Posts

Is It Permissible to Have a Child Through In Vitro Fertilization?

Answered by Shaykh Faraz A. Khan

Question: I am a carrier of a gene mutation that I have already passed on to one of my children and she died at a young age due to this.  My husband and I would like to have more children, our doctors recommended using a donor egg because the chances of having another ill child is very likely.  Is it haram for us to fertilize a donor egg with my husband’s sperm and implant it in my body?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith.

The Loss of Your Child

Please accept my warmest condolences for your child’s death. Our Beloved Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) informed us that when a young child dies before the parents, Allah will allow the child to intercede on behalf of the parents, and be the means for their entrance to Paradise. [Muslim]

In addition, the incredible pain and grief that the parent undergoes due to the child’s death is itself a means by which sins are forgiven, especially if the parents are patient and hope for their reward with Allah.

Our Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) taught us that “Patience is a glowing illumination” [Muslim], and that “No fatigue, illness, anxiety, sorrow, harm or sadness afflicts a Muslim – not even a thorn that pricks him – except that Allah wipes out his sins by it.” [Bukhari, Muslim]

In Vitro Fertilization

The Islamic Fiqh Academy, based in Jeddah, came to a resolution regarding IVF after having thoroughly examined the issue. Their basic conclusion was that artificial insemination – meaning to take the husband’s sperm and place it in the wife’s womb – is permitted, whether before or after fertilization.

However, to use another woman’s egg or womb, or to use another man’s sperm, would be unlawful due to the resultant confusion in lineage, the loss of motherhood, and other matters prohibited by the Sacred Law. Such third party involvement would not be permitted even if the parents were infertile or carriers of gene mutation, disease, etc.

Also, it is important to keep in mind that the sunna is to take the lawful means for any noble endeavor, and then to rely wholeheartedly on Allah, while being cognizant that He alone is the Creator and Sustainer of all that exists. Means have no power in and of themselves, yet we take them out of etiquette to Allah and to the Noble Sunna.

As people of faith, we affirm that nothing exists except that Allah decreed it as such, and His decree for us brings only good, as our Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) taught, “Amazing indeed is the affair of the believer! Allah decrees nothing for him except that it is good for him!” [Musnad Ahmed]

And Allah knows best.

wassalam

Faraz

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

The Virtues of Having Children

Answered by Sidi Tabraze Azam

Question: What are the virtues of a) pregnancy, and b) having a stillborn baby?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits insha’Allah.

One of the benefits Imam Ghazali (Allah be pleased with him) mentions in his tremendous work, The Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya `Ulum al-Din) is that one benefits and receives the supplications (du`a) of a righteous child after one passes away. Therefore, by raising a pious, righteous and worshipful soul, one is creating a continual charity (sadaqa jariya) for oneself which one will continue to benefit from.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “When a Muslim dies, his actions are cut off from him except from three, continual charity (sadaqa jariya), knowledge he benefited from or a righteous child who supplicates for him” [Muslim]

Furthermore, raising and bringing up a Muslim child is of the greatest of spiritual works. Whatever one teaches one’s child, one will receive the reward of whatever they do without it diminishing their reward in the least.

Imam Muslim (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever points to the good has the reward of the one who performs it.”

How many a mother rises to tend to her child in the middle of the night, time and again, out of love and mercy for them; she deems it slight, yet with a living heart and a magnified intention, it is great in the sight of Allah. What greater thing can a person do than raise a believing, God-fearing, soul in love with Allah and his Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace). This an opportunity to show immense gratitude for the favor and grace Allah has showered upon one.

Allah, Most High, says in the Noble Qur’an, “If you are thankful, surely I will increase you” [14:7]

Finally, if the child passes away, Imam Ghazali states that one will benefit by “receiving the intercession of the child if he passes away before one”.  As for the details on a still-born child or the passing away of a child, please see the following answer: The Loss of a Child: Seeking & Turning to Allah in Difficult Times

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalaam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani