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In Love

Answered by Ustadha Shazia Ahmad

Question: Assalamu alaykum

I like a man and wish to be his wife but the problem is that he
lives abroad and doesn’t know me. My mother knows his mother
and my mom is willing to go and talk to his mother. But I am afraid they
may reject me so I want to ask if I can do istikhara before my mom goes
there. Thank you.

Answer: Assalamu alaykum,

Ma sha Allah, sister, I want to commend you for pursuing a halal marriage with this man and for turning to Allah to help you with this decision.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “if a servant gets married, they have completed half their religion”.

I highly recommend that you go through the following two links to learn more about marriage and the prayer of seeking guidance (istikhara)

In short, it is perfectly fine, rather, praiseworthy for you and your mother to pray the prayer of seeking guidance (istikhara) before she travels.

Praying this prayer for major or minor decisions in your life is a good habit. Turning to Allah before turning to any other device is a certain way to make Allah first on your list, increasing your reliance on him. One of my teachers prays this prayer to seek guidance about how to punctuate his sentences!

May Allah give you ease, fortitude and complete submission to what may happen with this man.

Wassalam,
[Ustadha] Shazia Ahmad

Ustadha Shazia Ahmad lived in Damascus, Syria for two years where she studied aqidah, fiqh, tajweed, tafseer and Arabic. She then attended the University of Texas at Austin, where she completed her Masters in Arabic. Afterwards, she moved to Amman, Jordan where she studied fiqh, Arabic and other sciences. She recently moved back to Mississauga, Canada, where she lives with her family.

Adopting and Conveying a False View for the Sake of Dawa

Ustadh Farid Dingle untangles questions on establishing a state and the rule of law, authority, personal opinions and ijtihad, and who one should follow.

Question:

Assalam alaykum wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

Praise be to Allah Most High and may His peace and blessings be upon His Messenger and those who follow him.

Is it permissible for a dawah group with the intention and goal of establishing khilafah and shar‘ia to demand of its followers to leave their personal opinions of ijtihad in regards to what the group deems to be essential to keep the unity of the group on the way to establishing the state?

They quote as evidence the maxim “that without which an obligation cannot be fulfilled is an obligation”(ma la yatim al wajib illa bihi fahuwa wajib).

They also quote the version of events regarding the bayah of Uthman. A;;ah be pleased with thim, which is mentioned in Tarikh al-Tabari and al-Bidayah wa al-Nihaya and others, where Ali, Allah be please with him, declines the bayah because of the condition of following as shaykhayn in addition to kitab and sunna and Uthman, Allah be pleased with him, accepts the bayah with its condition.

Their claim is that Uthman, Allah be pleased with him, stepped down from his opinion and Ali, Allah be pleased with him, didn’t.

They say that this is evidence that one can leave whatever opinion he has for the sake unity of the ummah in action, saying and believe regardless of whether the person believes something else.

So is the Amir khass like the amir Aam in regards to the right to be obeyed ?  Is it possible and is there perhaps any scholarly precedence for this analogy ? I’m especially interested the extension of the right of the amir to be obeyed (whether Aam or khass) to actually adopting his opinion and carrying it to the people despite disagreeing with it?

I hope my question is clear and understandable and I hope you will provide us with an answer and references since this topic affects hundreds of people.

Note: They say that this applies to the muqallid and the mujtahid, even if he is mujtahid mutlaq.

Jazakum Allah khayr.

 

Answer:

Wa alaykum assaalam wa rahmat Allah wa barakatuh.

Question 1: Is it permissible for a dawah group with the intention and goal of establishing khilafah and shari‘a to demand of its followers to leave their personal opinions of ijtihad in regards to what the group deems to be essential to keep the unity of the group on the way to establishing the state?

1) This question assumes that there are no Islamic states, and that Shari‘a law is not applied. The former is not true, and the latter is not entirely true.

Any Muslim ruler who has military and political control over an area makes that area an Islamic state. Based on this definition, most, if not all, Muslim countries are Muslim states. The significance of that is that their laws that do not categorically contradict the Sacred Law are biding, and that their ruler must be obeyed by their subjects.

As for saying that Sharia is not upheld, that is true to a great extent in many Muslims countries, though not all. And given the fact that they are Islamic states, the proper way to “establish Shari‘a” is to work with the governments and not against them, in whatever form and capacity one can.

It is worth noting that there, at least in my opinion, many Muslim rulers who would love to apply Shari‘a Law 100% but whose hands are tied by the political weakness of the country, and moral weakness of their own people. Being a ruler of a country is no easy business.

2) For the sake of political, communal, or familial unity, is it valid for a non-scholar (muqallid) to adopt another valid position?

Yes, a thousand times yes. Can one follow something that is invalid? No.

Question 2: So is the lesser/specific Muslim ruler (Amir khass) like the greater/general Muslim ruler (amir Aam) in regards to the right to be obeyed?

I am no mujtahid or specialist in Islamic political theory, but I have never heard of these terms. The authority of a Muslim ruler (defined above) is only extended to those who he appoints as governors and judges and the like.

As for any temporal or moral authority granted to someone trying to set up an “Islamic state,” I’ve never heard of anything like that. [al-Muqaddimah, Ibn Khaldun (specifically his discussion on the Hisba); The Governing Ordinances, al-Mawardi; al-Ihkam fi tamyiz al-fatawa an al-ahkam wa tasarrufat al-qadi wa al-imam, al-Qarafi]

My Advice

Make your heart and soul conform to the state of Iman, Islam and Ihsan, and help existing Muslim countries and Muslim people and non-Muslim people get closer to the Quran and Sunna.

May Allah give you success through Sacred Knowledge.

Farid

 

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani.


 

The Struggle and Strife Of A Believer’s Life


Shaykh Faraz Rabbani narrates stories of struggle of the Prophet’s (peace and blessings be upon him) companions form Imam Kandahlawi’s masterpiece, Hayat al-Sahaba. This lesson is part of the ongoing class: Studying the Life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).

The inspirational stories of Abu Bakr, Uthman, Talha, Zubayr and others portray the deep concern of the Prophet’s companions to uphold and convey Islam and Prophetic guidance.

SeekersHub Toronto is a unique learning foundation that connects transformative knowledge and spirituality with actionable community service and social engagement.

It is open and welcoming to individuals of all ages, religious beliefs, and walks of life–with equally diverse programs and activities offered at no cost.

Consider joining a class with SeekersHub Toronto. All classes are FREE. Help us continue to provide Knowledge Without Barriers through your ongoing monthly support or a one-time donation.

The Compilation of the Qur’an and Why `Uthman Ordered That Some Copies Be Burned

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: [1] Was the whole Quran compiled during the Prophet’s lifetime or after he (Allah bless him and give him peace) passed away? [2] Why were some copies of the Quran burnt?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I pray that you are in the best of health and faith, insha’Allah.

Sh `Ali Hani, a master of Qur’anic Tafsir and related sciences, said that:

[1] The whole Qur’an was compiled during the life of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace).

[2] Copies of the Qur’an which some had in their possession were burnt when our master `Uthman (Allah be pleased with him) ordered the writing of ‘standardized’ copies of the Qur’an.

Many people during the time of `Uthman had their own explanatory notes in their personal copies of the Qur’an. Others had written down portions of the Qur’an themselves. In order to prevent any future issues of explanatory notes being considered as part of the Qur’an or arguments due to a mistake on the part of the writer – claiming that he has something of the Qur’an which others do not have – these old copies were burnt.

Next, the Caliph `Uthman ordered a group of the companions to write down the Qur’an in an official, standardized copy and these new copies along with recitors were sent to peoples of different lands. This was done out of their love of the Qur’an and avidness that revelation be preserved, unaltered.

And Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani