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What Is the Ruling on Cutting Hair for Umra?

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: I am due to go for Umra soon but I am nervous about shaving my head due to aesthetic reasons as I worry that it won’t suit me and will take a while to grow back. Is the ruling that it is compulsory to shave one’s head or does one only need to trim their hair?

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

It is necessary (wajib) to shave or trim at least one quarter of the hair on your head after performing the rites of a pilgrimage (hajj/‘umra). The sunna is to shave or trim the entire head, and it is disliked to do less than this.

Generally, it is superior to shave, given that it was emphatically encouraged by the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace), but trimming your hair is also acceptable on condition that the hair is shortened by roughly the extent of a finger-joint, namely, two centimetres.

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “‘O Allah, forgive those who shave their heads.’ They said, ‘And those who cut their hair short!’ He said, ‘O Allah, forgive those who shave their heads.’ They said, ‘And those who cut their hair short!’ He said it a third time and said, ‘and those who cut the hair short.” [Bukhari]

[Sindi, Lubab al-Manasik, with Qari’s Gloss (153)]

Please also see:What is the Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram After Hajj or Umrah? and The Minimum Amount of Hair that Must Be Cut to Exit the State of Ihram

And Allah Most High alone knows best.
Wasalaam

[Ustadh] Tabraze Azam

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Tabraze Azam holds a BSc in Computer Science from the University of Leicester, where he also served as the President of the Islamic Society. He memorised the entire Qur’an in his hometown of Ipswich at the tender age of sixteen, and has since studied the Islamic Sciences in traditional settings in the UK, Jordan and Turkey. He is currently pursuing advanced studies in Jordan, where he is presently based with his family.

Leaving the Wajib (Necessary) When Prayer Time is About to Exit

Answered by Ustadh Tabraze Azam

Question: If I was in a bit of a hurry to complete a fard prayer before the forbidden time (for example completing fajr before sunrise), is it acceptable for me to only recite the Fatiha in the two rakahs and to bypass reciting any of the short surahs?

 

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

I hope you are in the best of health and spirits, insha’Allah.

Yes, it would be permitted to leave recitation beyond the fatiha if one genuinely feared the exiting of Fajr time. [Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah]

It is obligatory (fard) to complete the prayer within the time. Therefore, one would leave as many necessary (wajib) actions as needed to fulfill one’s obligation of completing the prayer on time.

It would, however, be recommended to repeat this prayer.

And Allah alone gives success.

Wassalam,

Tabraze Azam

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

Related Answers:

The Hanafi Madhab’s Approach to Classifying Legal Rulings

The Rulings of the Sacred Law

The Hanafi Madhab’s Approach to Classifying Legal Rulings

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Question: Please explain the Hanafi classification of legal rulings.

Answer: Walaikum assalam,

The scholars agree that in reality, every human action has a ruling unique to it. Killing an innocent human and an innocent petty lie are both unlawful (haram); however, one is immensely more grave than the other.

The Hanafis and the other schools agree on the main five-part classification of the rulings of the Shariah into:

Obligatory
Sunna
Permitted
Disliked
Prohibited.

However, the Hanafis then note that obligation and prohibition may both be established in one of two ways:

Through a decisive text
Through a probabilistic text.

It is undeniable that obligation or prohibition established through a decisive text is more serious in its implications than that which is established through a probabilistic text.

Thus, they divided obligation into:

The obligatory (fard)
The necessary (wajib).

And, through detailed, careful study of the primary texts–discussed at length in the more expansive works of the fundamentals of legal methodology (usul al-fiqh)–they deduced the differences in implications between the obligatory and necessary.

The same applies to prohibitions, which were thus divided into:

The prohibited (haram)
The prohibitively disliked (makruh tahriman).

Similarly, we see that the sunna of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) consists of:

Matters that he strongly emphasized (or warned against leaving), and
Matters that he did sometimes or by way of habit.

Thus, the sunna of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace was divided into:

The emphasized sunna (sunna mu’akkada)
The recommended (mustahabb or mandub).

The rulings related to each of these two levels of sunna acts differs, too, as described.

[Sources: Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Ala’ al-Din al-Bukhari, Kashf al-Asrar `ala Usul al-Bazdawi]

And Allah alone gives success.

Related Answer:

The Rulings of the Sacred Law

Faraz Rabbani.