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Are There 2 Cycles of Sunna Prayer After the Call of Dhuhr on Friday?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalamu alaykum

Are there 2 cycles of sunna prayer after the call of dhuhr on Friday?

Answer:  Wa’leykum Salam,

Here is a video answer by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani to this question:

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani is a scholar and researcher of Islamic law and Executive Director of SeekersHub Global After ten years overseas, Shaykh Faraz returned to Canada in the Summer of 2007. In May 2008 he founded SeekersHub Global to deal with the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge—both online and on the ground—in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He has been repeatedly listed as one of the world’s 500 most influential Muslims (The Muslim500).

How Many Sunna Does One Pray Along With the Friday Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

How many sunna does one pray as part of the Friday Prayer?

Answer: Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah,

You should pray four cycles (rak‘ats) before the Friday Prayer, and four afterwards.

Consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP).

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

Wassalam,

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorized the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Is It Obligatory to Complete a Sunna Prayer in Which My Wudu Was Broken?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

If someone breaks his wudu in a sunna or voluntary prayer is it obligatory to complete it?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

Yes, it is necessary (wajib) to make up a voluntary prayer (nafila) which was started, then broken. The sunna prayer is deemed to be a specific form of the voluntary prayer.

This is because beginning an action makes it binding in view of the Words of Allah Most High, “Do not let your deeds go to waste.” [47.33]

If it is a confirmed sunna prayer, it would be proper to perform it right away within the time in which it is due. But if missed, you would still need to make it up later.

[Ibn `Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar `ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar (1.250)]

Please also see: The Fiqh of Voluntary (Nafl) Prayers

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Do I Have to Make up the Confirmed Sunna Prayers?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalam alaykum,

Do I have to make up the confirmed sunna prayers?

Answer: Wa alaykum assalam,

I hope you’re doing well, insha’Allah..

No, confirmed sunnas are not made up after their time. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah; Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

No Make Ups for Missed Sunnas—But the Sunna of Not Losing Out

However, it is a general sunna to perform an equivalent amount of voluntary sunnas to “make up for” the lost reward of recently missed sunnas.

This also has the benefit of

(1) not breaking one’s spiritual routines completely—as routines are the key to attainment;
(2) making one’s wayward self (nafs) uphold discipline, in order to restrain it; and
(3) not to lose out on the opportunity for reward and going good—in affirmation of our commitment to seek Allah, to love Allah, and to always seek His closeness and presence in our life.

While this is not expected—nor considered a substitute nor actual make up (qada’) for missed sunnas—it is understood from the Prophet’s personal habit (peace and blessings be upon him). Umar ibn al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) related that the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him and his folk) said, “Whoever sleeps through their routine (hizb) of night worship—or any part of it—and performs it between Fajr prayer and Zuhr prayer shall have it recorded as if they actually performed it at night.” [Related by Muslim]

And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.

[Shaykh] Faraz Rabbani

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani is a scholar and researcher of Islamic law and translator of several Arabic works to the English language. After ten years overseas, Shaykh Faraz returned to Canada in the Summer of 2007. In May 2008 he founded SeekersGuidance to deal with the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge—both online and on the ground—in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner.

Is Omitting an Emphasized Sunna Sinful? I Have a Three Month-Old Baby — Mercy, Ease, and Beautiful Balance in Seeking Allah

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: I have a baby of three months old who doesn’t settle easily. So it is hard for me to pray. I sometime try to do my sunnah as well but most of the time I only perform my fard prayer. Am I sinning by missing on sunnah muaqaddah which I used to perform regularly before I had the baby?

​Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate
I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits. In such a case, it would be neither blameworthy nor sinful to omit your sunna prayers when it is difficult to perform them.
The Importance of the Emphasized Sunna
The emphasized sunnas (sunna mu’akkada) are those Prophetic practices that we have been especially encouraged to uphold and cautioned against leaving. Thus, the emphasized sunna shouldn’t be left without excuse. If left without excuse, it is blameworthy and unbecoming someone serious about their religion. [Ref: Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Tahtawi/Shurunbulali, Hashiyat Maraqi al-Falah]
When Can Emphasized Sunnas Be Left?
However, when there is an excuse–such as what you describe–then one should do the best one can, and have the intention that were one able to do more, one genuinely would. With this intention and genuine resolve, Allah will write for you the full reward of having performed the sunnas. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “If a servant is sick or travelling, the full reward of what they used to do when they were resident and well.” [Bukhari] The same applies to any other situations of genuine hardship, inability, or excuse.
Mercy, Ease, and Beautiful Balance in Seeking Allah
It is important to remember that Allah Most High tells us–through addressing the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace & blessings be upon him & his folk) himself–in the Qur’an, “We have sent you only as mercy to all creation.” [Qur’an, ​27.107] It is understood from this that every teaching and guidance–every command and encouragement–that the Beloved Messenger of Allah (peace & blessings be upon him & his folk) came with is an expression of Divine Mercy and a means to attaining Divine Mercy.
Allah Most High also tells us that, “And Allah has not placed any hardship for you in religion.” [Qur’an, 22.78] And Allah tells us in the closing two verses of Surat al-Baqara (which the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) encouraged us to read nightly), “Allah does not make anyone responsible for more than they are able.” [Qur’an, 2.286]
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Truly, this religion is ease. And no one makes religion difficult for themselves except that they will be overwhelmed. So remain steadfastly committed; do your best; and be of glad tidings.” [Bukhari and others]
The key to sustained religious practice is to have clear purpose of seeking Allah’s pleasure, and then to have consistent, purpposeful, sustainable religious routines that aren’t excessive–but at the same time an expression of “doing one’s best”–with a positive, grateful, rejoicing attitude. [Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Bari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari]
And Allah is the giver of success and facilitation.
Faraz Rabbani
The following chapter from Imam Nawawi’s Gardens of the Righteous (Riyad al-Salihin), an important collection of Prophetic teachings, is important:
Chapter 14: On Moderation in Worship