The End of a Crucial Decade in Human History – Shaykh Sadullah Khan

* Courtesy of Masjid al – Furqan

In this Pre Khutba talk, Shaykh Sadullah Khan discusses the importance of valuing and utilizing one’s time appropriately and constructively. He reminds the congregation that it is critical to reflect on how time has passed us collectively. With the completion of a decade, Shaykh Sadullah highlights the various local and global issues and events that have affected human beings around the globe. From the Arab spring to the fascist laws being passed in India, the past decade has shown the degradation of morality within human beings. Despite the wonderful technological and scientific advancements, we as human beings have failed in truly making a positive change in our societies. It is critical for us to be aware of what is happening around us so that we as Muslims may be able to engage in actions of virtue and benefit.

Islamic Time Management (1) : The Ultimate Hack in Islam – Sidi Tushar Imdad

The Ultimate Hack in Islam

Did you know that any good deed you do could be rewarded anywhere between one, to 10X, to 700X or ‘even more’?

Two people could both be working at a task, let’s say writing a report for work. One gets the reward of 1 and another gets 700!

The reality could be even more extreme. One person could be getting a NEGATIVE, by committing a sin through this report (for example, by recommending a haram transaction) and the other could be getting MILLIONS of hasanat (good deeds) for the same amount of effort.

The reason for the difference is the ultimate hack in Islam. And it’s something we all know, but seldom utilize to its INFINITE potential.

I’m talking about INTENTION (niyyah).

In one of the most foundational hadiths of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), we learn that ‘Actions are judged according to their intentions.’

Now we all know that we must make an intention before fasting, or getting married, or praying a particular salah. But do we make strong intentions for all the other actions which make up 95% of our time?

Imagine, if you knew a friend doing the same job as you. You both put in the same hours, the same effort and actually do the same thing. Yet you get paid £10/hr and she gets paid £100,000/hr! Talk about not meeting your potential! You’d feel utterly cheated, squandered and robbed of your time, right?

Well this could be happening to us right now! Imagine if for 95% of our time – our sleep, our eating, our 8-10 hours of daily work – we were only gaining 1 or even 0 good deeds (because we had no intention – just going through the motions). When we could have been gaining 700X for all of these same deeds!

The bottom line: if you don’t actively make good intentions then you are literally firing blanks on most of your days, most of your nights and most of your life.

The good news? This incredible gift from Allah is the most powerful hack imaginable as it means you can gain tens, hundreds and even 1000X more profit in this world and the next – with the same deed.

Think of it as the amount of return on investment (ROI) for your deeds. Someone puts £1 in a bank and it stays the same. Another person invests it into a halal enterprise and gains £1000s from the same £1.

You can do this with your deeds, and it’s much more valuable than money.

Now the question remains, HOW do you ensure a deed gets 10X or 100X or 700X or more?

That’s too much to answer for now, but it requires an understanding of the issues of QUANTITY and QUALITY of intentions – in order to cover all your bases. We’ll look into that in the next installment of this mini-series on ‘The Ultimate Hack in Islam’.

This is the type of knowledge what I term ‘Islamic Time Management’. It’s priceless and that’s why I’m so passionate about it.

If you enjoyed this article, you can sign up to Tushar’s mailing list for his weekly Jum’a articles, free content about Islamic Time Management as well as updates for exciting courses or services:

Tushar Imdad (aka Tushar Mohammed Imdad-ul-Haque Bhuiya) is an Islamic Time Management Coach and Educational Entrepreneur. Professionally trained as a high school English teacher, Tushar has taught or managed prominent Islamic schools in Leicester, UK, between 2007-2016. With a flair for managing multiple roles, Tushar is also a GCSE English examiner, a teacher trainer for AMS UK; professional proofreader; former lead instructor at Madrasa Manara; and is currently the Director of Shaykhspeare’s Online English Academy and High Impact Tutors.  
A long-term student of knowledge, Tushar has studied a range of Islamic sciences at the feet of scholars such as Shaykh Nuh Keller, Umm Sahl, Shaykh Faraz Rabbani, Maulana Ilyas Patel and Ustadh Tabraze Azam. In 2015 he completed Level 5 of the Classical Arabic Program from the prestigious Qasid Institute, Amman.   
Throughout his varied career, Tushar has always been driven by a passion for time management. Starting in 2009, he has delivered a mixture of workshops, webinars, web-coaching and client visits, attracting delegates as varied as CEOs, corporate professionals, housewives, dentists and scholars from places spanning the UK, US and Middle East. Tushar has published articles and delivered training for, and (now Kiflayn). In recent years he has immersed himself in  productivity systems, learning from world-class experts such as Demir Bentley, the authors of The One Thing, Leo Babuta and James Clear. His recent courses have included  ‘Principles of Islamic Time Management’, ‘Time Tactics 101’ and ‘The Breakthrough Habit’.

How Can I Know the Time for Fajr in a Country Where There Is No Real Darkness?

Answered by Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I have a question about Fajr and Isha timings in Poland. Here in Poland from May to August there is no real darkness. Only Astronomical Twilight till Nautical Twilight appears in the morning. Some mosques uses 15 some 17 and some 18 degrees. Which one is the correct one according to the Hanafi school?

Answer: Wa ‘alaykum as-salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh

I pray you are well.

A practical approach

The simplest approach is to pick a local mosque and then pray, and initiate your fast according to its timetable. You should, however, try to stick to one so you are not praying fajr at a time one day, and then eating at that time the next, and so on. Treat it as you would treat any other position upon which the ulema have differed: practice one unless there is undue difficulty, in which case you should consult a reliable local scholar.

Differences within the school

This issue has been the subject of a much discussion amongst scholars from all four legal schools for a millennium. The essential discussion revolves around the question of does the prayer time for salat al-ʿisha exist in places which are found on at latitude of 48.5 and above during the summer months when there is a persistent twilight, or not? This, in turn, affects the question of when the fast, and the time for salat al-Fajr should begin.

In the Hanafi school there are two positions on this: the former states that the time of ʿIsha does not exist, and the latter states that it does, but the sign the Shari’a has given us to indicate its entrance – the disappearance of the twilight – is missing. Both positions have the support of major figures in the Hanafi school.

The latter position, however, has been very convincingly argued by leading Hanafi scholars such as al-Kamal b. al-Humam in his book Fatḥ al-Qadir, and more recently by Harun al-Marjani. al-Marjani was a 19th century Russian Hanafi who lived in Qazan, which is on a latitude of 55, and had to deal with this very issue. In his seminal work, Nazurat al-Haqq, he convincingly shows the superiority of Ibn al-Humam’s position, and concludes that in the absence of the usual sign to indicate the entrance of Isha and Fajr, the time to pray Isha and to begin fasting must be calculated. This is also the position of other scholars, and of the Shafi’i school.


Seeing as the precise means of calculation is not mentioned in the primary texts of the religion, this issue becomes a matter of ijtihad, which means that qualified scholars must attempt to come to a conclusion based on their understandings of the religion. There are a number of valid positions and methods of calculations which have been put forward, and each is assessed by scholars on the grounds of the strength of its legal reasoning.

Here in the UK, some of the more commonly used means of calculation of when the fast should begin are:

1. Aqrab al-Ayyam, which means that Fajr will be said to begin at the last time it occurrence was observed before then onset of persistent twilight.
2. Tansif al-Layl, which is when the time between is divided half; the first half being allocated for Maghrib and Isha, and the latter half for Fajr.

These two positions are considered by many leading scholars to be the most precautios in religion; they are also quite practical seeing as they allow people to start their fast and pray fajr in the region of 1-2pm, based of the location, and then get a block of uninterrupted sleep. There are, however, other valid approaches. Similarly, there are also a number of positions to determine the start of Isha.

Further Reading

A good resource which details the intricacies of this issue is the work Shedding Light On the Dawn by Dr Asim Yusuf. Even a quick look at this work shows the great effort scholars put into reaching legal rulings, and that their conclusions are not arbitrary.

(Ref: Durr al-Mukhtar; Radd al-Muhtar, Nazurat al-Haqq, Fath al-Mulhim, Shedding Light of the Dawn).

May Allah grant you the best of both worlds.

[Shaykh] Abdul-Rahim Reasat

Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 to study and sit at the feet of some of the most erudite scholars of our time.

Over the following eighteen months he studied a traditional curriculum, studying with scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.

In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years, in Fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, Theology, Hadith Methodology and Commentary, Shama’il, and Logic with teachers such as Dr Ashraf Muneeb, Dr Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr Mansur Abu Zina amongst others. He was also given two licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabr and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.

His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic Sciences, Tafsir, Arabic Grammar, and Rhetoric.

When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.

Have I Invalidated My Fasts by Being Confused About Fajr Time?

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: Assalam aleykum

On the first day of Ramadan I thought Fajr was at 3.20. In reality it was around 3.00. I’ve only realised this about 5 days later.

Now I don’t know for a fact if I ever drank water at the wrong time after Fajr.

Are these fasts valid?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

Your fasts are valid and the doubt you have regarding eating or drinking after the time should be ignored. Of course, you should take care in the future to ensure that you know exactly when the time of Fajr comes in so such confusion does not arise.

[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

How Can We Balance Classes When Seeking Knowledge? [Video]

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Assalamu alaykum

How can we balance classes when seeking knowledge?

Answer:  Wa’leykum Salam,

Here is a video answer by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani to this question:

Shaykh Faraz Rabbani is a scholar and researcher of Islamic law and Executive Director of SeekersHub Global After ten years overseas, Shaykh Faraz returned to Canada in the Summer of 2007. In May 2008 he founded SeekersHub Global to deal with the urgent need to spread Islamic knowledge—both online and on the ground—in a reliable, relevant, inspiring, and accessible manner. He has been repeatedly listed as one of the world’s 500 most influential Muslims (The Muslim500).

Am I Considered to Have Missed the Obligatory Prayer If I Am Still Praying While the Time of the Prayer Exits?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: As salam alaykum,

Am I considered to have missed the obligatory prayer if I am still praying while the time of the prayer exits?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you well, insha’Allah.

The only prayer which is invalidated by the ending of the specified time is Fajr. If sunrise occurs during the prayer, it would invalidate your prayer, and you would need to repeat the prayer after sunrise, some fifteen to twenty minutes or so later.

Please see: Is My Prayer Valid if I Finish Praying Outside its Respective Prayer Time?

And Allah knows best.


Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Hadiths On The Cosmos On Cosmic Revolution, Time, The Dying Sun And Energy

Answered by Shaykh G. F. Haddad
Hadiths On The Cosmos
On Cosmic Revolution,
Time, The Dying Sun And Energy
1.Cosmic Revolution Hadith
2.Slow Time, Reverse Earth Rotation Hadiths
3.Dying Sun Hadith
4.Throne as Energy Source Hadiths
Thanks to the clock-like cyclic motion of heavenly bodies in space we are able to divide time into periods such as day and night, months, and years. When the earth completes one full revolution around the sun it has turned around its own axis 365 times and the moon has turned around it 12 times. The Ulema have noted, in this respect, that the Arabic word for “day” in the singular, yawm, occurs 365 times in the Qur’An while the Arabic word for “month” in the singular, shahr, occurs 12 times.
This cyclic motion produces other regular reoccurrences in the position of the stars and planets, such as the joint return of the earth and the moon to their same original point every 19 years or the reappearance of Halley’s comet every 76 years in the earth’s sky. These few reoccurences matter to us but are less than a thin droplet from the great ocean of cosmic times and motions. However, if someone were to reveal the ocean itself, as if he had been present at the beginning of time and were able to identify and describe its ebb and flow, he must either be God Himself – or one to whom God speaks.
Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrate from Abu Bakrah – Allah be well-pleased with him – that the Prophet said (Peace and Blessings upon him) upon him and his House blessings and peace:
Truly, TIME HAS COME AROUND TO THE WAY IT WAS THE DAY ALLAH CREATED THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH [ – ] You shall all certainly meet your Lord and He shall ask you about your deeds. Do not go back! Do not go back, after me, to being misguided pagan unbelievers striking one another with swords! Lo! Let those that are present tell those that are absent. It may be that some of those they will tell will keep this instruction more faithfully than some of those who heard it directly. Lo! Have I made myself clear?
In his observation on the revolution of time to his Companions, the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him), upon him blessings and peace, not only showed familiarity with the circularity of cosmic time and motion but, more dramatically, hinted at his encompassing, God-given cosmic knowledge of its exact modalities. He conveyed the unfathomable, Divine nature of Prophetic knowledge and information about the universe as simply as one of us passes a scenery snapshot to his friends.
The great Saint and Scholar of Murcia and Damascus, Shaykh Muhyi al-Din Ibn `Arabi, saw in this hadith on the great revolution of Time a reference to the primordiality of the person of the Prophet Muhammad himself (Peace and Blessings upon him) upon him blessings and peace – in the light of his statement – as narrated from Abu Hurayra by al-Tabari, Ibn Abi Hatim, al-Hakim, and al-Bayhaqi (as cited by Ibn Kathir in his Tafsir) and from Anas by al-Bazzar through trustworthy narrators according to al-Haythami:
Allah Most High said: I have made you the first of the Prophets to be created and the last of them to be sent.
There is yet another depth of meaning in the Prophet’s (Peace and Blessings upon him) hadith in connection with history. By announcing that Time had come around to the exact same spot it occupied the day Allah created the heavens and the earth, the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) – upon him peace – described his own time as a fresh start for the entire universe. It is undoubtedly the case with every divinely-appointed Prophet and Messenger that they each represent a second chance for the success and perfectibility of mankind. This is ever more so for the last Prophet, after whom no Prophet is to come whatsoever. Hence, the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) pleaded, in this last sermon of his delivered at his “Farewell Pilgrimage” in the last year of his life on earth: “Do not return, after I am gone, to your previous state of ignorance.”
The hadith encapsulates the Islamic understanding of the working of salvation in history. There is no chance of salvation for humankind from the self-destruction into which the forces of darkness push it since the beginning of time, except in clinging to the source of each Prophetic Time-cycle: Moses in the time before Jesus; Jesus in the time before Muhammad; and Muhammad until the end of time, to name the last three. And when Jesus returns for the final triumph of good over evil, it will be to lead the sincere of his flock into the fold of the true believers, as a faithful follower of Muhammad (Peace and Blessings upon him) upon them blessings and peace.
The observation that the rotation of the earth slows down a fraction of a second every hundred years led to the extrapolation that four billion years ago the day and night cycle took only four hours instead of twenty-four. It is logical to further expect two results.
[1] The earth will continue to slow down to the point that the day and night will increase inordinately in duration. This was predicted by the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings upon him) – upon him and his House blessings and peace – in those terms in connection with the appearance of the Anti- Christ at the end of times. Imam Muslim narrated from al-Nawwas ibn Sam`an al-Kilabi – Allah be well-pleased with him – that the Prophet  (Peace and Blessings upon him) mentioned the Anti-Christ (al-Dajjal) to the Companions “as such a significant matter that we felt he was in the cluster of the date- palm trees!” The Prophet  (Peace and Blessings upon him) said:
Whoever among you lives to see the time of the Anti-Christ should recite – for protection against him – the first few verses of Surat al-Kahf. He will come out from a crater (khalla) between Syro-Palestine and Iraq. He will spread corruption and evil right and left like wildfire. Servants of Allah! Be steadfast! His period on earth will last for forty days: one day will be like a year, one like a month, one like a week and the rest of his days will be like your days.
[2] The earth’s rotation will eventually come to a full stop and revert itself, at which point the sun will rise from the West. This, too, was predicted by the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) – upon him peace – in those same terms. Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrate from Abu Hurayra – Allah be well-pleased with him – that the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) said:
The final hour will not begin until the sun rises from its point of setting. When the sun rises from the West and the people see that, they will all believe. However, at that time, {its belief avails naught a soul which theretofore believed not} (6:158).
The Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) – upon him peace – gave further confirmation of this sequence of events in another hadith. When Hudhayfa – Allah be well-pleased with him – asked what the immediate sign of the Western sunrise would be, the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) replied that it would be preceded by an inordinately long night, lasting two or three times more than normal. Ibn Marduyah and al-Bayhaqi narrated it from Hudhayfa and Ibn Abi Awfa as stated by Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Bari (11:355).
It is also speculated that the rising of the sun from the West is connected to the events of the “Cosmic Crunch” – the pendant of the “Big Bang” at the other extremity in the lifespan of this universe – at a time the entire universe will fall back onto itself. In such a scenario, perhaps the “Cosmic Crunch” would cause the Earth to flip upside down, which would cause the sun to rise from the West and set in the East, or perhaps it would change the rotation of the sun and its planets all together.
Another Western-sunrise scenario is built on the periodic “magnetic pole reversal” of the earth that would lead to a temporary re-naming of the East “West” and vice-versa.
Neither the slowing of time not the reversal of the earth’s rotation are bound to take another few million or billion years to occur. Either could be set into motion by a shock of massive proportions that would literally unhinge the globe such as the detonation of hydrogen bombs or the collision of an asteroid.
Modern science has shown that the sun is in a state of constant deperdition of energy and that it will inevitably die as a star, implode, and engulf the earth into its supra-dense mass. Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrate from Abu Dharr – Allah be well-pleased with him – that the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) – upon him and his House blessings and peace – said as the sun was setting:
Do you know where it goes? It goes to where it prostrates under the Throne and asks permission to rise again. Then it receives permission. The time is very close when it will prostrate but it will not be accepted, and it will ask permission but not receive it. It will be told, “Go back whence you came.” At that time it will rise from its place of setting. This is His saying – Most High is He! – {and the sun runs its course until its place of rest (mustaqarr); that is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise} (36:38).
The Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) said that the sun went to a certain place he described as its place of “prostration” in every day-and-night cycle. The repetitive “prostration” of the sun refers to its perceived movement of “rising” and “setting” in relation to the earth, as in the verse referring to the prostration of all the heavenly bodies in the sky of the earth – {The sun and the moon are made punctual and the stars and trees adore} (55:5-6). This rising and setting is described as a prostration under the Throne to signify the seemingly replenished energy which these innumerable and massive objects possess. The end of their prostration signifies the termination of their energy.
Western cosmology traces this energy back to the Big Bang and extrapolates that its universal end occurs in the Cosmic Crunch of which the so-called Black Holes are miniature models in the view of the Princeton physicist who coined the latter term, John Archibald Wheeler. The Sunna names the Throne as the source of this energy and describes the end of the supply as the termination of Divine permission for the sun to “rise again” in the usual manner. At that time it will “go back whence it came” in the sense of stopping its course, reversing it, or imploding. This end-of-time even signifies the end of the function of the sun in relation to the earth, at which time the sun will go to its mustaqarr or “place of rest,” i.e. it will die as a star. The Cosmic Crunch is essentially a cosmic reversal of motion – from expansion to implosion – and the hadith expressed this reversal of motion by describing the sun as rising from the West.
The author of the _Book of the Throne and All That Was Related About It_ – Abu Ja`far ibn Abi Shayba – and others narrated the following reports on the Divine Throne as the origin of energy and light.
(i) The Companion and freedman (mawla) of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings upon him) upon him and his House blessings and peace – Maysarat al-Fajr – Allah be well-pleased with him – said:
Concerning the saying of Allah Most High in Surat al-Haqqa, {And the angels will be on the sides thereof, and eight will uphold the Throne (`arsh) of their Lord that day, above them} (69:17): Their feet will reach to the sign-posts dividing the seven earths and they will be unable to look upwards due to the intensity of the light.
(ii) The greatest exegete of the Qur’an among the Prophetic Companions, Ibn `Abbas – Allah be well-pleased with him, said:
[The Archangel] Gibril said to the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) upon him peace: “This is [the archangel] Israfil, Allah Most High created Him standing to attention before Him from the moment He created him. He never looks up: between him and the Lord are seventy lights. There is not one of those lights that he could approach except it would burn him.”
(iii) The Successor (Tabi`i) Zurara ibn Awfa said:
Gibril came to the Prophet (Peace and Blessings upon him) upon him peace – who asked him, “Did you ever see your Lord?” He replied: “Truly, between me and Him there are seventy veils of light; if I were to approach the least one of them I would burn.”
(iv) Ibn `Abbas also said:
Think about everything but never think about [the Essence of] Allah Most High for between the seventh heaven to His Seat of Authority (kursi) there are a thousand veils of light – and yet He is beyond that.
Hajj Gibril
GF Haddad
[25 Apr 2003]


The Blessing of Time – Shaykh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah

The following excerpt is from the book “The Value of Time” by Shaykh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah (may Allah shower His mercy upon him). The book contains penetrating insights, deep proverbs, and inspirational stories of the scholars of the past pertaining to the importance of directing one’s self to Allah (exalted be He) in every moment. In this excerpt, Shaykh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah discusses the blessing of time.


The Blessing of Time

By Shaykh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah

R“One of the primary blessings, or the loftiest and most precious of all primary blessings is that of time, for the discussion of which these pages have been assembled, particularly its value for students and people of knowledge. Time is the substance of life, the sphere in which man exists, the citadel of his spirit, and his subsistence – him benefiting himself and others. Read more