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Can I Offer the Reward of a Sacrifice to Someone Else?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

Can a person sacrifice an animal either during Eid ul Adha or in general in the name of deceased person so that he/she can receive the reward for this?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

Yes, it is permitted to donate the reward of a good deed to another, whether the other person is alive or deceased.

A man told the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) that his mother died a sudden death and did not have a chance to leave a bequest in her will, and that were she able to speak she would want to donate charity. He then asked if the reward of charity on behalf of his deceased mother would reach her, to which the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) replied, “Yes.” [Muslim]

Please see the following answer for further details: Donating Reward to the Dead: A Detailed Answer and: Is Donating the Reward of a Recitation to Prophets Permissible?

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

What Is the Proof in the Qur’an for the Sacrifice (Udhiya) on the Days of Eid al-Adha?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Some people say that sacrificing animals on Eid is just a tradition and that there is nothing about it in the Qur’an. Can you give me a proof frm the Qur’an that the sacrifice of Eid is ordered by Allah?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
The sacrifice (udhiya/qurbani) on the days of Eid al-Adha is necessary (wajib).
Allah Most High says, “So pray to your Lord and make your sacrifice to Him alone” [108.2]
This verse is the proof that the sacrifice is necessary as explained by Sarakhsi in his Mabsut, Jassas in his Sharh Mukhtasar al-Tahawi and Ahkam al-Qur’an, Kasani in his Bada`i, and likewise by other Hanafi masters elsewhere.
As for the tradition (hadith) about it being a sunna of Ibrahim (Allah bless him and give him peace), if sound: (1) it doesn’t negate the necessity of the sacrifice, and (2) the “sunna” here is simply the “way,” and not sunna in the legal sense.
See also: ANSWERS TAGGED ‘UDHIYA’
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Will Giving Money to the Mosque Discharge the Obligation to Slaughter an Animal?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas
Question: Can someone donate his/her Qurbani money to help build a new mosque?
Answer: wa `alaykum assalam
No, one cannot give the money used towards a qurbani (slaughtering) to the mosque. This will not discharge an individuals obligation to actually slaughter an animal. This obligation has been established in the primary texts of the Qur’an and hadith and therefore must be carried out in the form prescribed in order for the obligation to be fulfilled.
You may, of course, give the skin of the slaughtered animal to the mosque who may then sell it.
Salman
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Meaning of Qurbani (Eid Sacrifice)

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am a convert and I recently found out that udhiya/qurbani is obligatory.This year I have the nisab minimum and so as I understand it would be wajib for me to do it (unless I am able to take a ruling from another madhab where it is sunna. is this possible?). It is difficult for me to do udhiya/qurbani, partly because I don´t fully understand the meaning of this practice in our deen. Could you please explain the reasons why we do this and the intentions one should have and how this should draw us nearer to Allah swt? Could I ask a brother at the mosque to do it for me and do I have to be present when the animal is sacrificed? Also, I rarely eat meat and I live with my non-muslim parents so could I just donate most of the meat to the mosque and leave a bit for my parents/family?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

Yes, the sacrifice (udhiya) is necessary (wajib) upon the sane, mature, resident in possession of the zakatable minimum (nisab) in any form of wealth.

See: Who Has to Sacrifice?

The Meaning of the Sacrifice (udhiya/qurbani)

The sacrifice is offered in order to commemorate the total submission displayed by Ibrahim (Allah bless him and give him peace) when he was commanded to sacrifice his son. Allah Most High says, “And when (his son) was old enough to walk with him, (Abraham) said: O my dear son, I have seen in a dream that I must sacrifice thee. So look, what thinkest thou ? He said: O my father! Do that which thou art commanded. Allah willing, thou shalt find me of the steadfast.” [Qur’an, 37:102]

Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani states that the philosophy behind ‘Udhiya’ is that it is a demonstration of total submission to Allah and a proof of complete obedience to Allah’s will or command. When a Muslim offers an ‘udhiya’ this is exactly what he intends to prove. Thus, the ‘udhiya’ offered signifies that he is a slave of Allah at his best. And that he would not hesitate even for a moment once he receives an absolute command from his Creator to surrender before it, to obey it willingly, even if it be at the price of his life and possessions. [Taken from: http://www.inter-islam.org/Actions/Qurbani.html]

`Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) reports that the Apostle of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The son of Adam does not perform any actions on the day of sacrifice which is more pleasing to Allah than the shedding of blood. He will come on the day of resurrection with its hair, horns and hooves, and the blood certainly will fall in a place near Allah before it falls on the ground. So, make yourselves purified there with.” [Tirmidhi; Ibn Majah]

Zaid bin Arkam reports that the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) asked him: “O Messenger of Allah, what is this sacrifice?” He said: “It is the way of your forefather Ibrahim .” They asked: what (reward) is for us therein?” He replied: “There is a reward for every hair (i.e. the reward for meat and useful parts of the animal’s body will be very lofty in merit, but there will also be a great reward for the parts which are useless and thrown away such as the hair).” They asked: “For the wool, O Messenger of Allah?” He (Allah bless him and give him peace) replied: “There is one reward for every strand of wool.” [Ahmad; Ibn Majah]

Other Details

You can ask another to perform it on your behalf. However, it is not a condition that you be present at the sacrifice. And there would be no harm in donating most of the meat away. See: Do I Have to Give 1/3 of the Sacrificial Meat Away in Charity?

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Who has to Sacrifice (Udhiya)?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: My family includes 4 members-2 adults and 2 kids. Do I have to give Qurbani for the kids or just the adults, or all four?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

The sacrifice (udhiya/qurbani) is necessary (wajib) upon the Muslim who is: [1] Sane, [2] Mature, [3] Resident (i.e. not a traveller), and [4] in possession of the zakatable minimum (nisab) in any form of wealth, above and beyond any immediate expenses. [`Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

Thus, the sacrifice would be obligatory upon anyone who fulfils these conditions. However, it would be permitted for one to appoint another (e.g. for the wife to appoint the husband) to purchase and slaughter an animal on one’s behalf.

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Is There a Difference of Opinion on Whether Slaughtering (Qurbani/Udhiya) is Necessary, and How Does One Deal With Years of Makeups?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: Assalaam-u-alaykum,

My understanding is that with regards to qurbani on Eid Al-Adha, in the Hanafi school, it is wajib upon everyone who:

1) is baaligh, 2) is sane, and 3) possesses wealth greater than or equal to nisaab

However, I rarely came across a household where more than one qurbani was taking place.  I find this rather odd, because in Indo-Pak households women of the house generally have gold greater than the nisaab, yet only one qurbani is typically done.

This begs a few questions in my mind:

A. In the Hanafi school, is there a difference of opinion on whether qurbani on Eid Al-Adha is wajib or a lesser ruling (sunnah muakadah?) to persons meeting criteria 1-3 above?
B. Is there an exception on housewives versus working women (both owning gold exceeding nisab)?
C. Is there an exception on never-married girls who are still living with their parents and have gold exceeding nisab?
D. What are the requirements in the other 3 maddhabs concerning on whom qurbani on Eid Al-Adha is wajib?  In the case of many consecutive years of past sins (of not having done qurbani when required to do so), can one adopt the ruling of one of these schools (*if* in fact they do not require it)?

I appreciate your time and consideration in clearing up these issues for me.

Jazakum Allahu Khayran!

Answer: Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

(1) The relied-upon position of the Hanafi school is that udhiya is mandatory (wajib) — this is the position of Abu Hanifa himself, as well as Imams Muhammad, Hasan ibn Ziyad al-Lulu’i and Zufar, as well as one of two narrations on Abu Yusuf. The other narration on Abu Yusuf is that it is an emphasized sunna.

Having said this, some Hanafi scholars such as Imam Tahawi relate that, while Abu Hanifa considered udhiya wajib, both Abu Yusuf and Muhammad deemed it an emphasized sunna. [Maydani, Lubab]

(2, 3) There is no exception for housewives vs. working women, nor for women that have never married. As you mention, any sane adult that possesses nisab (from any type of wealth, aside from basic personal needs) must perform his/her own udhiya.

(4) The Shafi’is, Hanbalis, and according to one narration, Imam Malik, deem udhiya to be an emphasized sunna. According to the other narration, Imam Malik deemed it wajib. [Kuwaiti Fiqh Encyclopedia]

If a Hanafi missed several years of udhiya, omitted neither deliberately nor out of negligence, then he/she could use the opinion of Abu Yusuf and the other schools with respect to the past. However, it remains superior to adhere to Abu Hanifa’s position and hence donate to the poor the market value of a sheep/goat for each year missed, especially if this does not entail a financial burden. The former is a legal dispensation, while the latter is the way of spiritual resolve and, assuming no undue hardship, greater taqwa.

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

What Do I Do if I Missed Slaughtering (Qurbani/Udhiya)?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I am following the hanafi madhab. What do I do now that I miss slaughtering. ( i missed it because I asked someone else to do it for me and they forgot).

Answer: Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and states.

If one missed qurbani/udhiya for a particular year, one would have to donate the market value of one sheep/goat to the poor. This is mandatory (wajib), since the qurbani was mandatory.

[Kasani, Bada’i al-Sana’i]

And Allah knows best.
wassalam
Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Hajj Collection – Shaykh Abdal Hakim Murad – Cambridge Khutbahs Etc

The Hajj Collection – Shaykh Abdal Hakim Murad – Cambridge Khutbahs Etc

As we received so much positive feedback for our Ramadan Reader, please find below an assortment of resources that centre on the days of the Hajj and the festival of Eid-ul-Adha.

Talks and Lectures

Hajj: The Inward Spiral – A sermon exploring the deep significance of the Hajj, with its rites echoing in distant pre-eternity when all souls past present and future stood in witnessing before God.

The Purification of Hajj –  A striking khutba discussing the transformative qualities of yearly festival and ritual, moving beyond mere pageantry to times when our selves can be cleansed and elevated.

Sacrifice and Submission – An Eid-ul-Adha khutba drawing the parallel between the sacrifice that Abraham was commanded to make and the ones we have to make when clearing our lives of those obstacles in our lives barring us from the Divine.

Fathers and Sons and Hud and her Sisters – A pair of sermons that both centre on the House of Abraham, which of course feature so strongly and prominently in the origins and the significance of the Hajj.

Articles

Ten Good Manners for Hajj – A translation by the Sheikh from Imam Ghazali’s magisterial Ihya ulum ad-Din.

From Drury Lane to Makka – A moving account of the first recorded visit English Muslim to the Holy Sanctuary

Hajj: an inward journey – An article published in Emel magazine, exploring the idea that Hajj is a journey on different planes, the effects of which transcend space and even time.

Thought for the Day transcripts
21st January 2005 Hajj in full swing