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Is It Permitted for a Man to Sleep on a Pillow Case Made From Silk?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

Is a Muslim man allowed to sleep in a silk pillowcase or wrap their head with silk cloth in order to prevent hair fall?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

It would be permitted to sleep on a pillow case made from silk. This is because it is not considered, nor does it resemble, a form of dress.

As for wrapping your head with a silk cloth to prevent hair fall, the basis would be that it would not be permitted unless there is a valid medical excuse to utilize such a cloth.

Wassalam,
[Ustadh] Salman Younas

قال الكاساني في بدائع الصنائع :فأما حكم التوسد به والجلوس والنوم عليه فغير مكروه عند أبي حنيفة عليه الرحمة

قال ابن عابدين في رد المحتار: وفي الدر المنتقى ولا تكره الصلاة على سجادة من الإبريسم لأن الحرام هو اللبس أما الانتفاع بسائر الوجوه فليس بحرام كما في صلاة الجواهر وأقره القهستاني وغيره قلت ومنه يعلم حكم ما كثر السؤال عنه من بند السبحة فليحفظ اهـ فقوله هو اللبس أي ولو حكما لما في القنية استعمال اللحاف من الإبريسم لا يجوز لأنه نوع لبس

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

Is It Allowed for Men to Wear Sherwanis That Are Made out of Silk?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Is it allowed for men to wear sherwanis that are made out of silk or partly out of silk?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Men are permitted to wear synthetic silk, yet not natural silk, namely, that which is derived from silkworms. Nevertheless, synthetic silk is usually best avoided due to its resembling the impermissible.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Wearing silk and gold has been forbidden for the men of my community, but is lawful for its women.” [Tirmidhi]

If the whole item is admixed with silk, then it would be permissible to wear it as long as the majority of the item is non-silk. However, if the entire arms, for instance, are made of silk, yet the body is not, it would not be permissible to wear the item.

[Nahlawi, al-Durar al-Mubaha fi al-Hazr wa al-Ibaha (41)]

Please also see: The Wearing of Silk and Jewelry and: Can Men Wear White Gold or Silk Ties? and: Is It Permitted To Pray On a Silk Prayer Mat?

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

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Can Men Wear Silk Ties?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: As Salaam alaikum,
Is wearing a silk tie permissible for men? Most of the ties available in the market are either completly made of silk or mixed with it…

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
No, it is not permitted for men to wear clothing that is made entirely from silk.
The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Wearing silk and gold has been forbidden for the men of my community but is lawful for its women.” [Tirmidhi]
However, if the silk content is less than 50%, the scholars permit wearing such items. [Nahlawi, al-Durar al-Mubaha fi al-Hazr wa al-Ibaha]
Please see: Can Men Wear White Gold or Silk Ties? and: Is It Permitted To Pray On a Silk Prayer Mat?
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Is It Permitted To Pray On a Silk Prayer Mat?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Assalam ‘aleykum,
Is it permissible in the Hanafi madhhab to pray on a silk rug? Do prayers prayed on it need to be made up if one did not know of its impermissibility?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
Yes, it is permitted to pray on a silk prayer mat. [Nahlawi, al-Durar al-Mubaha fi al-Hazr wa al-Ibaha; `Ala’ al-Din `Abidin, al-Hadiyya al-`Ala’iyya]
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Wearing silk and gold has been forbidden for the men of my community but is lawful for its women.” [Tirmidhi]
The prohibition is with respect to men wearing silk, and not every single usage of silk; sitting on silk is not the same as wearing it. That being the case, Mulla Ali al-Qari explains, Abu Hanifa permitted using silk as a rug whilst affirming it is superior to avoid considering the traditions (hadiths) which seem to prohibit doing so. [Qari, Mirqat al-Mafatih]
Please also see: The Wearing of Silk and Jewelry and: Why is Gold Impermissible for Men But Permissible for Women? and: Can Men Sell Women’s Silk Clothing or Silk Upholstery
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Is It Permissible for Men to Wear Endi Silk?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Nowadays, there are many clothes being sold that are made of Endi Silk. Is it haram for men to wear clothes made from this material?

Answer: Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits. Natural silk (from silkworms) is impermissible to wear for men–though permitted for women. It would appear that Endi (or: Eri) silk [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eri_silk] is such a silk, and therefore the mentioned ruling would apply.

Please search for related answers at SeekersGuidance through our site search: www.SeekersGuidance.org/search — search for: silk

See: The Wearing of Silk and Jewelry

Can Men Wear White Gold or Silk Ties?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: I have a question regarding the permissibility of men (Shafii and Hanafi) wearing hite gold. This would be in regards to watches specifically. I have heard conflicting opinions, with a reference to tarnished gold being permissible (in Reliance of the Traveller). Could you provide clarification?

In addition, I would like to know if men (Shafii and Hanafi) can wear silk ties? Again, I have heard conflicting opinions, one of which indicates the width of the tie ascertains whether it can be worn.

Answer: In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Walaikum assalam,

1. White gold. The only jewelry permissible for men is a silver ring. Rings of any other substance are not permitted, according to both the Hanafis and Shafi`is. [Mawsu`a Fiqhiyya, and Hashiyat Ibn Abidin]

2. If ties are from real silk (=that which is produced from the thread of silkworms), then they are not permitted. Now, while the Hanafi school permits a certain amount of silk in clothes, this is only if it is not entirely or overwhelmingly made from silk, such as silk piping or embroidery.

It is permitted without dislike to wear items of clothing in which there is less than 50% silk content. Entire items, such as silk ties, are not permitted. [Naf` al-Mufti wa’l Sa’il of Imam Abd al-Hayy al-Lakhnawi; Nahlawi, al-Hadhr wa’l Ibaha]

Wassalam,

Faraz Rabbani

Selling Clothes Partially Made of Silk

Answered by Sidi Tabraze Azam

Question: At the moment I am working at a store where the main merchandise are clothes. However, recently they started selling clothes for men made out of 10% silk and the rest is cotton, which is not harmful according to what I know. Also, among some of the shirts there are images of birds or animals but not any human beings. My main job is to put the clothes in the shop floor and help the customers to choose the clothes. Would it be permitted for me to continue working here?

Answer: Assalaamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you’re well, insha’Allah.

It is permissible to wear clothes that are partially made from silk as long as the majority of the material used is other than silk. [Nahlāwi, ad-Durar al-Mubāha] As such, selling such clothing and assisting in their selling would also be permitted.

The basis according to the Hanafi school is that it is impermissible for men to wear silk. It is related from Abu Musa al-Ash’ari that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) made gold and silk permissible for the women folk of his nation (ummah) and made them impermissible upon its men folk. [Nasā’i, Sunan]

However, the Hanafi scholars interpreted this as being applicable to a single cloth whose silk content is the majority. Therefore, the prohibition does not apply to clothing wherein the silk content is not the majority. In such a case, a certain amount of silk is permitted, such as for embroidery or horizontal weaving.

Mulla Ali al-Qari mentions in his Fath Bab al-Inaya that a possible reason for the permissibility of such an amount is “to let the servant know what Allah has prepared for him in the hereafter, from Himself, so he (the servant) strives in that which will be a reason for him attaining it”.

The Issue of Pictures

As for the clothing with pictures of living beings imprinted on them, there is a difference of opinion in the issue. Some scholars have stated that they (pictures) are impermissible. This is the more cautious opinion. Others have stated that they are permissible. The best thing to do would be to avoid actively assisting customers in the actual purchasing of such items, namely avoiding actually encouraging customers to buy these items. As for merely showing them the item or putting clothes on the shop floor, this would not be impermissible as it is not directly assisting in the sale of somthing sinful. However, even then, the difference of opinion on the issue of pictures gives one leeway to continue such a job on a normal capacity.

And Allah knows best.
wassalaam,
Tabraze

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Wearing of Silk and Jewelry

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: I have heard an opinion related to the hadith forbidding gold and silk which states that the reason the Prophet, may peace and mercy of Allah be upon him, forbade us from wearing gold and silk was because they were expensive commodities in that era, as they are now, and that the prohibition is related to wearing things which are very expensive.

Also, since silk is relatively not that expensive now, I have seen men wear silk shirts because they are following the opinion stated above. At the same time, I have seen people wear extremely expensive clothes, is it ok to do so if it is not being done out of riya’?

What is the essence of the hadith, and how shall it be interpreted?

Answer: I’m not aware of a legal position–within mainstream Sunni scholarship–permitting gold or silk for men on the basis of specifying the legal cause of the prohibition being expensiveness.

(Even in the time of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), where were things more expensive than gold, and clothing more expensive than silk.)

And if that were the case, then why only for men?

As for the “opinions” of those not ascribing to recognized scholarship, “their presence is no more consequential than their absence,” as the scholars would say.

And Allah alone gives success.

Faraz Rabbani