Posts

Mistake in Sajda al-Sahw

Ustadh Tabraze Azam is asked if making mistakes in the forgetfulness prostration invalidates the prayer.

 

Question:

Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

What do I do when I make a mistake in sajda al-sahw [forgetfulness prostration]? And I mean the sajda al-sahw that you do by giving salam to the right and then do two sajdas. Is my prayer valid if I make a mistake? And is it a mistake to pronounce words incorrectly in tashahhud? Is it still a mistake when I correct myself?

 

Answer:

Wa alaykum assaalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

Unfortunately, your question isn’t entirely clear.

1. If you mean that you omitted the prostrations of forgetfulness (sujud al-sahw) accidentally, and instead, ended the prayer entirely, you may still perform them at this point as long as you didn’t do anything which would otherwise affect the validity of the prayer, such as talking or eating. If they were omitted and you remembered later within the prayer time, you should make up the prayer.

2. Making a mistake in the recitation of tashahhud is normally going to be excusable. Work on perfecting its recitation, pronunciation and the like (tajwid) outside of the prayer, and focus on doing your best and directing yourself and attention to the one whom you are addressing in the prayer. Ask Allah Most High to facilitate the matter for you.

Please also see Is My Prayer Still Valid If I Fail to Recite the Tashahud Correctly?

And Allah Most High knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

 

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


 

Should I Perform the Prostrations of Forgetfulness for Forgetting a Surah in Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalamu ‘alaykum,

Should I perform the prostrations of forgetfulness for starting a surah in prayer, forgetting it and reciting another surah instead?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, you do not need to perform prostrations of forgetfulness (sajda al-sahw) for forgetting the chapter (surah) you were reciting because those prostrations are only required in the case of forgetfully omitting a necessary (wajib) act.

However, if you forget the specific chapter in future, and you have recited three verses or more, you can simply go into the bowing (ruku`) and continue your prayer. You aren’t obligated to complete an entire chapter in the cycle (rak`at).

Consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

And Allah alone knows best.

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Photo: Sunil Krishnan

Was I Correct to Perform the Forgetfulness Prostrations After Reciting the Opening Supplication in the Third Cycle of Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

I have accidentally read a part of the opening supplication in the third cycle and I performed the forgetfulness prostrations after that but with a 2 min interval because I was not sure if I was suppose to do it.

Was it correct and if not, is my prayer invalid ?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

Yes, your prayer was valid because you did not do anything invalidating– such as eating, drinking or talking.

However, you actually did need to perform the forgetfulness prostrations (sajda al-sahw) because there was a delay in which you did no action of the prayer. In future, you should make a quicker decision, ignoring misgivings, and acting on the basis of your reasonable surety.

But in and of itself, reciting the opening supplication in the third cycle (rak`at) does not necessitate prostrations of forgetfulness because this point of the prayer is for praising Allah Most High, and the opening invocation doesn’t negate this meaning. [As understood from al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya, quoting al-Tabyin]

Consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

في الفتاوى الهندية: ولو تشهد في قيامه قبل قراءة الفاتحة فلا سهو عليه وبعدها يلزمه سجود السهو وهو الأصح؛ لأن بعد الفاتحة محل قراءة السورة فإذا تشهد فيه فقد أخر الواجب وقبلها محل الثناء، كذا في التبيين

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

How Does One Correct Missing an Obligatory Action of the Prayer? (Maliki)

Answered by Shaykh Rami Nsour
Question: Assalaam alaykum,
I pray you are well. In the Maliki School, it was my understanding that if one were to omit a fard action of the prayer then that entire rakat needs to be replaced. Is this true?
For example, if one were praying in the first rakat of a prayer and then left out the ruku by going straight into sajdah, is there any way the person could correct this rakat?
Or if a person was praying Dhuhr and was in their third rakat and realized they left out the ruku in the first rakat, how would one correct this?
Please explain. Jazak Allah khair.
Answer:
Missing an Obligatory Action in the Prayer
If a person omits an obligatory action of the prayer out of forgetfulness, they can redress it depending on what was missed and where. The details of these situations are discussed in the books of fiqh and I encourage everyone to study them and become very familiar with them. The entire rak’a does not necessarily need to be replaced by missing an obligatory action.
Missing Ruku’
If a person forgot to perform the ruku’ and went straight into prostration (sajdah), he or she would rise back up to the ruku position and pick up from there. The person would not go to a standing position and then make ruku, but rather go from prostration to a ruku position, then rise and then go to prostration. The person would then continue the prayer and prostrate twice after the final salam (ba’dy).
Remembering Missing a Ruku from a Previous Raka
If a person is in a rak’a and remembered missing an obligation from a previous rak’a that cannot be addressed, they would consider the entire rak’a with the missed portion to be canceled out. If the missed portion was the first rak’a, then the second would become the first and the third would become the second. The person would then continue and then prostrate for the forgetfulness.
If the missed rak’a was from the first two, then a pre-salam prostration (qabli) would be done, if it was remembered after completing the third rak’a. If the missed rak’a was from the last two, or the first two but remembered before completing the third, then a post-salam prostration (ba’dy) would be done.
Study Al-Akhdari
As one can see, the rules of forgetfulness are very detailed and requires one to study. An excellent text to study and learn all these rules is the Abridgment of Al-Akhdari (Mukhtasar al-Akhdari) and can be completed here at our online academy free of charge.

Forgetting to Recite the Qunut in Witr Prayer

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question:  Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,
Sometimes I forget to recite du’a Qunut after doing ruku’,and I only remember when I am already in sujud? Should I complete the whole prayer, and then perform the forgetful prostration? Jazakallahu khair

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

According to the Hanafi school, it is necessary (wajib) to say the qunut (minimally any supplication suffices) in the third cycle (rak`at) of the witr prayer. The place for this is before the bowing (ruku`). [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; `Ala al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]

If one forgets to make the supplication (qunut), one simply performs the prostrations of forgetfulness (sajda al-sahw) before closing the prayer.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

Supplication During Qunut

Raising the Hands When Going Into Qunut: Understanding Hanafi Legal Methodology

How to Perform the Forgetfulness Prostration