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Mistakes in Tajwid

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

I have heard that in surah al fatiha ” اَلۡحَمۡدُ ” has to be pronounced from the throat. I have pronounced all my previous prayers without pronouncing it from my throat. Dose all my previous prayers are invalid?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

No, this does not invalidate your prayer.

It is always best to try and pronounce the words of the Qur’an correctly according to the rules of proper tajwid. However, mistakes in tajwid do not invalidate the prayer.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas  graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman where he spent five years studying Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir. He is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Oxford and continues his traditional studies with scholars in the United Kingdom.

Recitation Errors in Prayer.

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

I am learning to pray with tajwid but it makes me very self conscious…sometimes I repeat a word many times to correct it…Do these mistakes invalidate the prayer?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Most recitation errors are excusable. Focus on your pronunciation outside of the prayer, and focus on the one you’re praying to within it. Ask Allah Most High to facilitate matters for you.

Please see this answer.

And Allah Most High knows best.
[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Mistake in Sajda al-Sahw

Ustadh Tabraze Azam is asked if making mistakes in the forgetfulness prostration invalidates the prayer.

 

Question:

Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

What do I do when I make a mistake in sajda al-sahw [forgetfulness prostration]? And I mean the sajda al-sahw that you do by giving salam to the right and then do two sajdas. Is my prayer valid if I make a mistake? And is it a mistake to pronounce words incorrectly in tashahhud? Is it still a mistake when I correct myself?

 

Answer:

Wa alaykum assaalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

Unfortunately, your question isn’t entirely clear.

1. If you mean that you omitted the prostrations of forgetfulness (sujud al-sahw) accidentally, and instead, ended the prayer entirely, you may still perform them at this point as long as you didn’t do anything which would otherwise affect the validity of the prayer, such as talking or eating. If they were omitted and you remembered later within the prayer time, you should make up the prayer.

2. Making a mistake in the recitation of tashahhud is normally going to be excusable. Work on perfecting its recitation, pronunciation and the like (tajwid) outside of the prayer, and focus on doing your best and directing yourself and attention to the one whom you are addressing in the prayer. Ask Allah Most High to facilitate the matter for you.

Please also see Is My Prayer Still Valid If I Fail to Recite the Tashahud Correctly?

And Allah Most High knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

 

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


 

Should I Apply the Rules of Tajwid When Reciting Remembrances?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

Should a person apply the rules of tajwid while reciting/reading morning and evening dhikrs (rememberance of Allah) ?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

The specific rules of tajwid (ghunna/madd) are applicable to the Qur’an alone, as Shaykh Ali Hani confirmed when I consulted him about this matter. As for other remembrances (adhkar) and the like, the expectation is to recite them with correct pronunciation and grammar. This applies to supplication and remembrance inside and outside of the prayer.

Please also see this answer.

And Allah Most High knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Does a Mistake in the Recitation of the Fatiha Invalidate My Prayer?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Assalam alaykum

In the Zuhr prayer I most likely recited ‘an’ in ‘an amta’ with an ‘Ain’ sound. I however did not stop and correct this and completed the Fatiha. Does this invalidate my prayer?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

No, the majority [if not all] unintentional recitation errors are excusable, and thus, your prayers remain unaffected. Practice your tajwid outside of the prayer, and refocus your energy within the prayer to its most central aspects.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Truly a person leaves his prayer and he doesn’t receive the reward of except a tenth of it, or a ninth, or an eighth, or a seventh, or a sixth, or a fifth, or a quarter, or a third, or a half.” [Abu Dawud]

Namely, depending on the degree of one’s turning to Allah Most High within the prayer, and not according to the perfection of a person’s tajwid. This doesn’t negate its importance, however, but it is equally necessary to recognise priorities.

Please also see: The Sunna Method of Reciting the Qur’an and the Legal Status of Reciting With Tajwid and: Should I Repeat My Qur’an and Du’a Recitations Due to Errors in Pronunciation?
And Allah Most High alone knows best.

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Is My Prayer Still Valid If I Fail to Recite the Tashahud Correctly?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Is my prayer still valid if I recite the tashahud erroneously in one place, like saying the letter “alif” instead of the letter “ayn”?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

Yes, your prayer would be valid as the vast majority of pronunciation errors don’t affect the validity or soundness of the prayer. Work on your pronunciation (tajwid) outside of the prayer. As for during the prayer. just pray. You and I, thankfully, won’t be the judges of our prayers, so learn what is required of you and then do the best you can, relying on Allah Most High and hoping in His Mercy. Remember that there is no necessary correlation between validity and reward; thus, even if you recited with perfect tajwid, that does not guarantee for you an accepted prayer that is pleasing to Allah Most High.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Seek what is balanced and correct and draw near. Know that none of you will enter the Garden on account of his deeds. The most beloved of actions to Allah are those which are the most constant, even if they are little.” [Bukhari]

Please also see: Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Qur’an Invalidate Your Prayer? and: What Can I Do About Anxiety in Prayer and Waswas Regarding My Pronunciation?

Consider taking the following free class at SeekersHub: Absolute Essentials of Islam: Basic Hanafi Jurisprudence (STEP)

And Allah Most High alone knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Should I Repeat All My Prayers Because of Mistakes in the Fatiha?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question:As salaamu alaykum,

If someone has been reading a letter of the Fatiha incorrectly for some time but is not sure how long does he need to repeat all his past prayers?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

No, you do not need to make up any prayers.

Please also see: Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Qur’an Invalidate Your Prayer?

And Allah knows best.

wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Mistakes in Recitation During my Prayers: How not to Loose Hope of Them Being Accepted?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: Asalaamu alaikum
I know the rules of Tajwid but I always make mistakes in my recitation during prayer because it is difficult for me to remember those rules. I cry a lot because of that because my prayers will never be accepted. What should I do?
Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
Mistakes in recitation or pronunciation don’t affect the validity of your prayer.
Work on your tajwid outside of the prayer, and focus on what you are doing during the prayer itself.
See: Should I Repeat My Qur’an and Du’a Recitations Due to Errors in Pronunciation? and: The Sunna Method of Reciting the Qur’an and the Legal Status of Reciting With Tajwid
And Allah alone gives success.
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.

Should I Stop Reciting the Qur’an Because of my Mistakes?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam
Question: I think my recitation of Qur’an is full of mistakes. I do have intention to improve this. Should I continue to recite or should I wait until it is improved?
Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,
I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.
Yes, you should continue reciting the Qur’an.
We do not stop performing acts of worship out of fear of not doing them well. Rather, we keep striving for the sake of Allah, and taking sincere, consistent means to improve.
With that, consider taking the following course: Introduction to Qur’anic Recitation (Sisters)
Please see: Do Grammatical and Pronunciation Mistakes While Reciting the Qur’an Invalidate Your Prayer? and: I’m Afraid of Making a Mistake When Reciting the Qur’an
And Allah alone gives success.
Wassalam,
Tabraze Azam
Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Using a Mushaf With Color Coded Tajwid Rules

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: Is there a particular preference for the Uthmani script when beginners (especially children) recite the qur’an? Should beginners (especially children) recite qur’an from the tajweed they remember (by memory) or should they use a qur’an that gives them hints or clues of the tajweed rules applied?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are well, insha’Allah.

In the early stages, there is no harm in having them recite from a mushaf wherein the tajwid rules are distinct and clear (such as colour coded). This is useful for some to use as a teaching tool. Though in the long term, it would be best to “wean” them away from such a mushaf so that they do not become reliant upon it, and are given the opportunity to really master the rules.

With that said, it may remain superior to teach the rules separately and then have them recite from a “normal” mushaf so they are forced to concentrate harder and apply the rules during recitation.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani