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Is There a Basis in Sending Exactly 40 Salutations on the Prophet?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

I have noticed the practice of sending 40 salutations on the prophet (may peace be upon him) is quite famous and was wondering if there was any basis for this. Is more reward attached to this number?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

The number forty can be viewed from two angles:

(a) It is done because it is thought that this is something specifically established in the sunna. This is not complete baseless as their are traditions that mention the merits of sending forty blessings on specific days, such as the narration, “Whoever sends blessings on me forty times every Friday, God will erase forty years worth of his sins.” [al-Sakhawi, al-Qawl al-Badi’ (379) with a weak chain]. Narrations like these indicate that the number forty has some importance in the tradition.

(b) It is done based on the personal experience of a scholar who witnesses specific benefits arising from particular wordings and quantities of dhikr. I have discussed this in more detail here: Are Formulas Recommended by Scholars to Achieve Some Goals Permissible to Use?

Based on the above, there is nothing inherently wrong or blameworthy with the practice you mention. Rather, it is merely one way of fulfilling the general command of sending blessings on the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him).

Finally, reward has no direct or necessary correlation with quantity. Someone who sends one blessing on the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) with true love and presence is certainly earning more reward than one who sends a thousand with a lack of such love and presence. In other words, reward is not commensurate with outward forms and quantity alone but inward intention and purity.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

Could It Be Harmful to Send Too Much Blessings on the Prophet?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I have heard that there are certain dhikr that have the potential to harm an individual if done without a Shaykh. If someone did prayers on the Prophet in the thousands or tens of thousands, would it have the potential to be harmful?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

Scholars mention that every dhikr has an effect on the soul and there are particular forms of dhikr that should not be done without the guidance of a qualified spiritual guide.

However, this does not generally apply to dhikr forms established in the primary texts especially blessings on the Prophet (God bless him). I have heard Sh. Nuh Keller mention that sending blessings on the Prophet (God bless him) is an act that should be done abundantly, and, in contrast to certain spiritual litanies performed without a spiritual guide, possesses no potential to harm an individual.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

Do I Need to Send Blessings Upon the Prophet During the Prayer When I Hear His Name?

Answered by SeekersHub Answers Service

Question: Do I need to say “sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam” when hearing the Prophet’s name recited in prayer? Is my prayer invalidated by merely thinking about him (peace be upon him)?

Answer: Assalamualaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray this finds you well.

1. When the Qur’an is recited, the sunna is to be silent and attentive—and one doesn’t send blessings upon the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) when his noble name is mentioned in the Qur’an, though there is no harm in doing so later, after the prayer. [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar;Shurunbulali, Imdad al-Fattah]

2. Building focus and concentration in prayer here is the desired goal, as prayer is truly beneficial when one’s heart and body work in concert, not when one is distracted by outside concerns. The Qur’an says, “Successful are believers; those who are attentive in their prayers” (Qur’an; 23.1-2).

However, while one should work on building this presence of mind, one should recognize that being distracted is a good sign that the devil is attempting to come between you and your Lord.

Please see: Am I a Hypocrite for Losing Focus in Prayer?

Wassalam,
SeekersHub Answers Service

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Photo: Evgeni Zotov

Do I Have to Send Blessings on the Prophet for My Dua to Be Valid?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Is it compulsory to send blessings on the Prophet(peace be upon him) before and after a supplication?

Answer: Walaikum assalam,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits.

No, sending blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) before and after one’s supplications (dua) is a recommended act—but neither obligatory, nor a condition for dua.

​At the same time, it is best, closest to Prophetic encouragement, and most conducive to Allah’s fullest acceptance, to:
(1) begin one’s supplication (dua) with praise of Allah and blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him);
(2) turn with one’s heart to Allah in neediness before and during one’s supplications;
(3) ask Allah for the highest and most pleasing of matters; and
(4) choose the best of means of supplication—including the supplications of the Qur’an and the blessed supplications of the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace & blessings be upon him & his folk).

See: Shaykh Faraz Rabbani – Adab of Du’a and: Struggling to Have Children: Ten Key Etiquettes of Du’a

And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.

wassalam,
Faraz Rabbani

What Is the Ruling Regarding Durud Taj? (Sending Blessings Upon the Prophet)

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: What is the ruling regarding Durud Taj?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

It is permissible to recite Darud Taj.

The basis when it comes to this ruling is that there is no fixed form stipulated by the law when it comes to sending blessings on the Prophet (God bless him) departure from which would be deemed impermissible. Rather, the Quran has left the command unconditional by stating, “God and His angels send blessings upon the Prophet, O you who believe send blessings upon him…” (33:56)

For this reason, scholars throughout the ages have always taken liberty to formulate their own blessings upon the Prophet (God bless him). The Dala’il al-Khayrat is one of the more famous examples. As long as the content of such blessings are sound, the recitation of that blessing would also be permissible.

Of course, it goes without saying that the particular form taught by the Prophet (God bless him) is the best of such supplications. This, however, does not necessitate that other wordings/forms would be impermissible. [al-Sakhawi, al-Qawl al-Badi]

Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can We Send Blessings to the Prophet While Picturing Him Before Us?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: I was taught that when we say “assalamu alayka ayyuh al-nabi” it should be with the intention that our prayer is being conveyed by angels to the Prophet.

(a) Is it permissible to believe that we are directly addressing the Prophet in the sense that his soul is present before us?

(b) Can we say it while picturing the Prophet before us?

Answer: assalamu `alaykum

I pray you are well.

(a) Leading scholars of the Hanafi school have stated that the formula “ayyuha al-nabi” is not uttered merely to recount an event wherein God sent blessings upon the Prophet (God bless him). Rather, it is stated with the intention that one is addressing the Prophet (God bless him) with blessings. [al-Shurunbulali, Imdad al-Fattah (304)]

The outward purport of the formula “ayyuha al-nabi” implies such an address from the one praying to the Prophet (God bless him) himself. As Imam al-Nawawi stated, “and the one praying addresses him (God bless him) with his statement, ‘ayyuha al-nabi.” [al-Nawawi, Rawda al-Talibin (2:453)]

(b) If one wishes to “picture” the Prophet (God bless him) when stating this formula, this would be acceptable. In fact, some scholars have stated that prophetic practice itself may have entailed extracting an image of his person and addressing it with the formula in question. [al-Shirwani, Hashiya (2:48)]

As for the idea of the “soul being present before us”, then if this is in the manner of picturing or imagining described above, it would be permitted. Similarly, the belief that angels will convey the blessings is also valid and textually established.

Regarding the more controversial belief that soul of the Prophet (God bless him) is present before one when uttering such formula, all that can be said about it is that it is a matter that is possible as numerous scholars have stated. Indeed, the meeting of the various prophets (God bless him) during the Prophet’s (God bless him) night-journey to Jerusalem textually attests to this, in addition to the fact that the mind does not preclude its occurrence.

Does this entail that it is an actual occurrence for each and any individual? Not necessarily although people admittedly have different understandings when it comes to this “presence”, such as the Prophet (God bless him) being “effectively present” on account of being shown our deeds by God [al-Bazzar, Musnad (1:397)], or “present” in a barzakhi sense that is beyond the physical laws and limitations of this worldly realm and of which we possess limited knowledge.

In the end, what counts is the mindfulness and love that imbues our hearts when we utter this formula and all other statements in our prayer. The manner in which the Prophet (God bless him) is made aware of these blessings is ultimately inconsequential and should be of little concern to us; we know he is made aware and we know that his existence is (and, of course, has always been) unlike our own. Most things beyond this are distractions that become an excuse for individuals to engage in pointless polemics.

Please see also: Why do We Send Prayers of Peace & Blessings Upon the Beloved Prophet of God?

And Allah alone knows best.

Salman

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Can You Provide Me a Supplication Sending Peace and Blessings Upon All the Prophets?

Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Can you provide me a supplication in order to send peace and blessings upon all of the Prophets?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

A person can create and choose whatever form they deem appropriate in sending peace and blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), so long as it does not militate against the spirit of the tradition.

That said, our history does record a variety of beautiful ways of sending peace and blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), some of which also include prayers for the rest of Prophets.

Imam al-Jazuli, in his Dala’il al-Khayrat, mentions various such prayers, including the following:

اللّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَآدَمَ وَ نُوحٍ وَإبرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى وَمَا بَينَهُمْ مِن النَّبِيِّينَ وَالمُرسَلِينَ صَلَوَاتُ اللهِ وسَلامُهُ عَلَيهِمْ أَجْمَعِينَ


“Oh Allah, bless our masters Muhammad, Adam, Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, and Isa, as well as the Prophets and Messengers between their eras; may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon them all!”

Shuaib Ally

How Does One Recite the Tashahhud Correctly?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

(1) How does one recite the tashahhud correctly?

(2) Is it true that in hanafi fiqh missing out sending blessings on the Prophet does not require performing prostrations of forgetfulness?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray that this message finds you well, insha’Allah.

(1) The wording of the tashahhud is as follows: “al-Tahiyatu li’ Llahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibat, as-salamu `alayka ayyuha’n-nabiyyu wa rahmatu’ Llahi wa barakatuh, as-salamu `alayna wa `ala `ibad’ Llahi’s-salihin, ashhadu al la ilaha illa’ Llahu wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan `abduhu wa rasuluh.”

(2) Sending blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) during the final sitting of the prayer is a sunna, and missing a sunna does not necessitate performing prostrations of forgetfulness (said al-sahw).

Consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

And Allah alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Is There Any Supplication to Die in a Good State of Faith?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaikum

1) Is there any supplication we can make so that when we die, we die in a good state of faith and free from sins?

2) Can we recite any supplication while in the last prostration? How do I send blessings to the Prophet (Peace and blesings be upon him)? What are the best remembrance I should do?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

(1) Ask Allah for what you want. He loves to be asked. Ibn `Ata’illah said, “Whenever He loosens your tongue with a petition, know that He wants to give to you” [al-Hikam]

(2) I’d advise purchasing: The Book of Remembrances (Kitab al-Adhkar), by Imam Nawawi, and translated by Dr. Muhammad Is Waley. This is a compilation of supplications for numerous occasions.

See also:

Struggling to Have Children: Ten Key Etiquettes of Du’a

Sending Blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) after Asr on Fridays

Supplicating in Prostration

Important Details Regarding Making Supplications During the Prayer

Supplicating for Death in Madina & Burial in Baqi

Fighting Depression Through The Remembrance Of Allah

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Sending Blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) after Asr on Fridays

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am inquiring about a hadith I learned of today that states the great virtue in making durood on our nabi (SAW) 80 times after Asr Salat on Friday. Is this hadith implying a specific durood that we should be reciting or can we recite any durood? And do we have to recite it right after Asr salat while still in the sitting position or can we recite it later as long as it is before the entrance of magrib salat?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

Considering its supporting narrations, it would appear that one could say the prayer at any point before Maghrib and not necessarily immediately after the `Asr prayer.

The Form of the Prayer

A specific form of the prayer which has been related by Imam Ghazali in his magnum opus, the Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya `Ulum al-Din) is: “Allahumma salli `ala Muhammadin `abdika wa nabiyyika wa rasulika al-nabi al-ummi”

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدِكَ وَنَبِيِّكَ وَرَسُوْلِكَ النَّبِيِّ الأُمِّي

Al-`Iraqi mentions that this narration (hadith) (i.e. with the aforementioned prayer) was related by Daraqutni and graded fair by Ibn al-Nu`man. Suyuti and `Ajiluni, in his Kashf al-Khafa’, also gave it a similar grading.

A Note on the Supporting Narrations

However, the narration (hadith) in question is normally narrated in a simpler wording from Abu Huraira, “Blessings upon me is light on the Sirat. Whoever recites blessings on me eighty times on Friday, Allah will forgive him eighty years of sins.” [Daylami, Musnad al-Firdaws]

Though very weak, it is supported and strengthened by corroborating narrations, as explained by Zabidi in his Ithaf al-Sadat al-Muttaqin.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani