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The Meaning of Qurbani (Eid Sacrifice)

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am a convert and I recently found out that udhiya/qurbani is obligatory.This year I have the nisab minimum and so as I understand it would be wajib for me to do it (unless I am able to take a ruling from another madhab where it is sunna. is this possible?). It is difficult for me to do udhiya/qurbani, partly because I don´t fully understand the meaning of this practice in our deen. Could you please explain the reasons why we do this and the intentions one should have and how this should draw us nearer to Allah swt? Could I ask a brother at the mosque to do it for me and do I have to be present when the animal is sacrificed? Also, I rarely eat meat and I live with my non-muslim parents so could I just donate most of the meat to the mosque and leave a bit for my parents/family?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

Yes, the sacrifice (udhiya) is necessary (wajib) upon the sane, mature, resident in possession of the zakatable minimum (nisab) in any form of wealth.

See: Who Has to Sacrifice?

The Meaning of the Sacrifice (udhiya/qurbani)

The sacrifice is offered in order to commemorate the total submission displayed by Ibrahim (Allah bless him and give him peace) when he was commanded to sacrifice his son. Allah Most High says, “And when (his son) was old enough to walk with him, (Abraham) said: O my dear son, I have seen in a dream that I must sacrifice thee. So look, what thinkest thou ? He said: O my father! Do that which thou art commanded. Allah willing, thou shalt find me of the steadfast.” [Qur’an, 37:102]

Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani states that the philosophy behind ‘Udhiya’ is that it is a demonstration of total submission to Allah and a proof of complete obedience to Allah’s will or command. When a Muslim offers an ‘udhiya’ this is exactly what he intends to prove. Thus, the ‘udhiya’ offered signifies that he is a slave of Allah at his best. And that he would not hesitate even for a moment once he receives an absolute command from his Creator to surrender before it, to obey it willingly, even if it be at the price of his life and possessions. [Taken from: http://www.inter-islam.org/Actions/Qurbani.html]

`Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) reports that the Apostle of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The son of Adam does not perform any actions on the day of sacrifice which is more pleasing to Allah than the shedding of blood. He will come on the day of resurrection with its hair, horns and hooves, and the blood certainly will fall in a place near Allah before it falls on the ground. So, make yourselves purified there with.” [Tirmidhi; Ibn Majah]

Zaid bin Arkam reports that the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) asked him: “O Messenger of Allah, what is this sacrifice?” He said: “It is the way of your forefather Ibrahim .” They asked: what (reward) is for us therein?” He replied: “There is a reward for every hair (i.e. the reward for meat and useful parts of the animal’s body will be very lofty in merit, but there will also be a great reward for the parts which are useless and thrown away such as the hair).” They asked: “For the wool, O Messenger of Allah?” He (Allah bless him and give him peace) replied: “There is one reward for every strand of wool.” [Ahmad; Ibn Majah]

Other Details

You can ask another to perform it on your behalf. However, it is not a condition that you be present at the sacrifice. And there would be no harm in donating most of the meat away. See: Do I Have to Give 1/3 of the Sacrificial Meat Away in Charity?

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

What Can I Do to See the Messenger of Allah (Allah Bless Him and Grant Him Peace)?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Can you please recommend any methods/salawat to read that could lead to seeing the Messenger (Allah bless him)?

Answer: Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits.

The greatest things to attain closeness–and beholding–of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is:

  • deep love and yearning for him,
  • sending constant blessings upon him, with respect, love, and yearning,
  • having deep respect for everything ascribed to him (peace and blessings be upon him) and for his noble ways (sunna), and
  • sincerity in striving to follow that noble way, consistently, with excellence, outward and inward.

Rabi`a ibn Ka`b al-Aslami (Allah be pleased with him) relates that he would spend the night by the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) and then bring him his water for ablution and serve him in any needs. One night, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said to him: “Ask!” Rabi`a said, “I ask you for your close company in Paradise.” The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) replied, “Is there anything else?” He said, “No, this is all.” The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) replied, “So assist me against yourself with much prostration.” [Muslim and others]

Abu Hurayra relates that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “By the One in whose grasp is my soul, none of you believes until I am more beloved to him than their parents and children. [Bukhari] And Anas relates that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “No one truly believes until I am more beloved to them than their family, wealth, and all people.” [Muslim]

And Allah alone gives success.

Faraz Rabbani

صحيح مسلم – (2 / 44)
ربيعة بن كعب الأسلمي قال
: كنت أبيت مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فأتيته بوضوئه وحاجته فقال لي سل فقلت أسألك مرافقتك في الجنة قال أو غير ذلك ؟ قلت هو ذاك قال فأعني على نفسك بكثرة السجود

صحيح البخاري – (1 / 29)
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال
( فوالذي نفسي بيده لا يؤمن أحدكم حتى أكون أحب إليه من والده وولده

صحيح مسلم – (1 / 75)
69 – ( 44 ) وحدثني زهير بن حرب حدثنا إسماعيل بن علية ح وحدثنا شيبان بن أبي شيبة حدثنا عبدالوارث كلاهما عن عبدالعزيز عن أنس قال
: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يؤمن عبد ( وفي حديث عبدالوارث الرجل ) حتى أكون أحب إليه من أهله وماله والناس أجمعين