that most cats use the restroom in the litter box and spend a few moments covering up their excrements with unsoiled cat litter before exiting. Therefore, it’s quite likely that any cat litter stuck in its paws is clean and not filthy. If one changes the litter every two days and fills the litter box with a sufficient amount of litter, this lessens the possibility of spreading impure cat litter around one’s house.

If one notices invisible traces of filth (e.g. urine) on one’s furniture or carpet, one purifies the area by washing it with water, drying it each time, until one believes the trace is removed. Scholars say three times is more than sufficient.  Traces of filth are known by color, taste, or smell.

If one notices visible filth (e.g. feces, blood, or vomit) on one’s furniture or carpet, one purifies the area by washing it with water until the filth is completely removed, even if it only takes one washing. Leftover stains that are hard to remove are excused, as long as the physical body of filth is removed. Using soap is not a requirement.

If either invisible or visible filth is found on a smooth surface (e.g. countertops or tiled floors) that are free from open pores, then one can simply wipe up the remnants with a tissue or cloth. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Tahtawi, Hashiyyat al-Tahtawi; ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

Alternatively, if one notices filth on removable household decor (e.g. pillow cases, prayer rugs or bedsheets), one can purify the item in the washing machine, though it is more precautionary to follow the aforementioned rulings before placing it in the washing machine. Please read this related link:

Washing Filthy Clothing in the Washing Machine

Detailed Rulings Related to the Saliva of Household Cats

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said about tamed cats, “It is not impure, it is of those [creatures] that mingle with you.” [Abu Dawud, al-Tirmidhi] Thus, due to the excessive interaction between humans and cats, the rulings related to the saliva of tamed cats differ from other animals out of necessity. [ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

All of the rulings below are relevant if one is unsure if the cat’s mouth is filthy. If one is certain that the cat’s mouth is filthy (e.g. it just ate a mouse), then the related ruling of filthiness applies. If a cat renews its saliva, the mouth is purified and it is no longer impure.

Cat saliva is pure in the Hanafi madhhab, but there are a few rulings one should know:

1. If a cat drinks from a container of water, the leftover water remaining in the container is pure.

However, it is slightly disliked (makruh tanzihi) to use it for purification if other water is available for use. If no other water is available, one must use the leftover water and cannot resort to dry ablution (tayammum).

2. If a cat licks one’s hand, it is slightly disliked (makruh tanzihi) to pray without washing one’s hand first.

3. If cat saliva gets on one’s garment, it is slightly disliked (makruh tanzihi) to pray with it.

4. If a cat eats solid food, it is slightly disliked to eat from the same place it put its mouth if one is financially capable of eating something else. If one is not financially able, then it is not disliked out of necessity.

[Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Tahtawi, Hashiyyat al-Tahtawi; ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

Barak Allah fikum

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Ustadha Umm Ihsan is a female student of Islamic knowledge from the US. She studies with leading Hanafi scholars from Syria and elsewhere.